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Guyot

In marine geology, a guyot known as a tablemount, is an isolated underwater volcanic mountain with a flat top more than 200 m below the surface of the sea. The diameters of these flat summits can exceed 10 km. Guyots are most found in the Pacific Ocean, but they have been identified in all the oceans except the Arctic Ocean. Guyots were first recognized in 1945 by Harry Hammond Hess, who collected data using echo-sounding equipment on a ship he commanded during World War II, his data showed. Hess called these undersea mountains "guyots", because they resembled the flat-roofed biology and geology building at Princeton University, Guyot Hall, named after the 19th-century geographer Arnold Henry Guyot. Hess postulated they were once volcanic islands that were beheaded by wave action, yet they are now deep under sea level; this idea was used to help bolster the theory of plate tectonics. Guyots show evidence of having once been above the surface, with gradual subsidence through stages from fringed reefed mountain, coral atoll, a flat-topped submerged mountain.

Seamounts are made by extrusion of lavas piped upward in stages from sources within the Earth's mantle hotspots, to vents on the seafloor. The volcanism invariably ceases after a time, other processes dominate; when an undersea volcano grows high enough to be near or breach the ocean surface, wave action and/or coral reef growth tend to create a flat-topped edifice. However, all ocean crust and guyots form from hot magma and/or rock; as the lithosphere that the future guyot rides on cools, it becomes denser and sinks lower into Earth's mantle, through the process of isostasy. In addition, the erosive effects of waves and currents are found near the surface: the tops of guyots lie below this higher-erosion zone; this is the same process that gives rise to higher seafloor topography at oceanic ridges, such as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge in the Atlantic Ocean, deeper ocean at abyssal plains and oceanic trenches, such as the Mariana Trench. Thus, the island or shoal that will become a guyot subsides over millions of years.

In the right climatic regions, coral growth can sometimes keep pace with the subsidence, resulting in coral atoll formation, but the corals dip too deep to grow and the island becomes a guyot. The greater the amount of time that passes, the deeper the guyots become. Seamounts provide data on movements of tectonic plates on which they ride, on the rheology of the underlying lithosphere; the trend of a seamount chain traces the direction of motion of the lithospheric plate over a more or less fixed heat source in the underlying asthenosphere, the part of the Earth's mantle beneath the lithosphere. There are thought to be up to an estimated 50,000 seamounts in the Pacific basin; the Hawaiian–Emperor seamount chain is an excellent example of an entire volcanic chain undergoing this process, from active volcanism, to coral reef growth, to atoll formation, to subsidence of the islands and becoming guyots. The steepness gradient of most guyots is about 20 degrees. To technically be considered a guyot or tablemount, they must stand at least 900 m tall.

One guyot in particular, the Great Meteor Tablemount in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean, stands at more than 4,000 m high, with a diameter of 110 km. However, there are many undersea mounts that can range from just less than 90 m to around 900 m. Large oceanic volcanic constructions, hundreds of kilometres across, are called oceanic plateaus. Guyots are much larger in area than typical seamounts. There are 283 known guyots in the world's oceans, with the North Pacific having 119, the South Pacific 77, the South Atlantic 43, the Indian Ocean 28, the North Atlantic eight, the Southern Ocean six, the Mediterranean Sea two. Guyots are associated with specific lifeforms and varying amounts of organic matter. Local increases in chlorophyll a, enhanced carbon incorporation rates and changes in phytoplankton species composition are associated with guyots and other seamounts. Evolution of Hawaiian volcanoes Kodiak–Bowie Seamount chain New England Seamounts NOAA: What is a guyot

Alister Pearson

Alister Pearson is an English artist and illustrator. He is best known for his work on the covers of Doctor Who novels and videos. Pearson was born on the Isle of Wight. While still a student, he sent sample covers to Target Books, the publishers of Doctor Who novelisations, his first published work was commissioned. Pearson went to art college, left after only one term, spent the next three years submitting Doctor Who covers to Target editor Nigel Robinson and art director Mike Brett, his first cover commission was for the novelisation of The Underwater Menace. Pearson went on to produce many more novelisation covers, including first edition covers for all of the seventh Doctor adaptations and a number of first and second Doctor covers such as the first edition of The Edge of Destruction. Pearson continued to create covers for Target, including new covers for reprints of Doctor Who novels - some using artwork painted for the BBC Video releases - including An Unearthly Child and The War Games.

When the novelisation line ended, Pearson was commissioned to create covers for the Doctor Who Missing Adventures. Pearson's Doctor Who work was not limited to books. From 1986 to 1993, he provided covers and fold-out posters for Doctor Who Magazine and Doctor Who Classic Comics, he produced sixteen covers for BBC Video VHS releases of Doctor Who serials. In 2005, Pearson provided a frontispiece for Panini Books' Doctor Who Annual 2006; the next year, he created a cover for the same publisher's Doctor Who Storybook 2007, other covers the following years for Doctor Who Storybook 2008 and Doctor Who Storybook 2009. Between 1993 and 1995, Pearson provided twelve covers for Titan Books' "Star Trek Adventures" line. There were reprints of Star Trek novels released by Bantam Books. In 2007 Alister Pearson illustrated the cover for The England Quiz Book, compiled by his old friend and fellow Doctor Who buff, Adam David Pearson who lives on the Isle of Wight. Pearson is known for inserting initials into his artwork.

