click links in text for more info


Grasse is a commune in the Alpes-Maritimes department, on the French Riviera. The town is considered the world's capital of perfume, it obtained two flowers in the Concours des villes et villages fleuris contest and was made "Ville d'Art et d'Histoire". There is La Jasminade, at the beginning of August; the first festival was on August 3–4, 1946. Decorated floats drive through the town, with young women in skimpy costumes on board, throwing flowers into the crowd. Garlands of jasmine decorate the town center, the fire department fills a fire truck with jasmine-infused water to spray on the crowds. There are fireworks, free parties, folk music groups and street performers. There is an annual international exhibition of roses held in May each year; the Gare de Grasse railway station offers connections with Cannes and Ventimiglia. Grasse has had a prospering perfume industry since the end of the 18th century. Grasse is known as the world's perfume capital. Many "noses" have spent time in Grasse to distinguish over 2,000 kinds of scent.

Grasse produces over two-thirds of France's natural aromas. This industry turns over more than 600 million euros a year. Grasse's particular microclimate encouraged the flower farming industry, it is sufficiently inland to be sheltered from the sea air. There is an abundance of water, thanks to its situation in the hills and the 1860 construction of the Siagne canal for irrigation purposes; the town is 20 km from the Coast. Jasmine, a key ingredient of many perfumes, was brought to southern France by the Moors in the 16th century. Twenty-seven tonnes of jasmine are now harvested in Grasse annually. There are numerous old'parfumeries' in Grasse, such as Galimard and Fragonard, each with tours and a museum; the trade in leather and tanning work developed during the twelfth century around the small canal that runs through the city. This activity produced a strong unpleasant odor. At the time of the Renaissance perfume manufacturers began production of gloves and belt, to meet the new fashion from Italy with the entourage of Queen Catherine de Medici.

The countryside around the city began offering new scents from the city. In 1614, the king recognized the new corporation of "glovers perfumers". In the middle of the eighteenth century, the perfumery was experiencing a important development. Leading companies dating from this period includes oldest French perfumerie and third oldest parfumerie in Europe Galimard established in 1747. Introduction of new production methods turned perfume making into a real industry that could adapt to new market demands. In the nineteenth century, the raw materials began to be imported from abroad. During the twentieth century the creation of synthetic products brought the democratization & affordability of perfumes and their spin-offs. In 1905, six hundred tons of flowers were harvested while in the 1940s, five thousand tons were produced annually. However, in early 2000, production was less than 30 tons for all flowers combined. In the Middle Ages, Grasse specialized in leather tanning. Once tanned, the hides were exported to Genoa or Pisa, cities that shared a commercial alliance with Grasse.

Several centuries of this intense activity witnessed many technological advances within tanning industries. The hides of Grasse acquired a reputation for high quality, but the leather smelled badly. This is when a tanner in Grasse came up with the idea of scented leather gloves, he offered a pair of scented gloves to Catherine de Medici, seduced by the gift. Thereafter, the product spread through the Royal Court and high society, this made a worldwide reputation for Grasse; the seventeenth century became the heyday of "Glovers Perfumers'. However, high taxes on leather and competition from Nice brought a decline for the leather industry in Grasse, production of leather fragrance ceased; the rare scents from the Grasse did win the title for the Grasse as the perfume capital of the world. Harvesting jasmine was a labor-intensive business only a few decades ago. Flowers had to be hand picked at dawn, when their scent is the most developed and to be treated by cold enfleurage. A network of sixty companies employs 3,500 people in surrounding area.

Additionally about 10,000 residents of Grasse are indirectly employed by the perfume industry. Half of the business tax for the city comes from the perfume sector and, ahead of tourism and services; the main activity of perfumery in Grasse is in the production of natural raw materials and the production of concentrate called the juice. A concentrate is the main product. Food flavorings, which developed since the 1970s, account for over half of production output today; this represents half of the production of French perfumes and aromas and around 7-8% of total global activity. However, duri

Planotortrix flammea

Planotortrix flammea is a species of moth of the family Tortricidae. It is endemic to New Zealand; this species was first described in 1956 by John Tenison Salmon using a specimen collected by him at Homer Forks Fiordland in mid January. Salmon named the species Bactra flammea. In 1966, John S. Dugdale placed this species with the genus Planotortrix; the colour pattern of the adults is purple orange brown. There is a dark purple brown dot in the forewing disc; the hindwings are whitish ochreous with orange fringe. It has been noted; this species is endemic to New Zealand. It can be found in Gisborne, Taranaki, Buller and Mid Canterbury, Mackenzie country and Fiordland; the species inhabits coastal to alpine habitat. The larvae feed on Hebe salicifolia, Hebe stricta, Hebe subalpina and Hebe salicifolia. Other hosts include Hebe pauciramosa. Image of holotype specimen held at Te Papa Tongarewa

Nick Curran

Nick Curran was an American blues/rock and roll singer and guitarist. He has been likened to T-Bone Walker, Little Richard, The Sonics, Doug Sahm and The Ramones. Nick Curran was born in Maine, he began playing drums at the age of 3, showing an amazing ability to keep time at such a young age. It was a daily ritual for him, he would play along with the music. His dad, taught Nick everything he wanted and needed to know with the guitar. Any "lick" that Nick learned early on, he asked Michael to show him how to do it... and a few hours Nick would emerge from his room having learned and practiced it. When asked at a young age why he wanted to play so badly, he replied, "I got the feelin'." He had received no formal lessons for guitar. At age 15, he played guitar and harp in his father's band, Mike Curran and the Tremors, at the age of 17 played drums, again alongside his father, guitarist Michael Curran, in a band called The Upsetters-based out of Portland, Maine; that same year, he formed the Rockabilly band Nick Danger and the Sideburners playing at a number of clubs in the Portland, Maine area.

