The Grumman F6F Hellcat is an American carrier-based fighter aircraft of World War II. Designed to replace the earlier F4F Wildcat and to counter the Japanese Mitsubishi A6M Zero, it was the United States Navy's dominant fighter in the second half of the Pacific War, outdueling the faster Vought F4U Corsair, which had problems with carrier landings. Powered by a 2,000 hp Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp, the same powerplant used for both the Corsair and the United States Army Air Forces Republic P-47 Thunderbolt fighters, the F6F was an new design, but it still resembled the Wildcat in many ways; some military observers tagged the Hellcat as the "Wildcat's big brother". The F6F made its combat debut in September 1943, was best known for its role as a rugged, well-designed carrier fighter, able to outperform the A6M Zero and help secure air superiority over the Pacific theater. A total of 12,275 were built in just over two years. Hellcats were credited with destroying a total of 5,223 enemy aircraft while in service with the U.
S. Navy, U. S. Marine Corps, Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm; this was more than any other Allied naval aircraft. Postwar, the Hellcat was phased out of front-line service, but remained in service as late as 1954 as a night fighter. Grumman had been working on a successor to the F4F Wildcat since 1938 and the contract for the prototype XF6F-1 was signed on 30 June 1941; the aircraft was designed to use the Wright R-2600 Twin Cyclone two-row, 14-cylinder radial engine of 1,700 hp, driving a three-bladed Curtiss Electric propeller. Instead of the Wildcat's narrow-track, hand-cranked main landing gear retracting into the fuselage that it had inherited, little changed in design from the 1931-debuted Grumman FF-1 fighter biplane, the Hellcat had wide-set, hydraulically actuated landing gear struts that rotated through 90° while retracting backwards into the wings, but with full wheel doors fitted to the struts that covered the entire strut and the upper half of the main wheel when retracted, twisted with the main gear struts through 90º during retraction.
The wing was mounted lower on the fuselage and was able to be hydraulically or manually folded, with each panel outboard of the undercarriage bay folding backwards from pivoting on a specially oriented, Grumman-patented "Sto-Wing" diagonal axis pivoting system much like the earlier F4F, with a folded stowage position parallel to the fuselage with the leading edges pointing diagonally down. Throughout early 1942, Leroy Grumman, along with his chief designers Jake Swirbul and Bill Schwendler, worked with the U. S. Navy's Bureau of Aeronautics and experienced F4F pilots, to develop the new fighter in such a way that it could counter the Zero's strengths and help gain air command in the Pacific Theater of Operations. On 22 April 1942, Lieutenant Commander Butch O'Hare toured the Grumman Aircraft company and spoke with Grumman engineers, analyzing the performance of the F4F Wildcat against the Mitsubishi A6M Zero in aerial combat. BuAer's Lt Cdr A. M. Jackson directed Grumman's designers to mount the cockpit higher in the fuselage.
In addition, the forward fuselage sloped down to the engine cowling, affording the Hellcat's pilot good visibility. Based on combat accounts of encounters between the F4F Wildcat and A6M Zero, on 26 April 1942, BuAer directed Grumman to install the more-powerful, 18-cylinder Pratt & Whitney R-2800 Double Wasp radial engine – powering Chance Vought's Corsair design since its own beginnings in 1940 – in the second XF6F-1 prototype. Grumman complied by redesigning and strengthening the F6F airframe to incorporate the 2,000 hp R-2800-10, driving a three-bladed Hamilton Standard propeller. With this combination, Grumman estimated the XF6F-3s performance would increase by 25% over that of the XF6F-1; the Cyclone-powered XF6F-1 first flew on 26 June 1942, followed by the first Double Wasp-equipped aircraft, the XF6F-3, which first flew on 30 July 1942. The first production F6F-3, powered by an R-2800-10, flew on 3 October 1942, with the type reaching operational readiness with VF-9 on USS Essex in February 1943.
The F6F series was designed to get the pilot safely back to base. A bullet-resistant windshield and a total of 212 lb of cockpit armor was fitted, along with armor around the oil tank and oil cooler. A 250 US gal self-sealing fuel tank was fitted in the fuselage. Standard armament on the F6F-3 consisted of six.50 in M2/AN Browning air-cooled machine guns with 400 rounds per gun. A center-section hardpoint under the fuselage could carry a single 150 US gal disposable drop tank, while aircraft had single bomb racks installed under each wing, inboard of the undercarriage bays. Six 5 in high-velocity aircraft rockets could be carried – three under each wing on "zero-length" launchers. Two night fighter subvariants of the F6F-3 were developed; the F6F-3N, first flown in July 1943, was fitted with the AN/APS-6 radar in the fuselage, with the antenna dish in a bulbous fairing mounted on the leading-edge of the outer right wing as a development of the AN/APS-4. Hellcat night fighters claimed their first victories in November 1943.
