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Gulf of Thailand

The Gulf of Thailand known as the Gulf of Siam, is a shallow inlet in the western part of the South China Sea, a marginal body of water in the western Pacific Ocean. The gulf is around 800 km long and up to 560 km wide, has a surface area of 320,000 km2 and is surrounded on the north and southwest by Thailand, on the northeast by Cambodia and Vietnam; the South China Sea is to the southeast. The modern Thai name of the gulf is Ao Thai and "Gulf of Thailand" has been adopted as the official name of the body by the International Hydrographic Organization, its name in Malay and Khmer continues to be the "Gulf of Siam", Teluk Siam and Khmer: ឈូងសមុទ្រសៀម, Chhoung Samut Siem, respectively. In Thai, the gulf is known as Ao Sayam. In Vietnamese it is known as Vịnh Thái Lan, it is identified with the Great Gulf known to Greek, Arab and Renaissance cartographers before the influx of Portuguese explorers removed the phantom Dragon Tail peninsula from European world maps in the 16th century. The Gulf of Thailand is bordered by Cambodia and Vietnam.

It occupies a seabed area of 304,000 km2 from 6° N to 13°30' N latitude and 99°E to 104° E longitude. The northern tip of the gulf is the Bay of Bangkok at the mouth of the Chao Phraya River; the southern boundary of the gulf is defined by a line from Cape Bai Bung in southern Vietnam to the city of Kota Bharu on the Malaysian coast. The gulf is shallow: its mean depth is 58 metres and the maximum depth is only 85 metres; this makes water exchange slow, the strong water inflow from the rivers reduce the level of salinity in the gulf and enriches the sediments. Only at greater depths does water with a higher salinity flow into the gulf from the South China Sea, it fills the central depression below a depth of 50 metres. The main rivers which empty into the gulf are the Chao Phraya, including its distributary Tha Chin River, the Mae Klong, Bang Pakong rivers at the Bay of Bangkok, to a lesser degree the Tapi River flowing into Bandon Bay in the southwest of the gulf; the International Hydrographic Organization defines the southern limit of the gulf as " line running from the Western extreme of Cambodia or Camau Point to the Northern extreme of the point on the East side of the estuary of the Kelantan River".

The seabed morphology in the central depression of the gulf is characterised by the presence of elongated mounds and ridges arranged parallel to the axis of the basin. This morphology, widespread within the gulf in water depths exceeding 50 m, covers an area of tens of thousands of square kilometres, it reflects an interaction between sediment dewatering and the erosional activity of the present-day bottom currents. The sediment dewatering and fluid seepage result in the formation of numerous small pits and pockmarks; the long-term erosion imposed by currents of stable orientation modifies pockmarks into long runnels and depressions, leads to the formation of the large fields of elongated mounds and ridges, as well as the residual outliers of un-eroded mud and clay sheets. ThailandBay of Bangkok Prachuap Bay Ao Manao Sattahip BayCambodiaBay of Kompong Som Veal Rinh Bay Kep Bay Chhak Koh KongVietnamVinh Tuan Ven Vinh Ba Hon Vinh Hon Chong The larger islands in the gulf include: There are 75,590 rai of coral reef in the gulf, of which five percent are considered to be in fertile condition.

In 2010 severe coral bleaching occurred at most reef sites in the country. Bleaching of reefs in the Andaman Sea was more severe and extensive than that in the Gulf of Thailand. In 2016, coral bleaching was detected at Ko Thalu and Ko Lueam in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province for the first time. Scientists have determined that bleaching starts when seawater temperature rises beyond 30 °C for more than three weeks. Given the prolonged period of temperatures up to 32 °C at Ko Thalu in Prachuap Khiri Khan, five to ten percent of corals in the area are bleached. Coastal water monitoring results in 2015 from 202 sampling locations, collected twice annually, indicate that no Thai coastal waters were found to be in excellent condition. Sixteen percent of coastal water was of good quality, 72 percent was of fair quality, 9 percent was of poor quality and 3 percent was of poor quality; the quality of all coastal waters exhibited similar percentages — most were of fair quality — except for the Inner Gulf of Thailand, where the coastal water was poor to poor.

In comparison to coastal water quality as measured in 2014, water quality has deteriorated. Some gulf waters off Chachoengsao Province, Samut Sakhon Province, Samut Prakan Province, Rayong Province, Chonburi Province, Phetchaburi Province, Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, Surat Thani Province were judged to have coastal waters in "poor" or "very poor" condition. Songkhla was the only province on the gulf with coastal water rated "good" quality. Of Thailand's total marine catch, 41 percent is caught in the Gulf of Thailand and 19 percent in the Andaman Sea. Forty percent is caught in waters outside Thailand's EEZ. Thailand has 1,660 kilometres of coastline bordering the gulf. "Severe erosion", more than five metres of coastline loss per year, afflicts 670 kilometres of that total. At least some of the erosion is attributable to the clearing of mangrove forests to make way for shrimp farms. In February 2017, a 10 kilometer-long patch of plastic refuse was found floating off Chumphon Province. Thailand is among the world's worst plastic polluters.

More than half of "land-based plastic-waste leakage" into the sea originates from

O. Henry Hall

O. Henry Hall known as the U. S. Post Office and Federal Building, is a historic post office in Austin, Texas, it is located within the Sixth Street Historic District in Downtown Austin. O. Henry Hall serves as the administrative headquarters of the Texas State University System, until 2017 served as the University of Texas System headquarters. Architect James G. Hill designed the building, it was constructed under the supervision of architect Abner Cook; the courthouse was completed in 1879 at a cost of $200,000. The United States District Court for the Western District of Texas met there from until 1936. One of its most noted trials occurred in February 1898, when William Sidney Porter - the man who became known under the pen name of O. Henry - was tried and convicted of embezzlement, it was acquired by the University of Texas System in 1968 and renamed for the author, who had resided nearby in what is now called the William Sidney Porter House, but is better known as the O. Henry House; the building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on August 25, 1970.

It served as the administrative headquarters of that system. TSUS purchased O. Henry Hall in 2015 for $8.2 million. The UT System leased it and continued using it as its administrative headquarters prior to the 2017 completion of the UT System's current headquarters. TSUS did the move. Federal Judicial Center page on the United States Court House and Post Office O. Henry Hall - O'Connell Architecture

Wonderful Night

"Wonderful Night" is a song by English big beat musician Fatboy Slim, released as a single from his album Palookaville. It features vocalist Lateef the Truthspeaker, credited monomously as Lateef on the single release; the song is played at Staples Center after Los Angeles Clippers home wins and at Madison Square Garden during the second half of New York Knicks games. A shortened version of the song appears on the video game Dance Dance Revolution Extreme 2; the song was edited for radio due to the brief coarse language used in the middle of the song. The song garnered positive reviews from music critics. David Jeffries of Allmusic felt. Pitchfork's Johnny Loftus called the song's rhythm "concise," praising Lateef's performance. Rolling Stone's review of "Palookaville" called the song "groovy." A music video for the song was released. The song featured in the animated films Flushed Robots; the song was mashed with Here Comes Santa Claus in a J. C. Penney Christmas commercial in 2006. Lyrics of this song at MetroLyrics