SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Gwyn ap Nudd

Gwyn ap Nudd is a Welsh mythological figure, the king of the Tylwyth Teg or "fair folk" and ruler of the Welsh Otherworld and whose name means “white son of Nudd”. Described on as a great warrior with a "blackened face", Gwyn is intimately associated with the otherworld in medieval Welsh literature, is associated with the international tradition of the Wild Hunt. Gwyn is the son of Nudd and would thus be grandson to Beli Mawr and nephew of Arianrhod, Penarddun, Gofannon, Nynniaw and Caswallawn. Based on their shared patronymic, his siblings include Edern, a warrior who appears in a number of Arthurian texts, Owain ap Nudd, mentioned in Geraint and Enid. In Culhwch and Olwen, Gwyn is the lover of Creiddylad, the daughter of Lludd, who may therefore be Gwyn's own sister, though that connection was not made by the medieval author of Culhwch and Olwen. Gwyn plays a prominent role in the early Arthurian tale Culhwch and Olwen in which he abducts his sister Creiddylad from her betrothed, Gwythyr ap Greidawl.

In retaliation, Gwythyr raised a great host against Gwyn, leading to a vicious battle between the two. Gwyn was victorious and, following the conflict, captured a number of Gwythyr's noblemen including Nwython and his son Cyledr. Gwyn would murder Nwython, force Cyledr to eat his father's heart; as a result of his torture at Gwyn's hands, Cyledr went mad. After the intervention of Arthur and Gwythr agreed to fight for Creiddylad every May Day until Judgement Day; the warrior, victorious on this final day would at last take the maiden. This fight may be an example of a putative contest between summer and winter as well as a variant of the putative Holly King myth proposed by Robert Graves. According to Culhwch and Olwen, Gwyn was "placed over the brood of devils in Annwn, lest they should destroy the present race". Before he can win Olwen's hand, Culhwch ap Cilydd must complete a number of impossible tasks given to him by Olwen's father, the giant Ysbaddaden. One of these tasks is to retrieve the comb and scissors from the head of the vicious boar, Twrch Trwyth.

As it is impossible to hunt the boar without Gwyn's aid, he is called upon to join Arthur and his retinue against Twrch Trwyth. During the hunt, he is mounted on the only horse that can carry him. Both Gwyn and Gwythyr set out with Arthur to retrieve the blood of Orddu, witch of the uplands of hell. Gwyn appears prominently in the medieval poem The Dialogue of Gwyn ap Nudd and Gwyddno Garanhir, found in the Black Book of Carmarthen. In this narrative, returning from battle, chances upon Gwyddno, king of Cantre'r Gwaelod, grants him his protection. Gwyn relates his exploits on the battlefield and his role as a psychopomp, a mysterious figure who gathers the souls of fallen British warriors, such as Bran the Blessed, Meurig ap Carreian, Gwendoleu ap Ceidaw and Llacheu ab Arthur, his skill in combat is extolled in this poem. The poem ends with Gwyn's proclamation: His role as a psychopomp is paralleled in his tradition as leader of the Wild Hunt, in which he leads a pack of supernatural hounds known as the Cŵn Annwn to harvest human souls.

In Welsh folklore, to hear the baying of Gwyn's hounds was a portent of imminent death in the family. In The Dialogue, Gwyn is accompanied by a hound, namely as Dormarth of the ruddy nose. Gwyn witnessed a "conflict" before Caer Vandwy, an otherworldly fortress mentioned in Preiddeu Annwfn. Over time, Gwyn's role would diminish and, in folklore, he was regarded as the king of the Tylwyth Teg, the fairies of Welsh lore, he appears as a simpler figure in Buchedd Collen, in which he and his retinue are vanquished from Glastonbury Tor with the use of holy water. According to the Speculum Christiani, a fourteenth century manuscript against divination, Welsh soothsayers would invoke Gwyn's name before entering woodlands, proclaiming: "to the king of Spirits, to his queen-- Gwyn ap Nudd, you who are yonder in the forest, for love of your mate, permit us to enter your dwelling."The celebrated fourteenth-century bard, Dafydd ap Gwilym refers to Gwyn in a number of texts, suggesting that the character was known in Wales during the medieval period.

In Y Dylluan, he describes the eponymous owl as the "fowl of Gwyn ap Nudd", while in Y Niwl, he is described as the "trickster of men with his dark face" and his talaith as talaith y gwynt, "the nation of the wind." Gwyn is again mentioned in Y Pwll Mawn, in which the bard tells an unfortunate autobiographical account in which he and his horse were drowned in a lake, described as the "fish lake of Gwyn ap Nudd" and "the palace of the elves and their children." Gwyn is associated with the Wild Hunt, in a role akin to Woden or Herne the Hunter. Some traditions name Gwyn's chief huntsman as Iolo ap Huw, every Halloween, "may be found cheering Cŵn Annwn over Cader Idris". In the Black Book of Carmarthen Gwyn states. Gwyn means "fair, white", cognate with the Irish fionn; as such, he has some connection to the Irish hero Fionn mac Cumhail, whose maternal great-grandfather was Nuada. The name of Gwyn's father, appears like Nuada to be cognate with the Brythonic deity Nodens. Gwyn is in everyday use as a common noun and adjective: it remains a popular personal name.

