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Hamilton County, Tennessee

Hamilton County is a county located in the U. S. state of Tennessee. It is located in East Tennessee; as of the 2010 census, the population was 336,463, making it the fourth-most populous county in Tennessee. Its county seat is Chattanooga; the county was named for the first Secretary of the Treasury. Hamilton County is one of 95 counties within the state of Tennessee. Hamilton County is the fourth most populated county in Tennessee and has continued to grow in recent years. Hamilton County is part of TN-GA Metropolitan Statistical Area; the county was created on October 25, 1819. Hamilton county extended to the state line after absorbing parts of three different counties including Bledsoe and Rhea; the county's creation was the result of a treaty signed with the Cherokee Indians in 1817. Hamilton County is the eighth-highest income Tennessee location by per capita income. Hamilton County was formed on October 25, 1819 from portions of Rhea County and Cherokee Nation land, it was named after Alexander Hamilton, an officer in the American Revolutionary War, member of the Continental Congress, the first US Secretary of Treasury, one of the founding fathers of the United States.

The area was occupied by Cherokee Nation under the leadership of John Ross. What is now known as Chattanooga was Ross's Landing, a busy trade post recognized as the center of the Cherokee Nation. Over a series of Treaties between 1919 and 1835, The Cherokee had been moved out of the area. If any Cherokee wished to stay in the area, the head of the family would have to become a citizen of the United States. Once a citizen, they would be entitled to 640 Acres of land. At the time of death, heirs would be entitled to the land. Of the 107 reservations reported to Congress in 1819, only 39 were listed as Fee Simple; the other 68 reservations were allowed to stay as long. Once the family moved, the land could be sold; this made it easier to remove the Cherokee from the area. The treaty of Echota in 1835 providing the US government legal basis for the forced removal of the Cherokee, opening the land for settlement. At time of the 1820 census, the County counted 821 residents, including 16 blacks, 39 slaves, about 100 Cherokee living on 6 reservations.

The original legislature says that John Gamble, William Lauderdale, John Patterson, the 3 men who were responsible for founding the County, would conduct all county business The original County seat location was in the home of Hasten Poe, a popular tavern located near the 3 men. In 1822 the County Court was moved to the farm of Ashael Rawlings, the newly appointed County Clerk, in Dallas, TN; the town of Dallas died. The seat was moved to Harrison, TN and later moved to Chattanooga in 1835. Hamilton County was the site of an important saltpeter mine during the Civil War. Saltpeter was obtained by leaching the earth from caves. Lookout Mountain Cave was a major source of saltpeter during the Civil War; the mine was operated by Robert Cravens. In May 1861, Cravens contracted with the Tennessee Military and Financial Board to deliver 20,000 pounds of saltpeter. On the 24th of the same month, he reported that he had ten hoppers set up in his cave. Cravens was mining Nickajack Cave in nearby Marion County.

In 1862 he quit mining at Lookout Mountain Cave and rented the cave to the Confederate Nitre and Mining Bureau, which mined the cave from June 1862 through July 1863. Mining ceased when Chattanooga was occupied by Federal forces in 1863. In 1919 James County, Tennessee went bankrupt and became a part of Hamilton County in April 1919. James County had been established by the Tennessee General Assembly in January 1871 and was named after Reverend Jesse J. James; as of the 2017 census, Hamilton county is the fourth most populated county in the state with a population of 361,613. The growth rate is 1% per year over the last five years. Hamilton county has census records dating back to the 1830's; the average income of Hamilton County Tennessee is $26,560. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 576 square miles, of which 542 square miles is land and 33 square miles is water. Hamilton County is one of the few counties in the United States to border 10 other counties. Raccoon Mountain Caverns is a show cave located 8 miles northwest of downtown Chattanooga.

It was explored in 1929 by Leo Lambert who developed trails and installed lights and opened the cave to the public on June 28, 1931. The cave was opened under the name Tennessee Caverns; the operators of the cave claim. The Crystal Caverns Cave Spider, Nesticus furtivus, is only known from this one cave. Cave guides will spot one of these rare spiders and point it out to the tourists. Ruby Falls Cave is a show cave located on the side of Lookout Mountain south of downtown Chattanooga, it was discovered by accident on December 28, 1928 when it was intersected by an elevator shaft, being drilled to develop Lookout Mountain Cave as a commercial cave. Ruby Falls Cave was intersected at a depth of 260 from the surface and Lookout Mountain Cave was reached at a depth of 420 feet below the surface; the entire project was the work of cave developer Leo Lambert. He named the new cave's waterfall after his wife Ruby; the lower cave, Lookout Mountain Cave, opened to the public on December 30, 1929. Ruby Falls opened to the public on June 16, 1930.

