Haddington, East Lothian

The Royal Burgh of Haddington is a town in East Lothian, Scotland. It is the main administrative and geographical centre for East Lothian, which as a result of late-nineteenth century Scottish local government reforms took the form of the county of Haddingtonshire for the period from 1889-1921, it lies about 17 miles east of Edinburgh. The name Haddington is Anglo-Saxon, dating from the sixth or seventh century AD when the area was incorporated into the kingdom of Bernicia; the town, like the rest of the Lothian region, was ceded by King Edgar of England and became part of Scotland in the tenth century. Haddington received burghal status, one of the earliest to do so, during the reign of David I, giving it trading rights which encouraged its growth into a market town. Today Haddington is a small town with a population of fewer than 10,000 people. In the middle of the town is the Town House, built in 1748 according to a plan by William Adam; when first built, it inheld a council chamber and sheriff court, to which assembly rooms were added in 1788, a new clock in 1835.

Nearby is the County Courthouse. Other nearby notable sites include the Jane Welsh Carlyle House, Mitchell's Close and the birthplace of author and government reformer Samuel Smiles on the High Street, marked by a commemorative plaque. Haddington is located predominantly on the north-east bank of the River Tyne, was once famous for its mills, it developed into the fourth-largest town in Scotland during the High Middle Ages, was at the centre of the mid-eighteenth century Scottish Agricultural Revolution. In 1641, an Act was passed by the Parliament of Scotland to encourage the production of fine cloth, in 1645 an amendment went through stating that the masters and workers of manufactories would be exempt from military service; as a result of this, more factories were established. This factory suffered during the Civil War with the loss of its cloth to General Monck. A new charter was drawn up in May 1681, major capital invested in new machinery, but the New Mills had mixed fortunes affected by the lack of protectionism for Scottish manufactured cloth.

The Scots Courant reported in 1712 that New Mills was to be "rouped". The property was sold on the machinery and plant on 20 March; the lands of New Mills were purchased by Colonel Francis Charteris and he changed their name to Amisfield. As the county town of East Lothian, Haddington is the seat of East Lothian Council with offices located at John Muir House behind Court Street; this building occupies the site of Haddington's twelfth century royal palace and adjoins the former Sheriff Court complex. The town centre is home to a wide range of independent retailers including: a bookshop, two sports shops, a saddlery and country goods specialist, two butchers, a hardware shop, cookware shop and several gift shops alongside several pubs and cafés. Nationwide retailers with a presence in Haddington include: Tesco, M&Co, Aldi and Co-op Food. Besides retail and administration, the town is home to various law firms and has industrial capacity in the works beside the Tyne at the Victoria Bridge, around the site of the old station, various smaller industrial units and garages.

Haddington is home to the offices of the local newspaper the East Lothian Courier. There is a farmers' market held on the last Saturday of the month in Court Street; the town centre retains its historic street plan with Court Street, High Street, Market Street and Hardgate defining the edges of the original open triangular medieval market place, divided by a central island of buildings developed from the 16th century onwards on the site of market stalls. To the north and south the medieval rigg pattern of burgage plots can still be observed with narrow buildings fronting the main streets and long plots behind stretching back to the line of the old town walls, accessed by small closes and pends; the historic importance of the town's unaltered medieval plan and significant survival of historic buildings was recognised as early as the 1950s, with Haddington subject to an Improvement Scheme, Scotland's earliest, which saw many period properties rehabilitated by the Town Council and a pioneering town colour scheme developed, resulting in the distinctive and colourful townscape seen today.

Some comprehensive redevelopment did occur, chiefly around Newton Port and Hardgate to allow for widening of these narrow streets to improve motor traffic flow. This included the demolition of Bothwell Castle and its dovecote in 1955, the land now forming part of Hardgate Park. Today the whole town centre is a conservation area with a high proportion of listed buildings, some dating back to the C16th, the redevelopment and infill schemes undertaken since the 1950s have been in a sympathetic vernacular style which has maintained the town's historic character. Amisfield House was located east of Haddington, south of the River Tyne. Designed by architect Isaac Ware and built of Garvald red freestone for Colonel Francis Charteris, it was described in The Buildings of Scotland as "the most important building of the orthodox Palladian school in Scotland." John Henderson built the walled garden in 1783, the castellated stable block in 1785. The park in front of the house landscaped by James Bowie, is today ploughed.

A victim of dry rot, the house was demolished in 1928. All that remains of Amisfield today are the summer house, walled garden, ice

Fábio Júnior (footballer, born 1977)

Fábio Júnior Pereira is a Brazilian former professional footballer who played as a forward. Born in the São Pedro do Avaí district of Manhuaçu, Fábio Júnior began playing professional football in his home state, Minas Gerais, he has played for each of the three large professional clubs based in the capital of Belo Horizonte, Atlético Mineiro and América-MG. He was found using a fake passport to play as an EU-player in Italy, he was fined and banned in Italy football for a season, although he never played again in Italy. Source: Copa Sul-Minas: 2002 Campeonato Mineiro: 1997, 1998, 2002 Copa do Brasil: 2000 Campeonato Brasiliense: 2008 UAE League: 2005 Fábio Júnior at Fábio Júnior at J. League

Dizengoff 99

Dizengoff 99 is a 1979 Israeli film starring Gali Atari, Gidi Gov, Meir Suissa, Anat Atzmon. The film, considered a cult classic, describes the way of life around Dizengoff Street and how it changed over the years. Filmed in Tel Aviv, it was released in Israel and the United States as "Dizengoff 99," and in West Germany as "Three Under the Roof"; the film is about two guys and Moshon, a girl Ossi who live together in an apartment at 99 Dizengoff Street, Nightlife center of Tel Aviv. Ossi works for an insurance company and the three of them decide to make a movie using stolen equipment. While they are making movies, they are having numerous romantic encounters, having a good time. Dizengoff 99 is Avi Nesher's second film, was produced after the success of his first movie, The Troupe a year earlier in 1978. Both movies are considered Israeli classics today. Between 2003 and 2016, 99 Dizengoff Street was home to Bauhaus Center Tel Aviv, which offers tours of Tel Aviv’s Bauhaus architecture. In a 2006 article, it was written that today, Atari thinks her scene from the movie is a black hole in her career that she would rather forget.

A soundtrack was released to this movie, called "Dizengoff 99" and is filled with notable Israeli artists. Dizengoff 99 - Yigal Bashan Mesibat Yom Shishi - Tzvika Pick Lagur Ito - Riki Gal Ovrim Dira - Dori Ben Zeev Rok B'Or Yarok - Arik Sinai Ein Li Zman Lihiyot Atzuv - Rami Fortis Tzlil Mekhuvan - Yitzhak Klepter Leyad HaDelet - Yehudit Ravitz Lailah Li - Yorik Ben David Bein HaRe'ashim - David Broza Ad Eizeh Gil - Dani Litani Derekh Aruka - Gali Atari Gali Atari — Miri Gidi Gov — Natti Meir Suissa — Moshon Anat Atzmon — Ossi Chelli Goldenberg — Ilana Dizengoff 99 on IMDb Dizengoff 99, Ishim