The Indian cultural sphere or Indosphere is an area, composed of the many countries and regions in South and Southeast Asia that were influenced by Indian culture and the Sanskrit language. The term Greater India is used to encompass the historical and geographic extent of all political entities of the Indian subcontinent, the regions which are culturally linked to India or received significant Sanskritization and Indian cultural influence; these countries have been transformed to varying degrees by the acceptance and induction of cultural and institutional elements of India. Since around 500 BCE, Asia's expanding land and maritime trade had resulted in prolonged socio-economic and cultural stimulation and diffusion of Hindu and Buddhist beliefs into the region's cosmology, in particular in Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka. In Central Asia, transmission of ideas were predominantly of a religious nature. By the early centuries of the common era most of the principalities of Southeast Asia had absorbed defining aspects of Hindu culture and administration.
The notion of divine god-kingship was introduced by the concept of Harihara and other Indian epigraphic systems were declared official, like those of the south Indian Pallava dynasty and Chalukya dynasty. These Indianized Kingdoms, a term coined by George Cœdès in his work Histoire ancienne des états hindouisés d'Extrême-Orient, were characterized by surprising resilience, political integrity and administrative stability. To the north, Indian religious ideas were accepted into the cosmology of Himalayan peoples, most profoundly in Tibet and Bhutan. Buddhist monasticism extended into Afghanistan and other parts of Central Asia, Buddhist texts and ideas were accepted in China and Japan in the east. To the west, Indian culture converged with Greater Persia via the Pamir Mountains. In the 20th century history, art history and allied fields: consisted of "all the Asian lands including Burma, Cambodia and the former Champa and Funan polities of present-day Vietnam," in which Indian culture left an "imprint in the form of monuments and other traces of the historic'Indianising' process."
In some accounts, many Pacific societies and "most of the Buddhist world including Ceylon, central Asia and Japan were held to fall within this web of Indianising "culture colonies". This particular usage does not go back to before the 1920s, lasted well into the 1970s in history and in other fields; the concept of the Three Indias was in common circulation in pre-industrial Europe. Greater India was the southern part of South Asia, Lesser India was the northern part of South Asia, Middle India was the region near the Middle East; the Portuguese form was used at least since the mid-15th century. The term, which seems to have been used with variable precision, sometimes meant only the Indian subcontinent. However, in some accounts of European nautical voyages, Greater India extended from the Malabar Coast to India extra Gangem and India Minor, from Malabar to Sind. Farther India was sometimes used to cover all of modern Southeast Asia; until the fourteenth century, India could mean areas along the Red Sea, including Somalia, South Arabia, Ethiopia In late 19th-century geography, Greater India referred to British India, Hindustan which included the Punjab, the Himalayas, extended eastwards to Indochina, parts of Indonesia, the Philippines."
German atlases distinguished Vorder-Indien as the South Asian peninsula and Hinter-Indien as Southeast Asia. Here the use of Greater India refers to popularization by a network of Bengali scholars in the 1920s who were all members of the Calcutta-based Greater India Society; the movement's early leaders included the historian R. C. Majumdar, the philologists Suniti Kumar Chatterji and P. C. Bagchi, the historians Phanindranath Bose and Kalidas Nag; the term Greater India, whether aligned or separate from the notion of ancient Hindu expansion into Southeast Asia, was linked to both Indian nationalism and Hindu nationalism. The concept of the Indianized kingdoms, a term coined by George Coedès, describes Southeast Asian principalities that flourished from the early common era as a result of centuries of socio-economic interaction having incorporated central aspects of Indian institutions, statecraft, culture, epigraphy and architecture. Iron Age trade expansion caused regional geostrategic remodeling.
