Gregor Johann Mendel was a scientist, Augustinian friar and abbot of St. Thomas' Abbey in Brno, Margraviate of Moravia. Mendel was born in a German-speaking family in the Silesian part of the Austrian Empire and gained posthumous recognition as the founder of the modern science of genetics. Though farmers had known for millennia that crossbreeding of animals and plants could favor certain desirable traits, Mendel's pea plant experiments conducted between 1856 and 1863 established many of the rules of heredity, now referred to as the laws of Mendelian inheritance. Mendel worked with seven characteristics of pea plants: plant height, pod shape and color, seed shape and color, flower position and color. Taking seed color as an example, Mendel showed that when a true-breeding yellow pea and a true-breeding green pea were cross-bred their offspring always produced yellow seeds. However, in the next generation, the green peas reappeared at a ratio of 1 green to 3 yellow. To explain this phenomenon, Mendel coined the terms "recessive" and "dominant" in reference to certain traits.
He published his work in 1866, demonstrating the actions of invisible "factors"—now called genes—in predictably determining the traits of an organism. The profound significance of Mendel's work was not recognized until the turn of the 20th century with the rediscovery of his laws. Erich von Tschermak, Hugo de Vries, Carl Correns and William Jasper Spillman independently verified several of Mendel's experimental findings, ushering in the modern age of genetics. Mendel was born into a German-speaking family in Hynčice, at the Moravian-Silesian border, Austrian Empire, he was the son of Anton and Rosine Mendel and had one older sister and one younger, Theresia. They lived and worked on a farm, owned by the Mendel family for at least 130 years. During his childhood, Mendel worked as a gardener and studied beekeeping; as a young man, he attended gymnasium in Opava. He had to take four months off during his gymnasium studies due to illness. From 1840 to 1843, he studied practical and theoretical philosophy and physics at the Philosophical Institute of the University of Olomouc, taking another year off because of illness.
He struggled financially to pay for his studies, Theresia gave him her dowry. He helped support her three sons, two of whom became doctors, he became a friar in part because it enabled him to obtain an education without having to pay for it himself. As the son of a struggling farmer, the monastic life, in his words, spared him the "perpetual anxiety about a means of livelihood." He was given the name Gregor. When Mendel entered the Faculty of Philosophy, the Department of Natural History and Agriculture was headed by Johann Karl Nestler who conducted extensive research of hereditary traits of plants and animals sheep. Upon recommendation of his physics teacher Friedrich Franz, Mendel entered the Augustinian St Thomas's Abbey in Brno and began his training as a priest. Born Johann Mendel, he took the name Gregor upon entering religious life. Mendel worked as a substitute high school teacher. In 1850, he failed the oral part, the last of three parts, of his exams to become a certified high school teacher.
In 1851, he was sent to the University of Vienna to study under the sponsorship of Abbot Cyril František Napp so that he could get more formal education. At Vienna, his professor of physics was Christian Doppler. Mendel returned to his abbey in 1853 as a teacher, principally of physics. In 1856, he again failed the oral part. In 1867, he replaced Napp as abbot of the monastery. After he was elevated as abbot in 1868, his scientific work ended, as Mendel became overburdened with administrative responsibilities a dispute with the civil government over its attempt to impose special taxes on religious institutions. Mendel died on 6 January 1884, at the age of 61, in Brno, Austria-Hungary, from chronic nephritis. Czech composer Leoš Janáček played the organ at his funeral. After his death, the succeeding abbot burned all papers in Mendel's collection, to mark an end to the disputes over taxation. Gregor Mendel, known as the "father of modern genetics", was inspired by both his professors at the Palacký University and his colleagues at the monastery to study variation in plants.
