Christian V of Denmark
Christian V was king of Denmark and Norway from 1670 until his death in 1699. As king he wanted to show his power as absolute monarch through architecture and he was the first to use the 1671 Throne Chair of Denmark, partly made for this purpose. His motto was, Pietate et Justitia, Christian was elected successor to his father in June 1650. This was not a choice, but de facto automatic hereditary succession. Escorted by his chamberlain Christoffer Parsberg, Christian went on a trip abroad, to Holland, France. On this trip, he saw absolutism in its most splendid achievement at the young Louis XIVs court and he returned to Denmark in August 1663. From 1664 he was allowed to attend proceedings of the State College, hereditary succession was made official by Royal Law in 1665. ChristIan was hailed as heir in Copenhagen in August 1665, in Odense and Viborg in September, only a short time before he became king, he was taken into the Council of the Realm and the Supreme Court. He became king upon his fathers death on 9 February 1670 and he was the first hereditary king of Denmark, and in honor of this, Denmark acquired costly new crown jewels and a magnificent new ceremonial sword.
The war exhausted Denmarks economic resources without securing any gains, to accommodate non-aristocrats into state service, he created the new noble ranks of count and baron. One of the elevated in this way by the king was Peder Schumacher, named Count Griffenfeld by Christian V in 1670. The results of the war efforts proved politically and financially unremunerative for Denmark, the damage to the Danish economy was extensive. After the Scanian War, his sister, Princess Ulrike Eleonora of Denmark, married the Swedish king Charles XI, Christian V was often considered dependent on his councillors by contemporary sources. The Danish monarch did nothing to dispel this notion, in his memoirs, he listed hunting, love-making and maritime affairs as his main interests in life. Christian V introduced Danske Lov in 1683, the first law code for all of Denmark and it was succeeded by the similar Norske Lov of 1687. He introduced the land register of 1688, which attempted to out the land value of the united monarchy in order to create a more just taxation.
During his reign, science witnessed a golden age due to the work of the astronomer Ole Rømer in spite of the king’s personal lack of scientific knowledge and he died from the after-effects of a hunting accident and was interred in Roskilde Cathedral. Christian V had eight children by his wife and six by his Maîtresse-en-titre, Sophie Amalie Moth, Sophie was the daughter of his former tutor Poul Moth
University of Copenhagen Faculty of Science
The Faculty of Science at the University of Copenhagen houses 12 departments, including the Natural History Museum of Denmark. The facultys administration is housed at the universitys Frederiksberg Campus, the faculty offers three-year Bachelor of Science, two-year Master of Science and a three-year Ph. D. degree programmes. There are two areas of study programmes. The other is the natural history-geography group, which includes biology, physical education, sports science, geography, the University was co-founder of the Euroleague for Life Sciences which was established in 2001. In January 2005, the August Krogh Institute and the Department of Molecular Biology merged to form the Department of Molecular Biology and Physiology, three years it was merged into the Department of Biology. In January 2007, the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University was merged into the University of Copenhagen and was renamed as the Faculty of Life Sciences. Five years it was split up, with the veterinary part merging into the Faculty of Health and Medical Sciences, the seal of the faculty contains the following text which is written in a circle around a stylized rendering of a hafnium atom.
Hafnium was discovered at the Faculty in 1923 by Dirk Coster and Georg von Hevesy, the faculty’s research and teaching takes place across 12 departments. Some departments house specialized sections and laboratories
Coast Line (Denmark)
The Coast Line is a regional railway line between Helsingør and Copenhagen in Denmark. It was opened in 1897, and it is today the busiest railway line in Denmark, the Coast Line, along with an extensive network of railways in Scania, are run by DSB Øresund, part of DSB. Its original terminus was Østerport Station, but when the station was connected with Copenhagen Central Station in 1917, when the Oresund Bridge opened in 2000, service extended to Malmö in Sweden, though the section between Copenhagen and Malmö is a separate railway, the Oresund Line. The railway services some well-known sights and locations such as Louisiana Museum of Modern Art in Humlebæk, Kronborg Castle in Elsinore, kystbanen is now an integrated part of the Oresundtrain network which serves southern Sweden. Plans for a railway between Copenhagen and Helsingør had been proposed since the childhood of railways, the North Line was built though Helsingør in 1864 and in 1863 the connection between Copenhagen and Klampenborg Station as a sort of daytrip and tourist route.
The Forestry Department didnt have any objections against the railway as long as not even a tree was cut down. A number of citizens were active in the debate about the choice of route, because of rules decided by the Ministry of War, the railway had to go in a large curve out over the lakes to Nørrebro and onwards towards the Øresund Coast at Hellerup. Hellerup station was built in the 1860s because it was where the North Line and the Klampenborg Line split, the stretch between Østerport and Hellerup was first taken into use with the opening of the Coast Line in 1897. Østerport was the terminus of the line, was originally called Kystbanestationen, Østerbro, København Ø. First 20 years the line between Copenhagen Central Station and Østerport was taken into use, and the Coast Line got its present form on 1 December 1917. In 2007 the Danish government in cooperation with Skånetrafiken announced a that they would make a bid for transportation companies to bid on taking over the Coast Line, several European operators most notably SJ, Connex, and DSBFirst.
