Lyman Hall, physician and statesman, was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence as a representative of Georgia. Hall County is named after him. Lyman Hall was born on April 1724, in Wallingford, Connecticut, he was the son of John Hall, a minister, Mary Hall. Lyman Hall studied with his uncle Samuel Hall and graduated from Yale College in 1747, a tradition in his family. In 1749, he was called to the pulpit of Stratfield Parish, his pastorate was a stormy one: an outspoken group of parishioners opposed his ordination. He continued to preach for two more years, filling vacant pulpits, while he studied medicine and taught school. In 1752, he married Abigail Burr of Fairfield, however, she died the following year. In 1757, he was married again to Mary Osborne, he migrated to South Carolina and established himself as a physician at Dorchester, South Carolina, near Charleston, a community settled by Congregationalist migrants from Dorchester, Massachusetts decades earlier. When these settlers moved to the Midway District – now Liberty County – in Georgia, Hall accompanied them.
Hall soon became one of the leading citizens of Sunbury. On the eve of the American Revolution, St. John's Parish, in which Sunbury was located, was a hotbed of radical sentiment in a predominantly loyalist colony. Though Georgia was not represented in the First Continental Congress, through Hall's influence, the parish was persuaded to send a delegate – Hall himself – to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to the Second Continental Congress, he was admitted to a seat in Congress in 1775. He was one of the three Georgians to sign the Declaration of Independence, one of three doctors to sign the Declaration of Independence. In January 1779, Sunbury was burned by the British. Hall's family fled to the North, where they remained until the British evacuation in 1782. Hall returned to Georgia, settling in Savannah. In January 1783, he was elected an early governor of the state – a position that he held for one year. While governor, Hall advocated the chartering of a state university, believing that education religious education, would result in a more virtuous citizenry.
His efforts led to the chartering of the University of Georgia in 1785. At the expiration of his term as governor, he resumed his medical practice. In 1790, Hall moved to a plantation in Burke County, Georgia, on the Carolina border, where he died on October 19 at the age of 66. Hall's widow, Mary Osborne, survived dying in November 1793. Lyman Hall is memorialized in Georgia where Hall Georgia bears his namesake. Elementary schools in Liberty County, Georgia and in Hall County, Georgia are named for him. Signers Monument, a granite obelisk in front of the courthouse in Augusta, memorializes Hall and the other two Georgians who signed the Declaration of Independence, his remains were re-interred there in 1848 after being exhumed from his original grave on his plantation in Burke County. Lyman Hall is portrayed in the 1969 Broadway musical 1776 and in the 1972 film of the same name by Jonathan Moore; as presented in the play and in the film, Hall is a appointed representative of Georgia in the Second Continental Congress.
As he is introduced to Delaware's representative, Caesar Rodney, the latter asks if he is a doctor of medicine or theology, Hall answers that he practices both and upon asking of which he could be of service, Rodney replies, "By all means, the physician first. We shall see about the other." In the film, as Rodney begins to experience shortness of breath due to his cancer, Hall is called upon to escort Rodney home. Georgia, as Hall states, is divided over the matter of independence, with its people opposed to it, Hall himself in favor of it. Unsure whether, as a representative, he should follow the judgement of the people or that of his own, Hall decides Georgia's vote to be "Nay". Towards the film's climax, during a critical point in the struggle of John Adams to convince his fellow delegates to the Second Continental Congress to choose independence, Hall re-enters the chamber during the night to reconsider Georgia's vote. Unable to sleep, he tells Adams that he had been thinking: "In trying to resolve my dilemma I remembered something I'd once read,'that a representative owes the People not only his industry, but his judgment, he betrays them if he sacrifices it to their opinion.'