Southeast Asia was now situated in the central area of convergence of the Indian and the East Asian maritime trade routes, the basis for economic and cultural growth. The earliest Hindu kingdoms emerged in Sumatra and Java, followed by mainland polities such as Funan and Champa. Adoption of Indian civilization elements and individual adaptation stimulated the emergence of centralized states and the development of organized societies. Ambitious local leaders realized the benefits of Hinduism and Indian methods of administration, literature, etc. Rule in accord with universal moral pr
Escape to Paradise is a 1939 American film directed by Erle C. Kenton. Jaded playboy Richard Fleming travels to the South American nation of Rosarita. Through his motorcycle riding guide Roberto he discovers true love and a career as a Yerba mate exporter. Bobby Breen as Roberto Ramos Kent Taylor as Richard Fleming Marla Shelton as Juanita Rudolph Anders as Alexander Komac Joyce Compton as Penelope Carter Pedro de Cordoba as Don Miguel Rosina Galli as Brigida, the Dueña Anna Demetrio as Señora Ramos, Roberto's Mother Francisco Marán as Perez Carlos Villarías as Gonzales "Tra-La-La" "Rhythm of the Rio" Escape to Paradise on IMDb Escape to Paradise is available for free download at the Internet Archive
Brown Opera Productions is dedicated to the promotion and performance of classical vocal music both on campus and in the greater Providence, Rhode Island, community and is a space for singers and musicians to collaborate on exciting classical performance projects. BOP produces a full-length opera every spring, throughout the year produces concerts of classical vocal music on campus and in local hospitals, nursing homes, schools; as the name implies, the group is composed of Brown University students, who work with Rhode Island School of Design students at times. BOP depends on individual donations. Brown Opera Productions was co-founded in 2005 by Clara Schuhmacher; the inaugural board consisted of Michael Hadley, Clara Schuhmacher, Christie Gibson, Kathryn Wallem, Emily Dunne, Kate Tsunoda, Jonathan Ichikawa. Throughout its first year, the organization produced a variety of on- and off-campus concerts. In April, BOP presented Gian-Carlo Menotti's The Medium, Brown’s first-ever student-produced full-length opera.
Over the subsequent years, BOP has grown to be one of the premiere Brown performing arts organizations. So far, BOP has produced six full-length operas. BOP has produced four staged concerts, four children's operas, numerous aria concerts; every fall, BOP puts on a staged operetta. In the Fall Operetta's inaugural year, BOP performed Monsieur Choufleuri. In Fall 2010, BOP will produce Puccini's Gianni Schicchi. Performances occur in Alumnae Hall on Pembroke Campus. A staged orchestrated student-run full opera put on every Spring; the directors, production staff, orchestra are all students. Directors and music directors are chosen at the end of the Fall semester and the operas themselves are in early or mid-April. BOP's most recent Spring production was The Turn of the Screw by Benjamin Britten. Performances are in Alumnae Hall on Pembroke Campus; every year, BOP puts on an opera for children. Past productions have included a reduction of The Magic Flute and Gretel and a student-written opera, The Frog Prince.
The children's opera is only one of the many ways. In 2010, BOP performed a reduction of The Magic Flute for the Providence Athenaeum on Benefit Street. BOP has at least two nursing home concerts during the year and one in the summer, it is planning to launch an opera/classical music education program for surrounding Providence schools. BOP puts on short scenes from various operas and operettas, with staging and sets. In the past BOP has done scenes from many operas and operettas, including Porgy and Bess, The Magic Flute, The Threepenny Opera and Monsieur Choufleuri. Performances occur in multiple venues across campus, including the Production Workshop upspace and Grant Recital Hall. Directors apply to direct singers audition to be placed within individual scenes; these concerts are opportunities for vocalists to debut or to just sing something they have been working on. Accompanists are provided, people are encouraged to sing whatever they want, from Handel to John Cage, Puccini to Gershwin; the arias concerts takes place in Grant Recital Hall.
