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Halve Maen

Halve Maen was a Dutch East India Company vlieboot which sailed into what is now New York Harbor in September 1609. She was commissioned by the VOC Chamber of Amsterdam in the Dutch Republic to covertly find a western passage to China; the ship was captained by an Englishman in the service of the Dutch Republic. In 1909, the Kingdom of the Netherlands presented the United States with a replica of Halve Maen in order to commemorate the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage. Fifty years the New Netherland Museum commissioned a second replica. Halve Maen sailed from Amsterdam to the Arctic, turning southwest to traverse the Atlantic Ocean to North America sailed from Newfoundland to the south in search of the Northwest Passage. In his 1625 book New World, which contains invaluable extracts from Hudson's lost journal, Johannes de Laet, a director of the West India Company, writes that they "bent their course to the south until, running south-southwest and southwest by south, they again made land in latitude 41° 43’, which they supposed to be an island, gave it the name of New Holland, but afterwards discovered that it was Cape Cod".

From there they sailed south to the Chesapeake Bay and went north along the coast navigating first the Delaware Bay and, the bay of the river which Hudson named the Mauritius River, for Holland's Lord-Lieutenant Maurits. Halve Maen sailed up Hudson's river as far as the present day location of Albany, New York, where the crew determined the water was too narrow and too shallow for further progress. Concluding that the river was not a passage to the west, Hudson exited the river, naming the natives that dwelled on either side of the Mauritius estuary the Manahata. Leaving the estuary, he sailed north-eastward, never realizing that what are now the islands of Manhattan and Long Island were islands, crossed the Atlantic to England where he sailed into Dartmouth harbor with the Dutch East India Company ship and crew. In 1618, or a few years after, the ship was destroyed during an English attack on Jakarta in the Dutch East Indies. In 1909 a replica of Halve Maen was given to the United States by the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the occasion of the 300th anniversary of Hudson's voyage.

The ship was constructed at the Rijksmarinewerf in Amsterdam. The keel was laid on 29 October 1908 and on 15 April 1909 the ship was launched and transported to the US on the Holland America Lines freight liner Soestdijk in order to attend the 1909 Hudson-Fulton Celebration in New York, arriving in July, she appeared in a parade with the American replica ship Clermont celebrating Robert Fulton This replica was towed to Cohoes, New York and perished in a fire on 22 July 1934. Another replica of Halve Maen was constructed in Albany, New York in 1989 by the New Netherland Museum; the museum contracted with Nicholas S. Benton to build the replica. Mr. Benton, a master ship-rigger and shipwright, was president of the Rigging Gang of Middletown, Rhode Island, which specialized in colonial ship restoration and design. To prepare for building Half Moon, a $1 million project, he visited maritime museums in the Netherlands and the United States. After his death while assisting with the rigging of another vessel, the construction of the Half Moon was completed by the New Netherland Museum.

The year 2009 marked the 400th anniversary of Halve Maen's voyage. For the anniversary, the crown prince of the Netherlands and his wife were on board, as well as students from a Dutch school; this anniversary was marked in September 2009 with festivals, sailing ships parading around New York Harbor. The replica ship sails in and around the Hudson River and serves as a traveling museum that conducts programs for youth and adults about the history of the Dutch colony called New Netherland. With its voyages of discovery and 4th and 7th grade interdisciplinary curricula, the ship pursues a comprehensive education program. A non-for-profit organization, Half Moon is run by a crew of volunteers that range in age from their teens to octogenarians. In April 2015 the ship was transported on loan to the Netherlands, she is located at the West Frisian Ship Museum in Hoorn and open to the public at a permanent mooring at the Oostereiland at the Centre Sailing Heritage. The replica took part in SAIL Amsterdam 2015.