It was written by Edmund Burke, a member of the British Parliament." Hall walks over to the tally board and changes Georgia's vote to "Yea." This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Dexter 1896 Lyman Hall at Find a Grave Lyman Hall, The Society of the Descendants of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence Lyman Hall historical marker
U.S. Route 23 in Georgia
U. S. Route 23 in the U. S. state of Georgia, is a north–south United States highway that travels from the St. Marys River south-southeast of Folkston to the North Carolina state line, in the northern part of Dillard. US 23 is signed concurrently with various state highways, it uses SR 4 from Florida to a point north of Alma, SR 15 from Florida to Racepond, SR 23 in Folkston, SR 121 from Folkston to Racepond, SR 520 and SR 38 in Waycross, SR 19 from north of Alma to Lumber City, SR 135 Truck in Hazlehurst, SR 27 from Hazlehurst to Eastman, SR 165 in Chauncey, SR 27 Bus. and SR 117 in Eastman, SR 87 from Eastman to Macon, SR 257 in the Empire area, SR 112 near Cochran, SR 19 from East Macon to the northern part of Macon, SR 540 from East Macon to the eastern part of Macon, SR 11/SR 49 in Macon, SR 87 from Macon to Flovilla, SR 42 from Flovilla to Atlanta, SR 16 and SR 36 in Jackson, SR 138 in the Stockbridge area, SR 10 from Atlanta to Druid Hills, SR 8 from Atlanta to Decatur, SR 155 from Decatur to the Brookhaven–Chamblee line, SR 13 from the Brookhaven–Chamblee line to the Sugar Hill–Buford line, SR 20 within Buford, SR 365 from Buford to east-southeast of Clarkesville, SR 15 from northwest of Cornelia to the North Carolina state line, SR 2 in Clayton.
Concurrencies of US 23 with U. S. Highways in Georgia are US 1 from Florida to north of Alma, US 301 from Florida to the Folkston–Homeland line, US 82 in Waycross, US 84 in Waycross, US 221 Truck in Hazlehurst, US 341 from Hazlehurst to Eastman, US 129 Alt. from north of Cochran to Macon, US 80 from East Macon to Macon, US 129 in Macon, US 278 from Atlanta to Druid Hills, US 29/78 from Atlanta to Decatur, US 129 in Gainesville, US 441 from northwest of Cornelia to the North Carolina state line, US 76 in Clayton. Between Buford and Gainesville, it has a concurrency with Interstate 985. US 23 enters Georgia from Florida concurrent with US 1/US 301 designated as SR 4/SR 15, on a bridge over the St. Marys River. In Folkston, the routes have their first encounter with another state route the western terminus of Georgia State Route 40 at Main Street. On the opposite side of SR 40, Main Street leads to a former Atlantic Coast Line Railroad station, an popular train-watching site. North of there SR 23/SR 121 join this crowded concurrency, shortly serves as the western terminus for SR 40 Conn.
In Homeland, US 301/SR 23 heads northeast at an interchahnge into the woods of northeastern Charlton County towards Nahunta, Claxton and Sylvania, while US 23 continues to the northwest in the concurrency with US 1/SR 4/SR 15/SR 121, but not before both lanes run over bridges over the CSX Nahunta Subdivision, which runs along US 301 through Jesup. After Homeland, US 1/23 and SRs 4/15/121 run through sparse communities such as Uptonville, Mattox, where another railroad line from Folkston runs along the west side and both pass through another community named Cypress Siding. In Racepond, SR 15/SR 121, branch off to the northeast, while the US 1/23/SR 4 concurrency remains running to the northwest, crossing into Ware County along the edge of the Ware-Brantley County Line. From this point on the road is named Jacksonville Highway; the Brantley County line turns straight north somewhere in Dixon Memorial State Forest. After leaving the forest, the road starts to move away from the tracks before the intersection of Georgia State Route 177 and the gateway to Okefenokee Swamp Park.
Right after a Georgia State Trooper barracks and DMV office, the routes enter Waycross, as the run between two local motels. Passing by some automotive dealerships, fast foot restaurants and other commercial development, the road approaches US 82/SR 520 and turns west onto a concurrency with these routes while US BUS 1/23/SR BUS 4 continues northwest along Memorial Drive. After running along a bridge over the CSX Jesup Subdivision, US 84/SR 38 joins this concurrency at McDonald Street, but not before crossing another railroad bridge over the CSX Fitzgerald Subdivision, more than a block away to the west; the concurrency ends at Victory Drive and the southwest corner is the site of Waycross College. West of the city limits, US 82 becomes a divided highway as it takes US 1/23 from west to northwest as they cross Georgia State Route 122, crosses another bridge over the second railroad line from Waycross Junction; the road starts to curve west, before reaching Waresboro, US 1/23 breaks away from US 82 onto a bypass across from a local street named Fulford Road.
