Karl Hansen Reistrup
Frederik Karl Kristian Hansen Reistrup was a Danish sculptor and ceramist. He is remembered in particular for the ceramics he produced for Herman A. Kählers pottery factory in Næstved, born in Copenhagen, he studied ceramics under C. Albert, attended the Technical School in Copenhagen in preparation for the Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts and he attended the Académie Julian in Paris under Henri Chapu from 1885. He produced many designs, especially for vases and jugs. He decorated a number of buildings, producing friezes for the Aarhus Theatre, Marselisborg and Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek. As a painter, from around 1910 he created scenes of horses and battles from the wars of the First and Second Schleswig Wars. He illustrated the works of Bernhard Severin Ingemann, although Hansen Reistrup is not considered to be an outstanding figure in Danish art, he is nevertheless remembered for his important contribution to ceramics. Hansen Reistrups son, Urban Hansen-Reistrup was an architect who was active in Næstved.
From Folk Art to Modern Design in Ceramics, Ethnographic Adventures in Denmark and Mexico 1975-1978 Updated 2010
Jacques-René Hermant was a French architect, one of the most renowned architects of fin-de-siècle Paris. Born in Paris, the son of the architect Achille Hermant, Hermant was educated at the École des Beaux-Arts under Joseph Auguste Émile Vaudremer and he was a rationalist architect, but was a strong advocate for the neoromanticism style of the time, preferably the style of Louis XIII. Hermant was a Professor at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris and he employed the Danish architect Hack Kampmann during Kampmanns stay in Paris in 1883. The French pavilion for the Worlds Columbian Exposition, Chicago,1893 the French pavilion for the Exposition Internationale, Brussels,1897 La Caserne des Célestins, home of the cavalry of the French Republican Guard. Haussmann, Paris,1907 Second Grand Prix de Rome,1880 Commander Légion dhonneur,1929 Balteau, livraisons dhistoire de larchitecture,2003, Vol.6, Number 1, p. 47–67
Aarhus Custom House
The Aarhus Custom House is located on the harbour front in Aarhus, Denmark. Completed in 1898, it is said to be Hack Kampmanns finest work, Kampmann designed other buildings in the city including Marselisborg Palace and Aarhus Teater. The building was used by the tax authorities until the mid-1990s, tækker Group, who purchased the building in 2004, have fully renovated the building in collaboration with the cultural authorities, taking care to maintain the Kampmann style. After being used in recent years by the school and as a student hostel
Aarhus Business College
Aarhus Business College is a school of secondary education in Aarhus, Denmark. The school comprise six different localities in Aarhus, with two campuses in Vejlby and Viby. The school has grown substantially since its beginning and today occupy six locations across the city, in 2009, Business Academy Aarhus was spun off as an independent institution along with vocational programmes under Aarhus Educational Centre for Agriculture and Aarhus Tech
Frederiksberg Courthouse is a courthouse in Frederiksberg, an independent municipality in Copenhagen, Denmark. The building was completed in 1921 to designs by Hack Kampmann as part of a complex at Howitzvej which included a new fire station. The latter is connected both to the courthouse and Solbjerg Church by short colonnades, both the courthouse and the police station as well as a courtyard space situated to the rear of the complex were listed in 1997. An extension of the courtyard is currently under construction to designs by 3XN, the project originally comprised only a fire station and a police station. It was decided to build next to Solbjerg Church which had been completed in 1908 in the grounds where Frederiksberg Hospital had previously been located. A design competition was won by professor Hack Kampmann in 1914, when a reform of the jurisdictional system prompted the need for a courthouse in Frederiksberg, it was decided to build it next to the two other buildings and Kampmann was charged with its design.
Construction began in 1919 and the building was completed by Kaj Gottlob after Kampmanns death and it was inaugurated on 22 October 1921. Kampmanns courthouse is designed in the Neoclassical under influence from Carl Petersen and it is a two-storey, rectangular building surrounding a courtyard with a sculpture of Justitia designed by Einar Utzon-Frank. The building is constructed in red brick while the plinth, a dominant cornice just below the roof, the drain pipes and detailing on the cornice and at the windows are in copper. The windows are painted white towards the street and black facing the courtyard, the roof is hipped towards the street with a low Mansard towards the courtyard. The plan is symmetrical and identical on both two floors, which are connected by a round staircase, the connecting hallways follow the courtyard side of the building whereas the offices face the street. The court rooms are located in the south wing, there are four court rooms, located opposite each other, two on each floor.
