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Gustave Flaubert

Gustave Flaubert was a French novelist. Influential, he has been considered the leading exponent of literary realism in his country, he is known for his debut novel Madame Bovary, his Correspondence, his scrupulous devotion to his style and aesthetics. The celebrated short story writer Guy de Maupassant was a protégé of Flaubert. Flaubert was born in the Seine-Maritime department of Upper Normandy, in northern France, he was the second son of Anne Justine Caroline and Achille-Cléophas Flaubert and senior surgeon of the major hospital in Rouen. He began writing at an early age, as early as eight according to some sources, he was educated at the Lycée Pierre-Corneille in Rouen, did not leave until 1840, when he went to Paris to study law. In Paris, he found the city distasteful, he made a few acquaintances, including Victor Hugo. Toward the end of 1840, he travelled in the Corsica. In 1846, after an attack of epilepsy, he abandoned the study of law. From 1846 to 1854, Flaubert had a relationship with the poet Louise Colet.

After leaving Paris, he returned to Croisset, near the Seine, close to Rouen, lived there for the rest of his life. He did however make occasional visits to Paris and England, where he had a mistress. Politically, Flaubert described himself as a "romantic and liberal old dunce", an "enraged liberal", a hater of all despotism, someone who celebrated every protest of the individual against power and monopolies. With his lifelong friend Maxime Du Camp, he travelled in Brittany in 1846. In 1849 -- 50 he went on a long journey to the Middle East, visiting Egypt. In Beirut he contracted syphilis, he spent five weeks in Istanbul in 1850. He visited Carthage in 1858 to conduct research for his novel Salammbô. Flaubert never married and never had children, his reason for not having children is revealed in a letter he sent to Coulet, dated 11 December 1852. In it he revealed that he was opposed to childbirth, saying he would "transmit to no one the aggravations and the disgrace of existence". Flaubert was open about his sexual activities with prostitutes in his writings on his travels.

He suspected that a chancre on his penis was from a Turkish girl. He engaged in intercourse with male prostitutes in Beirut and Egypt. According to his biographer Émile Faguet, his affair with Louise Colet was his only serious romantic relationship. Flaubert was a tireless worker and complained in his letters to friends about the strenuous nature of his work, he was close to his niece, Caroline Commanville, had a close friendship and correspondence with George Sand. He visited Parisian acquaintances, including Émile Zola, Alphonse Daudet, Ivan Turgenev, Edmond and Jules de Goncourt; the 1870s were a difficult time for Flaubert. Prussian soldiers occupied his house during the War of 1870, his mother died in 1872. After her death, he fell into financial difficulty due to business failures on the part of his niece's husband. Flaubert suffered from venereal diseases most of his life, his health declined and he died at Croisset of a cerebral hemorrhage in 1880 at the age of 58. He was buried in the family vault in the cemetery of Rouen.

A monument to him by Henri Chapu was unveiled at the museum of Rouen. As a devoted Spinozist, Flaubert was influenced by Spinoza's thought, he was a pantheist. His first finished work was November, a novella, completed in 1842. In September 1849, Flaubert completed the first version of The Temptation of Saint Anthony, he read the novel aloud to Louis Bouilhet and Maxime Du Camp over the course of four days, not allowing them to interrupt or give any opinions. At the end of the reading, his friends told him to throw the manuscript in the fire, suggesting instead that he focus on day-to-day life rather than fantastic subjects. In 1850, after returning from Egypt, Flaubert began work on Madame Bovary; the novel, which took five years to write, was serialized in the Revue de Paris in 1856. The government brought an action against the publisher and author on the charge of immorality, heard during the following year, but both were acquitted; when Madame Bovary appeared in book form, it met with a warm reception.