Using a former segment of Fulford Road and Scapa Road, the bypass winds through forestland and some farmland west of northern Deenwood and northwest of Waycross. The bypass ends at the northern terminus of US BUS 1/23/SR BUS 4 rejoins its former segment along Alma Highway to approach a series of bridges over Cox Creek and over the Satilla River. After this, it passes through a small community called Dixie Union, where it intersects a local road named Telmore-Dixie Union Road to the west and Dixie Union Road to the east. North of Bickley Highway, the road curves to the north-northeast and winds around a former segment so that it can go over a pair of bridges over another railroad line. Right after the Ware-Bacon County line and the intersection of Old Alma-Waycross Highway/Jamestown Road, the road runs over a pair of bridges over Little Hurricane Creek before the intersection with Plant Road where it curves from the northeast to the north-northwest; the divided highway, which at some point gained the name South Pierce Street, ends at Dogwood Avenue, replaced by a four-lane undivided highway with a center-left turn lane.
After the intersection with Radio St
Atlanta metropolitan area
Metro Atlanta, designated by the United States Office of Management and Budget as the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, is the most populous metro area in the US state of Georgia and the ninth-largest metropolitan statistical area in the United States. Its economic and demographic center is Atlanta, has an estimated 2017 population of 5,884,736 according to the U. S. Census Bureau; the metro area forms the core of a broader trading area, the Atlanta–Athens-Clarke–Sandy Springs Combined Statistical Area. The Combined Statistical Area spans up to 39 counties in north Georgia and has an estimated 2017 population of 6,555,956. Atlanta is considered a "beta world city." It is the third largest metropolitan region in the Census Bureau's Southeast region behind Greater Washington and Greater Miami. By U. S. Census Bureau standards, the population of the Atlanta region spreads across a metropolitan area of 8,376 square miles – a land area comparable to that of Massachusetts.
Because Georgia contains more counties than any other state except Texas, area residents live under a decentralized collection of governments. As of the 2000 census, fewer than one in ten residents of the metropolitan area lived inside Atlanta city limits. A 2006 survey by the Metro Atlanta Chamber of Commerce counted 140 cities and towns in the 28‑county Metropolitan Statistical Area in mid-2005. Nine cities – Johns Creek, Chattahoochee Hills, Peachtree Corners, Tucker and South Fulton – have incorporated since following the lead of Sandy Springs in 2005; the Atlanta metropolitan area was first defined in 1950 as Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett and Clayton counties. Walton, Douglas, Forsyth, Cherokee and Butts counties were added after the 1970 census, with Barrow and Coweta counties joining in 1980 and Bartow, Paulding and Spalding counties in 1990. Atlanta's larger combined statistical area adds the Gainesville, Georgia MSA, Athens-Clarke County, Georgia MSA and the LaGrange, Jefferson and Cedartown micropolitan areas, for a total 2012 population of 6,162,195.
The CSA abuts the Macon and Columbus MSAs. The region is one of the metropolises of the Southeastern United States, is part of the emerging megalopolis known as Piedmont Atlantic MegaRegion along the I-85 Corridor; the counties listed below are included in the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Gainesville CSA. However, most other entities define a much smaller metropolitan area by including only the counties which have the densest suburban development. Fulton, DeKalb, Gwinnett and Clayton were the five original counties when the Atlanta metropolitan area was first defined in 1950, continue to be the core of the metro area; these five counties along with five more are members of the Atlanta Regional Commission, a weak metropolitan government agency, a regional planning agency. The ten ARC counties and five more form part of the Metropolitan North Georgia Water Planning District, created in 2001; the 12 counties listed above with under 75,000 residents are not included in any other metropolitan definition except the OMB/Census Bureau's MSA and CSA.