At 18, he auditioned for James Montgomery. Curran began his professional career at age nineteen, leaving Maine to tour with Ronnie Dawson, "The Blonde Bomber". Although Dawson was a rockabilly musician, many blues and punk fans appreciated his performances, he taught Curran not to get pigeonholed. Curran toured next with Texas rockabilly doyenne Kim Lenz, moving to Dallas to join her backup band the Jaguars, performing on Lenz's recording, The One And Only. Curran would stay with the Jaguars for two years, he is featured on Lenz's next CD, It's All True, toured with her in the summer of 2009. In 1999, the Texas Jamboree label issued Fixin' Your Head; as he would do on all future CDs, Curran used vintage recording equipment to achieve the feel and sound of old 45s and 78s, the LPs of the 1950s. To support the recording he formed Nick Curran & the Nitelifes. From 2004 to 2007 Curran played with The Fabulous Thunderbirds appearing on their 2005 recording, Painted On. During that time, bassist Ronnie James started the punk band Deguello.

In 2008, James and Curran formed The Attitudes with Nick and playing drums standing up, with guitarist CoffeeBoy Johnson. "This band is like when you and your buddy wanted to have a band in high school and there was no bass player. We just play what we wanted to," according to CoffeeBoy Johnson, their set consisted of covers of The Misfits, The Ramones, Howlin' Wolf, Jimmy Reed, Muddy Waters and Little Richard. "We wanted to give the black keys a run for their money." Curran performed four songs in a scene in the 2008 HBO Series, True Blood, based on The Southern Vampire Mysteries by Charlaine Harris, which explores the co-existence of humans and vampires. After performing a solo show in November 2008, Curran formed the rock ‘n’ roll roots band, The Lowlifes, who were critically acclaimed and became a mainstay on Little Steven's Underground Garage, earning three "Coolest Song in the World" titles with tracks from the album, Reform School Girl. In 2009, Curran was diagnosed with oral cancer. In June 2010, he had been deemed cancer free, but by April 2011 the cancer had returned and he underwent treatment.

Curran succumbed to the disease on October 6, 2012, at the age of 35. 2000 – Fixin' Your Head 2001 – Nitelife Boogie 2003 – Doctor Velvet 2004 – Player! 2010 – Reform School GirlAllmusic gave four stars for every album. Music AOL Blind Pig Records Nick Curran High quality video

The Northern Ireland Squirrel Association

The Northern Ireland Squirrel Association is a youth organization which operates within Northern Ireland. It is a feeder organization to the Scout Movement in Northern Ireland as its membership is limited to four- and five-year-olds who live in Northern Ireland; the Aim of the Association is'…to promote the development of young people in achieving their full physical, intellectual and spiritual potential, as individuals, as responsible citizens and as members of their local and international communities.' The Northern Ireland Squirrel Association became affiliated in 2009 with the Northern Ireland Scout Council, part of The Scout Association. Each unit is called a Squirrel Drey and some are linked to Scout Groups. Since late 2014 a badge programme has been in place which more aligns with the programme of The Scout Association. Four Smile badges may be awarded: Yellow: I'm active for taking part in new and energetic activities while learning about healthy eating and nourishing energy giving foods.

Blue: I'm learning for learning new crafts and special skills while learning about being safe at home and outdoors and developing personal skills. Green: I'm friendly for making friends in the Squirrel Drey. Orange: I'm caring for care about what they do - how they behave, how they treat others and the world around them; the development of this programme was funded by the Big Lottery Fund. Youth members wear a loose-fitting navy sweatshirt and may wear the scarf of a Scout Group with which they are linked; the provincial and district badges of The Scout Association may be worn on the right arm. The Squirrel membership badge is worn on the left breast of the sweatshirt. Following the affiliation with the Northern Ireland Scout Council there was a suggestion that Squirrel leaders should wear the adult uniform shirt of The Scout Association; this brought its own confusion for leaders who were adult members of The Scout Association, as Squirrel Leaders are not able to wear the Membership Badge as the organization is not a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement.

