Ulric Dahlgren was a colonel in the Union Army during the American Civil War. In 1864, he led an unsuccessful raid on the Confederate capital of Richmond and was killed; the failed raid resulted in the Dahlgren Affair after incriminating documents were discovered on Dahlgren's corpse. Ulric Dahlgren was born April 1842, to Rear Admiral John A. Dahlgren and Mary Clement Bunker. A second son to his parents, Dahlgren was born in Pennsylvania. Incidentally, his uncle, Charles G. Dahlgren, settled in Mississippi and would join the Confederate Army as a general when the Civil War broke out. After completing school in 1858, Dahlgren's father supplied him with instruction in the field of civil engineering and by 1859, he was busy surveying land in Mississippi. In September 1860, with the support of his father, he ventured to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he found work at a law office. Following the inauguration of the 16th U. S. President, Abraham Lincoln, in March 1861, Dahlgren entered military service and thus before July 24, 1861, he joined the U.
S. Navy since on that date he was on a U. S. Navy expedition from the Washington Ship Yard to help in the defense of Virginia. On May 29, 1862, Dahlgren was transferred from the U. S. Navy to the U. S. Army and promoted to captain by the U. S. Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton who recognized his gunnery talent while at Harpers Ferry, he was active on behalf of the U. S. Army at the Second Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Fredericksburg both in 1862 and at the Battle of Chancellorsville, the Battle of Brandy Station, as well as the Battle of Gettysburg in 1863. Wounded on July 6, 1863, while trying to reach Hagerstown, Maryland, he had to have his foot amputated. For these efforts, the Dahlgren received a Commission as a colonel on July 24, 1863. With his wound sufficiently healed, he returned to the battlefield on February 18, 1864, under the command of Brig. Gen. Hugh Judson Kilpatrick in time for a so-called "Kilpatrick Raid" upon the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia where he was killed in action.
Papers found on Dahlgren's corpse shortly after his death contained orders for an assassination plot against Confederate President Jefferson Davis. The discovery and publication of the Dahlgren Papers sparked controversy in the South; the disrespectful display of Dahlgren's corpse in Richmond inflamed Northern public opinion, until the intervention of Elizabeth Van Lew enabled his burial, at considerable risk to the Union spy network she ran in the Confederate capital. The papers may have contributed to John Wilkes Booth's decision to assassinate President Abraham Lincoln a year later. Dahlgren Affair John A. Dahlgren Memoir of Ulric Dahlgren, By John Adolphus Bernard Dahlgren, Madeleine Vinton Dahlgren
The Church of Jesus Christ (Bickertonite)
The Church of Jesus Christ is an international and independent Christian religious denomination headquartered in Monongahela, United States. The Church of Jesus Christ is a Christian Restorationist church and is part of the Latter Day Saint movement; the church considers itself the Gospel Restored, or the original church and good news as established by Jesus Christ in the New Testament, restored upon the earth. It claims to be the spiritual successor to the Church of Christ, organized by Joseph Smith on April 6, 1830; the church sees Sidney Rigdon as Smith's rightful successor following the assassination of Smith because Rigdon was Smith's first counselor in the First Presidency. The church is not affiliated with any other church, organization or denomination; as of July 2018, members are located throughout the world including North and South America, Europe and Africa—for a membership total of 23,197. The Church of Jesus Christ is considered "the third largest Restoration church to have resulted from the 1844 succession crisis".
It has sometimes been referred to as a "Bickertonite church" or "Rigdonite organization" based upon the church's historical succession through William Bickerton and Sidney Rigdon. The church does not use these terms in referring to itself. Church members call each other "Brother" or "Sister" as individuals and collectively as "Saints", considering themselves part of the family of God; the stated purpose of the church is "to share the gift of salvation through Jesus Christ, His promises and His redeeming love with all nations and races throughout the world and to carry out God’s plans in the latter days." Stated Mission: "The Church of Jesus Christ will teach the Gospel to all nations baptizing them in the name of the Father, of the Son, of the Holy Ghost. "To draw Israel to Christ through an effort focused on the Native Americans of North and South America."Stated Purpose: "To fulfill the plan of God by bringing salvation through Christ to all people."Stated Vision: "The full manifestations of God's Spirit and power among the Saints, resulting from living and worshiping in unity and righteousness, stimulate continuous growth of the Domestic Church – at a rate of doubling over a five year period – while strengthening the International Church."