A total of 4,402 F6F-3s was built through until Apri
Iván Germán Velázquez Durán is an expert in intelligence, counterintelligence, psychological operations, electronic warfare and propaganda, former Argentine military officer and former Director of Counterintelligence of Argentina Airport Security Police residing in exile in the Eastern Republic of Uruguay after fleeing his country and seek political asylum after being accused in Argentina by the government of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner of having been responsible for the operation of electronic espionage largest in the history of the continent in an affair known as the "South American Watergate" in which he charged with having spied electronically intercepted emails and wireless communications of all Argentina's political class that included businessmen and relevant public characters, reaching to the president of that country itself. The case that shook South America involves the prosecution of Argentina to the former military officer Iván Velázquez for having ridden a para-state Secret Service and conspiring politically to overthrow the government of Argentina through supporting the protests of peasant sectors against the Argentine government of President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, as well as having tried to overthrow the defense minister of that country, Nilda Garre in order to put in his place to the Interior Minister Aníbal Fernández.
Velázquez, who remains in Uruguay after this country flatly has refused to the extradition requested by Argentina, after being in prison for nearly a year pending the determination of their extraditorial resolution, determined it as a purely political offense and after that the intelligence service of Uruguayan police had detected and aborted an operation mounted by Argentine agents to assassinate former Argentina's intelligence hierarch, was accused of having spied several governments in South America and of involvement in arms trafficking operations to African countries. He is director of the firm ICG GROUP, a private firm with subsidiaries in several countries in South America and Africa. While the accusations by the Argentine government could not be substantiated, since Velázquez by refusing to be extradited to his country and the constitution does not allow for the trial in absentia, there is some suspicion that the charges against the former military and spy would motivated by refusing to carry out domestic spying at the request of the presidents Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández, which would become the persecution by the presidential marriage to the former spy chief who have been responsible for the creation of a mega spy intel system known as "VAMPIRE PROJECT" whose aim would have the same objective as the American ECHELON.
Among those involved in this alleged coup failed, are former Head of State Intelligence Secretariat, Juan Bautista Yofre, Major General Daniel Reimundes, Deputy Director of Counterintelligence of the PSA, Pablo Alfredo Carpenter and fifty persons among them are journalists, soldiers and businessmen in the "mega-Espionage" affaire which has questioned by the Judge Sandra Arroyo Salgado, wife of the Prosecutor Alberto Nisman questioned for his lack of results in the investigation of terrorist attacks against the AMIA Jewish Mutual of Argentina and its relationship with a sector of the intelligence services of the country linked to drug trafficking by the Director of Operations of the Secret Service presidential Antonio Horacio Stiuso, who part of the Argentine press and the accused themselves of responsibility for the conspiracy have mounted a legal case without evidence. In March 2008 the Argentine newspaper entitled Profile: Official Profile | SIDE repentant, "exiles" in Montevideo On 12 March 2009 the BBC entitled "Southern Cone behind Argentine spy": The Vampire Project: On September 17 the Argentine newspaper URGENT 24 titles "Ladies and gentlemen, this is a scandal: The Side and Página/12 vs. Aníbal Fernández" On September 20 URGENT Argentinean newspaper 24 published in relation to the conspiracy as part of the Argentina press attributed to a plot against Velázquez, an exchange of emails between the chief of presidential intelligence operations, Judge Stiuso Arroyo Salgado New spy scandal Velázquez against Stiusso spy chief: When falls the cause?: The site of La Patria Grande alternative journalism published in relation to an investigation by journalist Christian Sanz "Drugs in Ezeiza and nerves Kirchner": In relation to the attempted coup.
