The Green Knight is a character from the 14th-century Arthurian poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight and the related medieval work The Greene Knight. His true name is revealed to be Bertilak de Hautdesert in Sir Gawain, while The Greene Knight names him "Bredbeddle"; the Green Knight features as one of Arthur's greatest champions in the fragmentary ballad "King Arthur and King Cornwall", again with the name "Bredbeddle". In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Bercilak is transformed into the Green Knight by Morgan le Fay, a traditional adversary of King Arthur, in order to test his court. In The Green Knight he is transformed by a different woman for the same purpose. In both stories he sends his wife to seduce Gawain as a further test. "King Arthur and King Cornwall" portrays him as an exorcist and one of the most powerful knights of Arthur's court. In Sir Gawain, the Green Knight is so called; the meaning of his greenness has puzzled scholars since the discovery of the poem, who identify him variously as the Green Man, a vegetation being of medieval art.
The medievalist C. S. Lewis said the character was "as vivid and concrete as any image in literature." J. R. R. Tolkien called him the "most difficult character" to interpret in the introduction to his edition of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, his major role in Arthurian literature includes being a judge and tester of knights, as such the other characters consider him as friendly but terrifying and somewhat mysterious. The earliest appearance of the Green Knight is in the late 14th century alliterative poem Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, which survives in only one manuscript along with other poems by the same author, the so-called Pearl Poet; this poet was a contemporary of Geoffrey Chaucer, writer of The Canterbury Tales, although the two wrote in different parts of England. The poem, The Greene Knight, is a late medieval rhyming romance that predates its only surviving copy: the 17th-century Percy Folio; the other work featuring the Green Knight, the ballad "King Arthur and King Cornwall" survives only in the Percy Folio manuscript.
Its date of composition is conjectural. In Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, the Green Knight appears before Arthur's court during a Christmas feast, holding a bough of holly in one hand and a battle axe in the other. Despite disclaim of war, the knight issues a challenge: he will allow one man to strike him once with his axe, with the condition that he return the blow the next year. At first, Arthur accepts the challenge, but Gawain takes his place and decapitates the Green Knight, who retrieves his head, reattaches it and tells Gawain to meet him at the Green Chapel at the stipulated time; the Knight features next as Bercilak de Hautedesert, lord of a large castle, Gawain's host before his arrival at the Green Chapel. At Bercilak's castle, Gawain is submitted to tests of his loyalty and chastity, wherein Bercilak sends his wife to seduce Gawain and arranges that each time Bercilak gains prey in hunting, or Gawain any gift in the castle, each shall exchange his gain for the other's. At New Year's Day, Gawain departs to the Green Chapel, bends to receive his blow, only to have the Green Knight feint two blows barely nick him on the third.
He reveals that he is Bercilak, that Morgan le Fay had given him the double identity to test Gawain and Arthur. The Greene Knight tells the same story as the Green Knight, with a few differences. Notably, the knight, here named "Bredbeddle", is only wearing green, not green-skinned himself; the poem states the knight has been asked by his wife's mother to trick Gawain. He agrees because he knows his wife is secretly in love with Gawain, hopes to deceive both. Gawain falters in accepting a girdle from her, the Green Knight's purpose is fulfilled in a small sense. In the end, he asks to accompany him to Arthur's court. In King Arthur and King Cornwall, the Green Knight again features as Bredbeddle, is depicted as one of Arthur's knights, he offers to help Arthur fight a mysterious sprite. When physical attacks fail, Bredbeddle uses a sacred text to subdue it; the Green Knight gains so much control over the sprite through this text that he convinces it to take a sword and strike off its master's head.
The name "Bertilak" may derive from bachlach, a Celtic word meaning "churl", or from "bresalak", meaning "contentious". The Old French word bertolais translates as "Bertilak" in the Arthurian tale Merlin from the Lancelot-Grail Cycle of Arthurian legend. Notably, the'Bert-' prefix means'bright', the'-lak' can mean either'lake' or "play, fun, etc". "Hautdesert" comes from a mix of both Old French and Celtic words meaning "High Wasteland" or "High Hermitage". It may have an association with desirete meaning "disinherited". Characters similar to the Green Knight appear in several other works. In Thomas Malory's Le Morte d'Arthur, for example, Gawain's brother Gareth defeats four brothers in different coloured armour, including a "Grene Knyght", Sir Partolope; the three who survive the encounter join the Round Table and appear several further times in the text. The stories of Saladin feature a certain "Green Knight". Saladin tries to make him part of his personal guard. A "Chev
The music of Rwanda encompasses Rwandan traditions of folk music as well as contemporary East African Afrobeat and Congolese ndombolo, performers of a wide variety of Western genres including hip-hop, R&B, gospel music and pop ballads. Traditional music and dance are taught in "amatorero" dance groups, which are found across the country; the most famous of these is the Ballet National Urukerereza, created in the early 1970s to represent Rwanda in international events. Famous were the Amasimbi n'amakombe and Irindiro dance troupes; the ikinimba is the most revered musical tradition in Rwanda. It is a dance that tells the stories of Rwandan heroes and kings, accompanied by instruments like ingoma, iningiri and inanga; the inanga, a lyre-like string instrument, has been played many of Rwanda's best-known performers, including Rujindiri, Rwishyura, Sentoré, Kirusu and Viateur Kabarira, Simon Bikindi. Jean-Paul Samputu, along with his group Ingeli, won two Kora awards for "Most Inspiring Artist" and "Best Traditional Artist" in 2003 for their performance of neo-traditional Rwandan music.