The Brythonic form of this name would have been *Windos

Enniscorthy Castle

Enniscorthy Castle is situated in Enniscorthy, County Wexford. The current castle was built in the 16th century; the first stone castle was built on site in the 1190s by Anglo Norman Knight. Philip and their descendants resided at the Castle until the 1370s. Art MacMurrough Kavanagh attacked Enniscorthy Castle in the 1370s, in an attempt to regain his ancestral land. Art was successful and the MacMurrough Kavanagh dynasty held the Castle until 1536, when they surrendered the Castle and surrounding lands to Lord Leonard Grey. At this time Enniscorthy Castle is reported be in a ruined condition. Enniscorthy Castle was burned down by the Earl of Kildare in 1569. In 1581, Queen Elizabeth I handed the land to Edmund Spenser, though he never took up residence there. During the Elizabethan plantations the Castle was owned by Sir Henry Wallop, who extended and refurbished the castle extensively; the Castle was occupied by Cromwellian forces in 1649, used as a prison during the 1798 Rebellion. It became the private residence of the Roche family, until they vacated it in 1951.

In the years following it became home to the Wexford County Museum. The Castle closed for refurbishments in 2006 and reopened in 2011. Today, Enniscorthy Castle explores the development of the Castle and the town of Enniscorthy from its earliest Anglo-Norman origins; the Castle houses exhibitions dedicated to its last residence The Roche Family, the Industrial and Commercial Heritage of Enniscorthy, Colm Toibin's. The Castle site at the head of the River Slaney, in the centre of Enniscorthy town; as a Norman Castle, it features 4 corner towers, a 4-storey rectangular keep. The original foundation of a castle on this site goes back to the 12th or 13th-century, though the current structure dates from the 16th. Enniscorthy Castle appears to echo the style of other local castles, such as Ferns Castle and Carlow Castle; the Castle had fallen into ruins by the early 20th century, was restored by P. J. Roche, who extended and reconstructed the building. For many years the Castle was home of the Wexford County Museum.

The Castle was closed for extensive refurbishment in 2006, which saw the collections taken into the care of the local authority. Enniscorthy Castle reopened in 2011. Today, the museum explores the development of the Castle itself and town from its earliest Anglo-Norman origins, with a special focus on the Castle as a family home; the Castle houses exhibitions dedicated to the acclaimed architect and designer Eileen Gray and Colm Toibin's'Brooklyn'. Some of the objects of the older Wexford County Museum displays are featured. There is a memorial plaque within the castle grounds noting details of the first flight across the Irish Sea, by Denys Corbett-Wilson Enniscorthy Castle Discover Ireland

Al Trautwig

Alan Trautwig is a sports commentator with the MSG Network, ABC, NBC, NBC Sports Network, USA Network. He does the pre-game and post-game shows for the New York Knicks and New York Rangers, as well as fill-in play-by-play for both teams. Trautwig was a stick-boy for the New York Islanders in their early days in the NHL and a ball boy for the New York Nets when they played in the ABA. Both teams used the Nassau Coliseum in New York for their home games, he graduated from H. Frank Carey Junior-Senior High School, in Franklin Square, NY; as a 22-year-old recent college graduate, Trautwig called New York Apollo soccer games on WBAU 90.3 FM, a student-run radio station on Long Island. In the 1980s, Trautwig hosted USA Network's coverage of the National Hockey League, he occasionally would do the sponsor plugs for WWF shows that would air on the USA Network in the mid-'80s. He guest hosts the NHL on Versus studio program Hockey Central, he anchored several MISL games from 1978 to 1992. Trautwig was one of the original hosts for Classic Sports Network when it was founded in 1996.

The 2000 New York Sportscaster of the Year, Trautwig has covered the last eight Olympic games, has won New York Sports Emmys for his coverage of the Yankees and Rangers. From 1991–2001, Al was host of the New York Yankees' pre- and post-game shows on MSG Network, was in the booth for a few innings per game. In 2006, he hosted the new MSG show called Al Trautwig's MSG Vault, which featured vintage and sometimes discovered lost footage of the New York Knicks and New York Rangers from the 1960s, 1970s, 1980s. In addition to his current duties, at the beginning of the 2006 football season Trautwig became a radio host as well, hosting the radio version of NBC's Football Night in America for Westwood One, which co-produces the show with the network. However, Trautwig left the show in the middle of the season, he hosts NBC's coverage of the Ford Ironman World Championship, Foster Grant Ironman World Championship 70.3 and ING New York City Marathon. He was a television pit reporter alongside Jim McKay for ABC Sports' coverage of the 1986-1987 Indianapolis 500.

He has co-anchored coverage of the Tour de France, the Olympics, NBC's coverage of the Arena Football League. Despite his years of experience as a broadcaster, he was sometimes criticized by cycling fans, for his uninformed commentary, his tendency to compare the Tour to various mainstream sports he covers. From 2005–2008, he co-anchored USA Network's coverage of the US Open tennis tournament. Trautwig had a cameo in the movie Cool Runnings as an announcer for the bobsled competition, he now co-anchors the US Open's live feed during the tournament. Since 2000, Trautwig has taken over the spot long covered by John Tesh of hosting U. S. national and international gymnastics competitions, including the 2000, 2004, 2008, 2012, 2016 Olympic games. Trautwig's co-hosts include former Olympic gold medalist Tim Daggett, former Canadian champion gymnast Elfi Schlegel, three-time Olympian John Roethlisberger and 2008 Olympic champion Nastia Liukin. Trautwig has stated that, at the urging of NBC producers, his gymnastics commentary focuses on the personal stories of the gymnasts.

During the 2008 Beijing Olympics, he described a gymnast's pre-Olympics injury as "like having a tear in your wedding dress right before you walk down the aisle." His commentary has resulted in some in the gymnastics community criticizing Trautwig long before the Biles controversy at the 2016 Rio Olympics by die-hard fans of the sport who feel that Trautwig serves only to perpetuate the stereotypes of women's gymnastics. MSG's Al Trautwig bio Al's Thoughts on the Hit Show Lost