Gua bao

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Gua bao
Steamed Sandwich,taken by LeoAlmighty.jpg
A traditional gua bao
Alternative names Steamed bao, hó͘-kā-ti, pork belly bun
Course Snack
Place of origin Fujian[1]
Region or state Fujian and Taiwan
Serving temperature Hot
Main ingredients Steamed bread, stewed meat, condiments
Ingredients generally used Red-cooked pork belly, pickled mustard, coriander, ground peanuts
Variations Fried chicken, fish, eggs, stewed beef
Cookbook: Gua bao  Media: Gua bao

Gua bao ( guàbāo. Han characters: 割包/刈包; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: koah-pau; literally: "cut bread"),[2] also known as steamed bao,[3] pork belly buns,[4] or ambiguously, bao,[5][6] is a snack food originating from Fuzhou, the capital of China’s Fujian province, and popular in Taiwan consisting of a slice of stewed meat and other condiments sandwiched between flat steamed bread. Gua bao are the forerunner to Japanese hirata buns, due to Japan’s colonial occupation of Taiwan.[7] The steamed bread is typically 6–8 centimetres (2.4–3.1 in) in size, semi-circular and flat in form, with a horizontal fold that, when opened, gives the appearance that it has been sliced. The traditional filling for gua bao is a slice of red-cooked porkbelly, typically dressed with stir-fried suan cai (pickled mustard greens), coriander, and ground peanuts.[6][8][9]

The food is known colloquially in parts of Taiwan as hó͘-kā-ti (虎咬豬; "tiger bites pig") due to the mouth-like form of the bun and the contents of the filling.[8][10] Gua bao are also called "Taiwanese hamburgers" due in-part to the wide variety of novel ingredients used as filling, such as fried chicken, fish, eggs, and stewed beef.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "老字號割包店 肉香Q嫩不油膩-華視新聞-華視新聞網". 
  2. ^ "Entry #8213 (割包)". 臺灣閩南語常用詞辭典 [Dictionary of Frequently-Used Taiwan Minnan] (in Chinese and Hokkien). Ministry of Education, R.O.C. 2011. 
  3. ^ Sufrin, Jon (February 5, 2014). "Banh Mi Boys will soon open Lucky Red, a new bao shop in Chinatown". Toronto Life. 
  4. ^ Erway, Cathy (April 2, 2014). "Taiwanese Pork Belly Buns (Gua Bao)". 
  5. ^ L., Mandy (February 6, 2013). "Who Took the "Gua" out of "Bao". 
  6. ^ a b Glassberg, Julie (February 23, 2010). "Baohaus". The New York Times. 
  7. ^ "Take a bao - Chinatown London". 25 August 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Gwa-Bao (割包 Braised Pork Wrapped in Steamed Buns)". Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Republic of China (Taiwan). 2011. 
  9. ^ Erway, Cathy. The Food of Taiwan: Recipes from the Beautiful Island. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 9780544303010. 
  10. ^ 味蕾 (April 13, 2010). 【美食典故】割包刈包虎咬豬. The Epoch Times.