Hall County forms the Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, but with astronomical growth to over 190,000 residents, is now part of the Atlanta CSA. The official tourism website of the State of Georgia features a "Metro Atlanta" tourism region that includes only nine counties: Fulton, DeKalb, Cobb, Coweta, Douglas and Henry. Cumberland Perimeter Center Hartsfield-Jackson areaMore than one half of metro Atlanta's population is in unincorporated areas or areas considered a census-designated-place by the census bureau. Metro Atlanta includes the following incorporated and unincorporated suburbs and surrounding cities, sorted by population as of 2010: Principal city Atlanta pop. 472,522 Places with 75,000 to 99,999 inhabitants. 95,158 Sandy Springs pop. 93,853 Roswell pop. 88,346 Johns Creek pop. 76,728Places with 50,000 to 74,999 inhabitants Alpharetta pop. 57,551 Marietta pop. 56,579 Stonecrest pop. 53,490 Smyrna pop. 51,271Places with 25,000 to 49,999 inhabitants Places with 24,999 or fewer inhabitants The area sprawls across the low foothills of the Appalachian Mountains to the north and the Piedmont to the south.
The northern and some western suburbs tend to be higher and more hilly than the southern and eastern suburbs. The average elevation is around 1,000 feet; the highest point in the immediate area is Kennesaw Mountain at 1,808 ft, followed by Stone Mountain at 1,686 ft, Sweat Mountain at 1,640 ft, Little Kennesaw Mountain at 1,600 ft. Others include Blackjack Mountain, Lost Mountain, Brushy Mountain, Pine Mountain, Mount Wilkinson. Many of these play prominently in the various battles of the Atlanta Campaign during the American Civil War. If the further-north counties are included, Bear Mountain is highest, followed by Pine Log Mountain, Sawnee Mountain, Hanging Mountain, followed by the others listed above. Stone, Sweat and Sawnee are all home to some of the area's broadcast stations; the area's subsoil is colored rusty by the iron oxide present in it. It becomes muddy and sticky when wet, hard when dry, stains light-colored carpets and c
Braselton is a town in Barrow, Gwinnett and Jackson counties in the U. S. state of Georgia 53 miles northeast of Atlanta. As of the 2010 census, the town had a population of 7,511, in 2015 the estimated population was 9,476; the Gwinnett and Barrow County portions of Braselton are part of the Atlanta–Sandy Springs–Marietta, GA, Metropolitan Statistical Area, the Hall County portion is part of both the Atlanta and Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Areas. The remaining Jackson County portion of Braselton is not part of any core based statistical area; the first permanent settlement at Braselton was made in 1884. The town is named after Harrison Braselton, a poor dirt farmer who married Susan Hosch, the daughter of a rich plantation owner. Braselton built a home on 786 acres of land he purchased north of the Hosch Plantation; the land he purchased was called Braselton. The Georgia General Assembly incorporated Braselton as a town in 1916. In 1989 actress and Georgia native Kim Basinger and other investors bought 1,751 acres of the town's 2,000 owned acres for $20 million from Braselton Brothers Inc, intending to turn it into a tourist destination.
Five years on the eve of personal bankruptcy and her partners sold the land at a large loss. Braselton is located at 34°5′56″N 83°47′52″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 12.5 square miles, of which 12.4 square miles is land and 0.12 square miles, or 0.79%, is water. Braselton has seen its growth from 7.20 square miles to its current size from annexations into surrounding areas. Braselton borders the mailing addresses of Gainesville, Flowery Branch and Pendergrass; the town borders the city shares a ZIP code with Hoschton. As of the census of 2010, 7,511 people and 2,833 households resided in the town; the population density was 605.0 people per square mile. There were 2,833 housing units at an average density of 605.0 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 82.9% White, 8.8% African American, 3.9% Asian, 1.0% from other races, 1.00% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 8.2% of the population. Of the 2,833 households, 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 68.6 were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 21.4% were not families.
About 18.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.3% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.60 and the average family size was 3.16. In the town, the population was distributed as 30.2% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 31.3% from 45 to 64, 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males. The median income for a household in the town was $65,521 and for a family was $64,667; the median value for a housing unit was $267,100. Males had a median income of $46,477 versus $27,292 for females; the per capita income for the town was $35,921. About 4.1% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.9% of those under age 18 and 12.6% of those age 65 or over. The town operates a police department, a Hall County Sheriff's Office location, post office, one fire station.
