Greenville is a city in and the seat of Greenville County, South Carolina, United States. The city's mayor is Knox H. White, in that position since December 1995. With an estimated population of 68,219 as of 2017, it is the sixth-largest city in the state; the population of the surrounding area was 400,492 as of 2010, making it the third-largest urban area in South Carolina as well as the fastest growing. Greenville is the largest city in the Greenville-Anderson-Mauldin Metropolitan Statistical Area; the MSA had a population of 906,626 in 2018, making it the largest in South Carolina and the third largest in the Carolinas. Greenville is the largest city in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Combined Statistical Area, a 10-county region of northwestern South Carolina known as "The Upstate". According to United States Census Bureau, the CSA had a population of 1,478,658 as of 2018, making it the largest CSA in the state. Greenville is located halfway between Atlanta and Charlotte, North Carolina, along Interstate 85, its metropolitan area includes Interstates 185 and 385.
Greenville was the fourth fastest-growing city in the United States between 2015 and 2016, according to the U. S. Census Bureau; the land of present-day Greenville was once the hunting ground of the Cherokee, forbidden to colonists. A wealthy settler from Virginia named Richard Pearis arrived in South Carolina around 1754 and established relations with the Cherokee. Pearis had a child with a Cherokee woman and received about 100,000 acres from the Cherokee around 1770. Pearis established a plantation on the Reedy River called the Great Plains in present-day downtown Greenville; the American Revolution divided the South Carolina country between the Patriots. Pearis supported the Loyalists and together with the Cherokee. After the Cherokee attacked the Patriots, the Patriots retaliated by burning down Pearis' plantation and jailing him in Charleston. Pearis never returned to his plantation but Paris Mountain is named after him; the Treaty of Dewitt's Corner in 1777 ceded all Cherokee land, including present-day Greenville, to South Carolina.
Greenville County was named for its physical appearance. However, other sources say Greenville is named after General Nathanael Greene in honor of his service in the American Revolutionary War. Lemuel J. Alston came to Greenville County in 1788 and bought 400 acres and a portion of Pearis' former plantation. In 1797 Alston used his land holdings to establish a village called Pleasantburg where he built a stately mansion. In 1816, Alston's land was purchased by Vardry McBee, who leased the Alston mansion for a summer resort, before making the mansion his home from 1835 until his death in 1864. Considered to be the father of Greenville, McBee donated land for many structures such as churches, a cotton mill. Furman University was funded by McBee who helped bring the university to Pleasantburg from Winnsboro, South Carolina in 1851. In 1853 McBee and other Greenville County leaders funded a new railroad called the Greenville and Columbia Railroad. Pleasantburg boomed to around 1,000 in the 1850s due to the growth of McBee's donations and the attraction of the town as a summer resort for visitors.
In 1831 Pleasantburg was incorporated as Greenville. In December 1860 Greenville supported a convention to debate the issue of secession for South Carolina; the Greenville District sent James Furman, William K. Easley, Perry E. Duncan, William H. Campbell, James P. Harrison as delegates for the convention. On December 20, 1860, the South Carolina state convention, along with the Greenville delegation, voted to secede from the Union. Greenville County provided over 2,000 soldiers to the Confederate States Army; the town supplied food and firearms to the Confederacy. Greenville saw no action from the war until 1865 when Union troops came through the town looking for President Jefferson Davis of the Confederacy who had fled south from Richmond, Virginia. In June 1865 Andrew Johnson appointed Greenville County native Benjamin Franklin Perry as Governor of South Carolina. In February 1869, Greenville's town charter was amended by the S. C. General Assembly establishing Greenville, the town, as a city.
Construction boomed in the 1870s such as the establishment of a bridge over the Reedy River, new mills on the river and new railroads. The Greenville News was established in 1874 as Greenville's first daily newspaper. Southern Bell installed the first telephone lines in the city; the most important infrastructure that came to the city were cotton mills. Prominent cotton mill businesses operated near Greenville making it a cotton mill town. By 1915 Greenville became known as the "Textile Center of the South." From 1915 to 2004, the city hosted an important textile manufacturing trade fair, the Southern Textile Exposition. During World War I, Greenville served as a training camp center for Army recruits. After World War I commercial activity expanded with new movie theaters and department stores; the Mansion House was demolished and replaced with the Poinsett Hotel in 1925. The Great Depression hurt the economy of Greenville forcing mills to lay off workers. Furman University and the Greenville Women's College struggled in the crippling economy forcing them to merge in 1933.
