Guyana the Co-operative Republic of Guyana, is a country on the northern mainland of South America. It is the only English speaking country in South America, is culturally considered part of the Anglophone-Caribbean sphere. In addition it is one of the founding member countries of the Caribbean Community organization. Guyana is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, Brazil to the south and southwest, Venezuela to the west, Suriname to the east. With an area of 215,000 square kilometres, Guyana is the third-smallest sovereign state on mainland South America after Uruguay and Suriname; the region known as "the Guianas" consists of the large shield landmass north of the Amazon River and east of the Orinoco River known as the "land of many waters". Major rivers in Guyana include the Essequibo, the Berbice, the Demerara. Inhabited by many indigenous groups, Guyana was settled by the Dutch before coming under British control in the late 18th century, it was governed as British Guiana, with a plantation-style economy until the 1950s.
It gained independence in 1966, became a republic within the Commonwealth of Nations in 1970. The legacy of British rule is reflected in the country's political administration and diverse population, which includes Indian, African and multiracial groups. Guyana is the only South American nation; the majority of the population, speak Guyanese Creole, an English-based creole language, as a first language. Guyana is considered part of the Anglophone Caribbean. CARICOM, of which Guyana is a member, is headquartered in Guyana's capital and largest city, Georgetown. In 2008, the country joined the Union of South American Nations as a founding member; the name "Guyana" derives from Guiana, the original name for the region that included Guyana, French Guiana, parts of Colombia and Brazil. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, "Guyana" comes from an indigenous Amerindian language and means "land of many waters". There are nine indigenous tribes residing in Guyana: the Wai Wai, Patamona, Kalina, Pemon and Warao.
The Lokono and Kalina tribes dominated Guyana. Although Christopher Columbus was the first European to sight Guyana during his third voyage, Sir Walter Raleigh wrote an account in 1596, the Dutch were the first Europeans to establish colonies: Essequibo and Demerara. After the British assumed control in 1796, the Dutch formally ceded the area in 1814. In 1831 the three separate colonies became a single British colony known as British Guiana. Since its independence in 1824 Venezuela has claimed the area of land to the west of the Essequibo River. Simón Bolívar wrote to the British government warning against the Berbice and Demerara settlers settling on land which the Venezuelans, as assumed heirs of Spanish claims on the area dating to the sixteenth century, claimed was theirs. In 1899 an international tribunal ruled; the British territorial claim stemmed from Dutch involvement and colonization of the area dating to the sixteenth century, ceded to the British. Guyana achieved independence from the United Kingdom as a dominion on 26 May 1966 and became a republic on 23 February 1970, remaining a member of the Commonwealth.
The US State Department and the US Central Intelligence Agency, along with the British government, played a strong role in influencing political control in Guyana during this time. The American government supported Forbes Burnham during the early years of independence because Cheddi Jagan was identified as a Marxist, they provided secret financial support and political campaign advice to Burnham's People's National Congress, to the detriment of the Jagan-led People's Progressive Party, supported by Guyanese of East Indian background. In 1974, the Guyana government leased 3,800 acres of land to Peoples Temple, an American new religious movement, led by pastor Jim Jones; the settlement, informally called "Jonestown" grew to a population of about 1,000 people emigrated from the United States. In 1978, Guyana received worldwide attention when 909 people died in a mass murder/suicide in Jonestown by drinking cyanide-laced Flavor Aid. A day prior, U. S. congressman Leo Ryan toured the settlement as part of an investigation.
As he was preparing to leave at the Port Kaituma airstrip, a group of Peoples Temple members pulled up and opened fire on the visiting delegation, killing Ryan and four other people. In May 2008, President Bharrat Jagdeo was a signatory to the UNASUR Constitutive Treaty of the Union of South American Nations; the Guyanese government ratified the treaty in 2010. The territory controlled by Guyana lies between latitudes 1° and 9°N, longitudes 56° and 62°W, one of the world's most sparsely populated countries; the country can be divided into five natural regions. Some of Guyana's highest mountains are Mount Ayanganna, Monte Caburaí and Mount Roraima on the Brazil-Guyana-Venezuela tripoint border, part
Season 4 of Dance Plus premiered on October 6, 2018 on Star Plus and is produced by Urban Brew Studios in association with Frames Productions. The season is hosted by Sugandha Mishra. Remo D'Souza is the super judge of the season; the following are the three captains of the season. Shakti Mohan Punit Pathak Dharmesh Yelande The fourth round is the international squad challenge in which one member of each team has to match the level of dancing of the international dancer; the artist which matches the score gets double the points of the international squad. This round is scored out of ten by the super judge. Based on the scores of these rounds, two teams go to the final showdown; the fourth artist from each team performs and the super judge chooses the winner. The winning team's captain nominates two artists from his or her team to go forward and the super judge chooses the artist who will go to top eight. Only exception to Top 12 is S-Unity Crew of "Team Raghav Juyal". Now, after The Super Judge, Remo D'Souza, has accepted S-Unity Crew as a qualified contestant, they are taking part in the competition as a part of Team Dharmesh.
Vartika Jha and V Unbeatable became the first two finalists. While Sujan-Aaanchel and Chetan Salunkhe joined them based on their performance and voting by viewers. 1. Vartika Jha 2. Rishabh Sharma 3. B-Unique Crew 4. Feel Crew 5. Chetan Salunkhe 6. V Unbeatable 7. Sujan & Aaanchel 8. S Unity Crew 9. Gang 13 Shilpa Shetty Karishma Kapoor Geeta Kapoor Terence Lewis Ketaki Mategaonkar Kapil Dev Anil Kapoor Jeetendra Ranveer Singh Sara Ali Khan Govinda Shah Rukh Khan Anushka Sharma Katrina Kaif Manoj Tiwari Lizelle D’Souza Dhruv D’Souza Gabriel D’Souza Siddhartha Jadhav Madhuri Dixit Prabhu Deva Ganesh Acharya Riteish Deshmukh Kumar Sanu Mouni Roy Nora Fatehi The Royal Family Dance Crew Poppin John Karen and Ricardo Shovana Narayan Jaja and B-Dash Marquese Scott 1. Rishabh Sharma 2. Sujan & Anchal 3. V Unbeatable 4. D Core 5. Vartika Jha 6. B-Unique Dance Plus on Hotstar
The Frog Princes is a 2011 documentary film directed by Omar Majeed and Ryan Mullins. This film follows the story of a Montreal-based theater troupe training for a play adaptation of the fairytale The Princess and the Frog. All twenty actors in the troupe have developmental disabilities; the film is shot as a play within a play. The film centers on the lead actor in Ray-Man, a young adult with Down syndrome; the film follows the personal struggles of the cast as they prepare for the play, working with the director, Dr. Stephen Snow. Snow is a trained theatre director at The Centre for the Arts in Human Development at Concordia University; the documentary is distributed by EyeSteelFilm Productions. The film was shown on Canadian Broadcasting Corporation on 6 August 2011 during prime time, it was shown at the Hot Docs, the Toronto International Documentary film Festival. This film was screened at the Abilities Arts Festival in Toronto; this film is rated parental guidance suggested. The Frog Princes Official website EyeSteelFilm website: The Frog Pronces page The Frog Princes on IMDb