Northeast Georgia Health System built a new hospital in the Central/ Greater Braselton area that opened in Spring 2015. It's the first net-new hospital in Georgia in 20 years. Town of Braselton official website The Braselton Family historical marker The Braselton School Bell historical marker
Banks County, Georgia
Banks County is a county located in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,395; the county seat is Homer. The Old Banks County Courthouse is located in Homer and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. A new county courthouse was constructed adjacent to the old one in 1983 The law to establish Banks County was passed by the Georgia General Assembly on December 11, 1858, it was named for Dr. Richard E. Banks; the legislation called for the creation of Banks County on February 1, 1859, from Franklin and Habersham counties. Ty Cobb, a Baseball Hall of Famer, was born in Banks County in 1886 in an area of the county known as The Narrows - a small farming community consisting of fewer than 100 people; the area and birthplace are on State Highway 105 in the northern part of the county near the Broad River. The legal organ for the county is a member of Mainstreet News, Inc.. One of the county's oldest church sites is the Hebron Presbyterian Church, established in 1796.
Banks County is the home of the Atlanta Dragway, located near Banks Crossing. Banks County is known for being the home of the former world's largest Easter Egg Hunt. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 234 square miles, of which 232 square miles is land and 1.8 square miles is water. Banks County is located in the Broad River sub-basin of the Savannah River basin. Habersham County - north Stephens County - northeast Madison County - southeast Jackson County - south Hall County - west Franklin County - east Chattahoochee National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 14,422 people, 5,364 households, 4,162 families residing in the county; the population density was 62 people per square mile. There were 5,808 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 93.16% White, 3.22% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.96% from other races, 0.71% from two or more races.
3.42% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 5,364 households out of which 35.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.40% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, 22.40% were non-families. 19.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.06. In the county, the population was spread out with 26.20% under the age of 18, 8.90% from 18 to 24, 30.70% from 25 to 44, 23.70% from 45 to 64, 10.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 102.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.70 males. The median income for a household in the county was $38,523, the median income for a family was $43,136. Males had a median income of $29,986 versus $21,698 for females; the per capita income for the county was $17,424.
About 9.80% of families and 12.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.00% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 18,395 people, 6,700 households, 5,100 families residing in the county; the population density was 79.3 inhabitants per square mile. There were 7,595 housing units at an average density of 32.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 91.7% white, 2.3% black or African American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 3.3% from other races, 1.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 5.7% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 18.7% were American, 8.5% were Irish, 8.5% were English. Of the 6,700 households, 36.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families, 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.14.
The median age was 38.4 years. The median income for a household in the county was $40,455 and the median income for a family was $48,606. Males had a median income of $41,444 versus $26,998 for females; the per capita income for the county was $19,497. About 13.0% of families and 15.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 16.6% of those age 65 or over. Banks County Middle School BCES BCHS BCPS BCCS Alto Banks Crossing Baldwin Gillsville Hollingsworth Homer Lula Maysville Grove Level National Register of Historic Places listings in Banks County, Georgia GeorgiaInfo.com Banks County History This Day in Georgia History:October 23, Ed Jackson and Charly Pou, Carl Vinson Institute of Government, The University of Georgia History information from Official Banks County website Ty Cobb Bio on visitnortheastgeorgia.com National Baseball Hall of Fame Ty Cobb Bio Mainstreet Newspapers Banks County historical marker Leatherwood Baptist Church historical marker Line Baptist Church historical marker Mt. Pleasant Church historical marker Nails Creek Baptist Church historical marker
Atlanta Botanical Garden
The Atlanta Botanical Garden is a 30 acres botanical garden located adjacent to Piedmont Park in Midtown Atlanta, United States. Incorporated in 1976, the garden's mission is to "develop and maintain plant collections for the purposes of display, conservation and enjoyment." Following a petition by citizens of Atlanta in the year 1973, the garden was incorporated in 1976, as the private, 501 non-profit corporation Atlanta Botanical Garden Inc.. Within a year Bill Warner employed at Holden Arboretum, was assigned office as the first executive director, he was soon followed by Ann L. Crammond in 1979; the following year marked a turning point in the history of the garden as a 50-year lease was negotiated with the city, securing the site of the Garden for years to come. A number of promotional activities started taking place, including social events, major art exhibitions and the annual Garden of Eden Ball; the Atlanta Botanical Garden welcomed its 50,000th visitor within a mere three years after the lease was arranged - this was before any permanent structures had been erected.
