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Goshen County, Wyoming

Goshen County is a county in the U. S. state of Wyoming. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 13,249, its county seat is Torrington. The eastern boundary of the County borders the Nebraska state line. Goshen County produces more cattle than any other Wyoming county. In 1997, the County had 688 ranches averaging 1,840 acres. By 2007, there were 665 ranches in the county. Goshen County was created in 1911 from a portion of Laramie County, its government was organized in 1913. This area was part of territories, at one time or another, claimed by: Spain, Great Britain and the Republic of Texas; the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 permanently established the claim of the United States to the area. By the 1820s, the North Platte River had become a route for westward-bound fur trappers. By the 1840s this route became part of the Oregon Mormon Trail. By the late 1850s, it was the route for scheduled east-west stagecoaches carrying passengers and the U. S. mail, for the short-lived Pony Express carrying mail from Missouri to California.

By October 1861, transcontinental telegraph lines had been completed along the route. From September 1876 to February 1887, a north-south, Cheyenne-Deadwood stage coach line ran through the County from Cheyenne to the gold fields of the Dakota Territory; the county was named for Goshen Hole, a valley in the southwest part of the county. John C. Frémont camped in that area on July 14, 1843, recorded that name in his journal, during an expedition on the Oregon Trail. At least four conflicting stories are available for the origin of the name "Goshen Hole"; the Land of Goshen in Egypt, mentioned in the 45th chapter of the Genesis in the Bible, has been suggested as the most likely. And, John Hunton, ranching in the area by the 1870s, was told by Seth Ward, the post sutler at Fort Laramie, that the area was named for the Biblical land; the name of Goshen Hole first appeared on a map years in 1888. According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,232 square miles, of which 2,225 square miles is land and 6.8 square miles is water.

The County is situated in the High Plains east of the Rocky Mountains. Fort Laramie National Historic Site Situated on the North Platte River, Goshen County has a semi-arid climate On June 5, 2009, a weather research team known as VORTEX2 observed and measured the full life cycle of a tornado in eastern Goshen County; as of the 2000 United States Census, of 2000, there were 12,538 people, 5,061 households, 3,426 families in the county. The population density was 6 people per square mile. There were 5,881 housing units at an average density of 3 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.83% White, 0.20% Black or African American, 0.86% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.12% Pacific Islander, 3.65% from other races, 1.14% from two or more races. 8.83 % of the population were Latino of any race. 38.2 % were of 10.4 % English, 8.0 % American and 8.0 % Irish ancestry. There were 5,061 households out of which 28.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.70% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, 32.30% were non-families.

27.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.10% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.90. The county population contained 24.20% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 24.30% from 25 to 44, 24.80% from 45 to 64, 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 98.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.00 males. The median income for a household in the county was $32,228, the median income for a family was $40,297. Males had a median income of $27,713 versus $17,584 for females; the per capita income for the county was $15,965. About 9.70% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.30% of those under age 18 and 12.50% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,249 people, 5,311 households, 3,466 families in the county; the population density was 6.0 inhabitants per square mile.

There were 5,972 housing units at an average density of 2.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.5% white, 0.8% American Indian, 0.6% black or African American, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 2.4% from other races, 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 9.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 38.3% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 15.3% were English, 5.1% were American. Of the 5,311 households, 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.1% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 34.7% were non-families, 30.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.82. The median age was 43.6 years. The median income for a household in the county was $42,590 and the median income for a family was $51,978. Males had a median income of $38,247 versus $25,277 for females; the per capita income for the county was $23,753.

About 7.2% of families and 13.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 5.9% of those age 65 or over. Torrington Fort Laramie La Grange Lingle Yoder Hawk Springs Huntley Veteran Jay Em Rockeagle The Goshen County Fairgrounds are west of Torrington on U. S. Hwy 26/85; the fairground facilities host many events throughout the year, including an a

Esmahan Aykol

Esmahan Aykol is a Turkish-born German novelist, best known for her detective novels featuring Kati Hirschel, an Istanbul bookseller of crime fiction. Esmahan Aykol was born in Edirne in an emigrant family of mixed origins, her father is from Macedonia. Both her parents were lawyers, she attended a British boarding school in Istanbul. Aykol received a degree in law from Istanbul University and a postgraduate degree in law from Humboldt University of Berlin, where her dissertation was on discrimination and differences between Turkish and German divorce law. During her studies in Istanbul, she wrote articles on social issues for Turkish cultural journals, including coverage of the city's street children. Following her degree in 1996, she opened a pub with a friend, she moved to Berlin with her husband, where she began writing crime fiction in the Turkish language. Aykol's first novel, Kitapçı Dükkani was published in 2001, it featured Kati Hirschel, the owner of Istanbul's only crime fiction bookstore, a woman of German origin, whose inquisitiveness and passion for crime novels leads her to investigate a murder.

