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Gorgonzola

Gorgonzola is a veined Italian blue cheese, made from unskimmed cow's milk. It can be buttery or firm and quite salty, with a "bite" from its blue veining. Gorgonzola has been produced for centuries in Gorgonzola, acquiring its greenish-blue marbling in the 11th century. However, the town's claim of geographical origin is disputed by other localities. Today, it is produced in the northern Italian regions of Piedmont and Lombardy. Whole cow's milk is used, to which starter bacteria are added with spores of the mould Penicillium glaucum; the whey is removed during curdling, the result aged at low temperatures. During the ageing process, metal rods are inserted and removed, creating air channels that allow the mould spores to grow into hyphae and cause the cheese's characteristic veining. Gorgonzola is aged for three to four months; the length of the ageing process determines the consistency of the cheese, which gets firmer as it ripens. There are two varieties of Gorgonzola, which differ in their age: Gorgonzola Dolce and Gorgonzola Piccante.

Under EU law, Gorgonzola enjoys Protected Geographical Status. Termed DOP in Italy, this means that it can only be produced in the provinces of Novara, Brescia, Cremona, Lecco, Milan, Varese, Verbano-Cusio-Ossola and Vercelli, as well as a number of comuni in the area of Casale Monferrato. Gorgonzola may be eaten as all blue cheeses, it is added to salads, either straight or as part of a blue cheese dressing. Combined with other soft cheeses it is an ingredient of pizza ai quattro formaggi, it is used as a topping for steak, sometimes in the form of a sauce with Port or other sweet wine. It may be served alongside polenta. Nutrition is as follows: 1 ounce of gorgonzola contains 100 calories, 9 g of fat, 375 mg of sodium, 1 g of carbohydrate and 6 g of protein, it contains 5.3 g of saturated fat. James Joyce, in his 1922 Ulysses, gives his hero Bloom a lunch of "a glass of Burgundy and a Gorgonzola sandwich". In his 1972 book Ulysses on the Liffey and Joyce scholar Richard Ellmann suggests that "Besides serving as a parable that life breeds corruption, Gorgonzola is chosen because of Dante's adventures with the Gorgon in the Inferno IX.

Bloom masters the monster by digesting her." Consortium for the Protection of Gorgonzola Cheese

KH-7 Gambit

BYEMAN codenamed GAMBIT, the KH-7 was a reconnaissance satellite used by the United States from July 1963 to June 1967. Like the older CORONA system, it acquired imagery intelligence by taking photographs and returning the undeveloped film to earth, it achieved a typical ground-resolution of 2 ft to 3 ft. Though most of the imagery from the KH-7 satellites was declassified in 2002, details of the satellite program remained classified until 2011. In its summary report following the conclusion of the program, the National Reconnaissance Office concluded that the GAMBIT program was considered successful in that it produced the first high-resolution satellite photography, 69.4% of the images having a resolution under 3 ft.. The report stated that Gambit had provided the intelligence community with the first high-resolution satellite photography of denied areas, the intelligence value of, considered "extremely high". In particular, its overall success stood in sharp contrast to the two first-generation photoreconnaissance programs, which suffered far too many malfunctions to achieve any consistent success, Samos, a complete failure with all satellites either being lost in launch mishaps or returning no usable imagery.

GAMBIT emerged in 1962 as an alternative to the less-than-successful CORONA and the failed SAMOS, although CORONA was not cancelled and in fact continued operating alongside the newer program into the early 1970s. While CORONA used the Thor-Agena launch vehicle family, GAMBIT would be launched on Atlas-Agena, the booster used for SAMOS. After the improved KH-8 satellite was developed during 1965, operations shifted to the larger Titan IIIB launch vehicle; each GAMBIT-1 satellite was about 15 feet long, 5 feet wide, weighed about 1,154 pounds, carried about 3000 feet of film. A feasibility study for the Geodetic Orbital Photographic Satellite System reveals three subsystems for US optical reconnaissance satellites in the 1960s: the Orbital Control Vehicle, the Data Collection Module, the Recovery Section. For the KH-7, the DCM is called the Camera Optics Module, is integrated in the OCV, which has a length of 5.5 m and a diameter of 1.52 m. The Camera Optics Module of KH-7 consists of three cameras: a single strip camera, a stellar camera, an index camera.

