The Government of the United Kingdom, formally referred to as Her Majesty's Government, is the central government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is commonly referred to as the UK Government or the British Government; the government is led by the Prime Minister. The prime minister and their most senior ministers belong to the supreme decision-making committee, known as the Cabinet; the government ministers all sit in Parliament, are accountable to it. The government is dependent on Parliament to make primary legislation, since the Fixed-terms Parliaments Act 2011, general elections are held every five years to elect a new House of Commons, unless there is a successful vote of no confidence in the government or a two-thirds vote for a snap election in the House of Commons, in which case an election may be held sooner. After an election, the monarch selects as prime minister the leader of the party most to command the confidence of the House of Commons by possessing a majority of MPs.
Under the uncodified British constitution, executive authority lies with the monarch, although this authority is exercised only by, or on the advice of, the prime minister and the cabinet. The Cabinet members advise the monarch as members of the Privy Council. In most cases they exercise power directly as leaders of the Government Departments, though some Cabinet positions are sinecures to a greater or lesser degree; the current prime minister is Boris Johnson, who took office on 24 July 2019. He is the leader of the Conservative Party, which won the most seats in the House of Commons but did not secure a majority government in the general election on 8 June 2017, when Theresa May was the party leader. Following the general election on 12 December 2019 the Conservatives were able to secure a working majority of 80, taking 365 of the 650 seats; the Government is referred to with the metonym Westminster, due to that being where many of the offices of the government are situated by members in the Government of Scotland, the Welsh Government and the Northern Ireland Executive in order to differentiate it from their own.
A key principle of the British Constitution is. This is called responsible government; the United Kingdom is a constitutional monarchy in which the reigning monarch does not make any open political decisions. All political decisions are taken by Parliament; this constitutional state of affairs is the result of a long history of constraining and reducing the political power of the monarch, beginning with Magna Carta in 1215. Parliament is split into the House of Commons; the House of Commons is the more powerful. The House of Lords is the upper house and although it can vote to amend proposed laws, the House of Commons can vote to overrule its amendments. Although the House of Lords can introduce bills, most important laws are introduced in the House of Commons – and most of those are introduced by the government, which schedules the vast majority of parliamentary time in the Commons. Parliamentary time is essential for bills to be passed into law, because they must pass through a number of readings before becoming law.
Prior to introducing a bill, the government may run a public consultation to solicit feedback from the public and businesses, may have introduced and discussed the policy in the Queen's Speech, or in an election manifesto or party platform. Ministers of the Crown are responsible to the House. For most senior ministers this is the elected House of Commons rather than the House of Lords. There have been some recent exceptions to this: for example, cabinet ministers Lord Mandelson and Lord Adonis sat in the Lords and were responsible to that House during the government of Gordon Brown. Since the start of Edward VII's reign in 1901, the prime minister has always been an elected member of Parliament and therefore directly accountable to the House of Commons. A similar convention applies to the Chancellor of the Exchequer, it would be politically unacceptable for the budget speech to be given in the Lords, with MPs unable to directly question the Chancellor now that the Lords have limited powers in relation to money bills.
The last Chancellor of the Exchequer to be a member of the House of Lords was Lord Denman, who served as interim Chancellor of the Exchequer for one month in 1834. Under the British system, the government is required by convention and for practical reasons to maintain the confidence of the House of Commons, it requires the support of the House of Commons for the maintenance of supply and to pass primary legislation. By convention, if a government loses the confidence of the House of Commons it must either resign or a General Election is held; the support of the Lords, while useful to the government in getting its legislation passed without delay, is not vital. A government is not required to resign if it loses the confidence of the Lords and is defeated in key votes in that House; the House of Commons is thus the Responsible house. The prime minister is held to account during Prime Minister's Questions which provides an opportunity for MPs from all parties to question the PM on any subject. There are departmental questions when ministers
Investigator Group Wilderness Protection Area is a protected area in South Australia, located in the Investigator Group of islands off the west coast of Eyre Peninsula, between 25 kilometres and 70 kilometres south-west of Elliston. It was proclaimed in August 2011 under the Wilderness Protection Act 1992 to protect "important haul-out areas for the Australian sea lion and New Zealand fur seal" and habitat for species such as white-faced storm petrels, Cape Barren geese, mutton birds and the Pearson Island black-footed rock-wallaby; the wilderness protection area was created from land excised from the Investigator Group Conservation Park. It consists of the Ward Islands, the Top Gallant Isles, the Pearson Isles, which consist of Dorothee Island, Pearson Island and Veteran Isles with the exception of a portion of land on Pearson Island held by the Australian Maritime Safety Authority for "lighthouse purposes". Since 2012, the waters adjoining the islands located in the wilderness protected area have been part of the Investigator Marine Park.