The church refers to itself only as its legal and official name. This name comes from Jesus Christ's words in the text of the Book of Mormon, who names his church after himself; the Church of Jesus Christ believes itself to be the restored self-same church as established in both the New Testament and Book of Mormon. The belief system of being Jesus Christ's church upon the earth is the reason for avoiding any other names as descriptive terms in a historical context; the church is sometimes referred to as a "Bickertonite" or "Rigdonite" organization by non-members. These terms have reference to the church tracing its historical succession through William Bickerton and Sidney Rigdon; the use of these terms are discouraged by the church as detracting from Jesus Christ. Although the church acknowledges the Book of Mormon to be scripture, it does not consider itself to be a "Mormon church" as it views itself distinct from the largest Latter-day Saint church, based in Utah; the Church of Jesus Christ sees itself as a continuation of the Church of Christ, the original church organization established by Joseph Smith informally in 1829 and as a legal entity on April 6, 1830 in northwestern New York.
On April 6, 1830, Oliver Cowdery, a group of 30 believers met to formally organize the Church of Christ into a legal institution. Traditionally, this is said to have occurred at the home of Peter Whitmer, Sr. in Fayette, New York, but some early accounts place it in Manchester. Soon after this formal organization, small branches were formally established in Fayette and Colesville. Smith and his associates intended that the Church of Christ would be a restoration of the 1st-century Christian church, which Smith taught had fallen from God's favor and authority because of a Great Apostasy. In late 1830, Smith envisioned a "city of Zion" in Native American lands near Independence, Missouri. In October 1830, he sent his second-in-command others on a mission to the area. Passing through Kirtland, the missionaries converted a congregation of Disciples of Christ led by Sidney Rigdon, in 1831, Smith decided to temporarily move his followers to Kirtland until the Missouri area could be colonized; the church headquarters remained in Kirtland from 1831 to 1838.
Many of Smith's followers attempted to colonize Missouri throughout the 1830s, Smith himself moved there in 1838. The church faced military opposition by other Missouri settlers. After a series of crises, the church established its new headquarters in Nauvoo, Illinois, a city they built on drained swampland by the Mississippi River, where Smith served as mayor. There, the church thrived until Smith and his brother Hyrum were killed by a mob in 1844, they were in prison awaiting trial for crimes related to the destruction of the printing press of the Nauvoo Expositor. At the time, Smith was a minor candidate for President of the United States with Rigdon as his running mate. After Smith was killed in 1844, there was confusion about who should succeed him in leading the church. Many of the leaders of the church were absent from Nauvoo at the time of his death, serving as missionaries or working on Smith's presidential campaign. Rigdon was in Pittsburgh, when he heard of Smith's death, hurried back to Nauvoo
Franklin County, Pennsylvania
Franklin County is a county located in South Central Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 149,618, its county seat is Chambersburg. Franklin County comprises the Chambersburg–Waynesboro, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area, included in the Washington–Baltimore–Arlington, DC–MD–VA–WV–PA, Combined Statistical Area, it lies to a large extent within the Cumberland Valley. Part of Lancaster County York County Cumberland County, Franklin County became an independent jurisdiction on September 9, 1784 soon after the end of the American Revolutionary War, it is named in honor of Founding Father Benjamin Franklin. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 773 square miles, of which 772 square miles is land and 0.6 square miles is water. Franklin County is in the watershed of the Chesapeake Bay and the overwhelming majority of it is drained by the Potomac River, but the Conodoguinet Creek and the Sherman Creek drain northeastern portions into the Susquehanna River.
