Gorton is an area of Manchester in North West England, southeast of the city centre. The population at the 2011 census was 36,055. Neighbouring areas include Audenshaw, Levenshulme and Reddish. A major landmark is a 19th-century High Victorian Gothic former Franciscan friary. According to local folklore, Gorton derives its name from Gore Town, due to a battle between the Saxons and Danes nearby; this has been dismissed by historians as "popular fancy". The name Gorton means "dirty farmstead" taking its name from the Gore Brook, or dirty brook, which still runs through the township today; the brook may have acquired that name because of the dirty appearance of its water caused by discolouration due to peat or iron deposits. In medieval times, the district was a township of the ancient parish of Manchester in the Salford Hundred of Lancashire. Manchester City F. C. was founded as St. Mark's in 1880; the club was formed with the aim of binding the local community and to combat a form of gang warfare called scuttling that existed in the 1870s.
The rector's daughter, Anna Connell, is credited as the founder, although churchwarden William Beastow is believed to be the person who played the main part in creating sporting activities for the parish. In 1875, St. Mark's Cricket Club are known to have played and this evolved into the football club in the decade; the first recorded football game was played in November 1880. A Blackfoot Sioux chief named Charging Thunder came to Salford aged 26 as part of Buffalo Bill's Wild West Show in 1903. Like many Lakota tribesmen, Charging Thunder was an exceptional horseman and performed thrilling stunts in Buffalo Bill's show in front of huge crowds, on the site of what is now the Lowry in Salford Quays, but when the show rolled out of town, he remained in London. He married Josephine, an American horse trainer who had just given birth to their first child and together they settled in Darwen, before moving to Gorton, his name was changed to George Edward Williams, after registering with the British immigration authorities to enable him to find work.
Williams ended up as an elephant keeper at the Belle Vue Zoo. He died on 28 July 1929 from pneumonia aged fifty-two, his interment was in Gorton's cemetery. The world-famous Belle Vue Zoological Gardens, comprising a zoo, amusement park, exhibition complex and speedway stadium, was opened in 1836 in Gorton and became one of the leading attractions in the UK; the site attracted over two million visitors a year. The zoo was the third-largest in the UK, the exhibition hall held concerts from a range of national and international artists, such as Jimi Hendrix and The Rolling Stones. After 141 years, the zoo closed in 1977, with the rest of the site cleared for redevelopment in 1982. Myra Hindley, convicted of taking part in the Moors Murders in 1966, grew up in Gorton, she and Ian Brady lived there at the time of the first three Moors murders, before moving to Hattersley in 1964 when Hindley's family home was included in a local demolition programme. Brady and Hindley committed two further murders after moving from Gorton, before they were arrested in October 1965.
Their first victim, Pauline Reade, was a neighbour of Hindley. The third victim, Keith Bennett, was from Gorton, he was last seen alive on 16 June 1964. His body has yet to be found, Pauline Reade's body was not found until 1987; the Industrial Revolution brought work and industry to Gorton in the form of locomotive factories, including that of Beyer and Company. Today these sites continue to employ workers in a variety of fields, from local private businesses to national companies, including the manufacturing headquarters of Iceland. A number of retail and recreation sites are a source of local employment for many in the area, such as the TV and film production studio, Space Studios, which employs up to 300 people. Less than 3 miles from the centre of Manchester, Gorton is made up of many tertiary sector workers who commute into the city; the popular television series Shameless, which aired on Channel 4, was filmed in West Gorton. The parade of shops used for filming in the initial series was built on the site of St. Mark's Church, Clowes Street, the birthplace of Manchester City F.
C. The area has since been demolished and redeveloped with various new social and private housing, new Medical Centre and commercial spaces, as well as the "Space Project", a large-scale television and film production studio with six sound and prop stages used to film various BBC and ITV productions. In 2006, Manchester City Council started a multimillion-pound redevelopment of the Gorton District Shopping Centre; the small market and retail area were demolished and work started in late 2007 to construct a new market hall and Tesco Extra hypermarket on the site. In July 2008, the new Manchester Gorton Market Hall was opened to the public; the construction of the new hypermarket and neighbouring petrol station continued, in late October 2008, the new Tesco Extra store opened its doors for trading. Further retail outlets were developed near this site along Hyde Road, including Subway and Age UK. Belle Vue is a locality within Gorton, as are West Gorton, included in the City of Manchester in 1890, whereas the remainder of Gorton wasn't until 1909, thanks to the work of councillor Joseph Henry Williamson Chairman of Gorton Urban District Council, Abbey Hey a residential district, but well-known locally as the location of Wright Robinson College.