The wilderness protected. Investigator Group Wilderness Protection Area webpage on protected planet
Robert McKahan "Bob" Larmore, known as "Red" Larmore, was a professional baseball player whose career spanned three seasons, which included one in Major League Baseball St. Louis Cardinals. Over his major league career, he batted.286 with two hits, one run batted in in four games played. He played the majority of his career in the minor leagues with the Houston Buffaloes, Houston Buffaloes, Dallas Marines, Cedar Rapids Rabbits, Joplin Miners, he compiled a.248 batting average in the minors with 254 hits, 33 doubles, 18 triples, nine home runs in 251 games played. Larmore's MLB career was cut short in 1918 after he enlisted into the United States Navy to fight in World War I, he attended the University of Missouri after his professional baseball career was over. During his career, he stood at 5 feet 10 inches, weighed 185 pounds. Larmore batted, threw right-handed. Bob Larmore was born in Anderson, Indiana on December 6, 1896 to parents James, Maude Larmore of Ohio, Indiana, respectively. Fred G. Larmore owned and operated Larmore Ice Cream Company, incorporated in 1918.
Bob Larmore attended Central High School in St. Louis Missouri. In May 1918, while still in high school, Larmore was signed by the Major League Baseball St. Louis Cardinals. Before signing with Cardinals' manager Branch Rickey, Larmore informed him that he wished to continue attending school, he was the first player in the history of Major League Baseball to be playing for a team while still attending high school. Larmore's teachers at school allowed him to leave at noon every day to go to Cardinal Field, he was intended to be the fill-in at shortstop for St. Louis, who were absent a player at that position due to an injury to Rogers Hornsby. Larmore made his MLB debut as a pinch runner on May 14, 1918, in a game against the Philadelphia Phillies, his first MLB hit came in a game against the Boston Braves. On June 22, Larmore made his final MLB appearance. On the season with the Cardinals, he batted.286 with two hits, one run batted in in four games played. Larmore was farmed out to the minor league Houston Buffaloes of the Class B Texas League in late-June.
With the Houston club, he batted.238 with five hits in eight games. In July, the Texas League suspended its operations due to World War I; that month, Larmore was re-called to the major leagues. However, he never made an appearance. In August, he enlisted into the United States Navy to fight in World War I. At the start of the 1919 season, the St. Louis Cardinals sold Larmore to the minor league Houston Buffaloes, he reported to spring training with Houston in April 1919. On June 18, he was traded to the Dallas Marines of the Texas League, in exchange for Billy Patterson. Between the two clubs, he batted.240 with 124 hits, 20 doubles, seven triples, three home runs in 110 games played. His last professional baseball season came in 1920. At the start of the season, Larmore played with the Cedar Rapids Rabbits of the Class-B Illinois–Indiana–Iowa League. With the Rabbits, he batted.266 with 111 hits, 12 doubles, 10 triples, four home runs in 111 games played. Larmore joined the Joplin Miners of the Class A Western League.
He batted.194 with 14 hits, one double, one triple in 22 games played. After his career was over, Larmore enrolled at University of Missouri, pledged Beta Theta Pi. By 1930, he was working as a salesman for his brother's ice cream company, he resided in St. Louis, Missouri with his wife Mary, their child, Constance. Larmore died on January 1964 in St. Louis, he was buried at Oak Grove Cemetery in St. Louis. Inline citations"Bob Larmore Statistics and History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 May 2011. "Bob Larmore Minor League Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved 25 May 2011. General references Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference