Guantanamo Bay Naval Base known as Naval Station Guantanamo Bay or NSGB, is a United States military base and detention camp located on 120 square kilometers of land and water at Guantánamo Bay, which the U. S. leased for use as a coaling station and naval base in 1903. The lease was $2,000 in gold per year until 1934, when the payment was set to match the value in gold in dollars; the base is on the shore of Guantánamo Bay at the southeastern end of Cuba. It is the oldest overseas U. S. Naval Base. Since the Cuban Revolution of 1959, the Cuban government has protested against the U. S. presence on Cuban soil and called it illegal under international law, alleging that the base was imposed on Cuba by force. Since 2002, the naval base has contained a military prison, the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, for alleged unlawful combatants captured in Afghanistan and other places during the War on Terror. Cases of torture of prisoners, their denial of protection under the Geneva Conventions, have been condemned internationally.
Headquarters, Naval Station Guantanamo Bay Customer Service Desk Joint Task Force GuantanamoHeadquarters, JTF Guantanamo Joint Detention Group Joint Intelligence Group Joint Medical Group U. S. Coast Guard Maritime Security Detachment Guantanamo Bay Marine Corps Security Force Company Naval Computer and Telecommunications Area Master Station Atlantic Detachment Guantanamo Bay Naval Hospital Guantanamo Bay Navy Supply Navy Security Forces SEABEE Detachment U. S. Coast Guard Aviation Detachment Guantanamo Bay Fleet Composite Squadron Ten U. S. Marine Corps Ground Defense Force Naval Security Group Activity Shore Intermediate Maintenance Activity Fleet Training Group YC 1639 Leeward Windward YON 258 USS Wanamassa LCU 1671 and MK-8: landing craft used as an alternate ferry for transportation to areas inaccessible by the primary ferry and for moving hazardous cargo. GTMO-5, GTMO-6 and GTMO-7: used for personnel transportation during off-ferry hours. Besides servicemembers, the base houses a large number of civilian contractors working for the military.
Many of these contractors are migrant workers from Jamaica and the Philippines, are thought to constitute up to 40% of the base's population. Major contractors working at NSGB have included the following: KBR Schuyler Line Navigation Company Satellite Communication Systems Incorporated Centerra EMCOR Islands Mechanical Contractor Munilla Construction Management RQ Construction MCM Construction J&J Worldwide Services Ocean transportation is provided by Schuyler Line Navigation Company, a U. S. Flag Ocean Carrier. Schuyler Line operates under government contract to supply sustainment and building supplies to the base; the area surrounding Guantanamo bay was inhabited by the Taíno people. On 30 April 1494, Christopher Columbus, on his second voyage and spent the night; the place where Columbus landed is now known as Fisherman's Point. Columbus declared the bay Puerto Grande; the bay and surrounding areas came under British control during the War of Jenkins' Ear. Prior to British occupation, the bay was referred to as Walthenham Harbor.
The British renamed the bay Cumberland Bay. The British retreated from the area after a failed attempt to march to Santiago de Cuba. During the Spanish–American War, the U. S. fleet attacking Santiago secured Guantánamo's harbor for protection during the hurricane season of 1898. The Marines landed at Guantanamo Bay with naval support, American and Cuban forces routed the defending Spanish troops; the war ended with the Treaty of Paris of 1898, in which Spain formally relinquished control of Cuba. Although the war was over, the United States maintained a strong military presence on the island. In 1901 the United States government passed the Platt Amendment as part of an Army Appropriations Bill. Section VII of this amendment read That to enable the United States to maintain the independence of Cuba, to protect the people thereof, as well as for its own defense, the government of Cuba will sell or lease to the United States lands necessary for coaling or naval stations at certain specified points to be agreed upon with the President of the United States After initial resistance by the Cuban Constitutional Convention, the Platt Amendment was incorporated into the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba in 1901.