Many Squirrel Leaders wear navy tops. Since 2013 a new navy and lime Squirrel Association logo badge has been worn on the right breast of such uniform


Zabbix is an open-source monitoring software tool for diverse IT components, including networks, virtual machines and cloud services. Zabbix provides monitoring metrics, among others network utilization, CPU load and disk space consumption. Zabbix monitoring configuration can be done using XML based templates which contain elements to monitor; the software monitors operations on Linux, Hewlett Packard Unix, Mac OS X, Solaris and other operating systems. Zabbix can use MariaDB, PostgreSQL, SQLite, Oracle or IBM DB2 to store data, its backend is written in C and the web frontend is written in PHP. Zabbix offers several monitoring options: Simple checks can verify the availability and responsiveness of standard services such as SMTP or HTTP without installing any software on the monitored host. A Zabbix agent can be installed on UNIX and Windows hosts to monitor statistics such as CPU load, network utilization, disk space, etc; as an alternative to installing an agent on hosts, Zabbix includes support for monitoring via SNMP, TCP and ICMP checks, as well as over IPMI, JMX, SSH, Telnet and using custom parameters.

Zabbix supports a variety of near-real-time notification mechanisms, including XMPP. Released under the terms of GNU General Public License version 2, Zabbix is free software. Zabbix started as an internal software project in 1998. After three years, in 2001, it was released to the public under GPL, three years until the first stable version, 1.0, was released in 2004. High performance, high capacity. Auto-discovery of servers and network devices and interfaces. Low-level discovery, automatically starts monitoring new items, file systems or network interfaces among others. Distributed monitoring with centralized web administration. Native high performance agents SLA, ITIL KPI metrics on reporting. High-level view of monitored resources through user-defined visual console dashboards. Remote command execution through Zabbix proxies since August 2017, up to Zabbix 3.4 Architecture Agent or Agent-less monitoring capabilities. Web-based interface. Support for both polling and trapping mechanisms. Monitoring JMX monitoring.

Web monitoring. Security and authentication Audit log. Secure user authentication. Flexible user permissions. Notification capabilities Flexible e-mail notification on predefined events. Near-real-time notification mechanisms, for example using including XMPP protocol Zabbix is developed by a Zabbix LLC company. Zabbix consists of several separate modules: Zabbix Server, not supported in Windows, performs the polling and trapping of data, calculates triggers and sends notifications to users, needs a database to store configurations and data. Zabbix Agents, installed on the system, to be monitored to reach out values like CPU/memory usage that can only be accessed from within the OS Zabbix Frontend, web front-end used for setup and data browsing. Zabbix Proxy, not supported in Windows, allows to access to systems that can't be reached directly and reduce load on Zabbix Server. While the server and agents are written in C, the front-end is implemented in PHP and JavaScript. A Java gateway is available since Zabbix 2.0.

Since the first stable version was released as 1.0, Zabbix versioning has used minor version numbers to denote major releases. Each minor release implements many new features, while change level releases introduce bugfixes. Zabbix version numbering scheme has changed over time. While the first two stable branches were 1.0 and 1.1, after 1.1 it was decided to use odd numbers for development versions and numbers for stable versions. As a result, 1.3 followed 1.1 as a development update to be released as 1.4. Note: this chart excludes release candidates in stable branches. Comparison of network monitoring systems List of systems management systems Zabbix 1.8 Network Monitoring - Packt Publishing ISBN 978-1-84719-768-9 Mastering Zabbix - Packt Publishing ISBN 978-1-78328-349-1 Zabbix Cookbook - Packt Publishing Zabbix Network Monitoring Essentials - Packt Publishing Zabbix Network Monitoring - Second Edition - Packt Publishing ISBN 9781782161288 Official website Zabbix Share, a Repository of Templates and Modules for Zabbix zabbix on GitHub

Rudolf Hess (artist)

Rudolf "Rudi" Hess was an American fine art painter and art critic, based in Northern California. His work is of the German Expressionist school and the subject matter covers many genres including landscapes and nature and everyday city life. Rudolf Hess was born 31 January 1903 in Valley Ford, a town 75 miles north of San Francisco, in Sonoma County, California, he attended California School of Fine Arts in the 1920s. Hess was a art critic and contributor to The Argus, a popular San Francisco-based art journal, known for being conservative and highlighting the technical aspects of painting. Hess visited artist Diego Rivera in Mexico, in order to write about him and learn more about his process and his most recent mural; however Hess wrote a scathing review in The Argus titled, “The Tragedy of Rivera," which criticized Diego Rivera as an artist, Rivera's mural at Secretaría de Educación Pública in Mexico City. This article helped in polarized the art community and prompted artist Ralph Stackpole, both a founder of The Argus and a friend of Diego Rivera to write a letter in January 1929 to The Argus editor, in response.

From 1929 to 1968, Hess worked in Sacramento for the California Department of Transportation. Hess married Florence Louise Mackie in 1946 in California. In 1971, Hess served as president of Northern California Arts Inc. an arts nonprofit in the Sacramento, California area. Hess died on 9 November 1986 in California. Hess is included in the 1940s book, Who's Who in American Art and in Edan Milton Hughes' Artists in California 1786-1940. A 1982 magazine was published by the California Department of Transportation, Highway Recollections of Rudolf Hess, Issue 35 and constituents of a recorded interview of Hess. 1925 – San Francisco Art Association.