HTC Dream

The HTC Dream is a smartphone developed by HTC. First released in September 2008, the Dream was the first commercially released device to use the Linux-based Android operating system, purchased and further developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance to create an open competitor to other major smartphone platforms of the time, such as Symbian operating system, BlackBerry OS, iPhone OS; the operating system offers a customizable graphical user interface, integration with Google services such as Gmail, a notification system that shows a list of recent messages pushed from apps, Android Market for downloading additional apps. The Dream was released to positive reception. While the Dream was praised for its solid and robust hardware design, the introduction of the Android operating system was met with criticism for its lack of certain functionality and third-party software in comparison to more established platforms, but was still considered to be innovative due to its open nature, notifications system, heavy integration with Google's services.

In July 2005, Google acquired Android Inc. a company led by Andy Rubin, working on unspecified software for mobile devices. Under the leadership of Google, the team was in the process of developing a standardized, Linux-based operating system for mobile phones to compete against the likes of Symbian and Windows Mobile, which would be offered for use by individual original equipment manufacturers. Initial development of what would become Android was targeted towards a prototype device codenamed "Sooner"; the January 2007 unveiling of the iPhone, Apple's first smartphone, its pioneering design aspects, caught Rubin off-guard and led to a change in course for the project. The operating system's design was reworked, attention shifted to a new prototype device codenamed "Dream"—a touchscreen device with a sliding, physical keyboard; the inclusion of a physical keyboard was intentional, as Android developers recognized users did not like the idea of a virtual keyboard as they lacked the physical feedback that makes hardware keyboards useful.

The Android operating system was unveiled in November 2007 along with the founding of the Open Handset Alliance. These companies included Google, along with HTC, a company, at the time, one of the largest manufacturers of phones. While Google indicated in 2008 that several Linux devices were being tested in preparation for the official public launch of Android, only one was to be released in the United States that year—the HTC Dream. Plans called for the Dream to be released on T-Mobile USA by the end of the year, targeting the holiday shopping season. Sprint had worked with the OHA, but had not yet unveiled any plans to release an Android phone of its own, while Verizon Wireless and AT&T did not have any plans for Android devices yet at all. HTC announced the Dream on 23 September 2008, it would first be released by T-Mobile as the T-Mobile G1, starting in the United States on 20 October 2008 in its 3G-enabled markets only, followed by a British release in November 2008, a release in other European territories in early 2009.

On 10 March 2009, it became available in Poland as the Era G1 on Era. On 2 June 2009, both its successor were released by Rogers Wireless in Canada; the Dream was discontinued by T-Mobile on 27 July 2010. The G1 was spiritually succeeded in October 2010 by the T-Mobile G2, a new HTC device which featured stock Android and a sliding keyboard, was T-Mobile USA's first "4G" smartphone. In Canada, Rogers suspended sales of the Dream on 15 January 2010 due to a bug affecting the proper use of emergency calls; the Dream's exterior uses a soft, smothered matte plastic shell, was made available in white and bronze colors. The Dream's design features a distinctive "chin" on the bottom, which houses 5 navigation buttons and a clickable trackball in the center which can be used for scrolling and selecting; the device uses a 3.2 inches capacitive touchscreen LCD at a resolution of 320×480. While supporting multitouch at the hardware level, the Linux kernel in the Dream's Android distribution was patched to remove multitouch support from its touchscreen drivers for undisclosed reasons.

The Dream does not include a traditional headphone jack, requiring an adapter for HTC's proprietary "ExtUSB" port located on the bottom of the device. The rear of the device houses a 3.15-megapixel rear camera with auto-focus. The Dream uses a 528 MHz Qualcomm MSM7201A system on a chip with 192 MB of RAM, comes with 256 MB of internal storage, which can be expanded by up to 16 GB using a Micro SD card slot. For network connectivity, the Dream supports Quad-band GSM 850/900/1800/1900 MHz and GPRS/EDGE, plus Dual band UMTS Bands I and IV and HSDPA/HSUPA at 7.2/2 Mbit/s. The device supports standalone GPS and A-GPS; the HTC Dream was the first smartphone to ship with the Android operating system. The operating system integrates with, provides apps for various Google se

Merlin Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll

Merlin Sereld Victor Gilbert Hay, 24th Earl of Erroll is a crossbench member of the House of Lords, chief of the Scottish clan Hay, hereditary Lord High Constable of Scotland. Lord Erroll is 23rd Countess of Erroll and Sir Iain Moncreiffe of that Ilk, he was page to the Lord Lyon in 1956. He was educated at Trinity College, Cambridge, he succeeded his mother, the countess, in 1978 as Earl of Erroll, in 1985, his father as a Baronet. He is a member of the Council of the Hereditary Peerage Association; as Lord Erroll was Chief of Clan Hay by virtue of his mother's title, his younger brother Peregrine took over from their father as Chief of Clan Moncreiffe. He married Isabelle Jacqueline Laline Astell Hohler, daughter of Major Thomas Sidney Hohler and heiress to the family of Astell, of Everton House, Bedfordshire, in 1982; the Countess was a patroness of the Royal Caledonian Ball and served as High Sheriff of Bedfordshire in 2015. The couple has two sons and two daughters: Harry Thomas William Hay, Lord Hay, married to Clementine Travis in 2017.