In 1854, Napp authorized Mendel to carry out a study in the monastery's 2 hectares experimental garden, planted by Napp in 1830. Unlike Nestler, who studied hereditary traits in sheep, Mendel used the common edible pea and started his experiments in 1856. After initial experiments with pea plants, Mendel settled on studying seven traits that seemed to be inherited independently of other traits: seed shape, flower color, seed coat tint, pod shape, unripe pod color, flower location, plant height, he first focused on seed shape, either angular or round. Between 1856 and 1863 Mendel cultivated and tested some 28,000 plants, the majority of which were pea plants; this study showed that, when true-breeding different varieties were crossed to each other, in the second generation, one in four
The Eastern Orthodox Church is the most widespread Christian denomination in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the second most widespread religious group in the country, following Islam and followed in turn by Roman Catholicism. Orthodox Christians in Bosnia and Herzegovina belong to the Serbian Orthodox Church. According to the CIA World Factbook, Orthodox Christians make up 31% of the country's population; the end of the High Middle Ages saw Eastern Orthodoxy establish itself – in the form of the Serbian Orthodox Church – in the east of Herzegovina, namely Zachlumia, following a period of rule by the Kingdom of Serbia. Zachlumia was conquered by Bosnian ban Stephen II Kotromanić in the late 1320s and was henceforth part of the Banate of Bosnia, in which the Roman Catholic Church and the indigenous Bosnian Church vied for supremacy. In such political climate, the Eastern Orthodoxy never seems to have penetrated the medieval Bosnia proper beyond Podrinje; the Ottoman conquest of the Kingdom of Bosnia in 1463 led to drastic changes in the confessional structure of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with Islam taking root and Orthodox Christianity spreading into Bosnia.
Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror vowed to protect Orthodox Christianity and, like all Orthodox churches, the Serbian Orthodox Church enjoyed great support of the Ottoman state. The Ottomans introduced a sizeable Orthodox Christian population into Bosnia proper, including Vlachs from the eastern Balkans; the conversion of the adherents of the Bosnian Church aided the spread of Eastern Orthodoxy. Areas abandoned by Catholics during the Ottoman–Habsburg wars were settled with Muslims and Orthodox Christians; the Ottoman regime favored the Orthodox Church over the Catholic and encouraged conversions of Catholics to Orthodoxy due to political expediency: while the entire Orthodox hierarchy was subjected to the sultan, the Catholics were suspected of conspiring with their brethren outside the Ottoman Empire. While Bosnian Catholics were only allowed to repair existing sacral objects, a large scale construction of Orthodox monasteries and churches throughout Bosnia started in the northwest in 1515. An Orthodox priest was present in Sarajevo in 1489, the city's first Orthodox church was constructed between 1520 and 1539.
By 1532, Bosnian Orthodox Christians had their own metropolitan bishop, who took up official residence in Sarajevo in 1699. By the end of the 18th century, the Metropolitan of Bosnia had authority over the Orthodox bishops of Mostar, Novi Pazar and Sarajevo; the high-ranking Orthodox clergymen, were poorly educated and corrupt. Syncretism was widespread among the Bosnians, with Catholics and Muslims celebrating the Orthodox slava; the tide turned against the church, when Orthodox clergy renounced loyalty to the sultans and started encouraging and aiding peasant rebellions. The Ottomans abolished the Serbian Patriarchate of Peć and, from the late 1760s until 1880, the Orthodox in Bosnia and Herzegovina were directly under the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople; as such it was led by Greeks from Istanbul. In the mid-19th century, there were more than 400 Orthodox priests in Herzegovina. In 1920, following the First World War and the creation of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the area again came under the religious authority of the newly reunited Serbian Orthodox Church, under Patriarch Dimitrije.
Five eparchies of the Serbian Orthodox Church cover the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina: Metropolitanate of Dabar and Bosnia, headed by metropolitan Hrizostom Jević, since 2017. Eparchy of Zahumlje and Herzegovina, headed by bishop Grigorije Durić, since 1999. Eparchy of Zvornik and Tuzla, headed by bishop Fotije Sladojević, since 2017. Eparchy of Banja Luka, headed by bishop Jefrem Milutinović, since 1980. Eparchy of Bihać and Petrovac, headed by bishop Sergije Karanović, since 2017. Regional Council of Serbian Orthodox Church in Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of all five diocesan bishops; the Council is presided by the Metropolitan of Bosnia. Serb Orthodox Cathedral Sarajevo Old Orthodox Church Church of Sveto Preobraženje Tavna Tvrdoš Žitomislić Bataković, Dušan T.. The Serbs of Bosnia & Herzegovina: History and Politics. Dialogue Association. Mileusnić, Slobodan. Spiritual Genocide: A survey of destroyed and desecrated churches and other church buildings during the war 1991-1995. Belgrade: Museum of the Serbian Orthodox Church.