The Textile Workers Strike of 1934 caused such an uproar in the city and surrounding mill towns that the National Guard had to subdue the chaos. The New Deal established a new Greenville High School; the Greenville Army Air Base was established in 1942 during World War II contributing to the further growth of Greenville. On February 16, 1947, Willie Earle, a Black man accused of stabbing a cab driver, was taken from his jail cell by a mob
Souq Al-Mubarakiya is a souq in Kuwait City, Kuwait. It is one of the oldest souqs in Kuwait, was the center of trade prior to the discovery of oil; this popular traditional market is located in Kuwait City, between Abdullah Al-Mubarak, Abdullah Al-Salem & Palestine Streets. This market has been around for at least 200 years; the market was damaged during the Iraqi invasion in 1990, however it was renovated and it got back its traditional flavor. You can spend hours in this market strolling around and discovering reasonable bargains on heritage goods such as Persian silk carpets, real Arab antiques, perfumes like musk and oud, traditional costumes; this place is perfect whether you want to eat, or for sightseeing. Al-Mubarakiya features a variety of shops such as dates, spices, vegetables, fruits and fish. In addition to a range of shops accessories and silver jewelries; the market hosts two mini museums: Sheikh Mubarak Kiosk and the first Islamic pharmacy in Kuwait, admission is free. There is a courtyard near Al-Bahar or Sea Mosque, where you can find traditional cafes brewing their teas over coals, several small restaurants are lined-up where they serve authentic Arabic, Persian food to the customers in the open air.
The prices are the cheapest in Kuwait. On hot summer days, water mist is sprayed from pipes over the tables to give you a cooling feeling. A children playground is nearby and shisha is available
Karmasangsthan Bank is a government owned specialized bank in Bangladesh. The bank was founded with a vision to alleviate poverty from the country through financing the unemployed youth of Bangladesh to undertake small entrepreneurship; the government established the Karmasangsthan Bank, in 1998, as per Act No. 7 of 1998 in order to provide employment opportunities to the country's unemployed youths, alongside other initiatives by private and public sector specialised banks to create jobs. Despite certain limitations the bank had since its inception, the officials and employees of all levels at the bank have continued their sincere efforts to serve its declared purpose of supporting self-employment of the unemployed youths. Unemployment is one of the major economic problems. A large number of people have remained unemployed, according to various estimates. So, it is not possible for the government alone to create employment opportunities for this huge workforce. Still, the government is pledge-bound to support self-employment of at least one member of each family to achieve socio-economic development of the country.
The Karmasangsthan Bank carried out loan disbursement programmes through 33 regional offices and 242 branches across the country in the past fiscal year, to contribute to the economic development by engaging the bank further in fulfilling the government's pledge to address the problem of unemployment. The bank has an authorised capital of Tk 1000.00 crore, paid-up capital of Tk 800.00 crore. Till 30 June 2017, the bank distributed an accumulated loan of Tk 3799.72 crore and recovered loans amounting to Tk 3441.38 crore. The rate of recovery stands at 94percent. From these loan programmes, as many as 466,807 loan recipients were directly benefitted and a total of 1,685,173 people were indirectly employed; the bank has managed to keep the classified loans, alongside recoverable loans, at a tolerable level. The rate of classified loans is 7 percent and there is no shortfall in provision against the classified loans. Although profit-making was not the primary goal of the bank, it has earned profit every year since it has continued to recover loans through close monitoring and kept the expenditures under control.
In the 2016–2017 fiscal year, the bank made operational profit of Tk 0.18 crore. The bank paid the government an aggregate amount of Tk 67.11 crore as tax till 30 June 2017. It has maintained its reserve every year in order to consolidate its financial status and enhance capacity to bear liabilities; the amount of the reserve stood at Tk 71.17 crore. In the past fiscal year, the bank disbursed loans amounting to Tk 621.97 crore, 5 percent higher than the previous year's loan volume. The bank recovered an aggregate amount of Tk 3441.38 crore, which showed a growth of Tk 581.47 crore compared to the money realised in the previous year. As on 30 June 2017, the bank has a manpower size of 1390 people; as the manpower is considered to be the driving force of any institution, the Karmasangsthan Bank has established a training institute to improve efficiency of the officers. Honesty and ethics maintained by the workforce have resulted in success of the institution; the officials and employees of the bank, though deprived of some financial benefits, are now entitled to all benefits and facilities that are comparable to other public sector banks.
Such practice has raised the morale and enthusiasm among the bank's officials and employees and the bank is making progress day by day. There is an experienced board of directors to formulate policies of the bank, the members of the board, who are high officials of the government, contribute to formulation of the policies and support smooth operations of the bank; the advice, being given by the board in the bank's policy formulation and business operation, is one of the major sources of success of the bank. The trends of the progress, attained so far with the supports and efforts from all, will continue in future