The two court rooms on the floor which were originally used for criminal cases are connected to the police station by an underground passageway. All four courtrooms have semi-circular reliefs by Utzon-Frank, smaller ones designed by two students at the Royal Academy of Arts are found above the doors in the hallway on both floors. The police station is a tall, wing, located just left of the courthouse, another short colonnade connects it to Solbjerg Church on the opposite side. The masonry of the facades is decorated with licenes and a distinctive gable faces the street, a short flight of stairs lead up to the entrance which is decorated with a portico. A second entrance to the courtyard, for staff, is located on the rear of the building as seen from Howitzvej, access is through a gateway in the connector between the courthouse and the police station, opening to a courtyard space which was designed by Kampmann. Its setts form a pattern of varying amplitude depending on the location on the plaza
Aarhus is the second-largest city in Denmark and the seat of Aarhus municipality. It is located on the east coast of the Jutland peninsula, in the centre of Denmark,187 kilometres northwest of Copenhagen and 289 kilometres north of Hamburg. The inner urban area contains 264,716 inhabitants and the population is 330,639. Aarhus is the city in the East Jutland metropolitan area. The history of Aarhus began as a fortified Viking settlement founded in the 8th century, the city was founded on the northern shores of a fjord at a natural harbour and the primary driver of growth was for centuries seaborne trade in agricultural products. Market town privileges were granted in 1441, but growth stagnated in the 17th century as the city suffered blockades, in the 19th century it was occupied twice by German troops during the Schleswig Wars but avoided destruction. As the industrial revolution took hold, the city grew to become the second-largest in the country by the 20th century, today Aarhus is at the cultural and economic core of the region and the largest centre for trade and industry in Jutland.
The city ranks as the 92nd largest city in the European Union and it is a top 100 conference city in the world. Aarhus is the industrial port of the country in terms of container handling. Major Danish companies have based their headquarters here and people commute for work and it is a centre for research and education in the Nordic countries and home to Aarhus University, Scandinavias largest university, including Aarhus University Hospital and INCUBA Science Park. Aarhus is notable for its musical history, in the 1950s many jazz clubs sprang up around the city, fuelled by the young population. By the 1960s, the music scene diversified into rock and other genres, in the 1970s and 1980s, Aarhus became the centre for Denmarks rock music fostering many iconic bands such as TV-2 and Gnags. Aarhus is home to the annual eight-day Aarhus International Jazz Festival, the SPoT Festival, in 2017 Aarhus are European Capital of Culture. In Valdemars Census Book the city was called Arus, and in Icelandic it was known as Aros and it is a compound of the two words ār, genitive of ā, and ōss.
The name originates from the location around the mouth of Aarhus Å. The spelling Aarhus is first found in 1406 and gradually became the norm in the 17th century, aarhus/Århus spelling With the Danish spelling reform of 1948, Aa was changed to Å. Some Danish cities resisted the new spelling of their names, notably Aalborg, Århus city council explicitly embraced the new spelling, as it was thought to enhance an image of progressiveness. In 2010, the city voted to change the name from Århus to Aarhus in order to strengthen the international profile of the city
The term Danish Realm refers to the relationship between Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland—three countries constituting the Kingdom of Denmark. The legal nature of the Kingdom of Denmark is fundamentally one of a sovereign state. The Faroe Islands and Greenland have been part of the Crown of Denmark since 1397 when the Kalmar Union was ratified, legal matters in The Danish Realm are subject to the Danish Constitution. Beginning in 1953, state law issues within The Danish Realm has been governed by The Unity of the Realm, a less formal name for The Unity of the Realm is the Commonwealth of the Realm. In 1978, The Unity of The Realm was for the first time referred to as rigsfællesskabet. The name caught on and since the 1990s, both The Unity of The Realm and The Danish Realm itself has increasingly been referred to as simply rigsfællesskabet in daily parlance. The Danish Constitution stipulates that the foreign and security interests for all parts of the Danish Realm are the responsibility of the Danish government, the Faroes received home rule in 1948 and Greenland did so in 1979.