The area south of the former Roman road, Hyde Road, between Belle Vue and Reddish is a historic are
Parkdale, elevation 5,732 feet, is an unincorporated community in Fremont County, located along U. S. Highway 50; the Arkansas River flows through Parkdale, it is home to whitewater rafting and the Parkdale Recreation Area, a unit of the Arkansas Headwaters Recreation Area. The Royal Gorge Route Railroad, which starts in Cañon City, turns around in Parkdale and heads back again through the Royal Gorge and back to Cañon City; the place where it reverses its journey is known as Parkdale Siding. Martin Marietta operates the Parkdale Quarry, which produces materials used in road construction and other industries. Several zip line companies operate in Parkdale
The original Schweizerische Südostbahn was a railway company in Central Switzerland with its headquarters in Wädenswil. It was created in 1890 by the merger of the Wädenswil-Einsiedeln-Bahn and the Zürichsee–Gotthardbahn and operated the standard gauge adhesion railways on the Rapperswil–Arth-Goldau and the Wädenswil–Einsiedeln routes, it merged in 2001 with the Bodensee–Toggenburg railway to form the "new" Südostbahn. The Wädenswil-Einsiedeln-Bahn opened the Wädenswil–Einsiedeln railway in 1877 to open up the pilgrimage site of Einsiedeln. Although the Uetliberg Railway had operated at a grade of more than 7.0% since 1875, the WE wanted to use a system called the Walzenradsystems Wetli to increase the grip of the rail because of the expected substantial pilgrim traffic. A serious accident occurred during trials and the line ended up being operated as a normal adhesion railway; the company was not managed by itself, but operated under contract by the Swiss Northeastern Railway. The Zürichsee–Gotthardbahn opened the railway line via the newly built Seedamm from Rapperswil to Pfäffikon in 1878.
Operations were contracted to the United Swiss Railways, a competitor of the NOB. The extension of the ZGB would establish a connection to the Gotthard Railway, still under construction; when an initiative committee applied for a concession for a Pfäffikon–Arth-Goldau line, the ZGB sold it the land surveys that it had carried out. On 12 August 1889, the Initiative Committee for Railway Construction from Biberbrugg to Arth-Goldau signed a merger agreement with the ZGB, the WE and an initiative committee for a line from Pfäffikon to Samstagern, so that on 1 January 1890 the two lines became the possession of the newly-created Schweizerischen Südostbahn, which took over the company. On 8 August 1891, it was able to open the Pfäffikon–Samstagern and Biberbrugg–Arth-Goldau lines, which connected Rapperswil to the Gotthard Railway; until the electrification of the line, the line was busy and the SOB operated all services, although some pilgrimage and winter sports trains were hauled by Swiss Federal Railways steam locomotives.
Although the Südostbahn with its 5.0% gradients was ideal for electric operation, it was not until 1938 that financing could be secured for it. The company opted for the 15 000 V 16 ⅔ Hz SBB system and started construction of the overhead lines and traction equipment; the network was electrified within only ten months and electrical operations were started at the timetable change on 15 May 1939. The electricity was available from the Etzel works of the SBB; because the eight CFZe 4/4 and BCFZe 4/4 railcars, ordered had not yet been delivered, the SOB had to rely on electric traction supplied by the SBB and the Bodensee–Toggenburg railway. The Südostbahn worked with SBB from the start of electrical operation. There were direct trains from St. Gallen to Arth-Goldau, some of which were extended to Lucerne from 1945 and some included a dining car; this was called the Direkte Linie Nordostschweiz–Zentralschweiz, now called the Voralpen-Express. The SOB provided traction units, locomotive drivers and the buffet car for the working day commuter trains on the Einsiedeln–Wädenswil–Zürich Altstetten route.
The numerous special services required SOB bank engines because of the large gradients. The winter sports and pilgrimage trains required up to four locomotives. In order to improve its position at the start of the emerging public transport competition, discussions were held in 2002 for a merger with the BT, leading to a retroactive merger on 1 January 2001 to form the new Schweizerischen Südostbahn based in St. Gallen; the two workshops in Samstagern and Herisau were preserved. The Pfäffikon SZ–Arth-Goldau line was the only line built by the Südostbahn; the adjoining sections were taken over from its two predecessor companies. Double track was put into operation on the Samstagern–Schindellegi-Feusisberg section on 28 April 1992. Since the merger with the Bodensee-Toggenburg Railway, which can only be reached via the SBB Rapperswi–Wattwil line, the network of the "old" Südostbahn is referred to as the Südnetz. Frey, Thomas. "Zürichsee–Gotthardbahn". Bahndaten.ch. Daten zu den Schweizer Eisenbahnen 1847–1920.
