Guildford is a large town in Surrey, England, 27 miles southwest of London on the A3 trunk road midway between the capital and Portsmouth. The town has a population of about 80,000 and is the seat of the wider Borough of Guildford which had an estimated 146,100 inhabitants in 2015. Guildford has Saxon roots and historians attribute its location to the existence of a gap in the North Downs where the River Wey was forded by the Harrow Way. By AD 978 it was home to an early English Royal Mint; the building of the Wey Navigation and the Basingstoke Canal in the 17th and 18th centuries connected Guildford to a network of waterways that aided its prosperity. In the 20th century, the University of Surrey and Guildford Cathedral, an Anglican cathedral, were added. Due to recent development running north from Guildford, linking to the Woking area, Guildford now forms the southwestern tip of the Greater London Built-up Area, as defined by the Office for National Statistics; the root of the first part may be the word'gold' rather than Guild, a society or meeting of tradesmen: the only known 10th-century record uses Guldeford and in the 11th century Geldeford.
Local historians with an interest in toponyms cite the lack of gold in the region's sedimentary rocks and have suggested that the mention of'gold' may refer to golden flowers found by the ford itself, or the golden sand. Rural Celtic Bronze Age pieces have been found in the town; some of the tiles built into Guildford Castle may be Roman, a Roman villa has been found on Broad Street Common at the end of Roman Farm Road just west of Guildford's Park Barn neighbourhood. It is proven by archaeology and contemporary accounts that Guildford was established as a small town by Saxon settlers shortly after Roman authority had been removed from Britain; the settlement was most expanded because of the Harrow Way crosses the River Wey by a ford at this point. Alfred the Great referred to the town in his will. Guildford was the location of the Royal Mint from 978 until part-way through the reign of William the Conqueror. Guildford Castle is of Norman design, its situation overlooks the pass through the hills taken by the Pilgrims' Way, once overlooked the ancient ford across the Wey, thus giving a key point of military control of this long distance way across the country..
Guildford appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Geldeford and Gildeford, a holding of William the Conqueror. The King held the 75 hagae in which lived 175 homagers and the town rendered £32. Stoke, a suburb within today's Guildford, appears in the Book as Stoch and was held by William, its Domesday assets were: 1 church, 2 mills worth 5s, 16 ploughlands with two Lord's plough teams and 20 mens plough teams, 16 acres of meadow, woodland worth 40 hogs. Stoke was listed as being in the King's park, with a rendering of £15. William the Conqueror had the castle built in the classic Norman style. A major purpose of Norman castle building was to overawe the conquered population, it had £26 spent on it in 1173 under the regency of the young Henry II. As the threat of invasion and insurrection declined, the castle's status was demoted to that of a royal hunting lodge: Guildford was, at that time, at the edge of Windsor Great Park, it was visited on several occasions by King John, Eleanor of Aquitaine and King Henry III.
In 1611 the castle was granted to Francis Carter whose grandson's initials EC and the year 1699 were above the entrance way. The surviving parts of the castle were restored in Victorian times and again in 2004. In 1995, a chamber was discovered in the High Street, considered to be the remains of the 12th-century Guildford Synagogue. While this remains a matter of contention, it is to be the oldest remaining synagogue in Western Europe. Guildford elected two members of the Unreformed House of Commons. From the 14th century to the 18th century the borough corporation prospered with the wool trade. In the 14th century the Guildhall was constructed and still stands today as a noticeable landmark of Guildford; the north end was extended in 1589 and the Council Chamber was added in 1683. In 1683 a projecting clock was made for the front of the building: it can be seen throughout the High Street; the town's Royal Grammar School was built in 1509 and became Royal gaining the patronage of Edward VI in 1552.