Lady Amelia Diana Jacqueline Hay Lady Laline Lucy Clementine Hay, married to Major Jeremy Sudlow in 2017. Hon. Richard Merlin Iain Hay; the Earl of Erroll has been a lieutenant at the Atholl Highlanders since 1974, is a Member of the Royal Company of Archers. He served in the 21st SAS Artists Rifles Territorial Army from 1975 to 1990, was an Honorary Colonel of the Royal Military Police from 1992 to 1997. Erroll has worked as a marketing and computer consultant, is a Freeman of the City of London and a Member of the Court of Assistants of the Worshipful Company of Fishmongers, of which he was Prime Warden in 2000–2001, he continues to head Puffin's Club, founded by his father. He is President of ERADAR the Chamber for Electronic Business, Chairman of the Digital Policy Alliance, he is a director of Lasseo, a not-for-profit technical standardization and interoperability membership organisation for smartcard technologies. Lord Erroll was one of 90 excepted hereditary peers elected to remain in the House of Lords following the House of Lords Act 1999.

A programmer and system designer by trade he sits as a crossbencher and speaks on matters relating to cybersecurity and information technology. He was a member of the Science and Technology Committee and criticised Tony Blair's government for the failure to curb cyber crime after various government agencies, including the Ministry of Defence and HM Revenue and Customs, reported massive losses of data in 2008. Most he was a member of the Information Committee from 2007 to 2012. Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages Leigh Rayment's list of baronets Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by the Earl of Erroll Official Profile on the Parliament website Earl of Erroll Open Rights Group

Stop the Bleeding (Tourniquet album)

Stop the Bleeding is Christian metal band Tourniquet's debut album, released in 1990 on Intense Records and remastered/re-released independently in 2001 on Pathogenic Records. The re-release includes new artwork, an expanded booklet, several bonus tracks including demos and live versions featuring then-lead vocalist Luke Easter; the band recorded Stop the Bleeding at Mixing Lab A & B studio in California. The band's line-up consisted of Ted Kirkpatrick, Guy Ritter, Gary Lenaire. Session musician Mark Lewis played nearly half of the album's lead guitar solos. Prior to the album's recording, during an "Artists vs. Label" softball game, a label executive accidentally ran over drummer Ted Kirkpatrick's foot while rounding second base, requiring Kirkpatrick to record the album under a great deal of pain; the band faced other recording obstacles as well, such a power failure that forced the producer to mix the songs over again. In an interview, then-vocalist Guy Ritter reminisced: In the original booklet, the band gave co-production credits to Roger Martinez, vocalist of fellow California-based Christian thrash metal group Vengeance Rising.

However, Metal Blade Records' Bill Metoyer produced the album. Ritter said about this: Musically, the album was said to be "unlike anything else on the market at the time" and incorporates classical music to 1980s-inspired speed and thrash metal riffs. Guy Ritter's vocals on the album, which he said were inspired by glam metal vocalists, shift between low-baritone and high-falsetto vocals, although they were performed higher on the demo versions: Ritter's falsetto vocals are compared to those of King Diamond: The album cover art features a snake restrained by chains, representing the power good has over evil and how that relates to the death and resurrection of Christ, the ultimate victory over Satan; the bible verse 1 John 4:4, which reads in part, "Greater is He, in me than he, in the world," inspired this concept. The song "You Get What You Pray For" was the band's first charted quite well, it was a GMA Dove Award nominee for "Metal Recorded Song of the Year." The band's controversial video for "Ark of Suffering," which contains graphic footage of animals in laboratories and slaughterhouses and appears on the band's Ocular Digital DVD, received airplay on MTV before the channel ceased airing it after complaints that it was too graphic.

Despite MTV's ban, the video won the Christian News Forum Contemporary Christian Music Award for "Rock Video of the Year," and Heaven's Metal magazine readers voted it their "Favorite Video of the Year." About the song's airplay, Ritter said: "Ark of Suffering" – 4:39 "The Test for Leprosy" – 4:19 "Whitewashed Tomb" – 4:40 "Tears of Korah" – 6:31 "Ark of Suffering" – 3:56 "Concert Intro" - 4:25 Ted Kirkpatrick – drums, bass Guy Ritter – vocals Gary Lenaire – guitars, bass Mark Lewis – lead guitars Ted Kirkpatrick – drums Luke Easter – vocals Aaron Guerra – guitars, vocals Steve Andino – bass Ted Kirkpatrick – drums, rhythm guitars Guy Ritter – vocals Gary Lenaire – guitars, vocals Mark Lewis – lead guitars Aaron Guerra – arrangement and mix Stop the Bleeding at Stop the Bleeding at