The group tours the world spreading the Christian message of peace and reconciliation, helps raise money for the many orphans of Rwanda. In 2007 Samputu brought twelve of these orphans, known as Mizero Children of Rwanda, to tour the U. S. and Canada. Cyprien Kagorora was nominated for a 2005 Kora Award in the category of "Best Traditional Artist", he is among the most recognizable male vocalists in Rwanda. In the post-colonial period, Rwanda produced popular local bands like Imena, Les 8 Anges, Les Fellows, Abamarungu, Los Compagnons de la Chanson, Bisa and Isibo y'Ishakwe, they took influences from across Africa the Congo, as well as Caribbean zouk and reggae. Socio-military unrest and violence led many Rwandans to move overseas in the late 20th century, bringing their country's music to cities like Brussels and Paris. For many years, Rwandan-Belgian Cécile Kayirebwa was arguably the most internationally famous Rwandan musician, she is still played on Rwandan radio stations. The late 1990s saw the arrival of Jean-Paul Samputu.
The Rwandan genocide temporarily disrupted music production within Rwanda. In recent years music has returned to the country, led by Rwandan youth. A crop of new stars has emerged, including such names as Kamichi, Kizito Mihigo, Aimé Murefu, Mani Martin, Tom Close, Urban Boyz, Miss Jojo, King James, Dream Boys, Kitoko and Miss Shanel; the music industry in Rwanda is growing and becoming more professionalized. An increasing number of companies are investing in the development of new talent, including the production of major music festivals like Kigali Up! and Primus Guma Guma Super Star, the music competition television show, Ishusho K'umuziki Nyarwanda. Jacquemin, Jean-Pierre, Jadot Sezirahigha and Richard Trillo. "Echoes from the Hills". 2000. In Broughton and Ellingham, Mark with McConnachie and Duane, World Music, Vol. 1: Africa and the Middle East, pp 608–612. Rough Guides Ltd, Penguin Books. ISBN 1-85828-636-0
Revolution Pro Wrestling is a British professional wrestling promotion founded on August 26, 2012 by Andy Quildan after separating from International Pro Wrestling: United Kingdom. Revolution Pro Wrestling has partnerships with several internationally based promotions including U. S.-based Ring of Honor, Japan's New Japan Pro-Wrestling and Mexico's Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre. American independent company Global Force Wrestling has worked with RPW in the past. Top international wrestlers who have worked for RevPro, include WWE performers AJ Styles, Kevin Owens, Apollo Crews, Finn Bálor, Karl Anderson, Luke Gallows, Sami Zayn, Shinsuke Nakamura, Killian Dain, Noam Dar, Tommaso Ciampa, Adam Cole. On August 26, 2012, at Summer Sizzler International Pro Wrestling: United Kingdom's booker Andy Quildan broke with the company to ensure the high standards he set to the promotion would be maintained. Quildan would bring with him the British Heavyweight, Tag Team and Cruiserweight Championships to the promotion.
RPW would book talent from other promotions such as Prince Devitt, Big Damo and Noam Dar, whom were signed by WWE. The rising popularity of RPW would become one of the biggest promotion in the British independent circuit. On July 25, 2014, RPW announced a working agreement with Global Force Wrestling. On July 18, 2015, RPW established a working agreement with New Japan Pro-Wrestling as part of their "New IWGP Conception", a global expansion strategy centered on their international partnerships; the agreement led to NJPW wrestlers making regular appearances for the promotion. In May, RPW hosted a qualifying match for the WWE Cruiserweight Classic; the first co-promoted shows with NJPW were Uprising and Global Wars UK, which took place in October 2015. On March 3, 2016 RPW released their own OTT streaming service the RPW On Demand. On March 16, announced a working agreement with Pro-Wrestling: EVE, which would feature various title defenses of the Pro-Wrestling:EVE Championship and Pro-Wrestling:EVE events airing on the demand for the RPW On Demand.