DSBFirst won this bid due to their plan of introducing 7-Eleven to the majority of stations, keeping the current system of permanently staffed trains, and promising better scheduling. Moreover, there was a sense that it was convenient because DSB already had trains suited to operate under the two different volt systems used for railway electrification in Denmark and Sweden. Despite serving food and coffee for passengers on their first Monday of operation, for the next few months the trains had an average delay percentage of 10, causing outcry among frequent passengers and a massive drop in rating. As of June 2009, DSBFirst managed to regain much passenger support through fewer delayed trains due to a change in timetables and better education of the train managers. The unique feature of the Coast Line is that despite there is only between three and six minutes between each station, it has not been operated by S-trains. Today the main service on the line is Oresund trains that operate between Helsingør via Copenhagen and Copenhagen Airport to Malmö in Sweden and ER trains between Nivå and Kastrup, in rush hour, these trains are supplemented with higher speed commuter train operated with various stock.
The replacement of steam locomotive with diesel multiple units started in 1935, originally the Coast Line was operated by litra K and litra O steam engines and by litra S engines that were acquired in the 1920s
Store Dyrehave is a forest immediately south of Hillerød, on both sides of Københavnsvej, in North Zealand, Denmark. Consisting of conifers and beech, it was enclosed with walls in 1619–28 as a royal deer park for hunting. In 1680, Christian V introduced a system of roads forming a star with eight branches for par force hunting. Although par force hunting was discontinued in 1777, the road system, Store Dyrehave is one of the three forests forming the Par force hunting landscape in North Zealand, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Store Dyrehave has an almost quadratic shape, Præstevang, an area on the northwestern side of the forest, is bounded by the town of Hillerød on three sides. The small town of Ny Hammersholt and Hillerød Golf Club are located on the southwest side while the margin of the forest is bounded by the Istedrødvej motorway. To the southeast is the village of Kirkelte in Allerød Municipality. Its open surroundings, which were protected in 1972, partly separate Store Dyrehave from Tokkekøb Hegn, the first enclosed deer park for hunting at Christian IVs new Frederiksborg Castle was Lille Dyrehave immediately to the north of the castle.
Store Dyrehave, south of the castle, was enclosed with walls in 1619–28. In 1680, Christian V introduced a French-inspired geometrical system of forming a star with eight branches for par force hunting. Par force hunting took place in the forest until 1777, in the 18th century, the forest was used for breeding Frederiksborg horses by the Royal Frederiksborg Stud. The horses were separated in groups according to colour, each group consisted of 15-20 mares and one stallion. The blue-couloured horses were kept in Store Dyrehave while the grey ones grazed in Præstevang, in 1859, Frederick VII created a small Romantic garden complex in Præstevangen in the northwestern part of the forest, which he named Fantasiens Ø. It is located on an island created by digging a canal across a peninsula, in the Brededam Lake and originally included a small pavilion. The garden fell into neglect after Frederick VIIs death, the kitchen was pulled down in 1905 and the pavilion removed in 1969, but a few ruins remain.
As a part of the Par force hunting landscape in North Zealand, Store Dyrehave was inscribed on the UNESCO list of World Heritage Site on 4 July 2015. Store Dyrehave comprises 1,230 hectares of forest,18.8 hectares of lakes and ponds,40.8 hectares of marshland,21.6 hectares of plains and 9.8 hectares of meadows. Deciduous trees dominate the periphery of the forest, with beech as the most common species, covering 414.8 hectares, while oak trees cover 132 hectares and other deciduous trees cover 120 hectares
Skodsborg is a small town/suburb approx. 20 km. north of Copenhagen, the town has a population of 1,222 and lies in Rudersdal Kommune. The town is a town but doesnt have a marina. The town has good access from the Strandvej and from the houses along the shore. A wide beach allows easy access along the coast, the western side of Skodsborg borders the Jægersborg Dyrehave with miles of trails for hiking and cycling. The town is connected with the Oresundtrain and with buses to neighboring communities, meaning tranquility, was originally a large wooden house built in 1794 for the Norwegian civil servant Carsten Anker. In 1855, the house was acquired by Ludvig Grøn, owner of Det Grønske Handelshus, the house remained in the hands of his family until 1958. The current ahouse is from 1827 and it is now owned by ] and used as a conference centre. Flemming Østergaard, lives in Skodsborg Skodsborg Spa Hotel
Rudersdal Municipality is a part suburban, part rural municipality located on the northern outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark. It covers an area of 73 km² and has a population of 56,133, the distance from Copenhagen City Hall Square is approximately 20 km. The western part of the municipality is served by the Hillerød radial of the S-train network while the part is served by the Coast Line. Administratively Rudersdal Municipality belongs to Region Hovedstaden, on 1 January 2007 Rudersdal municipality was created as the result of 2007 Danish Municipal Reform, consisting of the former municipalities of Søllerød and Birkerød. Its mayor as of 2013 is Jens Ive, a member of the Liberal Party political party, Rudersdal Town Hall, completed in 1942, was designed by Arne Jacobsen and Flemming Lassen. Birkerød Municipality was a municipality in Frederiksborg County on the island of Zealand in eastern Denmark, the municipality covered an area of 34 square kilometres, and had a total population of 21,930.