The Constitution took effect in 1902, land for a naval base at Guantanamo Bay was granted to the United States the following year. USS Monongahela, an old warship which served as a storeship at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba was destroyed by fire on 17 March 1908. A 4-inch gun was put on display at the Naval Station. Since the gun was deformed by the heat from the fire, it was nicknamed "Old Droopy"; the gun was on display on Deer Point until the command disposed of it, judging its appearance less than exemplary of naval gunnery. The 1903 lease agreement was executed in two parts; the first, signed in February, consisted of the following provisions: Agreement – This is a lease between the U. S. and Cuba for properties for naval stations, in accord with Article VII of the Platt Amendment. Article 1 – Describes the boundaries of the areas being leased, Guantanamo Bay and Bahia Honda. Article 2 – The U. S. may occupy and modify the properties to fit the needs of a coaling and naval station, only. Vessels
Snakeholme Pit is a reserve near Langworth in the county of Lincolnshire, England. Butterfly Conservation manages this reserve, it is 2 acres. Species seen include Water Vole, Water Shrew, Banded Demoiselle, Dragon fly, Common Blue, Essex Skipper, Purple Hairstreak, White Admiral, Emperor Moth, Rosy Footman, Elephant Hawk-moth; the grassland is managed by volunteers from the Lincoln Conservation Group. The site is not open to the public, though permission to enter can be obtained from the site manager, who lives locally; the steep-sided pit is water-filled and caution is needed to avoid falling in
Syed Hasan, popularly known as Syed Bhai, was an Indian educationist and the founder of INSAN Group of Institutions known for one of its founding organization, INSAN School. He is known for his pioneering efforts to bring education to Kishanganj an educationally backward district in the Indian state of Bihar, he was a nominee for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2003. The Government of India awarded him the fourth highest civilian award of the Padma Shri, in 1991. Syed Hasan was born on 30 September 1924 in a small town Jehanabad, India; when he was 10 years old his parents enrolled him in Delhi at Jamia MIllia Islamia. During his early education at Jamia Millia Islamia, Hasan had the opportunity to assist Mahatma Gandhi and came under the tutelage of Zakir Hussain, who would become the first President of India, he graduated from JMI and started his career as a teacher there where he stayed till he moved to the US, on a fellowship from Lincoln University, Pennsylvania in 1955. He moved, subsequently, to Southern Illinois University and stayed there till 1962 during which time, he obtained a doctoral degree.
He became a member of the educational societies of the Phi Delta Kappa and Kappa Delta Pi and is reported to have financially assisted some of the students from JMI to pursue education in the US. In 1962, he took up the post of the assistant professor of psychology at Frostburg State University and during the three years he spent there, he was awarded the Instructor of the Year once. Hasan returned to India in 1965. In India, he had offers from many universities, but he started to lay the groundwork for his own educational work. Though he had several areas in mind he had chosen Kishanganj area, at the time, the most backward and illiterate area, as a challenge to start his mission, he had toured this area in 1952 and had been in his mind since. He toured many localities and villages, many times tens of miles on feet and up to knee in mud, he campaigned for social upliftment. Hasan continued spreading his vision, he thought in local madarsa. He helped in foundation of National High School in Kishanganj, Nehru College in nearby Bahadurganj, where he taught classes.
People were affected by his charm and styles. They were amazed by his humbleness as saw him working side by side with low earning laborers shoveling dirt, cutting bamboos, hammering nails, he would encourage others to join him and help themselves in building their classes. In 1965 he assisted in the founding of Nehru College in Bahadurgunj, National High school in Kishanganj. After nearly one year of ground work he founded, Taleemi Mission Corp in February 1966, Taleemi Biradri, an educational journal in March 1966, and nearly after two years of ground work he started an elementary level INSAN School, on 14 November 1966, with 36 students, which became the flagship institution of its kind. The school operated inside the premises of the National School before or after its school hours, he moved the school to a rented hut. The institution grew over the years to include INSAN School, INSAN College and INSAN Adult School, operating still from huts, now instead of bamboo in brick and tin style, his active role in the field of education has not been limited to Insan School.
He has helped educational causes. A vast list of services and contributions with which he has been involved in include many provincial and national educational projects, he has been a life member of the Indian Adult Education Board. He has served in Central Advisory Board of Education, Grants & Aids Commission for Experiments in Education, District Primary Education Program, Decentralization of Education Management, he has given lectures to many universities, spoken on numerous occasions, coined many slogans, written many articles. In all these, his approach has always been finding constructive and peaceful solutions, many times followed by actions, for the benefit of people at large, his efforts started in the jungles of Bengal but his messages and missions have powerful humanitarian universality. Philosophy of Work "Our institution is community centered. We believe in total development. We feel; this development should take place by means of self-reliance. In a way, education means independence.