BOP has added a Spring Arias Concert and is planning on producing a Summer arias concert. BOP homepage at brown.edu Opera Providence website the Bel Canto Scholarship Foundation Brown University Gilbert & Sullivan Brown University Music Department
Gary Joseph Knipfing, better known by his screen name Gary Valentine, is an American actor and writer. He is the older brother of actor Kevin James, he starred as Danny Heffernan in The King of Queens as Kevin James' cousin. Valentine was born Gary Joseph Knipfing in Mineola, New York, to Janet, who had worked in a chiropractor's office, Joseph Valentine Knipfing, Jr. who owned an insurance agency. His family is of Jewish descent. Valentine has two siblings: Kevin George Knipfing, known as Kevin James, an actor and comedian, Leslie Knipfing. Gary and his siblings were raised in the Catholic faith. Valentine got his start in show business on the standup comedy stage. After an appearance at the Montreal Comedy Festival, he left his native New York for Los Angeles. There he landed spots on various talk shows, including The Late Late Show with Craig Kilborn, Late Night with Conan O'Brien, The Tonight Show with Jay Leno, he has been headlining comedy theaters for the past fifteen years. He is best known for his role as Danny Heffernan on The King of Queens, playing the cousin of principal character Doug Heffernan for nine seasons.
He appeared on the television show Men of a Certain Age, written and directed by Ray Romano and met with critical acclaim. Prior to his run on the series, he starred in his own half-hour special on Comedy Central and hosted The X Show on FX. On the big screen, Valentine has appeared in Stuck on You and I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry, he had a cameo in Jerry Seinfeld's documentary Comedian. More he makes occasional appearances as a roundtable comedian on the E! Network late-night talk show Chelsea Lately and takes part in the Dusty Peacock web series on Crackle. Valentine performs comedy tours in clubs across the country. He's been a frequent guest comedian on shows such as Comics Unleashed and the E! show Chelsea Lately. He appeared in Paul Blart Mall Cop, Paul Blart: Mall Cop 2, in the comedy web series Dusty Peacock on Crackle. Valentine appeared as George Bannister in the movies The Dog Who Saved Christmas, The Dog Who Saved Christmas Vacation and The Dog Who Saved Halloween, he played Maury in the 2009 comedy The Deported.
He co-hosted The X Show. Most Valentine was executive producer of an upcoming new TV series, The Bachelor Chronicles. From 2016-2018, Valentine co-starred in the CBS sitcom Kevin Can Wait. Gary Valentine on IMDb
The 2015 FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship for Women will be the 32nd edition of the European Under-18 Women's Basketball Championship. 16 teams will participate in the competition, held in Celje, from 30 July to 9 August 2015. Belgium Croatia Czech Republic Estonia France Hungary Israel Italy Lithuania Netherlands Poland Portugal Russia Serbia Slovenia Spain The first-round groups draw took place on 30 November 2014 in Budapest, Hungary. In the first round, the sixteen teams are allocated in four groups of four teams each; the top three teams of each group will qualify to the Second Round. The last team of each group will play in the Classification Group G first in the 9th–16th place playoffs. All times are local – Central European Summer Time. Twelve advancing teams from the First Round will be allocated in two groups of six teams each; the top four teams of each group will advance to the quarterfinals. The last two teams of each group will play in the 9th–16th place playoffs against the teams from the Group G.
Last placed team from each group of first round competes in classification round-robin group for lower four seeds in 9th–16th place playoff. Winners of this round moves on to the Final. All-Tournament Team Ángela Salvadores Lisa Berkani Alexia Chartereau Francesca Pan Raisa Musina
The John Proctor House is a historic First Period house at 348 Lowell Street in Peabody, United States. According to local tradition, this wood-frame house was occupied by John Proctor, convicted and hanged for witchcraft during the Salem witch trials of 1692. However, stylistic analysis of the construction suggests it was more built c. 1700 by Proctor's son Thorndike, who purchased the property from Charles Downing around that time. The house remained in the Proctor family into the mid-19th century; the house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1990. It is not open to the public. List of the oldest buildings in Massachusetts National Register of Historic Places listings in Essex County, Massachusetts