As of 2007, it forms a part of Rudersdal Municipality On January 1,2007 Birkerød municipality ceased to exist as the result of Kommunalreformen and it merged with Søllerød Municipality to form the new Rudersdal municipality. This created a municipality with an area of 73 square kilometres, the new municipality belongs to the new Region Hovedstaden. Its last mayor before the reform was Ove C, alminde, a member of the Conservative Peoples Party political party. The main town and the site of its council was the town of Birkerød. Neighboring municipalities were Søllerød to the southeast, Hørsholm to the north, Birkerød and Holte stations are located on the Hillerød radial of the S-train network. Both are served by the A trains and Holte station is served by the E trains. Skodsborg and Vedbæk stations are located on the Coast Lune between Copenhagen and Helsingør, the line is served by the Øresundståg trains. The Nærum Line links Nlrum with Jægersborg station on the S-train network, major roads include Lyngby Kongevej and the Helsingør Motorway.
KulturSlangen is a 14.5 km, signposted geenway which runs from Næsseslottet in Holte in the west to Vedbæk Marina on the Øresund Coast in the east and it was established in 1996 and passes various points of interest. A number of smaller round trils extends from the route, the Vedbæk Circuit was inaugurated on 22 November 2015. Rudersdal Municipality will be served by the under development network of Super Bikeways in metropolitan Copenhagen, bike lanes are already available on Lyngby Kongevej and many other roads]]
Danish Museum of Hunting and Forestry
The Danish Museum of Hunting and Forestry is a state-owned museum in Hørsholm exhibiting objects connected with the history of hunting and forestry in Denmark. It is now associated with the UNESCO-listed Par force hunting landscape in North Zealand. The museum was established in 1942 and it is based in the former farm buildings of Hirschholm Palace. The Par force hunting landscape in North Zealand was inscribed on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites on 4 July 2015, the museum is expected to be the site manager and principal coordinator of information and news about the Par Force heritage site. The exhibitions consist of three collections, The Hunting collection illustrate the history of hunting in Denmark from ancient times until the present day, the forestry collections focus on tools and used in forestry before c. An exhibition about modern forestry with machines used in recent times, children can try it on and enter the machines. Hørsholm Local History Museum Official website
Randers is a city in Randers Municipality, Central Denmark Region on the Jutland peninsula. It is Denmarks sixth-largest city, with a population of 61,163, Randers is the municipalitys main town and the site of its municipal council. The municipality is a part of the East Jutland metropolitan area, by road it is 38.5 kilometres north of Aarhus,43.8 kilometres east of Viborg, and 224 kilometres northwest of Copenhagen. Randers became a market town in medieval times, and many of its 15th-century half-timbered houses remain today, as does St Martins Church. Trade by sea was facilitated through the Gudenå River, entering Randers Fjord, most of the larger historic industries in Randers are gone today. From 1970, the population saw a decline from a peak of 58.500 citizens, the main tourist attraction is Randers Tropical Zoo thanks to its artificial rainforest, the largest in Northern Europe, its 350 varieties of plant and over 175 species of animals. The citys football team, Randers FC, play their homes games at the AutoC Park Randers, and are in Denmarks first league, the Superligaen.
The town is home to Randers rugby union club and Jutland RLFC, a rugby league team, as well as Randers Cimbria. The oldest forms of the name appear on coins minted from the times of King George until those of Svend Grathe. The coins bear the names Ranrosia, Radrusia, ancient written records include the Latin Randrusium, Icelandic Randrosi, and Rondrus, Randrøs. Other early forms provide Randersborg and Randershusen, the name appears to stem from Rand and Aros and probably means town on the hillside by the river mouth. The modern form Randers was first came into use at the end of the 17th century, Randers was formally established around the 12th century, but traces of activity date back to Viking times. Canute IV of Denmark, known as Canute the Saint and Canute the Holy, the peasants of Randers who rose up against him and his plans to attack England and its ruler, William the Conqueror, assembled in this town. Their uprising led to the death of Canute, a chronicle written at Essenbæk Abbey tells of a fire that ravaged the city.
The city was destroyed and rebuilt three times in the 13th century, in 1246, it was burned down by Abel of Denmarks troops during the civil uprising against Eric IV of Denmark. This action led to insurrection against the Germans. Ebbesen died in a battle at Skanderborg Castle in December 1340. A statue to Ebbesen stands in front of Randers Town Hall today, when King Valdemar IV of Denmark tried to assemble a government in 1350 after the mortgaging to the Holsteiners, the town was further reinforced with protection, and was often named as Randershus