The book was a bestseller and was followed by sequels, including Kelepir Ev, Şüpheli Bir Ölüm, Tango Istanbul. As of 2015, three of these books have been translated into English. In 2006, Aykol published Savrulanlar, about a woman named Ece who escapes to London after a failed love affair; the book is an ode to the ancient art of storytelling, which remains a tradition of great honour among the Kurdish and Armenian communities in Turkey. Ece, stuck in a foreign land, recalls the stories told by her grandfather, an Armenian jeweller, his experiences during the events of 1915. For authenticity in her novel, Aykol trained at a goldsmith's shop in Kreuzberg, Berlin, as well as with an Armenian silversmith in Istanbul. Aykol works in Berlin and Istanbul, she has taken up German citizenship. Kitapçı Dükkani. Istanbul: Everest. 2001. ISBN 9753169671. Kelepir Ev. Istanbul: Everest. 2003. ISBN 9752890717. Şüpheli Bir Ölüm. Istanbul: Turkuvaz. 2007. ISBN 978 9944860017. Tango İstanbul. Istanbul: Mephisto Kitaplığı. 2012.

ISBN 978 6058749528. Savrulanlar. Istanbul: Turkuvaz. 2006. ISBN 9759174367. Hotel Bosphorus. Translated by Whitehouse, Ruth. Bitter Lemon. 2011. ISBN 9781904738688. Baksheesh. Translated by Whitehouse, Ruth. Bitter Lemon. 2013. ISBN 9781908524041. Divorce Turkish Style. Translated by Whitehouse, Ruth. Bitter Lemon. 2015. ISBN 9781908524577

Kurdistan Freedom Hawks

The Kurdistan Freedom Hawks or TAK, is a Kurdish nationalist militant group in Turkey seeking an independent Kurdish state in Turkish Kurdistan. The group opposes the Turkish government’s policies towards Kurds in Turkey; the group presents itself as a break-away faction of the Kurdistan Workers Party in open dissent with the PKK's readiness to compromise with the Turkish state. The PKK distances itself from the TAK, stating that the Turkish government uses the TAK to portray the PKK as a terrorist organization in the international arena, that the PKK only targets the Turkish Armed Forces or their proxies, that it always takes responsibility for its attacks, that there are no links between the PKK and TAK. Analysts and experts disagree on; the group first appeared in August 2004, just weeks after the PKK called off the 1999 truce, assuming responsibility for two hotel bombings in Istanbul which claimed two victims. Since TAK has followed a strategy of escalation, committing numerous violent bomb attacks throughout Turkey, with a focus on western and central Turkey, including some tourist areas in Istanbul and southern Mediterranean resorts.

TAK claimed responsibility for the February 2016 Ankara bombing, which killed at least 28 people, the March 2016 Ankara bombing in the same city that killed another 37 people, the December 2016 Istanbul bombings which killed 47 people. After several decades of oppressive measures by the Turkish government towards the ethnic Kurdish population of Turkey, the Kurdistan Workers' Party was formed in 1978 in an aim to establish equal rights and self-determination for the Kurds in Turkey, who comprise between 18% and 25% of the population. Since 1984, however, an armed conflict began between the PKK and the Turkish security forces resulting in the deaths of around 7,000 Turkish security personnel and over 30,000 Kurds. Throughout the conflict, the European Court of Human Rights has condemned Turkey for thousands of human rights abuses; the judgments are related to executions of Kurdish civilians, forced displacements, destroyed villages, arbitrary arrests and disappeared Kurdish journalists. As a result of a brief cease-fire in 2004, the Kurdistan Freedom Hawks were formed, a group that presents itself as a break-away faction of the PKK and is in open dissent with the PKK's readiness to compromise with the Turkish state.

The TAK opposes, through militant action, the treatment of Kurds in Turkey and seeks retaliation for those Kurds who were killed at the hands of the Turkish government. The TAK are seeking an independent Kurdish state that includes southeastern Turkey; the group has been violently opposed to the Turkish government’s policies towards its ethnic Kurdish citizens. TAK first appeared in 2004. There is substantial debate on the origin and affiliations of the group; some Turkish analysts claim that the group is either a small splinter of or an alias for the Kurdistan Workers' Party, the most active Kurdish militant group. Others, suggest that the group may be independent of the PKK, or only loosely connected to it. PKK leaders deny having any control over the TAK. There are some indications that the TAK was founded by disgruntled or former members of the PKK. Though the TAK has not articulated a specific platform beyond enmity with the Turkish regime, it is the group at least supports the PKK's former goal of an independent Kurdistan.

Little is known about the internal structure of the TAK, not the Turkish secret service MİT succeeded in elucidating the organization. An employee of the banned Kurdish German news agency MHA told Süddeutsche Zeitung in 2005 that representatives of the TAK would always remain anonymous and tight-lipped; the Freedom Hawks recruited a new generation of "frustrated young Kurds", raised in the slums of Istanbul and Ankara, after their parents had to flee their Kurdish villages in the 1990s. Other Kurdish observers saw the Freedom Hawks as a disrooted youth, a new urban guerrilla born out of despair. According to the Jamestown Foundation, TAK has been a rival to the PKK since 2006. From on, the group's operations have been at odds with Murat Karayılan's and other PKK leaders' repeated calls for a ceasefire followed by negotiations. However, Vera Eccarius-Kelly, a scholar of political science, has noted that there are no clear signs that indicate a struggle between the two groups, in contrast to previous murders of.