In 1858, Flaubert travelled to Carthage to gather material for his next novel, Salammbô. The novel was completed in 1862 after four years of work. Drawing on his youth, Flaubert next wrote an effort that took seven years; this was his last complete novel, published in the year 1869. He wrote an unsuccessful drama, Le Candidat, published a reworked version of The Temptation of Saint Anthony, portions of, published as early as 1857, he devoted much of his time to an ongoing project, Les Deux Cloportes, which became Bouvard et Pécuchet, breaking the obsessive project only to write the Three Tales in 1877. This book comprises three stories: Un Cœur simple, La Légende de Saint-Julien l'Hospitalier, Hérodias. After the publication of the stories, he spent the remainder of his life toiling on the unfinished Bouvard et Pécuchet, posthumously printed in 1881, it was a grand satire on the ubiquity of mediocrity. He believed the work to be his masterpiece. Flaubert was a prolific lett

Caladenia hastata

Caladenia hastata known as Mellblom's spider orchid is a plant in the orchid family Orchidaceae and is endemic to Victoria. It is a ground orchid with a single hairy leaf and up to three white to cream-coloured flowers with red markings on the labellum. Caladenia hastata is a terrestrial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and a single hairy leaf, 80–120 mm long and 2–10 mm wide with a few red spots at its base. There is only a single flower but sometimes there are as many as three. Flowers are borne on a spike 250–350 mm tall; the flowers are white to cream-coloured, sometimes with red markings. The sepals and petals have rather, club-like, dark brown glandular tips, spread widely; the dorsal sepal is erect, 30–40 mm long and 3–4 mm wide and curves forward. The lateral sepals are 30–40 mm long and 4–5 mm wide and the petals are 20–30 mm long and about 3 mm wide; the labellum curves forward with the tip rolled under. It is white to creamy-white with many linear-shaped, purplish teeth up to 2 mm long along its sides and four or six crowded rows of calli along its mid-line.

Flowering occurs in November. The species was first formally described by William Nicholls in 1942 and given the name Arachnorchis patersonii var. hastata from a specimen collected near Portland. The description was published in The Victorian Naturalist. In the same year, Herman Rupp changed the name to Caladenia hastata and the change was published in The Victorian Naturalist; the specific epithet is a Latin word meaning “spear-shaped” or "armed with a spear". Caladenia hastata grows in dense coastal heath in the Portland area, it is thought to have been common there before 1950 but to have become extinct, until specimens were found at Point Danger. The numbers at Point Danger declined until only six plants were recorded in 1996. Following conservation efforts, the numbers increased until there were about 740 plants recorded in five population. Caladenia hastata is listed as "endangered" under the Victorian Government Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 and the Australian Government Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

The main threats to the species weed invasion by coast wattle and boneseed, road maintenance activity and pollution from a nearby aluminium smelter

Destino (2013 Mexican TV series)

Destino is a Mexican telenovela produced by Maricarmen Marcos for Azteca. Paola Nuñez and Mauricio Islas star as the protagonists. Destino narrates a story where both daughter fall in love with the same man. From April 8 to August 30, 2013, Azteca 13 aired Destino weeknights at 7:30pm. Production started on March 7, 2013. Margarita Gralia as Grecia Del Sol/Dulce María Paola Núñez as Valeria Gonzalez / Valeria Cabrales Ríos Mauricio Islas as Sebastian Montesinos Ana La Salvia as Andrea Urdaneta Ramos Maria Fernanda Quiroz as Jennifer Fernandez "La Jennifer" Maria José Magan as Elena Vargas Del Sol Lucía Leyba as Cristina Vargas Del Sol Javier Gómez as Rolando Vargas Montero Ana Karina Guevara as Soledad Dominguez Hugo Catalán as Juan Beltrán "El Morro" Jorge Luis Vázquez as Héctor Nava Juan Vidal as Germán Aguirre de Alba Erick Chapa as Iñaki Herrera Araceli Aguilar as Elizabeth Ramos de Urdaneta Álvaro Guerrero as Venustiano Cabrales Homero Wimmer as Juan José "Padre Juanjo" Reyes Castillo Alessandra Pozo as Nuría María José Arce as Camila Montesinos Urdaneta Socorro Miranda as Ángela Ruiz de Cosio Jorge Reyes as Jimenez Tamara Fascovich as Guadalupe "Lupita" Eugenio Montessoro as Víctor Urdaneta Carilo Navarro as Rosa Pilar Fernandez as Jazmín Mauricio Bonet as Comandante Antonio Cantú Arancha as Agente Patricia Cabazos Paulette Hernández as Pamela Urdaneta Ramos Luisa Garza as Socorro González Matias Aranda as Diego Adrián Rubio as Enrique Valencia Emmanuel Morales as El Pelón Luis Morales as Don Aselmo "Chemo" Miguel Ángel Ferriz