A gunsmith is a person who repairs, designs, or builds guns. The occupation differs from an armorer, who replaces only worn parts in standard firearms. Gunsmiths do modifications and changes to a firearm that may require a high level of craftsmanship, requiring the skills of a top-level machinist, a skilled wood worker, an engineer, their level of craftsmanship requires several years of training and practical experience under a higher level gunsmith, attendance at a gunsmithing school, or both. Gunsmiths do factory level repairs and renovations to restore a much used or deteriorated firearms to new condition, they may make alterations to adapt sporting guns to better fit the individual shooter that may require extensive modifications to the firearm's stocks and metal parts. The repairs and redesigns may require fabrication and fitting of non-available parts and assemblies, which the gunsmith fabricates themselves. Gunsmiths may renew metal finishes to new condition levels or apply carvings and other decorative features to an otherwise-finished gun.

The environment in which all of that takes place varies depending on the specific locality, with some gun stores featuring one or a handful of individuals performing this work under their roof, some may work as individuals in their own, separate shop, or it may be a group of highly-trained specialist craftspeople who each contribute their individual skill to manufacture highly-crafted custom made firearms from basic metal and wood raw materials. Gunsmiths may be employed in: factories by firearms manufacturers in their in-house Custom Shop, armories by military or law-enforcement agencies, sporting goods stores, or small gunsmith shops, as either the owner, or as one of a handful of employees. To pursue the entirety of this trade, a gunsmith must possess skills as a parts fabricator, a metalworker or blacksmith, a woodworker and an artisan; those who are employed in small gunsmith shops must possess skills as small business operators. Due to the great breadth of subject matter to be mastered, many gunsmiths specialize in only a few of the skills required of the general gunsmith.

Alternatively, some gunsmiths learn many of the skills of the trade, but only apply them to a few weapon types. The primary technical responsibility of gunsmiths is to ensure that the guns work and function safely, they accomplish this first by always properly observing and demonstrating gun safety, in their handling procedures: both in their own actions, in the actions of their customers and the people around them. They accomplish this secondly by inspecting guns to ensure safe mechanical operation. Gunsmiths use their in-depth knowledge of guns to guide these inspections: either repairing deficiencies; some of the conditions a Gunsmith looks for when inspecting a firearm brought to them for repairs are: Improper Assembly Missing Parts Cracks: all cracked parts are cause for concern, but so in the chamber-area, bolt-lugs, or buttstock. Bore Obstructions: being either dented or bent barrels, or foreign material in barrels. Improper Headspace: dimensions concerning the relative locations of the chamber and the bolt are not within specified tolerances.

Improper Timing: Safety-Mechanism Malfunctions: allowing a gun with the safety mechanism engaged to unexpectedly fire. Worn Sear Edges: allowing a firearm to unexpectedly fire when the safety mechanism is disengaged. Firing-Pin Tips Deformed: leading to the possibility of primer-rupture; this list is not comprehensive. Many failure modes are dependent on the particular model of firearm. Disassemble, inspect, lubricate & reassemble. Remove corrosion and touch-up finish. Repair damaged parts with files & stones. Replace defective parts with factory-made replacements, hand-fitting as necessary. Add after-market customizations: sling-swivels recoil-pads iron-sights scopes grip caps butt plates Repair and re-finish wooden stock parts. Checker or re-checker grip areas. Deepen or clean up worn or damaged engravings & markings. Re-crown damaged muzzles on a lathe. Repair dented shotgun barrels. Install or repair rib on shotgun barrels, or repair double-barrel assemblies. Measure & correct head-space dimensions.

Check for excessive bore erosion. Troubleshoot and repair feeding, ejecting & firing problems. Test-fire guns with conventional loads to ensure proper operation. Fabricate wooden stocks to customer specifications and body dimensions. Fit same to existing receiver and barrel. Glass-bed actions to stocks to improve accuracy. Remove existing metal finish, re-blue metal parts. Fabricate replacement parts from metal stock. Modify trigger-pull weight through careful stoning of trigger mechanism parts. Fire proof-loads through weapons to ensure sufficient strength of parts under over-load conditions. Replace worn barrels, which have fired so many rounds that they are no longer of the specified caliber. Change caliber or cartridge of existing rifle, by changing barrel, modifying receiver. Re-cut rifling and change caliber of e

Jebediah (album)