The Hoorn city council announced that 2019 will be the final year for the replica in the Dutch harbour. After 2019 the ship will be transported back to its American owner. At 10 feet in both height and length, the model of Halve Maen on top of the SUNY System Administration Building in Albany, New York, is claimed to be the largest working weathervane in North America. History of Albany, New York Henry Hudson Park, Bronx, NY Official Half Moon website The "Halve Maan" at VOCsite. NL Rediscovering Henry Hudson's Half Moon


KOCB, virtual channel 34, is a CW-affiliated television station licensed to Oklahoma City, United States. The station is owned by the Sinclair Broadcast Group, as part of a duopoly with Fox affiliate KOKH-TV; the two stations share studios and transmitter facilities on Wilshire Boulevard and 78th Street on the city's northeast side. On cable, KOCB is available on Cox Communications channel 11 and digital channel 711 and AT&T U-verse channels 34 and 1034 in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area, on channel 11 on most cable systems elsewhere within the Oklahoma City DMA; the UHF channel 34 allocation in Oklahoma City was contested between two groups that competed for the Federal Communications Commission's approval of a construction permit to build and license to operate a new television station. Rockford, Illinois-based General Media Corporation filed the initial application on January 24, 1977. On April 12, Oklahoma City Broadcasting, Inc.—majority owned by veteran television station manager and production director Ted F. Baze, co-founded with Oklahoma City-based businessman James H. Milligan and local real estate broker Ina Lou Marquis—filed a separate application.

The FCC granted the permit to General Media on March 2, 1979, shortly after Seraphim reached an agreement with Oklahoma City Broadcasting that gave the latter a 20% ownership stake in the station in exchange for the Baze-led group dismissing its license application. Shortly after obtaining approval for the permit and license, the General Media/Baze consortium chose to request KGMC as the television station's call letters; the station first signed on the air at 7:00 a.m. on October 28, 1979. It was the fifth commercial television station and second UHF station to sign on in the Oklahoma City market, as well as the second independent station to launch in the market; because Blair Broadcasting had converted educational independent KOKH-TV to a commercial entertainment format four weeks earlier on October 1, KGMC narrowly missed being the first commercial station to have signed on in the market since ABC affiliate KOCO-TV debuted 25 years earlier on July 2, 1954. The station operated from studio and office facilities located at 1501 Northeast 85th Street in northeastern Oklahoma City.

Broadcasting daily from 6:30 a.m. until 1:00 a.m. KGMC-TV maintained a programming format consisting of a mix of cartoons, classic sitcoms and drama series, religious programs and some older movies. Baze elected to based its programming acquisitions around the success of the chosen syndicated programs in other markets with independent stations; the station's feature film schedule—which consisted of two presentations per day Sunday through Friday and up to five each Saturday, with commercial breaks during its prime time presentations limited to nine minutes of advertising per film—also periodically included themed weeks of films centering around specific movie genres or classic film actors. On December 7, 1982, Oklahoma City Broadcasting purchased 80% of Seraphim Media for $5.2 million in stock, in exchange for increasing the Baze-led group's interest in KGMC to 85%. In August 1983, Baze sold 85% of Oklahoma City Broadcasting to the Beverly Hills Hotel Corp. for $7 million. The transfer was approved by the FCC on October 21, was finalized on December 9.

On September 3, 1986, three months before he was sentenced to a three-year prison term on stock fraud and insider trading charges, Boesky transferred direct control of KGMC-TV to his wife, Seema Boesky. Investigations launched by the FCC and the U. S. Securities and Exchange Commission into the transfer and other potential improprieties concerning the Boeskys' ownership of KGMC revealed that the transfer was not disclosed until mid-December, that the Boeskys did not seek FCC approval of the transfer before its consummation, that they had effective control of the license through a voting trust created two years before Ivan purchased the station, never disclosed to the FCC. Seema—who blamed the issue on "too many layers of lawyers" being involved in the fam

Kunst and Albers

Kunst and Albers or Kunst & Albers was a German trading company in Russia. Founded by Gustav Kunst, a merchant, Gustav Albers, a sailor, it operated the first department store in Vladivostok. At its height, it was a vast business empire and the largest trading company in the Russian Far East. On September 16, 1864, Gustav Albers, the son of a Hamburg jeweller, arrived in Vladivostok on board the schooner “Meta”, he unloaded a cargo of food staples and building materials. Shortly before that, he had met the Hamburg merchant Gustav Kunst in Shanghai and they decided to go into business together. At the time, the town of Vladivostok consisted of 44 wooden buildings; the first store, constructed of wood, was built in 1865. In 1875, Adolph Dattan, a young man from Rudersdorf, who had worked as a bookkeeper for Albers' brother in Hamburg, joined the firm. In 1884, the store moved to a new stone building. Apart from the bricks, all the building materials used in the store had come by boat from Hamburg.