Ćirković, Sima. The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing
The second season of Blue Bloods, a police procedural drama series created by Robin Green and Mitchell Burgess, premiered on CBS on September 23, 2011 and ended May 11, 2012. Ed Zuckerman served as executive producer and showrunner for the season after Green and Burgess departed the show at the end of the first season. Donnie Wahlberg, Bridget Moynahan, Will Estes, Len Cariou are first credited, with Tom Selleck receiving an "and" billing at the close of the main title sequence. Jennifer Esposito retains her "also starring" credit from the first season, whilst Amy Carlson and Sami Gayle are credited as "also starring" during the episodes that they appear. Tom Selleck as Police Commissioner Francis "Frank" Reagan Donnie Wahlberg as Detective Daniel "Danny" Reagan Bridget Moynahan as ADA Erin Reagan-Boyle Will Estes as Officer Jamison "Jamie" Reagan Len Cariou as Henry Reagan Jennifer Esposito as Detective Jackie Curatola Amy Carlson as Linda Reagan Sami Gayle as Nicole "Nicky" Reagan-Boyle Official website Blue Bloods – list of episodes on IMDb List of Blue Bloods episodes at TV.com
Albright Stonebridge Group is a global business strategy firm based in Washington, D. C. United States, it was created in 2009 through the merger of international consulting firms The Albright Group and Stonebridge International. The firm advises multinationals, financial institutions, industry associations, non-profit organizations on a variety of matters including international government relations, market entry and risk assessment, regulatory affairs, stakeholder engagement, partner development, shared value programs. ASG is chaired by former U. S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright and former U. S. Commerce Secretary and Kellogg Company CEO Carlos M. Gutierrez. ASG comprises 180 country and sector experts, including more than 20 former ambassadors and ministers. Senior Strategic Counsel to the firm includes former Spanish Foreign Minister. Senior Counsel includes Pär Nuder, former Swedish Minister of Finance. Senior Counselors to the firm include Carol Browner, former Administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency under President Bill Clinton.
S. Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs. S. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs. ASG is affiliated with Albright Capital Management, an emerging markets investment firm founded in 2005. Madeleine K. Albright – Founder and Chair Carlos M. Gutierrez – Chair Amy Celico – Principal Melissa Estok – Principal Rajeev Garside – Principal Anthony Harrington - Chair of the Managing Board Jin Ligang – Principal James C. O'Brien – Vice Chair Dan K. Rosenthal – Managing Principal Michael J. Warren – Managing Director Albright Stonebridge Group maintains strategic partnerships with several law firms and advisory firms including: Hogan Lovells. Official website
Captain Goodnight and the Islands of Fear is a 1985 action video game by Broderbund. It was released in English and French; the player must traverse air,sea and land in jets, tanks, boats, on foot to advance toward enemy territory, the goal being deactivating the Doomsday Device on Doom Island. Along the way enemy forces, attempt to stop the captain. F. O. G. HQ has been given an ultimatum: either give 200 billion dollars to the Federation of Evil, or the free world will be destroyed, it is up to Captain Roscoe “Buzz” Goodnight to destroy the doomsday device before it can be activated. The hero, Captain Goodnight, is a cross between "Biggles, James Bond and Hannay"; the game was designed to be "loaded with humor". Roland Gustafsson provided the protection schemes for this game. Video game reviewer Reggie C. deemed it "One of my favorite games from the Apple era", adding that it has "less than an hours worth of action" and is "crazy hard". InThe80s said the game "showed the foregrounds to Ausin Powers", while Unwinnable Weekly deemed it "pulpy but difficult".