In 1985, the Atlanta Botanical Garden built the Gardenhouse. Expansions following this were The Children's Garden, the Fuqua Conservatory in 1989, the Fuqua Orchid Center, added in 2002. Blockbuster summertime exhibitions began in 2003 with TREEmendous TREEhouses. Chihuly in the Garden opened in 2004, while in 2005 Locomotion in the Garden featured G-scale model trains. On April 29, 2006, an exhibition of the sculpture of Niki de Saint Phalle opened to the public; these huge mosaic sculptures came to the Garden from France and California. In 2007, the exhibition was David Rogers' Big Bugs and Killer Plants, 2008 is Sculpture in Motion, Art Choreographed by Nature, a display of moving, kinetic art. In 2009, the Garden hosted an exhibition of the monumental bronze sculptures of Henry Moore; the summers of 2010 and 2011 showcased the Garden's green expansion, in 2012, the Garden hosted Independent Visions, an exhibition of contemporary sculptures by nine artists. In 2013, the Garden will unveil Imaginary Worlds: Plants Larger than Life, made up of 19 mosaic culture sculptures.
In 2016, Chihuly in the Garden open again with 19 installations throughout the Garden. In the winter the Garden has a holiday light show. "Garden Lights, Holiday Nights" began in 2011 featuring displays created with more than 1 million lights, most of them LED. The following year, the show grew to more than 1.5 million lights and attracted more than 160,000 visitors. In 2004, the Atlanta Botanical Garden hosted an exhibition of glass art by Dale Chihuly titled "Chihuly in the Garden"; the exhibit ran through the end of October and was extended until December 31, 2004. During the eight-month run, an estimated 425,000 attendees visited the exhibit; the peak per-day rates of 7,500 were double the previous single-day attendance record at the Garden. Chihuly in the Garden returned to the Atlanta location on April 2016 with 19 new installations; the Green Expansion Plan was a large-scale expansion project, completed in the spring of 2010 that doubled the size of the Garden while modernizing them at the same time.
The expansion plan encompassed the construction of a number of new facilities, the most noticeable of which are the new visitor center and 600-foot-long canopy walk. The plan was built around five key areas of human and environmental health: sustainable site development, water savings, energy efficiency, materials selection and indoor environmental quality. By employing an array of energy-saving strategies with environmental sustainability considered throughout the project and recycling any trees removed as a result of construction, considerable efforts were made to make this expansion eco-friendly. A 100,000-gallon cistern was installed underground in December 2007 to aid in water conservation. One striking feature of the new visitor center is the innovative green roof, with plants covering nearly 50% of the roof area, it provides natural cooling, sound insulation and additional garden area for visitors, a new wildlife habitat. The visitor center leads visitors to the canopy walk; the garden's old parking lot is now a beautiful Edible Garden featuring an outdoor kitchen.
And the final aspect of the garden expansion plan is the conversion of its old entry drive to a large cascades garden filled with tropical plants and flowing waterfalls. The Atlanta Botanical Garden is home to the Kendeda Canopy Walk, a 600-foot-long skywalk that allows the visitors to tour one of the city's last remaining urban forests from around 40 feet in the air through the treetops of the Storza Woods; the skywalk extends from a bluff in the Garden into the branches of oaks and poplars. The structure provides an aerial view of the woodland garden below; the Canopy Walk was built for $55 million and opened in 2010. It was set to open in 2009, but during its construction in 2008, the skywalk collapsed, killing one worker and injuring 18 others; because of the uniqueness of the Canopy Walk, city leaders believe it will become an icon for Atlanta. The Botanical Garden is composed of a number of smaller themed gardens; each contains different landscapes to display a variety of plants. Near the entrance are formal gardens, such as the Japanese garden and the rose garden.
