Great Plains

The Great Plains is a broad expanse of flat land, much of it covered in prairie and grassland, located in the United States and Canada. It lies west of the Mississippi River tallgrass prairie in the United States and east of the Rocky Mountains in the U. S. and Canada. It encompasses: The entirety of Nebraska, North Dakota, South DakotaParts of Colorado, New Mexico, Texas and KansasThe southern portions of Alberta and ManitobaThe region is known for supporting extensive cattle ranching and dry farming; the Canadian portion of the Plains is known as the Canadian Prairies. It covers much of Alberta and southern Saskatchewan, a narrow band of southern Manitoba; the term "Great Plains" is used in the United States to describe a sub-section of the more vast Interior Plains physiographic division, which covers much of the interior of North America. It has currency as a region of human geography, referring to the Plains Indians or the Plains states. In Canada the term is used. There is no region referred to as the "Great Plains" in The Atlas of Canada.

In terms of human geography, the term prairie is more used in Canada, the region is known as the Prairie Provinces or "the Prairies". The North American Environmental Atlas, produced by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation, a NAFTA agency composed of the geographical agencies of the Mexican and Canadian governments, uses the "Great Plains" as an ecoregion synonymous with predominant prairies and grasslands rather than as physiographic region defined by topography; the Great Plains ecoregion includes five sub-regions: Temperate Prairies, West-Central Semi-Arid Prairies, South-Central Semi-Arid Prairies, Texas Louisiana Coastal Plains, Tamaulipas-Texas Semi-Arid Plain, which overlap or expand upon other Great Plains designations. The region is about 500 mi east to 2,000 mi north to south. Much of the region was home to American bison herds until they were hunted to near extinction during the mid/late-19th century, it has an area of 500,000 sq mi. Current thinking regarding the geographic boundaries of the Great Plains is shown by this map at the Center for Great Plains Studies, University of Nebraska–Lincoln.

The term "Great Plains", for the region west of about the 96th and east of the Rocky Mountains, was not used before the early 20th century. Nevin Fenneman's 1916 study Physiographic Subdivision of the United States brought the term Great Plains into more widespread usage. Before that the region was invariably called the High Plains, in contrast to the lower Prairie Plains of the Midwestern states. Today the term "High Plains" is used for a subregion of the Great Plains; the Great Plains are the westernmost portion of the vast North American Interior Plains, which extend east to the Appalachian Plateau. The United States Geological Survey divides the Great Plains in the United States into ten physiographic subdivisions: Coteau du Missouri or Missouri Plateau, glaciated – east central South Dakota and eastern North Dakota and northeastern Montana; the Great Plains consist of a broad stretch of country underlain by nearly horizontal strata extends westward from the 97th meridian west to the base of the Rocky Mountains, a distance of from 300 to 500 miles.

It extends northward from the Mexican boundary far into Canada. Although the altitude of the plains increases from 600 or 1,200 ft on the east to 4,000–5,000 or 6,000 feet near the mountains, the local relief is small; the semi-arid climate opens far-reaching views. The plains are by no means a simple unit, they are of various stages of erosional development. They are interrupted by buttes and escarpments, they are broken by valleys. Yet on the whole, a broadly extended surface of moderate relief so prevails that the name, Great Plains, for the region as a whole is well-deserved; the western boundary of the plains is well-defined by the abrupt ascent of the mountains. The eastern boundary of the plains is more climatic than topographic; the line of 20 in. of annual rainfall trends a little east of northward near the 97th meridian. If a boundary must be drawn where nature presents only a gradual transition, this rainfall line may be taken to divide the drier plains from the moister prairies; the plains may be described in northern, intermediate and southern sections, in relation to certain peculiar features.

The northern section of the Great Plains, north of latitude 44°, including eastern Montana, north-eastern Wyoming, most of North and South Dakota, the Canadian Prairies, is a moderately dissected peneplain. This is one of the best examples of its kind; the strata here are Cretaceous or early Ter

St. Louis County Library

St. Louis County Library serves residents of St. Louis County, United States, it is the busiest public library in Missouri, circulating more than 12 million items in 2011. It consists of 20 branches, including the Headquarters branch, located at 1640 S. Lindbergh Blvd in Ladue. SLCL is unrelated to the St. Louis Public Library. SLCL services St. Louis County; the library was founded in 1947. It is supported by the St. Louis County Library District. SLCL has reciprocal borrowing agreements with most of the other libraries in St. Louis County, as well as with the St. Louis Public Library and the St. Charles City-County Library. St. Louis County Library District is governed by a five-member Board of Trustees. Board members are appointed by the County Executive. Founded in 1998, History & Genealogy at St. Louis County library features a research collection of over 95,000 print volumes, 850 periodical titles, over 40,000 microfilms. History & Genealogy's collection offers unique genealogical and historical sources emphasizing the St. Louis Metropolitan area, the state of Missouri, states and foreign countries that fed migration into Missouri.

History & Genealogy offers access to substantial holdings for Atlantic states, the Northwest Territory, the Louisiana Purchase, sources for Canada, Switzerland and the British Isles. At its core are the collections of the St. Louis County Library and the St. Louis Genealogical Society. In 2002, History & Genealogy at St. Louis County Library became the official home of the National Genealogical Society Collection, which includes over 30,000 items available for circulation or by inter-library loan. Other collections have followed including the William C. E. and Bessie Becker Collection, the Lewis Bunker Rohrbach Collection, the Joy A. Reisinger Collection, the Julius K. Hunter and Friends African American Collection, the Mary Berthold Reference Collection, the St. Louis Jewish Genealogical Society Collection. History & Genealogy's equipment includes microfilm reader-printers, over-head book scanner, photocopiers, wi-fi, free access to genealogical and historical research databases. History & Genealogy publishes the monthly newsletter PastPorts in support of historical and genealogical research.

History & Genealogy is is open seven days per week. Groups and tours are welcomed by appointment. St. Louis County Library website St. Louis County Library catalog Map of branches |

B. H. Born

Bertram H. "B. H." Born was an American basketball center. After graduating from Medicine Lodge High School in 1950, he played for the Kansas Jayhawks from 1951 to 1954. During the 1951–52 season, in which Kansas earned a berth in the championship game of the NCAA Tournament, Born was a reserve behind Clyde Lovellette, averaging 1.6 points per game. The following season, he had 18.9 points per game for the Jayhawks as the team reached the NCAA Tournament final. Indiana defeated Kansas 69–68 in the championship game, but Born won the tournament's Most Outstanding Player award. During the final, Born scored 26 points, compiled 15 rebounds, blocked 13 shots. Born posted an average of 19 points per game in the 1953–54 season, competed for the U. S. national team in the 1954 FIBA World Championship. At that tournament, he scored 10.4 points per game in nine appearances and had a 12-point performance in a 62–41 U. S. win over Brazil. The Fort Wayne Pistons selected Born with the 22nd overall pick of the 1954 NBA draft.

However, he did not join the team. In the mid-1950s, he played for the Peoria Caterpillars Amateur Athletic Union team, he was named an AAU All-American in 1957 and 1958. In addition, he helped the Jayhawks recruit Wilt Chamberlain, a leading high school player at the time. In Peoria, Born was employed with Caterpillar Inc.'s tractor business for 43 years. In 1992, the University of Kansas retired Born's jersey, 23, he has been inducted into the Kansas Sports Hall of Fame. Born died on February 2013 in Peoria; the draft review: B. H. Born