Via Storia, Zentrum für Verkehrsgeschichte. Retrieved 10 January 2018. Oswald, Gerhard. Die Südostbahn – Geschichte einer Privatbahn. Zürich: Orell Füssli Verlag. ISBN 3-280-02048-4. Wägli, Hans G.. Schienennetz Schweiz und Bahnprofil Schweiz CH+. Zürich: AS Verlag. ISBN 978-3-909111-74-9
Merial is a multinational animal health company. In January 2017, Merial was acquired by Boehringer Ingelheim. In August 1997, Merial started as a joint venture between the animal health subsidiaries of Merck & Co. and Sanofi-Aventis. Merial became the animal health division of Sanofi, when Sanofi bought out Merck's 50% share of the joint venture. On December 30, 2016 Boehringer Ingelheim completed a swap of their OTC business for Sanofi's animal health business. Merial is now owned by Boehringer Ingelheim and combined with their animal health business, Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, to form Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health. Merial produces many vaccines for domestic pets, farm animals and wildlife. Merial is present in more than 150 countries in the world, their sales in 2015 were about €2.5 billion. Some of Merial's most popular products are Frontline, NexGard, PureVax and Previcox. In October 2009, Merial announced it was investing 70 million US$ at its poultry vaccines plant in Nanchang Hi-tech Development Zone, China.
On March 9, 2010, Sanofi-Aventis announced it had exercised an option to combine Merial with Intervet/Schering Plough, the animal health business of Merck. The new joint venture would be owned by Merck and Sanofi-Aventis. On March 22, 2011, they announced the mutual termination of their agreement to form a new animal health joint venture. Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health's global headquarters is located in Germany. Merial was investigated in connection with a 2007 United Kingdom foot-and-mouth outbreak, after a strain of foot-and-mouth disease alleged to have been sourced from one of their research facilities was found at Pirbright, a farm in Surrey, England, in August 2007; the investigators concluded that "release was most due to escape of live virus from the drainage system that connects the vaccine production plant to the sodium hydroxide treatment tanks on another part of the Pirbright site."The two independent inquiries found that Merial complied with all regulations and committed no breaches of biosecurity.
In 2016, the NOAH Code of Practice Committee found Merial Animal Health to be in breach of 2 out of 4 items under complaint. This related to the promotion of NexGard Spectra® to the veterinary profession by both account managers and technical teams via telephone conversations and webinars from February 2016 onwards. Official Website More about Merial on the Lyon Area Economic Development Agency's website
Bert Fegg's Nasty Book for Boys And Girls is a humorous book first published by Methuen in 1974 which purports to have been written by a psychopathic character, Dr. Fegg. In fact, the book is the work of Terry Jones and Michael Palin, who adapted a range of material from scripts written for the television comedy series, Monty Python's Flying Circus; some material was used in the duo's TV series, Ripping Yarns. The first edition was sold bearing a sticker on the front cover which read "A Monty Python Educational Product"; the book satirises elements of educational text books, as well as annuals, which were popular hardcover publications for children featuring short stories, comic strips, games based upon television series and films of the day. The book uses the characteristic absurdist humour similar to Monty Python and relies on the use of non-sequitur, anarchic humour, juvenile references to bodily functions and black comedy-style descriptions of gory violence for comedic effect. A fictional character, Dr. Bert Fegg, is presented as the author of the book.
His bloodthirsty, psychopathic character is depicted in constant conflict with the publishers, as they attempt to raise the moral tone of the book and censor violent content. The exchange between author and publishers is presented through textual interjections such as "That's enough – the Publishers", in the style used in the satirical magazine Private Eye. Dr. Fegg's angry comments are scrawled handwriting printed on the pages. Recurring jokes throughout the book include a number of parody advertisements for exotic household gadgets, appearances by the sinister West Bromley Fighting Haddock, passing references to "the Bournemouth Killings". Python writers Terry Jones and Michael Palin wrote the content, with artwork provided by several British illustrators. Contributors to the book include British comics artist Frank Bellamy, cartoonists Martin Honeysett and Lolly Honeysett, Paul Buckle, an illustrator who worked on a number of instructional football skills books in the 1970s. Among the topics covered in the book are: The Wonderful World of Nature – descriptions of several fictional animals, such as the Patagonian Bursting Rabbit and the West Bromley Fighting Haddock Across the Andes by Frog – a burlesque of a travel diary in a mock-heroic style.