Two woodland areas, the 5 acres Upper Woodland and the 10 acres Storza Woods feature large trees and shade-loving flowers and undergrowth. The Children's Garden features whimsical sculptures and inte
Lumpkin County, Georgia
Lumpkin County is a county located in the north central portion of the U. S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,966, its county seat is Dahlonega. This area was settled by the Cherokee, who occupied areas of what became delimited as southeastern Tennessee and western North Carolina. Lumpkin County was created on December 3, 1832; the county was named for Wilson Lumpkin. Lumpkin's daughter, Martha Wilson Lumpkin Compton, was the namesake of the town named Marthasville, the early-1840s name for Atlanta in Fulton County. In the 1830s, gold was discovered in the county near Auraria, leading to a rush of miners and development; the U. S. government established a mint in Dahlonega, operating for 23 years until the outbreak of the American Civil War. State contractors acquired gold from Lumpkin County to gild the dome of the current state capitol building in Atlanta. Agriculture and agritourism are top business industries. In addition, vineyards have been developed here and, since the mid-1990s, Lumpkin County has been recognized as "the heart of Georgia wine country."
The county features five licensed wineries, which attract many tourists. In 2015, state senator Steve Gooch introduced Georgia Senate Resolution 125 recognizing Lumpkin County as the Wine Tasting Room Capital of Georgia; the historic Dahlonega Square is a popular destination. It has gift shops, art galleries and artists' studios, additional tasting rooms. Lumpkin County is the home of the U. S. Army's Camp Frank D. Merrill, the base of the 5th Ranger Training Battalion of the U. S. Army Ranger School's mountain phase. Camp Frank D. Merrill is located in the northern end of the county, within the Blue Ridge Wildlife Management Area of the Chattahoochee National Forest. Three veterans' organizations are located in Lumpkin County, to serve the veterans and the community: the Heyward Fields American Legion Post 239, the US Army Mountain Ranger Association, the Lumpkin and White County Veterans of Foreign Wars Post 5533. Lumpkin County has an agency to help veterans, the Lumpkin County Veterans Affairs Advisory Committee.
This group is in charge of the Lumpkin County Veterans Memorial and the twice yearly veterans' memorial crosses, which are installed to line both sides of the major roads in Dahlonega from mid-May through the Fourth of July, again for the month of November. The crosses are adorned with the names of the county's veterans who have died, some in combat, those who returned home and died. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles, of which 283 square miles is land and 1.3 square miles is water. The summit of Blood Mountain, which Lumpkin shares with Union County to the north, is the highest point in the county. At 4458 feet, Blood Mountain is the 5th-highest peak in Georgia and the highest point on Georgia's portion of the Appalachian Trail; the western forty percent of Lumpkin County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin, while the eastern sixty percent of the county is located in the Upper Chattahoochee River sub-basin of the ACF River Basin.
Union County – north White County – east Hall County – southeast Dawson County – west Fannin County – northwest Chattahoochee National Forest As of the census of 2000, there were 21,016 people, 7,537 households, 5,366 families residing in the county. The population density was 74 people per square mile. There were 8,263 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile; the racial makeup of the county was 94.02% White, 1.46% Black or African American, 0.97% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 1.57% from other races, 1.53% from two or more races. 3.46% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 7,537 households out of which 32.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.50% were married couples living together, 9.40% had a female householder with no husband present, 28.80% were non-families. 22% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.50% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.04.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 15.40% from 18 to 24, 29.00% from 25 to 44, 21.60% from 45 to 64, 9.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 96.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males. The median income for a household in the county was $39,167, the median income for a family was $46,368. Males had a median income of $31,289 versus $23,955 for females; the per capita income for the county was $18,062. About 9.00% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.50% of those under age 18 and 16.30% of those age 65 or over. As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,966 people, 10,989 households, 7,645 families residing in the county; the population density was 105.9 inhabitants per square mile. There were 12,925 housing units at an average density of 45.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 94.4% white, 1.1% black or African American, 0.6% American Indian, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 1.5% from other races, 1.8% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.5% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 17.6% were American, 17.5% were Irish, 15.6% were English, 14.4% were German, 5.0% were Scotch-Irish. Of the 10