Vintage Game Consoles said the game "impressed with its rich cinematic, multistage gameplay". Home of the Underdogs said it was "One of the most underrated Apple II games made", describing it as "funny", "addictive", "frustrating", "clever", "realistic"; the Australian Apple Review wrote that the game "is nearly the ultimate that can be achieved with current technology on computer". Finnish Retro Game Comparison Blog deemed it a "brilliantly parodic tribute to James Bond". PC Magazine deemed it one of the Apple II's best exclusive games; the game was listed at #16 in Billboard's list of Top Computer Software for the week ending September 4, 1985. Review in Computer Gaming World
Jorge Valente Gurgel is a retired Brazilian mixed martial artist who most competed in Titan FC's Lightweight division. A professional competitor from 2002 to 2014, Gurgel has formerly competed for the Ultimate Fighting Championship, King of the Cage, Strikeforce. Gurgel is from Fortaleza, where he earned a black belt in Brazilian jiu-jitsu under Marcus Aurélio. Gurgel immigrated to the United States as an exchange student in high school. Remaining to attend Wright State University he soon became an American citizen. While in school, Gurgel worked full-time teaching Brazilian jiu-jitsu evenings and busing tables late at night/early afternoons, going to class in the morning. Since college, Gurgel has been teaching full-time. Gurgel starred in the second season of The Ultimate Fighter television series and was eliminated from the show in the fifth episode due to a loss to Jason Von Flue via unanimous decision, but showed tremendous heart by fighting with a blown ACL. Gurgel's match with Diego Saraiva at UFC 73 was designated as the "Fight of the Night" by the UFC.
In the contest, Gurgel defeated Saraiva by unanimous decision though he was badly injured during the fight. He was hospitalized due to a broken jaw and the presence of blood in his urine. After his loss to Aaron Riley, Gurgel was released from the UFC. Gurgel was criticized throughout his seven-fight run in the UFC for not displaying Brazilian jiu-jitsu skills in his fights. A third degree Brazilian jiu-jitsu black belt, the 35-year-old has elected to slug it out on his feet. Gurgel made his Strikeforce debut on June 2009, defeating Conor Heun via unanimous decision. Gurgel faced Billy Evangelista on November 6, 2009 at Strikeforce Challengers: Gurgel vs. Evangelista losing via unanimous decision. Gurgel faced former EliteXC Lightweight Champion KJ Noons at Strikeforce: Houston and lost by knockout 19 seconds into the second round. There was controversy surrounding this fight due to an apparent late punch by Noons at the end of the first round that dropped and stunned Gurgel and an illegal knee by Noons during the barrage of strikes prior to the referee stoppage.
Gurgel submitted Billy Vaughan in just 44 seconds via guillotine choke at Strikeforce: Feijao vs. Henderson on March 5, 2011. Gurgel headlined Strikeforce Challengers 18 on August 12, 2011, against fellow Ultimate Fighter alumni Joe Duarte Gurgel lost by a unanimous decision. Gurgel faced Adriano Martins at Strikeforce: Marquardt vs. Saffiedine on January 12, 2013, he lost via unanimous decision. Gurgel fought former UFC fighter Mike Ricci at Titan FC 27 on February 28, 2014, he lost by first-round TKO. Gurgel has now lost 7 of his last 9 fights. On September 16, 2014, Gurgel announced his retirement from MMA competition. Gurgel owns the JG MMA and Fitness Academy in Cincinnati, Gurgel has trained known fighters such as Rich Franklin, Justin Edwards, Zoila Frausto, Dustin Hazelett, Jason Butcher, Sean Salmon. Gurgel married female MMA fighter Zoila Frausto on February 19, 2011; the two have since separated. Ultimate Fighting Championship Fight of the Night Absolute Combat Challenge Absolute Combat Challenge Lightweight Championship NAGA SuperFight Champion Six-time Brazilian State Champion List of Strikeforce alumni Official website Professional MMA record for Jorge Gurgel from Sherdog Jorge Gurgel at UFC