The new store had 18 departments and the company was to offer banking services. The construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, heading west from Vladivostok, began in 1891, this meant an economic boom for the city and the department store. Gustav Kunst left the company in 1898, taking up residence in Samoa. Dattan became a partner and, in 1914, was elevated to the Russian nobility for his contributions to the development of the Primorye region. During his many business trips, Dattan amassed extensive collections which he donated to various European museums, including a large ethnological collection given to the Museum of Ethnology, Austria and a zoological collection donated to the Naturhistorisches Museum, Germany. In 1907, the German architect Georg Junghändel, who designed St. Paul's Lutheran Church in Vladivostok, built a new department store on Svetlanskaya Ulitsa in the art nouveau style, it now houses the GUM department store. Junghändel built an elegant house in the villa style for Dattan, opposite the department store.

By 1914, Kunst & Albers had 32 branch stores. World War I brought an end to the flow of merchandise from Germany. Multiple publications spread the rumour that the firm was operating a German spying network, the main source of such rumours being the publicist Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski. In the 1950s, George F. Kennan wrote that: "it is doubtful whether the history of journalism could produce another instance of such a violent and prolonged personal vendetta.” Adolph Dattan was exiled in 1915 to Siberia, did not return to Vladivostok until 1919/1920, at the age of 65. Alfred Albers, son of Gustav Albers and junior partner in the company, was drafted into the Tsar's army; some of the branch stores were destroyed and others expropriated, in the end the whole company was expropriated under Bolshevik rule. In 1924, Alfred Albers moved the company's main business to China. In the same year, Adolph Dattan died in Naumburg. In 1930, the Vladivostok store was forced to close its doors because of overwhelming taxation by the Soviet authorities.

One year the shipping office closed. In China, under the direction of Georg von Dattan, the company remained active as a wholesaler and general representative for German companies opening ten branches between the Amur region and Hong Kong; the start of World War II brought an end to that business, too. After the war, Alfred Albers continued to operate an export business under the Kunst and Albers name, his death, in 1960, brought the history of the company to an end. List of trading companies Lothar Deeg. Kunst und Albers Vladivostok: The History of a German Trading Company in the Russian Far East, trans. Sarah Bohnet. Vladivostok: Far Eastern Federal University Press, 2012. ISBN 978-5-7444-2812-9. Lothar Deeg. Kunst & Albers: Die Kaufhauskönige von Wladiwostok: Aufstieg und Untergang eines deutschen Handelshauses jenseits von Sibirien. Essen: Klartext Verlag, 2012 ISBN 978-3-8375-0764-5. Ludmila Thomas. „Das Handelshaus Kunst und Albers im russischen Fernen Osten bis 1917: Zum Problem des deutschen Kapitals in Rußland“.

Jahrbuch für Geschichte der sozialistischen Länder Europas, no. 28. Berlin: Deutscher Verlag der Wissenschaften, 1984. ISSN 0075-2657

Kreis Bergen

Kreis Bergen was a Kreis on the island of Rügen in the district of Bezirk Rostock in East Germany from 1952 to 1955. After the end of the Second World War the shire county of Rügen, which covered the island of Rügen, came under the Soviet Zone of Occupation and was incorporated into the state of Mecklenburg. On 25 July 1952 there was a comprehensive land reform in East Germany, in which the states lost their importance and new provinces called Bezirke were formed. Out of the territory of the old county of Rügen the town new counties of Bergen and Putbus were formed; because the division of the island of Rügen into two counties soon proved pointless, the counties of Bergen and Putbus were reunited on 1 January 1956 into the county of Rügen. Kreis Bergen was joined to East Germany's network of trunk roads by the F96 from Saßnitz via Rambin to Berlin. A railway link to the mainland existed in the shape of the line from Saßnitz via Rambin to Stralsund. Rail services in the county were served by the branch lines of Bergen & Lauterbach Mole, Lietzow & Binz and Bergen & Altenkirchen.

