The Governor General of Canada is the federal viceregal representative of the Canadian monarch Queen Elizabeth II. The person of the sovereign is shared both with the 15 other Commonwealth realms and the 10 provinces of Canada, but resides predominantly in her oldest and most populous realm, the United Kingdom; the Queen, on the advice of her Canadian prime minister, appoints a governor general to carry out most of her constitutional and ceremonial duties. The commission is for an unfixed period of time—known as serving at Her Majesty's pleasure—though five years is the normal convention. Beginning in 1959, it has been traditional to rotate between anglophone and francophone officeholders—although many recent governors general have been bilingual. Once in office, the governor general maintains direct contact with the Queen, wherever she may be at the time; the office began in the 16th and 17th centuries with the Crown-appointed governors of the French colony of Canada followed by the British governors of Canada in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Subsequently, the office is, along with the Crown, the oldest continuous institution in Canada. The present incarnation of the office emerged with Canadian Confederation and the passing of the British North America Act, 1867, which defines the role of the governor general as "carrying on the Government of Canada on behalf and in the Name of the Queen, by whatever Title he is designated". Although the post still represented the government of the United Kingdom, the office was Canadianized until, with the passage of the Statute of Westminster in 1931 and the establishment of a separate and uniquely Canadian monarchy, the governor general became the direct personal representative of the independently and uniquely Canadian sovereign, the monarch in his Canadian council. Throughout this process of increasing Canadian independence, the role of governor general took on additional responsibilities. For example, in 1904, the Militia Act granted permission for the governor general to use the title of Commander-in-Chief of the Canadian militia, while Command-in-Chief remained vested in the sovereign, in 1927 the first official international visit by a governor general was made.
In 1947, King George VI issued letters patent allowing the viceroy to carry out all of the monarch's powers on his or her behalf. As a result, the day-to-day duties of the monarch are carried out by the governor general, although, as a matter of law, the governor general is not in the same constitutional position as the sovereign. In accordance with the Constitution Act, 1982, any constitutional amendment that affects the Crown, including the office of the Governor General, requires the unanimous consent of each provincial legislature as well as the federal parliament; the current governor general is Julie Payette, who has served since 2 October 2017. The letters patent constituting the office, official publications of the Government of Canada, spell the title governor general, without a hyphen; as governor is the noun in the title, it is pluralized thus, governors general, rather than governor generals. Moreover, both terms are capitalized; the position of governor general is mandated by both the Constitution Act, 1867 and the letters patent issued in 1947 by King George VI.
As such, on the recommendation of his or her Canadian prime minister, the Canadian monarch appoints the governor general by commission issued under the royal sign-manual and Great Seal of Canada. That individual is, from until being sworn-in, referred to as the governor general-designate. Besides the administration of the oaths of office, there is no set formula for the swearing-in of a governor general-designate. Though there may therefore be variations to the following, the appointee will travel to Ottawa, there receiving an official welcome and taking up residence at 7 Rideau Gate, will begin preparations for their upcoming role, meeting with various high level officials to ensure a smooth transition between governors general; the sovereign will hold an audience with the appointee and will at that time induct both the governor general-designate and his or her spouse into the Order of Canada as Companions, as well as appointing the former as a Commander of both the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Merit of the Police Forces.
The incumbent will serve for at least five years, though this is only a developed convention, the governor general still technically acts at Her Majesty's pleasure. The prime minister may therefore recommend to the Queen that the viceroy remain in her service for a longer period of time, sometimes upwards of more than seven years. A governor general may resign, two have died in office. In such a circumstance, or if the governor general leaves the country for longer than one month, the Chief Justice of Canada serves as Administrator of the Government and exercises all powers of the governor general. In a speech on the subject of confederation, made in 1866 to the Legislative Assembly of the Province of Canada, John A. Macdonald said of the planned governor: "We place no restriction on Her Majesty's prerogative in the selection of her representative... The sovereign has unrestricted freedom of choice... We leave that to Her M
The 1957 Oregon Webfoots represented the University of Oregon in the 1957 NCAA University Division football season. Home games were played on campus in Eugene at Multnomah Stadium in Portland. Led by seventh-year head coach Len Casanova, the Ducks were 7–3 in the regular season and 6–2 in the Pacific Coast Conference, co-champions with rival Oregon State. Although the Beavers won the Civil War game in Eugene, the PCC had a no-repeat rule for the Rose Bowl, so the Ducks had clinched the berth the previous week with a win in Los Angeles over struggling USC. In the Rose Bowl on New Year's Day, Oregon met Big Ten champion Ohio State, second-ranked and led by head coach Woody Hayes; the Buckeyes were ranked first in the UPI coaches poll and favored, by up to twenty points, but needed a fourth quarter field goal to break a tie for a 10–7 win. Outside the 27–26 win at Stanford, the Ducks did not allow more than thirteen points in their ten other games, which included two shutouts, finished at 7–4. Source
Stauffer Communications was a held media corporation based in Topeka, that owned many publications and broadcast outlets, including the Topeka Capital-Journal and WIBW, WIBW-FM, WIBW-TV. The company operated from 1930 to 1995; the company was founded by Oscar S. Stauffer in 1930 as Stauffer Publications. Oscar Stauffer had started a journalism career at the Emporia Gazette and Kansas City Star, in 1915 had become the publisher of the Peabody Star; when Stauffer died at age 95 in 1982 the company had grown to include 31 newspapers and broadcast companies in 11 states. Oscar Stauffer's son John H. Stauffer became head of the company in 1992. In 1994, the company arranged to sell its properties to Morris Communications of Georgia; the transaction was completed in 1995 for $275 million. At the time of its sale, Stauffer's multi-state operations included 20 daily newspapers, 11 radio stations, 3 magazines, the broadcast rights to Kansas City Royals baseball; as a condition of the sale, Morris had to sell Stauffer's television holdings.
Most of the former Stauffer television holdings, including WIBW-TV, were sold to Benedek Broadcasting in 1996. Morris sold off all of Stauffer's magazines and its insurance and alarm operations. Mary Stauffer Brownback, daughter of John Stauffer and granddaughter of Oscar Stauffer, is married to former U. S. Senator and Kansas Governor Sam Brownback. News Chief Grit The Newton Kansan The Topeka Capital-Journal Dodge City Daily Globe The Morning Sun The Arkansas City Traveler Peabody Gazette-Bulletin The Holland Sentinel Hillsdale Daily News Brainerd Dispatch The Examiner Maryville Daily Forum Hannibal Courier-Post Grand Island Independent York News-Times The Shawnee News-Star The Ardmoreite The Brookings Register The Oak Ridger KRNT KRNQ-FM KGWN-TV, Wyoming KMIZ, Missouri WIBW-TV, Topeka KCOY-TV, Santa Maria, California KGNC-TV, Texas