Guantánamo Bay

Guantánamo Bay is a bay located in Guantánamo Province at the southeastern end of Cuba. It is the largest harbor on the south side of the island and it is surrounded by steep hills which create an enclave, cut off from its immediate hinterland; the United States assumed territorial control over the southern portion of Guantánamo Bay under the 1903 Lease agreement. The United States exercises jurisdiction and control over this territory, while recognizing that Cuba retains ultimate sovereignty; the current government of Cuba regards the U. S. presence in Guantánamo Bay as "illegal" and insists the Cuban–American Treaty "was obtained by threat of force and is in violation of international law." Some legal scholars judge. It is the home of the Guantanamo Bay Naval Base and the Guantanamo Bay detention camp located within the base, which are both governed by the United States. Since the 1959 revolution, Cuba has only cashed a single lease payment from the United States government. Guantánamo Bay has a hot semi-arid climate according to the Köppen climate classification, with high temperatures throughout the year.

Rainfall is rather low, it is one of the driest regions in Cuba. The United States first seized Guantánamo Bay and established a naval base there in 1898 during the Spanish–American War in the Battle of Guantánamo Bay. In 1903, the United States and Cuba signed a lease granting the United States permission to use the land as a coaling and naval station; the lease satisfied the Platt Amendment. The original inhabitants of the bay, the Taínos, called it Guantánamo. Christopher Columbus landed in 1494. On landing, Columbus' crew found Taíno fishermen preparing a feast for the local chieftain; when Spanish settlers took control of Cuba, the bay became a vital harbor on the south side of the island. The bay was known as Cumberland Bay when the British seized it in 1741 during the War of Jenkins' Ear. British Admiral Edward Vernon arrived with a force of eight warships and 4,000 soldiers with plans to march on Santiago de Cuba. However, local guerrilla forces forced him to withdraw or face becoming a prisoner.

In late 1760, boats from HMS Trent and HMS Boreas cut out the French privateers Vainquer and Mackau, which were hiding in the bay. The French were forced to burn the Guespe, another privateer, to prevent her capture. During the Spanish–American War of 1898, the U. S. Navy fleet attacking Santiago needed shelter from the summer hurricane season, they chose Guantánamo because of its excellent harbor. U. S. Marines landed with naval support in the invasion of Guantánamo Bay in June 1898; as they moved inland, Spanish resistance increased and the marines required support from Cuban scouts. The Guantanamo Bay Naval Base surrounds the southern portion of the bay; the naval base, nicknamed "GTMO" or "Gitmo", covers 116 square kilometres on the western and eastern banks of the bay. It was established in 1898, when the United States took control of Cuba from Spain following the Spanish–American War; the newly-formed American protectorate incorporated the Platt Amendment in the 1901 Cuban Constitution. Tomás Estrada Palma, the first President of Cuba, offered a perpetual lease for the area around Guantánamo Bay on February 23, 1903.

The 1903 Cuban–American Treaty of Relations held, among other things, that the United States, for the purposes of operating coaling and naval stations, has "complete jurisdiction and control" of the Guantánamo Bay, while recognizing that the Republic of Cuba retains ultimate sovereignty. In 1934 a new Cuban-American Treaty of Relations, reaffirming the lease, granted Cuba and its trading partners free access through the bay, modified the lease payment from $2,000 in U. S. gold coins per year to the 1934 equivalent value of $4,085 in U. S. dollars, made the lease permanent unless both governments agreed to break it or until the U. S. abandoned the base property. After the Cuban Revolution of 1953-1959, United States President Dwight D. Eisenhower insisted that the status of the base remain unchanged, despite Fidel Castro's objections. Since the Cuban government has cashed only one of the rent checks from the U. S. government, then only because of "confusion" in the early days of the leftist revolution, according to Castro.

The remaining un-cashed checks, made out to "Treasurer General of the Republic", were kept in Castro's office stuffed into a desk drawer. The United States used Guantanamo Bay as a processing center for asylum-seekers and as a camp for HIV-positive refugees in the 1990s. Over a period of six months, the USA interned over 30,000 Haitian refugees in Guantanamo, while another 30,000 fled to the Dominican Republic; the USA admitted 10,747 of the Haitians to refugee status in the United States. Most of the refugees were housed in a tent city on the re-purposed airstrip that would be used to house the complex used for the Guantanamo military commissions; the refugees who represented discipline or security problems were held on the site that became Camp XRay, the initial site of the Guantanamo Bay detention camp. In August 1994, rioting broke out in the detention camps and 20 U. S. military police and 45 Haitians were injured. Since 2002, the base has included the detainment camp for individuals deemed of risk to United States national security.

In 2009 U. S. President Barack Obama gave orders for the detention camp to close by January 22, 2010; as of 2015, the detention camp remains open due to a con

Indy Grand Prix of Louisiana

The Indy Grand Prix of Louisiana was an IndyCar Series race held at NOLA Motorsports Park in Avondale, Louisiana in 2015. The inaugural race held in 2015 was plagued by heavy rain, which turned much of the facility in a quagmire. Qualifying was cancelled, the race was shortened with most of the laps run under caution. After the race, legal disputes erupted involving the promoter, the track, other related parties; the event was a huge money-loser, attracted only 10,000 spectators, in part due to the poor weather. Despite an initial three-year contract, the event was cancelled after only one running. James Hinchcliffe was declared the winner of the 2015 race, just weeks before he suffered near-life-threatening injures at Indianapolis. 2015: Race started late due to rain. Official Site

Traffic in Crime

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