Jebediah is the third studio album by Australian alternative rock band Jebediah. It was recorded at Mangrove Studios, outside Sydney with producer Magoo, released on 3 March 2002 by record label Murmur; the album remained in the top 50 for five weeks. Jebediah was recorded from June to August 2001 at Mangrove Studios, outside Sydney, with production by Magoo. Lead guitarist Chris Daymond explained the band's choice of an eponymous title: Simply calling it Jebediah is something we wanted to do because it doesn't point in either direction. We've used some in-jokes in the past in things that are distinctly our style. Having a self-titled album this time around is a way of us being the same sort of band, but older.—Chris Daymond Vocalist Kevin Mitchell clarified their musical direction: It's got the raw, live feel, the way we perform songs musically and vocally, but with more of a studio feel than the previous ones as well. We came in with a pretty clear idea of what we wanted, just based on previous experience and how we knew we wanted to change.

After the last album we wanted to breathe some life and spirit into this one.—Kevin Mitchell The album's lead single, "Fall Down", was released in October 2001, reaching No. 24 on the ARIA Singles Chart. The second single, "Nothing Lasts Forever", released in February 2002, peaked in the top 50; the third single, "N. D. C.", was released in July, reached the top 100. The fourth and final single, "October", released the same year, did not chart. Jebediah was released on 3 March 2002 by record label Murmur, it did not achieve Gold record accreditation. Following the release and promotion of Jebediah, Murmur ceased contractual arrangements with the band. In 2000 the group and their management company, Naked Ape Management, had created their own label, Redline Records; the label subsequently issued the group's own material, distributed by Shock Records. Greg Lawrence of Whammo opined. Led by the tracks'Fall Down' and'Nothing Lasts Forever'". Ed Nimmervoll at Howlspace described their aim "for the third album they resolved to try to have fun again, recorded quickly".

All tracks are written by Jebediah. JebediahChris Daymond – lead guitar Brett Mitchelldrums Kevin Mitchell – lead vocals, rhythm guitar Vanessa Thornton – bass guitarAdditional musiciansDave Orwell – pedal steel on "Country Holiday Song" Tylea Croucher – vocals on "Country Holiday Song" Jim MacDonaldbagpipes on "Fall Down"Technical personnelMagoo – production, mixing Mangrove Studios – recording studio

St Piran's Chapel, Trethevy

Saint Piran's Chapel is a long, single storey slate construction in the hamlet of Trethevy in the parish of Tintagel, Cornwall, UK. It is a chapel-of-ease in the Anglican parish of Tintagel; the chapel's earliest recorded mention is in May 1457 when Parson John Gregory had a licence to celebrate mass in the Chapels of St Piran and St Denys. The building was used for farm purposes after the Reformation. A field above the building, Chapel Meadow, was named on the Tithe map, 1841; until the early twentieth century a massive stone altar slab was in position and the old arched oak door frame of the south door, was still to be seen. A stone coffin was found in July 1944 by vicar of Tintagel; the body was buried with the feet towards the west, suggesting that it may have been that of a priest. Until its theft in 1993, a granite Norman lamp was displayed in the chapel. At some point in the late 19th century, the walls were lowered, it is unclear why there should be a chapel dedicated to Saint Piran so far from the concentration of places associated with him to the west of the county but the Domesday Book mentions the ‘monks of St. Pieran’ who owned the manor of Tregrebri in this part of Cornwall.

In 1941 the owner of the building, Sidney Harris, gave it back to the Church of England. The chapel was restored by builder George Climo; the first mass was celebrated there on 8 February 1944. Sidney Harris died in hospital that day. Occasional services are still held in the chapel. Other chapels bore St. Piran's name, including that according to Giraldus Cambrensis standing in the road in front of Cardiff Castle where Henry II was the recipient of a vision precluding Sunday markets. A small lancet window with a trefoil head remains in the east wall and what appears to be a rough stone shelf or piscina is on the south side. On the north wall there is a more recent stained glass window representing Saint Piran, standing in the Rocky Valley; the church is in the Boscastle and Tintagel group of parishes which includes: St Symphorian’s Church, Forrabury St Merteriana’s Church, Minster St Michael and All Angels' Church, Lesnewth St Denis' Church, Otterham St Julitta's Church, St Juliot St Materiana’s Church, Tintagel The Holy Family Church, Treknow St Petroc’s Church, Trevalga Canner, A. C.

The Parish of Tintagel: Some Historical Notes. Camelford: A. C. Canner Maclean, John The Parochial History of the Deanery of Trigg Minor, Vol. 3