It has a hot-summer humid continental climate and its hardiness zone is 6b. Juniata County Perry County Cumberland County Huntingdon County Adams County Frederick County, Maryland Washington County, Maryland Fulton County As of the census of 2000, there were 129,313 people, 50,633 households, 36,405 families residing in the county; the population density was 168 people per square mile. There were 53,803 housing units at an average density of 70 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 95.33% White, 2.33% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.55% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.74% from other races, 0.86% from two or more races. 1.75% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.2 % were of 6.0 % English ancestry. 96.0% spoke English and 2.1% Spanish as their first language. There were 50,633 households out of which 30.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 8.20% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.10% were non-families.
23.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.94. In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 7.90% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.90 males. In 2001, Franklin County was featured in David Brooks' article "One Nation, Slightly Divisible" in The Atlantic as a representative Red or Republican Party county. David Keller, Republican Robert Thomas, Republican Robert Ziobrowski, Democrat Clerk of Courts, Todd Rock Controller, Harold Wissinger Coroner, Jeff Conner District Attorney, Matthew Fogal Prothonotary, Timothy Sponseller Register and Recorder, Linda Miller Sheriff, James Brown Treasurer, Dave Secor Jesse Topper, Pennsylvania's 78th Representative District Adam Harris, Pennsylvania's 82nd Representative District Rob W. Kauffman, Pennsylvania's 89th Representative District Paul Schemel, Pennsylvania's 90th Representative District Judy Ward, Pennsylvania's 30th Senatorial District, Pennsylvania's 33rd Senatorial District John Joyce, Pennsylvania's 13th congressional district Pat Toomey, Republican Bob Casey, Jr. Democrat Wilson College Penn State Mont Alto Franklin County Career and Technology Center Chambersburg Area Career Magnet School Lincoln Intermediate Unit region includes: Adams County, Franklin County and York County.
The agency offers school districts, home-schooled students and private schools many services, including: special education services, combined purchasing, instructional technology services. It runs Summer Academy, which offers both art and academic strands designed to meet the individual needs of gifted and high achieving students. Additional services include: curriculum mapping, professional development for school employees, adult education, nonpublic school services, business services, migrant & ESL, instructional services, special education, management services, technology services, it provides a GED program to adults who want to earn a high school diploma and literacy programs. The Lincoln Intermediate Unit is governed by a 13-member board of directors, each a member of a local school board from the 25 school districts. Board members are elected by school directors of all 25 school districts for three-year terms that begin July 1. There are 29 intermediate units in Pennsylvania, they are funded by school districts and federal program specific funding and grants.
IUs do not have the power to tax. Chambersburg Area School District Fannett-Metal School District Greencastle-Antrim School District Shippensburg Area School District Tuscarora School District Waynesboro Area School District Alexander Hamilton Mem Free Library – Waynesboro Blue Ridge Summit Free Library – Blue Ridge Summit Coyle Free Library – Chambersburg Fendrick Library – Mercersburg Fort Loudon Branch Library – Fort Loudon Grove Family Library – Chambersburg Lilian S Besore Memorial Library – Greencastle St Thomas Branch Library – Saint Thomas There are four Pennsylvania state parks in Franklin County. Caledonia State Park straddles the Franklin and Adams County line along U. S. Route 30 between Chambersburg and Gettysbu
James Jesse Strang was an American religious leader and monarch. In 1844 he claimed to have been appointed to be the successor of Joseph Smith as leader of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, a faction of the Latter Day Saint movement. Strang testified that he had possession of a letter from Smith naming him as his successor, furthermore reported that he had been ordained to the prophetic office by an angel, his organization is claimed by his followers to be the sole legitimate continuation of the Church of Christ founded by Joseph Smith fourteen years before. A major contender for leadership of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints during the 1844 succession crisis after Smith's murder, Strang urged other prominent LDS leaders like Brigham Young and Sidney Rigdon to remain in their previous offices and to support his appointment by Joseph Smith. Brigham and the members of the Twelve Apostles loyal to him rejected Strang's claims, as did Sidney Rigdon, the highest ranking officer of the church.