The information portal Refer ONE MINUTE: In March 2008 the daily Página/12 references on Velázquez and a group of soldiers among them were former military intelligence chief, Brigadier General Osvaldo Montero and the National Criminal Intelligence Director, Verónica Fernández Zagari those responsible for "concoct various conspiracies" between the vessels which are the subvlevación peasants against the government: In July 2008 the Argentine daily La Nacion under "Investigate a spy for political purposes" refers to the attempted overthrow by Velázquez of Defense Minister Nilda Garre, in a plot of several soldiers who were members for put in its place the Interior Minister Dr. Aníbal Fernández
Trent Bridge is a cricket ground used for Test, One-Day International and county cricket located in West Bridgford, England, just across the River Trent from the city of Nottingham. Trent Bridge is the headquarters of Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club; as well as international cricket and Nottinghamshire's home games, the ground has hosted the Finals Day of the Twenty20 Cup twice and will host the final of the One-Day Cup between 2020 and 2024. In 2009, the ground was used for the ICC World Twenty20 and hosted the semi-final between South Africa and Pakistan; the site takes its name from the nearby main bridge over the Trent, is close to Meadow Lane and the City Ground, the football stadia of Notts County and Nottingham Forest respectively. Trent Bridge was first used as a cricket ground in the 1830s; the first recorded cricket match was held on an area of ground behind the Trent Bridge Inn in 1838. Trent Bridge hosted its first Test match with England playing against Australia; the ground was first opened in 1841 by William Clarke, husband of the proprietress of the Trent Bridge Inn and himself Captain of the All England Cricket Team.
He was commemorated in 1990 by the opening of the new William Clarke Stand which incorporates the Rushcliffe Suite. The West Park Sports Ground in West Bridgford was the private ground of Sir Julien Cahn, a furniture millionaire, who played host to touring national sides. In 1950, an electronically-operated scoreboard was installed at this venue the world's largest at any cricket stadium. Trent Bridge is considered to be one of the best grounds in the world to watch cricket. Trent Bridge's pavilion, kept within the architectural parameters of its 1889 foundation, is thought of as one of the most renowned trademarks of cricket because it faces the wicket at an angle. Recent developments include the £7.2 million Radcliffe Road Cricket Centre, opened in 1998 and the state of the art £1.9 million Fox Road stand, which has received awards for its architectural excellence. The latter includes a modernistic aircraft-wing roof and was opened in 2002 despite a conflict with a small group of local residents over the lack of sunlight that this would cause to their properties.
Commencing in 2007, Trent Bridge has undergone redevelopment with the construction of a new stand to replace the Parr Stand and West Wing and the addition of one to five rows of extra seating at the front of several of the other stands. This increased capacity from 15,358 to 17,500, the work was completed in time for the 2008 Test match against New Zealand; the stand was opened on 5 June by Prince Philip. The stand continued to be called the ’New Stand’ for a number of years being referred to as the Bridgford Road Stand, before being renamed the Smith Cooper Stand in a sponsorship deal from March 2016. Bowling takes place from the Pavilion End and the Radcliffe Road End, with the wickets laid square of the Fox Road, William Clarke and Smith Cooper Stands. In Test matches held at the Trent Bridge, the highest team total is 658 for 8 declared, scored by England against Australia in 1938; the lowest team total is 60, scored by Australia against England in 2015, Stuart Broad took 8-15 for England against Australia during the same match, in just one innings, as he did not bowl in the second innings.
Denis Compton scored 278 against Pakistan in 1954. Sachin Tendulkar passed the 11,000-run mark in the npower Second Test in 2007. In 2013, Australia's Ashton Agar achieved the highest Test score by a number eleven batsman whilst on debut. Stuart Broad got James Anderson got his 300th home wicket at Trent Bridge. Broad got his on his first wicket against Chris Rogers. Anderson got his 300th home wicket against South Africa against Dean Elgar on 14 July 2017. In Tests, the leading run-scorers in this venue are Denis Compton and Graham Gooch; the leading wicket-takers are James Anderson, Alec Bedser, Stuart Broad. In ODIs, the leading run-scorers here are Eoin Morgan, Alex Hales, Jos Buttler; the leading wicket-takers are Stuart Broad and Waqar Younis. Trent Bridge has a history of hosting. Notts County Football Club played their important games at the ground from the 1860s, moved there permanently in 1883 when Nottingham Forest left. However, games early and late in the season had to be played elsewhere due to the cricket and Notts County left in 1910, moving to Meadow Lane.
Trent Bridge hosted an international match, England beating Ireland 6–0 on 20 February 1897. List of cricket grounds in England and Wales List of Test cricket grounds List of international cricket centuries at Trent Bridge History of Test cricket Official website Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club Trent Bridge at ESPNcricinfo Trent Bridge, Nottingham Cricinfo Travel