On March 23, RPW launched a YouTube series the RevPro TV. On June 8, 2017, RPW announced the British J-Cup, a tournament based on NJPW's Super J-Cup for cruiserweight wrestlers from all over the world. In August 2017, RPW partnered with American promotion Ring of Honor and Mexican Consejo Mundial de Lucha Libre for the War of the Worlds UK, which featured participation from the promotion. On September 22, RPW announced that content from Over The Top Wrestling would be available on RPW On Demand. On November 13, RPW announced the creation of its fourth active title the British Women's Championship, On November 30, RPW reach a deal with NJPW to sell their merchandise from the RPW shop, becoming their second European carrier of their licensed merchandise. On August 30, 2018, RPW signed a television deal with FreeSports, where it premiered on Wednesday and Thursday, September 5 and 6, 2018, in a live special held at the York Hall in London, England. On October 3, it was announced the Queen of the Ring tournament for their women's division.
On September 18, 2019, RevPro announced. Revolution Pro Wrestling hosts a professional wrestling school in England, it was run by Andy Quildan and Andy Simmonz. The school runs 4 trainee level shows a year for them to showcase their ability in front of a live audience, they teach all the basic elements of professional wrestling as well as other vital parts of being a wrestler such as how to conduct on social media. As of March 1, 2020. High Stakes Summer Sizzler Uprising Strong Style Evolved UK Professional wrestling in the United Kingdom Professional wrestling promotions in the United Kingdom Official website
"Heresy" is a song written by and performed by Rush and appears on their 1991 album Roll the Bones. The song is about the fall of communism in Eastern Europe and Russia, resultant about-face consumerism and the passing of the Cold War nuclear threat. Like the rest of the album Roll the Bones, "Heresy" marks the transition from the band's 1980s style to their sound of the 1990s where guitars are a prominent part of this song and keyboard and organ are played in the background; as with the vast majority of Rush songs since the album Fly by Night, Geddy Lee and Alex Lifeson composed the song's music while Neil Peart wrote the lyrics. The percussion aspect of this song was noted in the Roll the Bones Tour program. Neil Peart explains, The drum part in this song was inspired by a different part of the world. One hot night I lay under the stars on a rooftop in Togo and heard the sound of drums from across the valley. On the edge of sleep the drumming moved me, the rhythm stayed in my head, while working on this song I used variations of it and other West African influences."
The song speaks of the wall coming down, the liberation of Eastern European from Communism which started in 1989 and continued through the early 1990s. While historians and journalists alike celebrated these events, Neil Peart took a different view of these monumental changes in Europe. In the Roll the Bones tour program, he asserted, The deconstruction of the Eastern Bloc made some people happy, it made me mad. For generations, those people had to line up for toilet paper, wear bad suits, drive nasty cars and drink bug spray to get high...and it was all a mistake? A heavy price to pay for somebody else's misguided ideology, it seems to me, that waste of life must be the ultimate heresy; the song speaks of capitalism with people who were now free buying up everything they've wanted to. The song concludes with the fact that all other countries that were not under the communist yoke were threatened by the possibility of nuclear war. Referring to the Cold War, the military spending, building of nuclear bombs for that war, the song's main line was, "All those precious wasted years.
Who will pay?" List of Rush songs Rush drummer Neil Peart discussed the topic of the end of the Cold War further in his fourth book, Roadshow: Landscape with Drums. This is one of only four songs by Rush which contains offensive language: "All the crap we had to take"; the other three are "Dog Years" from the album Test for Echo, in which Geddy sings "For every sad son of a bitch". Hide in your shell, let the world go to hell...". Rush Concert Program: https://web.archive.org/web/20110714035406/http://www.marketworks.com/storefrontprofiles/DeluxeSFItemDetail.aspx?sid=1&sfid=77432&c=918962&i=15281299
Automation is a video game from Camshaft Software for Microsoft Windows that allows the player to create and run a virtual car company and design vehicles to sell. It is available via Steam; the game still in early access, allows design and testing of various vehicle platforms and drivetrains. More features will become available closer to the official release date. There are three components to the game: engine design, car design, a tycoon simulator; the engine design component was released first in order to drive demand for pre-orders and fund the development of the rest of the game. By April 2014, it had sold 10,000 pre-orders. In April 2015, pre-orders reached 25,000. On July 13, 2018, an option became available to export cars made in Automation to BeamNG.drive as drivable vehicles. On May 25, 2017, the first version of Automation within Unreal Engine 4 was released into the public open beta version of the game, having succeeded the previous version, it included a host of new content and features, including a more robust paint system, more engine configurations, most a significant graphical update.