In the strip camera the ground image is reflected by a steerable flat mirror to a 1.21 m diameter stationary concave primary mirror. The primary mirror reflects the light through an opening in the flat mirror and through a Ross corrector, it took images of a 6.3 degree wide ground swath by exposing a 22 cm wide moving portion of film through a small slit aperture. The initial ground resolution of the satellite was 1.2 meters, but improved to 0.6 m by 1966. Each satellite weighed about 2000 kg, returned a single film bucket per mission; the camera and film transport system were manufactured by Eastman Kodak Company. The index camera is a copy of cameras systems used in the KH-4 and KH-6 satellites, takes exposures of Earth in direction of the vehicle roll position for attitude determination; the stellar camera takes images of star fields with a reseau grid being superimposed on the image plane. The S/I camera was provided by Itek, horizon sensors were provided by Barnes Engineering Co; the primary contractor for the Orbital Control Vehicle and the Recovery Vehicle was General Electric.

Films were to be retrieved mid-air by a C-130 Hercules specially outfitted for that purpose. All KH-7 satellites were launched from Point Arguello, which became part of Vandenberg Air Force Base in July 1964. KH-7 satellites flew 38 missions, numbered 4001-4038, of which 34 returned film, of these, 30 returned usable imagery. Mission duration was 1 to 8 days. KH-7 satellites logged a total of 170 operational days in orbit. A high-resolution instrument, the KH-7 took detailed pictures of "hot spots" and most of its photographs are of Chinese and Soviet nuclear and missile installations, with smaller amounts of coverage of cities and harbors. Most of the imagery from this camera, amounting to 19,000 images, was declassified in 2002 as a result of Executive order 12951, the same order which declassified Corona, copies of the films were transferred to the U. S. Geological Survey's Earth Resources Observation Systems office. 100 frames covering the state of Israel remain classified. In early 1964, the CIA toyed with the idea of using Gambit to photograph military installations in Cuba, but this was dismissed as unworkable as the satellites were designed with higher-latitude Soviet territory in mind and because it would mean wasting an entire satellite on the Latin America-Caribbean area which had little else of interest to US intelligence services.

It was decided that U-2 spyplane flights were more-than-adequate to provide coverage of Cuban activity. Mission 4009 included an ELINT P-11 subsatellite for radar monitoring, launched into a higher orbit. Section source: Space ReviewGambit marked the first use of next-generation launch vehicle systems as Convair and Lockheed, the builders of the Atlas-Agena booster, began introducing improved, standardized launchers to replace the multitude of customized variants used up to 1963, which caused endless mix ups, poor reliability, mission failures; this followed a recommendation by th

Leptomantis gauni

Leptomantis gauni is a species of frog in the family Rhacophoridae. It is endemic to Borneo and is found in Sabah and central Sarawak and north-eastern Kalimantan; the specific name gauni honours Gaun Sureng, a collector for the Sarawak Museum and a companion to Robert F. Inger on field trips when this species was observed. Common names short-nosed tree frog and Inger's flying frog have been coined for it. Adult males measure 26–30 mm and adult females 36–38 mm in snout–vent length; the snout is broadly short. There is a small conical tubercle in middle of upper eyelid; the tympanum is distinct. The finger and the toe tips have well-developed discs; the fingers are webbed whereas the toes are fully webbed. The dorsal surfaces are light gray with faint, dark spots on the back, consisting of at least a dark interscapular spot. There is a characteristic white spot below the eye; the flanks and the ventrum are white. The legs have dark dorsal crossbars, the anterior and posterior faces of thigh reddish orange.

The iris is pale brown, without network. Leptomantis gauni occurs in primary and old secondary lowland and hilly rainforests at elevations of 100–980 m above sea level, it lives in the vegetation overhanging small, rocky streams. Foam nests are placed in branches overhanging these streams; the tadpoles live in riffles. Leptomantis gauni can be locally abundant; the major threats to it are deforestation through the resulting stream siltation. It is present in many protected areas