Profile at On Target Alister Pearson at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database

LZ experiment

The LUX-Zeplin experiment is a WIMP detector. The international collaboration constructing it formed in 2012 by combining the LUX and ZEPLIN groups, it is to be located at the Sanford Underground Research Facility in South Dakota, managed by DOE’s Lawrence Berkeley National Lab. The LZ experiment is a next-generation dark matter direct detection experiment; when completed, the experiment will be the world’s most sensitive experiment for WIMPs over a large range of WIMP masses In the spring of 2015, LZ passed the ‘Critical Decision Step 1’ or CD-1 review, became an official DOE project.. As of 2018, the installation of the experiment is expected 2019 and start of data collecting 2020. LZ is a collaboration of 30 institutes in UK, Portugal and Russia. Henrique Araújo from the Imperial College of London leads the UK team on LZ; the LZ Dark Matter Experiment

Matt Shapira

Matt Shapira is an American artist and director. He is best known for his work on his art on elephants. Shapira was born in California, he spent eleven years as a talent agent along with his father David Shapira. In 2017, his feature film Big Muddy starring Brian Thompson, Brian Thomas Smith and Kassandra Clementi, premiered at St. Louis International Film Festival, he has chosen to focus his attention and painting on Indian and African Elephants, his work can be seen all over the world, on canvas, clothing apparel and more. He worked with NGO's across the globe to raise awareness and funds for conservation of elephants, he is slated to direct the upcoming feature film The Swing of Things, starring Adelaide Kane, Luke Wilson and Carolyn Hennesy. Sunflower Behind the Walls Big Muddy The Dark Tapes Drowners Apple in the Rain Week in Beauty A Needle's Point Beneath the Wheel Mere Image Matt Shapira on IMDb Roaming Elephant Productions

Yoganand Shastri

Yoganand Shastri is an Indian politician from Delhi. He thrice served as member of Delhi Legislative Assembly, he served as the Speaker of Delhi Legislative Assembly from 2008 to 2013. He was a cabinet minister for Development and Civil Supplies in First Dikshit cabinet and Minister for Health and Social Welfare in Second Dikshit cabinet, he twice represented Malviya Nagar Assembly constituency and one time Mehrauli Assembly constituency. पूर्व विधानसभा अध्यक्ष का नौकर छेड़छाड़ में गिरफ्तार Dikshit criticises BJP for demanding Speaker`s res Dr Yoganand Shastri: Congress

Divina

Divina is a village and municipality in Žilina District in the Žilina Region of northern Slovakia. In historical records the village was first mentioned in 1325; the municipality lies at an altitude between 355 – 910 metres and covers an area of 21.881 km². It has a population of about 2384 people. Late baroque church, built between 1773 and 1779 by John Nepomuk Szunyogh; the church is registered in the Central List of the Slovak Memorial Fund under the number 1333/1. The Statue of St. John of Nepomuk is registered in the Central List of the Slovak Memorial Fund under the number 1334/2, it is a sandstone sculpture from 1796 standing on a stone base. The project of restoration of St. John of Nepomuk statue was initiated by architect Marek Sobola and was started in 2016, was completed in June 2017. Partners, who were addressed to cooperate have either some connection to St. John of Nepomuk or to Slovakia and was from: Germany, Bulgaria, Bavaria and Czech Republic; the project was carried out under auspices of the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Slovakia.

Exceptional realization of the restoration project of the statie has gained a Honorable recognition by Minister of Culture of the Slovak Republic, Ľubica Laššáková on the 13th edition of the competition Phoenix – National Cultural Monument of the Year 2017. Meteorit from Divina fell into the center of the village on July 24, 1837. From the mineralogical point of view it is a chondrite; the weight was 10.5 kg. The memorial was designed by native of Divina. Architect used a corten steel for the construction; the memorial contains a precise 3D copy of the meteorite. The original is in the Hungarian Natural History Museum as well as the Natural History Museum Vienna. Štefan Závodník was a Roman Catholic priest, important personality of Slovak national past and pioneer of bee-keeping in Slovakia. He was the organizer of the first Upper Hungarian societies. In the years 1836 – 1841 he worked as a chaplain in Divina and between 1841 – 1850 he was a Roman Catholic priest in Divina. Marek Sobola is an Slovak authorised garden and landscape architect, professional gardener and heraldic artist.

He is a member of the Slovak Chamber of Architects and Czech Chamber of Architects. His specialization is an Ecclesiastical heraldry in Missionary countries; the records for genealogical research are available at the state archive "Štátny archív v Žiline so sídlom v Bytči". Roman Catholic church records: 1771-1898. List of municipalities and towns in Slovakia https://web.archive.org/web/20071116010355/http://www.statistics.sk/mosmis/eng/run.html Surnames of living people in Divina