The previous version of the game, built in Camshaft Software's own Kee Engine, has been abandoned in terms of updates but is still playable due to demand among players with low-spec computers. Official website
In the Christian gospels, the ministry of Jesus begins with his baptism in the countryside of Roman Judea and Transjordan, near the river Jordan, ends in Jerusalem, following the Last Supper with his disciples. The Gospel of Luke states. A chronology of Jesus has the date of the start of his ministry estimated at around AD 27–29 and the end in the range AD 30–36. Jesus' early Galilean ministry begins when after his baptism, he goes back to Galilee from his time in the Judean desert. In this early period he preaches around Galilee and recruits his first disciples who begin to travel with him and form the core of the early Church as it is believed that the Apostles dispersed from Jerusalem to found the Apostolic Sees; the major Galilean ministry which begins in Matthew 8 includes the commissioning of the Twelve Apostles, covers most of the ministry of Jesus in Galilee. The final Galilean ministry begins after the death of John the Baptist as Jesus prepares to go to Jerusalem. In the Judean ministry Jesus starts his final journey to Jerusalem through Judea.
As Jesus travels towards Jerusalem, in the Perean ministry, about one third the way down from the Sea of Galilee along the River Jordan, he returns to the area where he was baptized. The final ministry in Jerusalem is sometimes called the Passion Week and begins with Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem; the gospels provide more details about the final ministry than the other periods, devoting about one third of their text to the last week of the life of Jesus in Jerusalem. The gospel accounts place the beginning of Jesus' ministry in the countryside of Roman Judea, near the River Jordan; the gospels present John the Baptist's ministry as the precursor to that of Jesus and the baptism of Jesus as marking the beginning of Jesus' ministry, after which Jesus travels and performs miracles. Jesus's Baptism is considered the beginning of his ministry and the Last Supper with his disciples in Jerusalem as the end. However, some authors consider the period between the Resurrection and the Ascension part of the ministry of Jesus.
Luke 3:23 states. There have been different approaches to estimating the date of the start of the ministry of Jesus. One approach, based on combining information from the Gospel of Luke with historical data about Emperor Tiberius yields a date around 28–29 AD/CE, while a second independent approach based on statements in the Gospel of John along with historical information from Josephus about the Temple in Jerusalem leads to a date around AD 27–29. In the New Testament, the date of the Last Supper is close to the date of the crucifixion of Jesus. Scholarly estimates for the date of the crucifixion fall in the range AD 30–36; the three Synoptic Gospels refer to just one passover the Passover at the end of Jesus's ministry when he is crucified. While the Gospel of John refers to two actual passovers, one at the beginning of Jesus's ministry and the second at the end of Jesus's ministry. There is a third reference to passover that many claim is a third actual festival, but this can not be supported, it is more to be a forecasting of the second Passover in the Gospel of John.
This third reference to a passover in the Gospel of John is why many suggest that Jesus's ministry was a period of about three years. Scholars that support a three-year ministry, such as Köstenberger state that the Gospel of John provides a more detailed account. During the ministry of Jesus, the tetrarch ruling over Galilee and Perea in this period was Herod Antipas, who obtained the position upon the division of the territories following the death of Herod the Great in 4 BC; the gospels present John the Baptist's ministry as the precursor to that of Jesus and the Baptism of Jesus as marking the beginning of Jesus' ministry. In his sermon in Acts 10:37–38, delivered in the house of Cornelius the centurion, Apostle Peter gives an overview of the ministry of Jesus, refers to what had happened "throughout all Judaea, beginning from Galilee, after the baptism which John preached" and that Jesus whom "God anointed with the Holy Spirit and with power" had gone about "doing good". John 1:28 specifies the location where John was baptizing as "Bethany beyond the Jordan".
This is not the village Bethany just east of Jerusalem, but the town Bethany called Bethabara in Perea. Perea is the province east of the Jordan, across the southern part of Samaria, although the New Testament does not mention Perea by name, John 3:23 implicitly refers to it again when it states that John was baptising in Enon near Salim, "because there was much water there". First-century historian Flavius Josephus wrote in the Antiquities of the Jews that John the Baptist was imprisoned and killed in Machaerus on the border of Perea. Luke 3:23 and Luke 4:1 indicate possible activities of Jesus near the Jordan River around the time of his baptism, as does the initial encounter with the disciples of John the Baptist in John 1:35–37, where "two disciples heard him speak, they followed Jesus". Assuming that there were two incidences of Cleansing of the Temple, located in Jerusalem, a possible reference to an early Judean ministry may be John 2:13–25; the Early Galilean ministry begins when, according to Matthew, Jesus goes back to Galilee from the Judean desert, after rebuffing the temptation of Satan.
In this early period, Jesus preaches around Galilee and, in Matthew 4:18-20, his first disciples encounter him, begin to travel with him and form the core of the early Church. The Gospel of John includes Marriage at Cana as the first miracle of Jesus takin