The Famous Five Go Pillaging – a short story which parodies the writing style of Enid Blyton. Great Men of History – in fact a collection of nonsensical poems about three women: Queen Elizabeth I, Queen Boadicea and Lady Godiva A Cowboy Story – a pastiche of a Western comic strip, in which cowboy "Kid" Masterton's horse develops bronchial pneumonia and is taken to a clinic for treatment. Aladdin and his Terrible Problem – a humorous pantomime script following the exploits of Aladdin and his sidekick, Pisso the Alcoholic Dog; the script ends abruptly with "Curtain. End of Act Two. Theatre goes out of business." The original hardcover featured a page of paper dolls of the play's characters that, in theory, could be cut out and used to perform the play. How to Destroy this Book – a final exhortation by Dr. Fegg to his young readers to wanton destruction, censored by the publishers; the original UK edition included references to a faux contest whereby readers were invited to look for a "deliferate mistale" located "somewhat" in the book.
The book climaxes with a two-page, gory illustration of Bert Fegg chopping open a monster with an axe, followed by profuse apologies by the book's publishers and a final scrawled rant by Fegg. Expanded and revised editions of the book appeared as Dr. Fegg's Nasty Book of Knowledge in the US in 1976 and Dr. Fegg's Encyclopeadia of all World Knowledge, in the UK in 1984. Bert Fegg's Nasty Book for Boys and Girls, with Terry Jones ISBN 0-413-32740-X Dr. Fegg's Nasty Book of Knowledge, with Terry Jones ISBN 0-425-03084-9 Bert Fegg's Encyclopeadia of all World Knowledge, with Terry Jones ISBN 0-413-56430-4 Terry Jones Books – PythOnline's Daily Llama Books by Terry Jones Nasty Frank – a review of Bellamy's illustrations
The Ateneo Veneto di Scienze, Lettere ed Arti is an institution for the promulgation of science, literature and culture in all forms, in the exclusive interest of promoting social solidarity, located in Venice, northern Italy. The Ateneo Veneto is made up of three-hundred members resident in the city and in the province of Venice, elected by the Assembly, responsible for appointing the Chairman and the Academic Council. Honorary, Non-Resident and Foreign Members, elected by the Assembly participate in the life of the Ateneo; the Ateneo Veneto was formed on 12 January 1812 through the merger of the Società Veneta di Medicina, the Accademia dei Filareti, the Accademia Veneta Letteraria pursuant to a decree of Napoleon I dated 25 December 1810. The first chairman was Leopoldo Cicognara, it was the Ateneo Veneto that saw the first stirrings of Venetian liberalism, with speeches by Daniele Manin, President of the short-lived Republic of San Marco from 1848 to 1849, by Niccolò Tommaseo. Throughout the 19th and 20th centuries the Ateneo Veneto acted as a forum for debates on crucial matters for the city in the fields of culture, art, medicine, politics and law.
Such free discussions on major issues have continued to characterize the Ateneo Veneto, testifying to its civic and cultural commitment. The building hosted a confraternity, the Scuola Grande di San Fantin known as the Scuola di San Girolamo or Scuola di Santa Maria e di San Girolamo, as stated in the official documents of the Venetian Republic, more referred to as "di San Fantin" or "dei picai". During the sixteenth century a number of great architects and sculptors of the Baroque and Mannerist schools embarked upon a major reconstruction of the Scuola; the church on the ground-floor is now the conference-hall. The albergo, on the first floor, is a reading-room: around 1664 the albergo piccolo was added, as was the new sacristy on the ground floor. On the top floor is the library which contains around 40,000 volumes, some of them of inestimable historic and artistic value; the art-collection, with works by Tintoretto, Palma il Giovane, Antonio Zanchi, Francesco Fontebasso, Pietro Longhi and Alessandro Vittoria, is extremely valuable.
The Ateneo Veneto, a non-profit organization, institution of science and arts, is committed to making full use of its historical and artistic heritage and to the pursuit of cultural activities and social initiatives. It will continue to expand its services, including recreational activities connected with the above-mentioned initiatives, using the Internet and multi-media facilities. Official website