This divided the Latter Day Saint movement. During his 12 years tenure as Prophet and Revelator, Strang reigned for six years as the crowned "king" of an ecclesiastical monarchy that he established on Beaver Island in the US state of Michigan. Building an organization that rivaled Young's in Utah, Strang gained nearly 12,000 adherents at a time when Young claimed 50,000. After Strang was killed in 1856 most of his followers rallied under Joseph Smith III and joined the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints; the Strangite church has remained small in comparison to other branches. Similar to Joseph Smith, alleged by church opponent William Marks to have been crowned King in Nauvoo prior to his death, Strang taught that the chief prophetic office embodied an overtly royal attribute, thus its occupant was to be not only the spiritual leader of his people, but their temporal king as well. He offered a sophisticated set of teachings that differed in many significant aspects from any other version of Mormonism, including that preached by Smith.
Like Smith, Strang published translations of two purportedly ancient lost works: the Voree Record, deciphered from three metal plates unearthed in response to a vision. These are accepted as scripture by his followers, but not by any other Latter Day Saint church. Although his long-term doctrinal influence on the Latter Day Saint movement was minimal, several early members of Strang's organization helped to establish the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, which became the second-largest Mormon sect. While most of Strang's followers disavowed him due to his eventual advocacy of polygamy, a small but devout remnant carries on his teachings and organization today. In addition to his ecclesiastical calling, Strang served one full term and part of a second as a member of the Michigan House of Representatives, assisting in the organization of Manitou County, he was at various times an attorney, temperance lecturer, newspaper editor, Baptist minister, correspondent for the New York Tribune, amateur scientist.
His survey of Beaver Island's natural history was published by the Smithsonian Institution, remaining the definitive work on that subject for nearly a century, while his career in the Michigan legislature was praised by his enemies. While Strang's organization is formally known as the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, the term "Strangite" is added to the title to avoid confusing them with other Latter Day Saint bodies carrying this or similar names; this follows a typical nineteenth-century usage where followers of Brigham Young were referred to as "Brighamites," while those of Sidney Rigdon were called "Rigdonites," followers of Joseph Smith III were called "Josephites", disciples of Strang became "Strangites". James Jesse Strang was born March 1813, in Scipio, Cayuga County, New York, he was the second of three children, his parents had a good reputation in their community. James' mother was tender with him as a consequence of delicate health, yet she required him to render an account of all his actions and words while absent from her.
In a brief autobiography he wrote in 1855, Strang reported that he had attended grade school until age twelve, but that "the terms were short, the teachers inexperienced and ill qualified to teach, my health such as to preclude attentive study or steady attendance." He estimated. But none of this meant that Strang was simple. Although his teachers "not unfrequently turned me off with little or no attention, as though I was too stupid to learn and too dull to feel neglect," Strang recalled that he spent "long weary days... upon the floor, thinking, thinking... my mind wandered over fields that old men shrink from, seeking rest and finding none till darkness gathered thick around and I burst into tears." He studied works by Thomas Paine and the Comte de Volney, whose book Les Ruines exerted a significant influence on the future prophet. As a youth, Strang kept a rather profound personal diary, written in a secret code, not deciphered until over one hundred years after it was authored; this journal contains Strang's musings on a variety of topics, including a sense that he was called to be a significant world leader the likes of Caesar or Napoleon and his regret that by age nineteen, he had not yet become a general or member of the state legislature, which he saw as being essential by that point in his life to his quest to be someone of importance
A county seat is an administrative center, seat of government, or capital city of a county or civil parish. The term is used in Canada, Romania and the United States. County towns have a similar function in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, in Jamaica. In most of the United States, counties are the political subdivisions of a state; the city, town, or populated place that houses county government is known as the seat of its respective county. The county legislature, county courthouse, sheriff's department headquarters, hall of records and correctional facility are located in the county seat though some functions may be located or conducted in other parts of the county if it is geographically large. A county seat is but not always, an incorporated municipality; the exceptions include the county seats of counties that have no incorporated municipalities within their borders, such as Arlington County, Virginia. Ellicott City, the county seat of Howard County, is the largest unincorporated county seat in the United States, followed by Towson, the county seat of Baltimore County, Maryland.