Ruby Falls Cave, with its spectacular waterfall proved the more popular of the two caves and it is the only cave open to the public at the present time. Areas such as

Fascinating Womanhood

Fascinating Womanhood is a book written by Helen Andelin and published in 1963. The book went into its sixth edition, published by Random House; the book has sold over 2,000,000 copies and is credited with starting a grassroots movement among women. Derived from a set of booklets published in the 1920s and 1930s by the Psychological Press, the book seeks to help traditionally-minded women to make their marriages "a lifelong love affair". According to Time magazine, Andelin wrote Fascinating Womanhood when "she felt her own marriage wasn't the romantic love affair she had dreamed of."The book's self-published edition sold over 400,000 copies, since being published by Random House, the book has sold more than 2 million copies. Including foreign markets, it has been translated into seven languages. The book serves as a touchstone for those of the anti-feminist persuasion; the book takes many of its sources from historical women and from examples provided in classic literature. One of the "real life" women, Mumtaz Mahal of Taj Mahal fame, is cited as one of the ideal women who possessed both an angelic and a human side.

More sources come from classic literature: Amelia of William Makepeace Thackeray's Vanity Fair and Dora from David Copperfield by Charles Dickens, Deruchette from Victor Hugo's Toilers of the Sea. Although the book was published in the early 1960s when second wave feminism became part of the American mainstream, Fascinating Womanhood's traditional explication of happy marriage resonated in the minds and hearts of millions of women. By 1975, according to Time magazine, the movement included 11,000 teachers, over 300,000 women had taken the series of Fascinating Womanhood classes. Unlike other antifeminism movements of the 1960s and 1970s, the Fascinating Womanhood movement continues today; the now-deceased Andelin maintained a website. The classes continue in Namibia, The Philippines and Malaysia, in the United States in Alabama, California, Florida and Virginia. Fascinating Womanhood has gained the attention of feminist writers, who regard the book as detrimental to women in various ways. In 1978, psychologist Martha L. Rogers wrote an article positing the argument that women who follow the book's teachings were doing so out of a fear of being self-actualized individuals.

Juanne N. Clarke of Wilfrid Laurier University wrote that the movement used Kanter's Model of Commitment Mechanisms to analyze the techniques used to gain women's allegiance. More Pink Think: Becoming a Woman in Many Uneasy Lessons, by Lynn Peril, cited Fascinating Womanhood as part of a body of literature that seeks to promote "an idealized version of womanhood". Communications writer Julia Woods discusses the Fascinating Womanhood movement in Gendered Lives: Communication and Culture. Julie Debra Neuffer. Helen Andelin and the Fascinating Womanhood Movement. University of Utah Press. ISBN 978-1607813279

2006 FEI World Equestrian Games

The 2006 FEI World Equestrian Games were held in Aachen, Germany from August 20 to September 3, 2006. They were the 5th edition of the games which are held every four years and run by the FEI, it was held in a district of Aachen. The main stadium of this event was the Hauptstadion. On September 18, 2002 in Jerez de la Frontera, the FEI awarded the 2006 Games to Aachen; the only other host city applicant was Lexington, United States. 16 events in 7 disciplines were held in Aachen. 59 National Equestrian Federations sent athletes to the Aachen games. Note: Medal count is sorted by total gold medals total silver medals total bronze medals alphabetically; the television broadcasting rights to the 2006 Games were held by the following networks: CBC Country Canada Eurosport Equidia ARD, WDR, ZDF RAI NOS SF, TSI, TSR SVT Dubai TV BBC HorseTV Equestrian at the 2008 Summer Olympics Official website

Braddock Dunn & McDonald

Braddock, Dunn & McDonald known as BDM BDM International, was a technical services firm founded in 1959 in New York City. Its founders were Dr. Joseph V. Braddock, Dr. Bernard J. Dunn, Dr. Daniel F. McDonald, who each received a PhD from Fordham University in the Bronx, New York. In 1997, TRW purchased BDM, in 2002 Northrop Grumman bought TRW. Within a year of its founding, the company moved to El Paso, Texas, to be close to the U. S. Army's Air Defense Center at Fort Bliss, the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico; the founders offered their experience in missile guidance, applied optics, electronic instrumentation, radiation physics to the U. S. Defense Department to the U. S. Army. A few years the three founders hired Earle Williams, an engineer with a degree from Auburn University in Alabama, who became President and CEO, he led the company through a time of rapid expansion. Among Williams's most significant decisions was to move BDM to the Virginia suburbs of Washington, D.

C. a few miles west of the Pentagon. That location offered the company a better opportunity to compete for defense contracts than it could from El Paso; the corporation broadened its client base to include other military services, the Joint Chiefs of Staff, other U. S. government organizations. For the rest of its existence as a company it occupied a series of ever-larger office spaces in an unincorporated area known as Tysons Corner, formed by the interchange of the newly completed Capital Beltway and Virginia Routes 7 and 123. Along with Western Union and Honeywell, BDM was one of the first firms to locate in the Westpark section of Tysons Corner, occupying buildings on Jones Branch Drive and Westbranch Drive; the company grew along with Tysons Corner. In the early 1960s Tysons Corner was a sleepy crossroads, but has since grown into a classic "edge city", a home of many government and military contractors. Williams promoted the area as a suitable place for technology-oriented firms. Tysons Corner and the surrounding towns became the home of many of BDM's competitors, including Planning Research Corporation, DynCorp International, CACI.

