The Great Victoria Desert, an interim Australian bioregion, is a sparsely populated desert area in Western Australia and South Australia. The Great Victoria is the largest desert in Australia and consists of many small sandhills, grassland plains, areas with a packed surface of pebbles and salt lakes, it is over 700 kilometres wide and covers an area of 348,750 square kilometres from the Eastern Goldfields region of Western Australia to the Gawler Ranges in South Australia. The Western Australia Mallee shrub ecoregion lies to the west, the Little Sandy Desert to the northwest, the Gibson Desert and the Central Ranges xeric shrublands to the north, the Tirari and Sturt Stony deserts to the east, while the Nullarbor Plain to the south separates it from the Southern Ocean. Average annual rainfall is irregular, ranging from 200 to 250 mm per year. Thunderstorms are common in the Great Victoria Desert, with an average of 15–20 thunderstorms per annum. Summer daytime temperatures range from 32 to 40 °C while in winter, this falls to 18 to 23 °C.
The majority of people living in the region are Indigenous Australians from different groups including the Kogara, the Mirning and the Pitjantjatjara. Aboriginal populations have been increasing in this region. Young Indigenous adults from the Great Victoria Desert region work in the Wilurarra Creative programs to maintain and develop their culture. Despite its isolated location the Great Victoria is bisected by rough tracks including the Connie Sue Highway and the Anne Beadell Highway. Human activity has included some mining and nuclear weapons testing. In 1875, British explorer Ernest Giles became the first European to cross the desert, he named the desert after Queen Victoria. In 1891, David Lindsey's expedition traveled across this area from north to south. Frank Hann was looking for gold in this area between 1903 and 1908. Len Beadell explored the area in the 1960s; the Great Victoria desert is a World Wildlife Fund ecoregion and an Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia region of the same name.
As this area has had limited use for agriculture, habitats remain undisturbed while parts of the desert are protected areas including Mamungari Conservation Park in South Australia, a large area of pristine arid zone wilderness which possesses cultural significance and is one of the fourteen World Biosphere Reserves in Australia. Habitat is preserved in the large Aboriginal local government area of Anangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara in South Australia and in the Great Victoria Desert Nature Reserve of Western Australia; the nuclear weapons trials carried out by the United Kingdom at Maralinga and Emu Field in the 1950s and early 1960s have left areas contaminated with plutonium-239 and other radioactive material. Only the hardiest of plants can survive in much of this environment. Between the sand ridges there are areas of wooded steppe consisting of Eucalyptus gongylocarpa, Eucalyptus youngiana and mulga shrubs scattered over areas of resilient spinifex grasses Triodia basedowii. Wildlife adapted to these harsh conditions includes few large mammals.
However, the desert does sustain many types of lizard including the vulnerable great desert skink, the Central Ranges taipan, a number of small marsupials including the endangered sandhill dunnart and the crest-tailed mulgara. One way to survive here is to burrow into the sands, as a number of the desert's animals, including the southern marsupial mole, the water-holding frog do. Birds include the chestnut-breasted whiteface found on the eastern edge of the desert and the malleefowl of Mamungari Conservation Park. Predators of the desert include the dingo and two large monitor lizards, the perentie and the sand goanna. Deserts of Australia List of deserts by area Nullarbor Plain Tallaringa Conservation Park Shephard, The Great Victoria Desert: north of the Nullarbor, south of the centre, Reed Books, ISBN 978-0-7301-0485-8 Joseph, Leo. Department for Environment and Heritage.
Seabird is an American alternative rock band from Independence, Kentucky. The band formed when Aaron Morgan, Micah Landers, Aaron Hunt began playing songs with each other in 2004; the band soon added accordion player David Smith. After playing together for a little under a year both Landers and Smith left to pursue other interests. Soon after Chris Kubik joined the band to take the place of Landers on bass and Morgan began playing two keyboards to make up for the loss of the accordion. After adding Morgan's brother to play guitar, the band recorded their debut EP, Spread Your Broken Wings and Try, in one of the band members' rooms, their EP was passed to EMI and, after a personal showcase, the band was signed in 2005. However, a year the band switched from EMI to Credential Records, they continued to record material for a possible studio album from 2006 through most of 2007 and released a second EP, Let Me Go On, in mid-December 2007. This time, their second EP was used as a teaser for their upcoming debut studio album,'Til We See the Shore, released on June 24, 2008.
Their latest album Rocks into Rivers was released on December 15, 2009. On June 17, 2012 they completed their Kickstarter project which raised funds for a self-produced third full-length album. On May 13, 2013 the band announced the name of the Kickstarter project album to be Troubled Days with release date of July 16, 2013. Seabird's songs were heard on Pushing Daisies, Numb3rs, Grey's Anatomy. Seabird's song "Don't You Know You're Beautiful" was played at the beginning of the Ghost Whisperer Season 5 episode On Thin Ice. Current members Aaron Morgan – lead vocals, keyboards Jason Gann – bass guitar Steven Bye – drums Ryan Morgan – guitarFormer members Brandon Weaver - bass guitar Micah Landers – bass guitar David Smith – accordion, keyboards Aaron Hunt – drums Chris Kubik – bass guitar Spread Your Broken Wings and Try – May 24, 2005 Let Me Go On – December 18, 2007 Purevolume.com Acoustic Sessions The Silent Night EP – November 24, 2009 Over the Hills and Everywhere EP: A Christmas EP - October 15, 2010 X 2009 – "Rescue" "Rescue" "Not Alone" "Don't You Know You're Beautiful" "Trust" Live from the Vibe Official Facebook page Official MySpace page Official Pure Volume page Seabird overview on Allmusic.com Interview with Preston Lane on Humdrum Interview with Aaron Morgan on The Collision Podcast
The 1978–79 British Home Championship was a British Home Nations competition, won by the English football side and notable for seeing marked increases in hooliganism and falling attendance which would result in its cancellation in 1984. The English started well, beating Northern Ireland to match the heavy Welsh victory over Scotland on the same day, which featured a hat trick by John Toshack. Scotland recovered by beating the Irish in their next match while England and Wales played out a goalless draw, leaving three sides theoretically capable of winning the Championship in the final round. Wales could only manage a draw with the Irish and so in the deciding match between England and Scotland, a 1–1 half time score gave the Scots some hope but a strong second half performance from England was rewarded with a deserved 3–1 win; this result gave England the Championship, with Wales in second place. The tournament saw the introduction of goal difference to separate teams, although it had no effect on the eventual outcome.
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