In 2005, the Faroes received a self-government arrangement, and in 2009 Greenland received self rule, the Danish Realms unique state of internal affairs is acted out in the principle of The Unity of the Realm. This principle is derived from Article 1 of the Danish Constitution which specifies that constitutional law applies equally to all areas of the Danish Realm, the Constitutional Act specifies that sovereignty is to continue to be exclusively with the authorities of the Realm. The language of Denmark is Danish, and the Danish state authorities are based in Denmark, the Kingdom of Denmarks parliament, with its 179 members, is located in the capital, Copenhagen. Two of the members are elected in each of Greenland and the Faroe Islands. The Government ministries are located in Copenhagen, as is the highest court, in principle, the Danish Realm constitutes a unified sovereign state, with equal status between its constituent parts. Devolution differs from federalism in that the powers of the subnational authority ultimately reside in central government.
The Self-Government Arrangements devolves political competence and responsibility from the Danish political authorities to the Faroese, the Faroese and Greenlandic authorities administer the tasks taken over from the state, enact legislation in these specific fields and have the economic responsibility for solving these tasks. The Danish government provides a grant to the Faroese and the Greenlandic authorities to cover the costs of these devolved areas. The 1948 Home Rule Act of the Faroe Islands sets out the terms of Faroese home rule, the Act states. the Faroe Islands shall constitute a self-governing community within the State of Denmark. It establishes the government of the Faroe Islands and the Faroese parliament. The Faroe Islands were previously administered as a Danish county, the Home Rule Act abolished the post of Amtmand and these powers were expanded in a 2005 Act, which named the Faroese home government as an equal partner with the Danish government
Skagen is Denmarks northernmost town and the area surrounding it. Occasionally known in English as The Scaw, it is situated on the east coast of the Skagen Odde peninsula in the far north of Jutland and it is located 41 kilometres north of Frederikshavn and 108 kilometres northeast of Aalborg. With its well-developed harbour, Skagen is Denmarks main fishing port and has a thriving tourist industry, originally the name was applied to the peninsula but it now usually refers to the town itself. The settlement began in the Middle Ages as a fishing village, thanks to its seascapes and evening light, towards the end of the 19th century it became popular with a group of Impressionist artists now known as the Skagen Painters. The modern port of Skagen opened on 20 November 1907, and with the connections to Frederikshavn. In the early 1910s, Christian X and Queen Alexandrine often visited Skagen and they built the summer residence Klitgården, completed in 1914. Between the 1930s and 1950s the town grew rapidly, with the more than doubling from 4,048 in 1930 to 9,009 in 1955.
Skagen reached a population of 14,050 in 1980. As of 1 January 2014 it has a population of 8,198, thanks to the artistic community which still remains in Skagen, the local arts and crafts trade remains important to the income of the town with its numerous crafts shops and galleries. It was redeveloped in 1909–10 by Ulrik Plesner who designed a number of buildings in Skagen, including Klitgården. Skagens first school was the Latinskole, a school, which was in operation from 1549 until 1739. The primary gymnasium of the town, Skagen Kultur- og Fritidscenter, opened in 1972, and was expanded with an aquatic centre. Skagens Sportscenter was completed in 1974, primary to accommodate badminton, the local football club, Skagen Idræts Klub, was founded in 1946 and plays in Jyllandsserien, one of the lower divisions in Danish football. The Hvide Klit Golf Club is located some 17 km south of the town, Skagen station is the most northerly railway station in mainland Denmark and is the terminus of the Skagensbanen.
Nordjyske Jernbaner operates the train service between Skagen and Frederikshavn with onward national connections by DSB. From Frederikshavn, there are ferries to Gothenburg and Oslo, Aalborg Airport with flights to destinations across Europe is located some 100 km southwest of Skagen. As in other Danish cities, cycling is popular and this is the only time the name Tastris is mentioned but Skagen itself, first documented as Skaffuen in 1284, simply means narrow promontory. The first building in the area, dating from the 12th century, was in Højen on the west side of the peninsula and it belonged to Tronder, a shepherd who became Skagens first fisherman