Although all competed with BDM, in the buildup of defense budgets in the late 20th century, nearly all prospered. For a time, the press referred to these companies as "Beltway Bandits," because of their location near interchanges of the Washington, D. C. circumferential freeway. Employees of those companies, including BDM President Earle Williams, took offense to that term; as the Virginia-based defense contractors lost their independence and were absorbed by large aerospace giants, the term fell from use. Although the location of the headquarters of these defense contractors was part of an overall trend of movement to the suburbs beginning in the 1960s, BDM played a leading role in the specifics of this movement into the Virginia suburbs of Washington. BDM's executives were active in the local community. President Earle Williams served as Director of Wolftrap Foundation for the Performing Arts. BDM's Executive Vice President Stanley E. Harrison worked to strengthen the academic programs of George Mason University in Fairfax, VA.

He became the Provost of Shenandoah University in Winchester, VA. In 1988 BDM became a part of Ford Motor Company. In 1990 Ford Aerospace was sold by FORD Motor Company to Loral and BDM was spun off to Carlyle Group. In 1997 BDM was purchased by TRW, an aerospace systems and technical services company, which in turn was acquired by Northrop Grumman in 2002. Northrop Grumman maintains a major corporate facility in Tysons Corner to this day

Bill Shortt

Bill Shortt was a Welsh professional footballer who played as a goalkeeper. He was capped 12 times by Wales. Shortt joined Chester on amateur terms in 1938 after being spotted playing for local side Hoole Alex. Signing a professional contract the following May after a loan spell with Wellington. Although Shortt never played a Football League match for Chester, he was a regular for the first-team throughout the war years, he made his debut in the club's first wartime league match against Tranmere Rovers in October 1939 and played his final match against Rochdale in January 1946, shortly before moving to Division Two side Plymouth Argyle for £1,000. Shortt went on to make more than 300 league appearances for Argyle over the next decade, helping them win the Football League Division Three South title in 1951–52, his stint saw him capped 12 times by Wales, with his first cap coming against Northern Ireland in April 1947. The following season saw him return to Chester with Plymouth in the FA Cup third round, but he was on the losing side as Chester recorded a 2–0 victory.

After leaving Plymouth in 1956, Shortt ended his professional career. He was the landlord of a pub in Plymouth, he died on the same day as legendary football manager Brian Clough. Plymouth Argyle Football League Division Three South champions: 1951–52 Chester City obituary Tribute from a Plymouth Argyle fan Article on Chester during the Second World War

Sheriff (band)

Sheriff was a Canadian rock band in the early 1980s, best known for their hit song "When I'm with You". The band was formed in 1979 in Toronto, Ontario and consisted of vocalist Freddy Curci, guitarist Steve DeMarchi, keyboardist/rhythm guitarist Arnold Lanni, bassist Wolf Hassel and drummer Rob Elliott; the band's only full-length release was a self-titled 1982 album, that featured a Canadian Top 40 hit, "You Remind Me" as well as their most famous song, "When I'm with You", which reached No. 8 in Canada and No. 61 in the United States in 1983. Six years it was re-released and hit No. 1 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the U. S; the band split up in 1985. Lanni and Hassel went on to form Frozen Ghost and racked up several hits in Canada, the biggest of, "Should I See," which reached No. 69 in the U. S. Six years after "When I'm with You" had been a chart hit in Canada, Las Vegas DJ Jay Taylor began playing the song. KRXY DJ Gabe Baptiste started playing "When I'm With You," and listener response was positive.

As a result, Capitol Records re-released the song. It subsequently became No. 1 in the United States in February 1989. While Curci and DeMarchi made efforts to re-form Sheriff, a reunion was not to be; the lack of interest from other Sheriff bandmembers led Curci and DeMarchi to team up with several former members of Heart to form Alias, who in the early 1990s had two popular singles, with "Waiting for Love" and their No. 2 success, "More Than Words Can Say."Meanwhile and Hassel continued to work with Frozen Ghost until they split up in 1993. Curci and DeMarchi resurrected the Alias name in 2009 with new members, they released their second album, they continue to tour with Alias. Lanni has become a producer, having worked with Our Lady Peace, Finger Eleven, Simple Plan, among others. At an Alias concert on December 30, 2011, at Cosmo Music in Ontario, original Sheriff bassist, Wolf Hassel joined Curci and DeMarchi on stage for the first time in 26 years for a full set, which included a performance of "When I'm with You."

This performance led to Hassel joining Alias on a permanent basis in 2014. Sheriff Alias official website