It should make us free from others. We should become capable of running our own affairs without the help of others as far as it is possible. Hence, we the educators are here to facilitate and to assist this process of development". In the first public appeal introducing his goal he said: "It is not our aim to produce degree holders, but to produce well-educated and enlighten people". and later: "It is not our aim to produce degree holders, but to produce well-educated and enlighten people with all around development". Education & Humanity INSAN has been directly and indirectly a positive influence to the region and beyond in many ways, it has led many social and humanitarian causes since its inception. The name of the institution, INSAN meaning human, reflects the ambitions of its founder Dr. Syed Hasan, he has named the campus Shiks
The Chapel of Our Lady of the Snows is a 16th-century Roman Catholic church located on the Ilha de Maré in the Bay of All Saints, Brazil. The island is administratively part of the city of Salvador; the chapel is dedicated to Blessed Virgin Mary and belongs to the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of São Salvador da Bahia. Its construction is dated to 1552, was part of the sugar plantation of André Fernandes Margalho; the nave of the church is narrow, measuring only 6 metres by 15 metres. The church was listed as a historic structure by the National Historic and Artistic Heritage Institute in 1958; the Chapel of Our Lady of the Snows was listed as a historic structure by the National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage in 1958. Both the structure and its contents were included in the IPHAN directive under inscription number 574; the Chapel of Our Lady of the Snows may be visited. List of Catholic churches in Salvador, Bahia
John William "Willie" Higson was an English professional rugby league footballer who played in the 1900s, 1910s and 1920s. He played at representative level for Great Britain and England, at club level for Featherstone Rovers, Hunslet and Wakefield Trinity, as a forward, during the era of contested scrums. John Higson's birth was registered in Pontefract district, West Riding of Yorkshire and his death aged 74 was registered in Wakefield district, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. John Higson won caps for England while at Hunslet in 1908 against Wales, in 1909 against Australia, won caps for Great Britain while at Hunslet in 1908 against Australia, in 1909 against Australia. John Higson played as a forward, i.e. number 12, in Hunslet's 14–0 victory over Hull F. C. in the 1908 Challenge Cup Final during the 1907–08 season at Fartown Ground, Huddersfield on Saturday 25 April 1908, in front of a crowd of 18,000. John Higson played as a forward, i.e. number 13, in Hunslet's 17–0 victory over Halifax in the 1907 Yorkshire County Cup Final during the 1907–08 season at Headingley Rugby Stadium, Leeds on Saturday 21 December 1907, played and scored a try in Huddersfield's 22–10 victory over Hull Kingston Rovers in the 1911 Yorkshire County Cup Final during the 1911–12 season at Belle Vue, Wakefield on Saturday 25 November 1911, played as a forward, i.e. number 11, in Wakefield Trinity's 3–10 defeat by Huddersfield in the 1926 Yorkshire County Cup Final during the 1926–27 season at Headingley Rugby Stadium, Leeds on Wednesday 1 December 1926, the original match on Saturday 27 November 1926 was postponed due to fog.
John Higson was a member of Hunslet's 1907–08 season All Four Cups winning team, the Forwards were known as "The Terrible Six" they were. John Higson played for Featherstone Rovers before they joined the Northern Union, he was transferred from Featherstone Rovers to Hunslet in 1905, he was transferred from Huddersfield, rejoined Featherstone Rovers in 1921 playing alongside, he made his début for Wakefield Trinity during October 1925. John Higson's benefit season/testimonial match at Featherstone Rovers took place during the 1921–22 season. John Higson was the father of the rugby league footballer. Huddersfield – All Four Cups 1907–08 – Hunslet's Greatest Season
Clabbers is a game played by tournament Scrabble players for fun, or at Scrabble variant tournaments. The name derives from the fact that the words SCRABBLE form an anagram pair; the rules are identical to those of Scrabble, except that valid plays are only required to form anagrams of acceptable words. If a word is challenged, the player who played the word must name an acceptable word that anagrams to the tiles played; because the number of "words" that can be formed is vastly larger than in standard English, the board ends up packed in places, quite empty in others. Game scores will be much higher than in standard Scrabble, due to the relative ease of making high-scoring overlap plays and easier access to premium squares; the Internet Scrabble Club offers the ability to play Clabbers online. Horizontal words from top to bottom; some of the words below have multiple anagrams: ALI = AIL TOD = DOT ISNAETCR = CANISTER WOPL = PLOW DEER = DEER ZIF = FIZ SIATX = TAXIS BTADEI = BAITED MGU = GUM EMING = MINGE# ECOPU = COUPE RATHE = HEART IQ = QI VUEJ = JUVE# EWY = WYE ODOR = ODOR ASSGEOU = GASEOUS ROH = RHOVertical words from left to right ATIW = WAIT KAMER = MAKER LOSODF = FLOODS GCALINS = SCALING IDNPE = PINED UOT = OUT ALEZ = LAZE PHA = HAP RSITOUEN = ROUTINES FIAR = FAIR EBRYE = BEERY XIM = MIX NAV = VAN UO = OU# GULNED = LUNGED JOR = JOR# RO = OR Mentions of Clabbers on the National Scrabble Association website An A-Z of Variants, Association of British Scrabble Players "V-A-K-I-L:'VAKIL' is a word?
No way! Scrabble for the serious at District 14", The Boston Globe, October 7, 2001