Some county seats may not be incorporated in their own right, but are located within incorporated municipalities. For example, Cape May Court House, New Jersey, though unincorporated, is a section of Middle Township, an incorporated municipality. In some of the colonial states, county seats include or included "Court House" as part of their name. In the Canadian provinces of Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, the term "shire town" is used in place of county seat. County seats in Taiwan are the administrative centers of the counties. There are 13 county seats in Taiwan, which are in the forms of county-administered city, urban township or rural township. Most counties have only one county seat. However, some counties in Alabama, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, New Hampshire, New York, Vermont have two or more county seats located on opposite sides of the county. An example is Harrison County, which lists both Biloxi and Gulfport as county seats; the practice of multiple county seat towns dates from the days.
There have been few efforts to eliminate the two-seat arrangement, since a county seat is a source of pride for the towns involved. There are 36 counties with multiple county seats in 11 states: Coffee County, Alabama St. Clair County, Alabama Arkansas County, Arkansas Carroll County, Arkansas Clay County, Arkansas Craighead County, Arkansas Franklin County, Arkansas Logan County, Arkansas Mississippi County, Arkansas Prairie County, Arkansas Sebastian County, Arkansas Yell County, Arkansas Columbia County, Georgia Lee County, Iowa Campbell County, Kentucky Kenton County, Kentucky Essex County, Massachusetts Middlesex County, Massachusetts Plymouth County, Massachusetts Bolivar County, Mississippi Carroll County, Mississippi Chickasaw County, Mississippi Harrison County, Mississippi Hinds County, Mississippi Jasper County, Mississippi Jones County, Mississippi Panola County, Mississippi Tallahatchie County, Mississippi Yalobusha County, Mississippi Jackson County, Missouri Hillsborough County, New Hampshire Seneca County, New York Bennington County, Vermont In New England, the town, not the county, is the primary division of local government.
Counties in this region have served as dividing lines for the states' judicial systems. Connecticut and Rhode Island have no county level of thus no county seats. In Vermont and Maine the county seats are designated shire towns. County government consists only of a Superior Court and Sheriff, both located in the respective shire town. Bennington County has two shire towns. In Massachusetts, most government functions which would otherwise be performed by county governments in other states are performed by town or city governments; as such, Massachusetts has dissolved many of its county governments, the state government now operates the registries of deeds and sheriff's offices in those counties. In Virginia, a county seat may be an independent city surrounded by, but not part of, the county of which it is the administrative center. Two counties in South Dakota have their county seat and government services centered in a neighboring county, their county-level services are provided by Fall River Tripp County, respectively.
In Louisiana, divided into parishes rather than counties, county seats are referred to as parish seats. Alaska is divided into boroughs rather than counties; the Unorganized Borough, which covers 49 % of Alaska's area, has equivalent. The state with the most counties is Texas, with 254, the state with the fewest counties is Delaware, with 3. County seat war Administrative center County town, administrative centres in Ireland and the UK Chef-lieu, administrative centres in Algeria, Luxembourg, France and Tunisia Municipality, equivalent to county in many c
Battle of Gettysburg
The Battle of Gettysburg was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War. The battle involved the largest number of casualties of the entire war and is described as the war's turning point. Union Maj. Gen. George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated attacks by Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia, halting Lee's invasion of the North. After his success at Chancellorsville in Virginia in May 1863, Lee led his army through the Shenandoah Valley to begin his second invasion of the North—the Gettysburg Campaign. With his army in high spirits, Lee intended to shift the focus of the summer campaign from war-ravaged northern Virginia and hoped to influence Northern politicians to give up their prosecution of the war by penetrating as far as Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, or Philadelphia. Prodded by President Abraham Lincoln, Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker moved his army in pursuit, but was relieved of command just three days before the battle and replaced by Meade.
Elements of the two armies collided at Gettysburg on July 1, 1863, as Lee urgently concentrated his forces there, his objective being to engage the Union army and destroy it. Low ridges to the northwest of town were defended by a Union cavalry division under Brig. Gen. John Buford, soon reinforced with two corps of Union infantry. However, two large Confederate corps assaulted them from the northwest and north, collapsing the hastily developed Union lines, sending the defenders retreating through the streets of the town to the hills just to the south. On the second day of battle, most of both armies had assembled; the Union line was laid out in a defensive formation resembling a fishhook. In the late afternoon of July 2, Lee launched a heavy assault on the Union left flank, fierce fighting raged at Little Round Top, the Wheatfield, Devil's Den, the Peach Orchard. On the Union right, Confederate demonstrations escalated into full-scale assaults on Culp's Hill and Cemetery Hill. All across the battlefield, despite significant losses, the Union defenders held their lines.