In the years around 1550, a pupil at the school was John Derrick who in life became a Queen's Coroner for the county of Surrey. In 1597, Derrick made a legal deposition that contains the earliest definite reference to cricket being played anywhere in the world. In 1619 George Abbot founded the Hospital of the Holy Trinity, now known as Abbot's Hospital, one of the finest sets of almshouses in the country, it is sited at the top end of the High Street, opposite Holy Trinity church. The brick-built, three-storey entrance tower faces the church. On each corner of the tower there is an octagonal turret rising an extra floor, with lead ogee domes. One of the greatest boosts to Guildford's prosperity came in 1653 with the completion, after many wrangles, of the Wey Navigation; this allowed Guildford businesses to access the Thames at Weybridge by boat, predated the major canal building program in Britain by more than a century. In 1764 the nav
BBC Tees is the BBC Local Radio service for the English areas of Teesside, County Durham and some of North Yorkshire. It broadcasts from its studios in Middlesbrough on 95.0 and 95.8 FM. According to RAJAR, the station has a weekly audience of 102,000 listeners and a 4% share as of December 2018; the station was launched as Radio Teesside at 6 pm on 31 December 1970 with a local news programme entitled Teesside Tonight, presented by George Lambelle, who won five major programming awards. On 1 April 1974 the station became known as Radio Cleveland, when the county of Cleveland was formed; the station moved to new offices in 1983. On 1 April 1996, the county of Cleveland split into Stockton-on-Tees, Hartlepool and Redcar and Cleveland; these four boroughs along with nearby Darlington now form the governmental sub-region of Tees Valley. Included in the main coverage area is the Army's main garrison at Catterick Garrison, included in the transmission area of Radio York on 104.3 FM. On Saturday 11 August 2007 the station rebranded itself as BBC Tees, due to its broadcasting area no longer being associated with the name Cleveland.
The BBC Tees brand was associated with its'Where I Live' website and'BBC Bus', which have both since been discontinued. The signal on 95 FM is strong and comes from the 900-foot Bilsdale transmitter on the North York Moors, which transmits the main television signals for Teesside and North Yorkshire, national radio frequencies, as well as the commercial stations TFM, 100-102 Real Radio and Capital FM on 106.4 FM. A relay transmitter covering the town of Whitby broadcasts on 95.8 FM. The DAB signals come from the Bauer 11B multiplex at Eston Brusselton; the station did transmit on medium wave for a while but this was closed down in 1992. BBC Tees is available on DAB in Teesside, County Durham and North Yorkshire and online via the station's website. Most of BBC Tees' programming is broadcast from its Middlesbrough studios. During off-peak hours, BBC Tees carries regional programming for the North East and Cumbria, produced from sister stations BBC Radio Newcastle and BBC Radio Cumbria. During the station's overnight downtime, BBC Tees simulcasts BBC Radio 5 Live.
Ali Brownlee BBC Tees History of local radio in Cleveland and Durham MDS975's Transmitter Map Bilsdale West Moor transmitter Whitby transmitter
Brooke Howard-Smith is an entrepreneur, New Zealand broadcaster, television presenter and artist having most exhibited at 42 Below's space in Auckland. At age 21 Brooke and Arlo Eisenberg started skate company Senate industries The company became one of the world's largest makers of inline accessories, turning over in excess of 13 million dollars in 1997. In 1996 he founded England Clothing. In 1999 he started. Known more for his OTT personality and crashes than his skating, he is thought of as the inventor of several tricks, including the Royale. Brooke is credited with being instrumental in the birth of vert inline skating. Over a period of 11 years he competed in multiple X Games and world championships and toured with the likes of Matt Hoffman and Tony Hawk. In 1996 he was featured in the finale of the closing ceremony of the Atlanta Olympics with Hawk, Hoffman and a small group of action sport heroes. Howard-Smith won the bronze medal at the X Games Rhode Island in 1995. Brooke is a New Zealand television personality, well known for his role presenting TV3's Target consumer affairs show, as well as Celebrity Joker Poker and TV2's XSTV an extreme sports show and Brooke was a part of the presenting line up for the 2007 Rugby World Cup in France.
He presented NZ Performance Car TV series 5 as well as the television coverage of the 2008 Coca-Cola Christmas in the Park, TV3's Big Night In telethon and Maori Television's Rise Up Christchurch telethon. Brooke was a judge for a challenge on the New Zealand television show The Block in September 2012 and in 2014, he is hosting reality show, Cadbury Dream Factory. Brooke organised Rise up Christchurch in 2011 for the Christchurch earthquake; the event raised 2.7 million dollars for the Prime Minister's Fund. Brooke and Jesse Griffin produced Comedy for Cure Kids for TV3. as a part of the 2012 event he created the charity single "Feel Inside" with the Flight of the Conchords. The song won the 2012 Tui for highest selling single; the team returned in 2015 to produce a charity supporters song for the All Blacks titled "Team Ball Player Thing". The song has over a million views on Facebook and YouTube. In 2016 Brooke, Derek Handley and Sam Hazledine WeAreTENZING, a social enterprise that holistically manages athletes and content creators.
He is the current CEO Brooke is married to former Miss New Zealand and actress/television presenter, Amber Peebles. Between 2005 and 2010 he ran the Auckland nightclub The Pony Club. One Blade Mag 15 Minutes with Brooke Howard Smith List of New Zealand television personalities