Kreis Bergen covered the northern part of the island of Rügen including the islands of Hiddensee and Ummanz off its coast and the peninsulas of Bug, Jasmund and Wittow. Within the county were the town of Bergen itself and the municipalities of Altenkirchen, Breege, Dranske, Gingst, Groß Kubitz, Karow, Lieschow, Lohme, Neuenkirchen, Patzig, Ralswiek, Sagard, Saßnitz, Thesenvitz, Ummanz, Wiek and Zühlitz

┼×emsi Yaral─▒

Şemsi Yaralı is a world and European champion Turkish female boxer competing in the heavyweight division. She is a member of the Fenerbahçe SK in Turkey, she participated at the 3rd World Women's Boxing Championship held between September 25 and October 2, 2005 in Podolsk and fought a silver medal in the cruiserweight division. She won a bronze medal in the same division at the 4th World Women's Boxing Championship held between November 18 and 23, 2006 in New Delhi, India. At the 5th AIBA Women's World Boxing Championship held between November 22 and 29, 2008 in Ningbo City, China, Şemsi Yaralı became a gold medalist in her division. At the 2011 Women's European Amateur Boxing Championships held in Rotterdam, Yaralı became European champion. 2005 Women's World Amateur Boxing Championships Podolsk, Russia 86 kg - Silver 2006 World Women's Boxing Championship New Delhi, India 86 kg - Bronze 2006 Women's European Amateur Boxing Championships Warsaw, Poland 86 kg - Silver 2006 Women's European Union Amateur Boxing Championships Porto Torres, Italy 86 kg - Silver 2007 Women's European Union Amateur Boxing Championships Lille, France 86 kg - Bronze 2008 World Women's Boxing Championship Ningbo, China 86 kg - Gold 2008 Women's European Union Amateur Boxing Championships Liverpool, England 86 kg - Gold 2009 Women's European Amateur Boxing Championships Mykolaiv, Ukraine +81 kg - Silver 2010 Women's European Union Amateur Boxing Championships Keszthely, Hungary +81 kg - Bronze 2011 Women's European Amateur Boxing Championships Rotterdam, Netherlands +81 kg - Gold Superonline


Castricum is a municipality and a town in the province of North Holland in the Netherlands. Castricum is a seaside town in the province of North Holland, it draws in a fair share of tourists who come to visit the beach and nearby dune landscape. In Castricum's vicinity there is the lake of Alkmaar-Uitgeest which offers various sailing and windsurfing opportunities. On 6 October 1799, a Franco-Dutch army under Guillaume Brune defeated an Anglo-Russian army under Ralph Abercromby and the Duke of York in the Battle of Castricum; the municipality of Castricum is made up of the following towns, villages and/or districts: Castricum, Bakkum, De Woude, Limmen. The town is served by Castricum railway station. From here there are 4 trains an hour to Amsterdam, with a journey time of 28 minutes; the municipal council of Castricum consists of 23 seats, which are divided as follows: VVD - 5 seats Castricum Kernen Gezond - 4 seats GDB - 3 seats PvdA - 3 seats CDA - 3 seats GroenLinks - 2 seats D66 - 2 seats De Vrije Lijst - 1 seatAt the moment, the college van burgemeester en wethouders is formed by the VVD, CKenG, CDA and D66.

Willem Jacobszoon Coster Dutch colonial Governor of Zeylan in 1640 John Ton an American abolitionist active in the Underground Railroad in Illinois. Willem Schermerhorn a Dutch politician, Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1945/1946 Jan Gmelich Meijling a Dutch politician, naval officer and Mayor of Castricum from 1978 to 1985 Theo van den Boogaard a Dutch cartoonist Henk Jaap Beentje a Dutch botanist, works at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Arjan de Zeeuw a retired Dutch footballer with 553 club caps Eddy Putter a Dutch football player with over 200 club caps Kees Luijckx a Dutch footballer with over 270 club caps Huis van Hilde, provincial archaeology centre in Castricum Media related to Castricum at Wikimedia Commons Official website