On the third day of battle, fighting resumed on Culp's Hill, cavalry battles raged to the east and south, but the main event was a dramatic infantry assault by 12,500 Confederates against the center of the Union line on Cemetery Ridge, known as Pickett's Charge. The charge was repulsed at great loss to the Confederate army. Lee led his army on a torturous retreat back to Virginia. Between 46,000 and 51,000 soldiers from both armies were casualties in the three-day battle, the most costly in US history. On November 19, President Lincoln used the dedication ceremony for the Gettysburg National Cemetery to honor the fallen Union soldiers and redefine the purpose of the war in his historic Gettysburg Address. Shortly after the Army of Northern Virginia won a major victory over the Army of the Potomac at the Battle of Chancellorsville, Robert E. Lee decided upon a second invasion of the North; such a move would upset U. S. plans for the summer campaigning season and reduce the pressure on the besieged Confederate garrison at Vicksburg.
The invasion would allow the Confederates to live off the bounty of the rich Northern farms while giving war-ravaged Virginia a much-needed rest. In addition, Lee's 72,000-man army could threaten Philadelphia and Washington, strengthen the growing peace movement in the North. Thus, on June 3, Lee's army began to shift northward from Virginia. Following the death of Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson, Lee reorganized his two large corps into three new corps, commanded by Lt. Gen. James Longstreet, Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell, Lt. Gen. A. P. Hill; the Cavalry Division remained under the command of Maj. Gen. J. E. B. Stuart; the Union Army of the Potomac, under Maj. Gen. Joseph Hooker, consisted of seven infantry corps, a cavalry corps, an Artillery Reserve, for a combined strength of more than 100,000 men; the first major action of the campaign took place on June 9 between cavalry forces at Brandy Station, near Culpeper, Virginia. The 9,500 Confederate cavalrymen under Stuart were surprised by Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton's combined arms force of two cavalry divisions and 3,000 infantry, but Stuart repulsed the Union attack.
The inconclusive battle, the largest predominantly cavalry engagement of the war, proved for the first time that the Union horse soldier was equal to his Southern counterpart. By mid-June, the Army of Northern Virginia was poised to enter Maryland. After defeating the Union garrisons at Winchester and Martinsburg, Ewell's Second Corps began crossing the river on June 15. Hill's and Longstreet's corps followed on June 24 and 25. Hooker's army pursued, keeping between the U. S. capital and Lee's army. The Union army crossed the Potomac from June 25 to 27. Lee gave strict orders for his army to minimize any negative impacts on the civilian population. Food and other supplies were not seized outright, although quartermasters reimbursing Northern farmers and merchants with Confederate money were not well received. Various towns, most notably York, were required to pay indemnities in lieu of supplies, under threat of destruction. During the invasion, the Confederates seized some 40 northern African Americans.
A few of them were escaped fugitive slaves.
U.S. Route 11
U. S. Route 11 is a signed north–south highway United States highway extending 1,645 miles across the eastern United States; the southern terminus of the route is at U. S. Route 90 in the Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge in eastern New Louisiana; the northern terminus is at the Rouses Point - Lacolle 223 Border Crossing in Rouses Point, New York. The route continues across the border into Canada as Quebec Route 223. US 11, created in 1926 follows the route of the original plan; until 1929, US 11 ended just south of Picayune, Mississippi at the Pearl River border with Louisiana. It was extended through Louisiana after that; the Maestri Bridge, which carries US 11 across Lake Ponchartrain, served as the only route to New Orleans from the east for six weeks after Hurricane Katrina due to its sturdy construction. The storm destroyed the Twin Span Bridge on I-10 and damaged the Fort Pike Bridge on US 90. Interstate 81, constructed in the 1960s, parallels the route of US 11 in many areas. Beyond I-81's southern terminus, other interstates run along corridors paralleling US 11 I-59, joined to I-81 by I-40, I-75, I-24.