According to her, whilst TAK damaged the PKK's efforts to negotiate cease-fires with "unapproved" bombings, in a way, compared to the Real IRA in the Northern Ireland conflict, the fact that there is no such struggle may have two explanations: TAK may be operating outside the PKK's command structure, or it may be used by the PKK for "specific missions". TAK's origins however remain controversial; some Turkish security analysts alleged that Bahoz Erdal may be the leader of TAK. Other analysts believe that the group was formed by PKK leaders in 2003, when it engaged in illegal demonstrations and occasional Molotov cocktails. TAK has since claimed to have split from the PKK, accusing it of being "passive". Since the PKK claimed none of TAK's actions most in December 2015, they criticized the PKK's "humanist character" as inept in the face of "the methods used by the existing Turkish state fascism."Some experts say that TAK is financed and trained by the PKK. The National Consortium for the Study o

Fermanagh and Tyrone (Northern Ireland Parliament constituency)

Fermanagh and Tyrone was a county constituency of the Parliament of Northern Ireland from 1921 to 1929. It returned eight MPs. Fermanagh and Tyrone was created by the Government of Ireland Act 1920 and consisted of the entirety of County Fermanagh and County Tyrone; the House of Commons Act 1929 divided the constituency into eight constituencies elected under first past the post: East Tyrone, Lisnaskea, Mid Tyrone, North Tyrone, South Fermanagh, South Tyrone and West Tyrone. In May 1921, Dáil Éireann, the parliament of the self-declared Irish Republic run by Sinn Féin, passed a resolution declaring that elections to the House of Commons of Northern Ireland and the House of Commons of Southern Ireland would be used as the election for the Second Dáil. All those elected were on the roll of the Second Dáil, but only three of the 8 MPs elected for Fermanagh and Tyrone sat as TDs in Dáil Éireann: Arthur Griffith and Seán Milroy, both of whom were elected for Clare, Seán O'Mahony. O'Mahony was the only Sinn Féin TD in the Second Dáil who represented only a constituency in Northern Ireland.

Fermanagh and Tyrone had a slight Nationalist majority, but this was evenly balanced with a Unionist minority. In both elections, four Unionists were elected, alongside three Sinn Féin members and one Nationalist in 1921, four Nationalists in 1925. Griffith died on 12 August 1922. Coote died on 14 December 1924.

Tatsushi Ōmori

Tatsushi Ōmori is a Japanese film director and actor. Ōmori was born in Tokyo as the eldest son of an actor and butoh dancer. His younger brother, Nao Ōmori, is an actor. While in college, he started working as an actor after graduation. While acting in Junji Sakamoto's Scarred Angels, he became a member of the staff, he appeared in and helped produce Hiroshi Okuhara's Wave, which won the NETPAC Award at the 2002 Rotterdam Film Festival. In 2005, he directed The Whispering of the Gods, his second film, A Crowd of Three, earned him the 2010 Directors Guild of Japan New Directors Award. His 2013 film The Ravine of Goodbye won the Special Jury Prize at the 35th Moscow International Film Festival; the Whispering of the Gods A Crowd of Three Tada's Do-It-All House Bozo The Ravine of Goodbye Setoutsumi And Then There Was Light Every Day a Good Day Taro the Fool Child of the Stars Mother Wave Scarred Angels Our Homeland Tatsushi Ōmori on IMDb

Reuven Yudalevich

Reuven Yudalevich, was a funder and founder of the city of Rishon Le Zion, Israel. He was born in Russian Empire, to his father Yehuda, he married Batya Wissel, daughter of Avraham Wissel and had one son, before leaving the Russian Empire. He began working as a clerk in a warehouse, he may have been a member of the Hovevei Zion movement. His generosity began at age twenty when he and his friend purchased a lottery ticket in monthly payments, his friend could not keep up the payments, so Reuven continued paying for his friend's portion of the lottery. He won a large sum of money and gave half of the winnings to his friend as if his friend had continued paying all along, it is assumed he used the money to travel to Israel. He met a group of Bilu pioneers made up of twelve men where, at the port of Smyrna, all of their money was stolen from their cashier, Israel Belkind. Reuven continued the trip to Palestine. In Jaffa he joined the "Pioneers of Jewish Settlement Committee" or "Halutzey Yesud HaMaala" which bought the land for Rishon Le Zion from Tzvi Leventine.

Ten families set up the village and Reuven sent money to get the group of pioneers he had met in Smyrna so that they could purchase passage to Palestine. The migrations at this time to Palestine are known as The First Aliya. Reuven was considered to be one of the more liberal members of the community and supported the young Biluim Pioneers who came to work in the village and played an active role in public life, he planted a vineyard, built a house, became a farmer and vine grower. Active in the local council, he was in charge of external relations, street improvements, sanitation, he was active in politics and his home was known as a center of poetry and classical music. He and Batya had eight more children while living in Rishon Le Zion, his firstborn, Morris Youdelevitz Young, was a notable doctor in Persia. It is believed that he participated in the building of Tel Aviv where he moved in 1927, he died in 1933 and was buried in Tel Aviv