The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland known as the United Kingdom or Britain, is a sovereign country located off the northwestern coast of the European mainland. Existing under its current name since 1927, the United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the northeastern part of the island of Ireland, many smaller islands. Northern Ireland shares a land border with the Republic of Ireland. Otherwise, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the southwest, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world; the Irish Sea separates Ireland. The total area of the United Kingdom is 94,000 square miles; the United Kingdom is constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the world's longest-serving current head of state; the United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million.
Other major cities include Birmingham, Glasgow and Liverpool. The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland and Northern Ireland, their capitals are London, Edinburgh and Belfast, respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers, but such power is delegated by the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which may enact laws unilaterally altering or abolishing devolution; the nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed a quarter of the world's landmass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language and political systems of many of its former colonies; the United Kingdom is the sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world, it was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, military and political influence internationally, it is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946; the United Kingdom is a leading member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the World Trade Organization.
It was a member of the European Union and its predecessor, the European Economic Community for 47 years, between 1 January 1973 and withdrawal on 31 January 2020. The 1707 Acts of Union declared that the kingdoms of England and Scotland were "United into One Kingdom by the Name of Great Britain"; the term "United Kingdom" has been used as a description for the former kingdom of Great Britain, although its official name from 1707 to 1800 was "Great Britain". The Acts of Union 1800 united the kingdom of Great Britain and the kingdom of Ireland in 1801, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Following the partition of Ireland and the independence of the Irish Free State in 1922, which left Northern Ireland as the only part of the island of Ireland within the United Kingdom, the name was changed to the "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland". Although the United Kingdom is sovereign country, Scotland and Northern Ireland are widely referred to as countries; the UK Prime Minister's website has used the phrase "countries within a country" to describe the United Kingdom.
Some statistical summaries, such as those for the twelve NUTS 1 regions of the United Kingdom refer to Scotland and Northern Ireland as "regions". Northern Ireland is referred to as a "province". With regard to Northern Ireland, the descriptive name used "can be controversial, with the choice revealing one's political preferences"; the term "Great Britain" conventionally refers to the island of Great Britain, or politically to England and Wales in combination. It is sometimes used as a loose synonym for the United Kingdom as a whole; the term "Britain" is used both as a synonym for Great Britain, as a synonym for the United Kingdom. Usage is mixed: the UK Government prefers to use the term "UK" rather than "Britain" or "British" on its own website, while acknowledging that both terms refer to the United Kingdom and that elsewhere'"British government" is used at least as as "United Kingdom government"; the UK Permanent Committee on Geographical Names recognises "United Kingdom" and "UK or U. K." as shortened and abbreviated geopolitical terms for the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland in its toponymic guidelines.
Indian Telly Award for Best Television Personality of the Year is an award given by Indiantelevision.com as part of its annual Indian Telly Awards for TV serials, to recognize a television anchor/host/actor/presenter/professional who overshadowed all his peers either on the screen or off it leaving an indelible mark/stamp during the year and have topped in terms of impact, acceptability. He/she could have remarkably improved the viewership of a channel or programme by his/her unique presence; the award was first awarded in 2001 to Bollywood actor Amitabh Bachchan for hosting popular reality show Kaun Banega Crorepati. Most of the times, the winner is announced out of nominations but sometimes the award is given without nominations. In 2007, 2009 and 2010, the award was awarded with different titles. Only once, in 2012, the award was given separately to a male and female personality. 2001 Amitabh Bachchan 2002 Aman Verma Prannoy Roy Harsha Bhogle Vir Sanghvi Rajdeep Sardesai Amitabh Bachchan Navjot Singh Sidhu Shekhar Suman 2003 Smriti Irani 2004 Rajeev Khandelwal Hiten Tejwani Niki Aneja Walia Mandira Bedi Mona Singh 2005 Rajeev Khandelwal Ronit Roy Abhijeet Sawant Shekhar Suman 2006 Ronit Roy Javed Jaffrey Rajdeep Sardesai Navjot Singh Sidhu 2007 Hussain Kuwajerwala Ronit Roy Rajeev Khandelwal Rajdeep Sardesai 2008 Akshay Kumar Salman Khan Shilpa Shetty Saroj Khan Parul Chauhan Sara Khan Shahrukh Khan Shaan 2009 Rani Mukerji 2010 Ronit Roy 2011 No Award 2012 Ronit Roy and Ankita Lokhande Barun Sobti Pratyusha Banerjee Gia Manek 2013 Karan Singh Grover 2014 Rohit Shetty 2015 Divyanka Tripathi 2016 Not Awarded 2017 Not Awarded 2018 Not Awarded 2019 Divyanka Tripathi Indian Telly Awards 2007pulkit samrat awards performance
Jinkee Pacquiao is a former Filipino politician, media personality and occasional film producer who served as a vice governor of Sarangani, Philippines from 2013 to 2016. She is well-known as the wife of incumbent Senator Manny Pacquiao, she had a brief career in the film industry as a producer for her husband's documentaries and for several box-office titles. In 2013, Pacquiao decided to run for vice governor of Sarangani province in Mindanao, after her husband was reluctant to choose between two friends who both wanted his support for the position, she was elected in the May 2013 election as the candidate of the United Nationalist Alliance. After her first and only term, Jinkee decided to retire from politics to focus on their family and her businesses. Jinkee Jamora was born at St. Elizabeth Hospital in General Santos City on January 12, 1979 into the conservative family of Nestor Jamora and Rosalina Capeña, her older twin sister is named Janet. She was working as a beauty consultant when she met Manny Pacquiao, whom she married in 2000.
They have five children