US 11 spans 31.2 miles within the state of Louisiana. Its southern terminus is located in Eastern New Orleans at a junction with US 90; the route begins as a two-lane highway that travels northward through a remote stretch of marshland within both the Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge and the New Orleans city limits. After crossing over I-10 at exit 254, US 11 proceeds across Lake Pontchartrain on the Maestri Bridge, a 4.8-mile-long span dating from 1928 that parallels the I-10 Twin Span Bridge. Midway across the lake, US 11 enters unincorporated St. Tammany Parish. Upon reaching the north shore, US 11 follows Pontchartrain Drive into the city of Slidell, where it becomes a busy four-lane commercial corridor. After a brief concurrency with Louisiana Highway 433, US 11 turns onto Front Street and travels alongside the Norfolk Southern Railway line through Slidell's historic district. During this stretch, the route intersects both US 190 Bus. and mainline US 190, both four-lane thoroughfares connecting with nearby I-10.
Returning to two-lane capacity, US 11 crosses to the west side of the NSRW line on a narrow overpass built in 1937. At the north end of the city, US 11 intersects I-12 at exit 83, located just west of a major interchange with I-10 and I-59. A few miles US 11 enters the town of Pearl River and intersects LA 41. Here, the route turns southeast onto Concord Boulevard and proceeds a short distance to exit 3 on I-59. US 11 turns north onto I-59 and utilizes the four-lane interstate alignment for the remainder of its distance in Louisiana. Following a second interchange serving the small town, I-59 and US 11 cross the West Pearl River into the dense Honey Island Swamp. Along this stretch is an exit connecting to Old US 11, a remnant of the pre-interstate alignment that provides access to the Pearl River Wildlife Management Area. US 11 crosses into the state of Mississippi with I-59 on a bridge spanning the main branch of the Pearl River just south of Nicholson. U. S. Route 11 enters the state of Mississippi along Interstate 59, passing through several directions of trees.
After a short distance, Route 11 and Interstate 59 interchange at Exit 1 with Mississippi Highway 607, where 607 ends and U. S. Route 11 takes over its northeastern alignment away from Interstate 59. Route 11 parallels I-59 across Mississippi, serving as a local business route and following city streets through communities such as Hattiesburg and Meridian, it leaves the state east of Meridian concurrent with U. S. Route 80. U. S. Route 11 and U. S. Route 80 split three miles into Alabama near Cuba, with U. S. 80 following an eastward track toward Demopolis. US 11, in contrast, continues to parallel the I-20/I-59 freeway through Livingston to Eutaw, where US 11 joins U. S. Route 43; the overlapping routes proceed northeast to Tuscaloosa, where US 43 splits from US 11 and heads north. US 11, continues along the I-20/I-59 corridor to Birmingham. US 11 overlaps I-20/59 for 12 miles between Woodstock and Bessemer. From Bessemer into Birmingham, the route is locally known as the "Bessemer Superhighway." US 11 is co-signed with Alabama State Route 5 between Birmingham.
US 11 through the western side of Birmingham is known as the Bessemer Superhighway and 3rd Avenue West. It passes near Rickwood Field and Legion Field. On the east side of Birmingham, US 11 is known locally as Roebuck Parkway. West of downtown Birmingham, US 11 intersects U. S. Route 78. US 78 turns east onto US 11. In the midst of the city center, US 78 breaks from US 11, progressing south of US 11 as the two routes exit the city. East of downtown, I-20 splits with US 11 following I-59 to the northeast. US 11 passes through Gadsden and Fort Payne before crossing into Georgia ten miles northeast of Hammondville. Throughout Alabama, US 11 is paired with unsigned Alabama State Route 7; until 1955, US 11 was routed to Ashville and Gadsden following the current routes of AL 23 and US 411, followed Third Street and went west on Forrest Avenue in downtown Gadsden. It was relocated to its present route to Attalla, with the original route designated as an alternate route until 1963; the routes that corresponds to US 11's route in Alabama includes the Bear Meat Cabin Road (Hunt