Hampstead is an area in north London, England. Lying 4 miles northwest of Charing Cross, it extends from the A5 road to Hampstead Heath, a large, hilly expanse of parkland; the area forms the north-west part of the London Borough of Camden. Hampstead is known for its intellectual, artistic and literary associations, it has some of the most expensive housing in the London area. Hampstead has more millionaires within its boundaries than any other area of the United Kingdom; the name comes from the Anglo-Saxon words ham and stede, which means, is a cognate of, the Modern English "homestead". Early records of Hampstead can be found in a grant by King Ethelred the Unready to the monastery of St. Peter's at Westminster, it is referred to in the Domesday Book as being in the Middlesex hundred of Ossulstone; the growth of Hampstead is traced back to the 17th century. Trustees of the Well started advertising the medicinal qualities of the chalybeate waters in 1700. Although Hampstead Wells was most successful and fashionable, its popularity declined in the 1800s due to competition with other fashionable London spas.
The spa was demolished in 1882. Hampstead started to expand following the opening of the North London Railway in the 1860s, expanded further after the Charing Cross, Euston & Hampstead Railway opened in 1907 and provided fast travel to central London. Much luxurious housing was created during the 1870s and 1880s, in the area, now the political ward of Frognal & Fitzjohns. Much of this housing remains to this day. In the 20th century, a number of notable buildings were created including: Hampstead Underground station, the deepest station on the Underground network Isokon building Hillfield Court 2 Willow Road Swiss Cottage Central Library Royal Free Hospital Cultural attractions in the area include the Freud Museum, Keats House, Kenwood House, Fenton House, the Isokon building, Burgh House, the Camden Arts Centre; the large Victorian Hampstead Library and Town Hall was converted and extended as a creative industries centre. On 14 August 1975 Hampstead entered the UK Weather Records with the Highest 155-min total rainfall at 169 mm.
As of November 2008 this record remains. The average price of a property in Hampstead was £1.5 million in 2018. Hampstead became part of the County of London in 1889 and in 1899 the Metropolitan Borough of Hampstead was formed; the borough town hall on Haverstock Hill, the location of the Register Office, can be seen in newsreel footage of many celebrity civil marriages. In 1965 the metropolitan borough was abolished and its area merged with that of the Metropolitan Borough of Holborn and the Metropolitan Borough of St Pancras to form the modern-day London Borough of Camden. Hampstead is part of the Kilburn constituency, formed at the 2010 general election, it was part of the Hampstead and Highgate constituency. Since May 2015 the area has been represented on Camden Council by Conservative Party councillors Tom Currie, Oliver Cooper and Stephen Stark; the area has a significant tradition of educated liberal humanism referred to as "Hampstead Liberalism". In the 1960s, the figure of the Hampstead Liberal was notoriously satirised by Peter Simple of the Daily Telegraph in the character of Lady Dutt-Pauker, an immensely wealthy aristocratic socialist whose Hampstead mansion, Marxmount House, contained an original pair of Bukharin's false teeth on display alongside precious Ming vases, neo-constructivist art, the complete writings of Stalin.
Michael Idov of The New Yorker stated that the community "was the citadel of the moneyed liberal intelligentsia, posh but not stuffy." As applied to an individual, the term "Hampstead Liberal" is not synonymous with "champagne socialist" but carries some of the same connotations. The term is rather misleading; as of 2018, the component wards of Hampstead have mixed representation. Hampstead Town and Frognal and Fitzjohns wards elects 3 Conservative councillors, Swiss Cottage elects 3 Labour councillors, while Belsize is represented by 2 Liberal Democrat and 1 Conservative councillor. Swiss Cottage is a competitive Conservative and Labour marginal, Frognal and Fitzjohns is a safe Conservative ward. Hampstead Town has seen a number of tightly-fought Conservative and Liberal Democrat contests, the ward has had mixed representation in recent decades. In the most recent election, the highest scoring candidates for each of the three parties in Belsize were within 200 votes of each other. During the EU Referendum of 2016, 75% of voters across the London Borough of Camden voted to remain in the EU.
Following the result many commentators used Hampstead, a prosperous area of north London, as an archetype of the type of area that preferred to remain in the EU. This point was made in alliterative contrast to poor post-industrial northern towns such as Hartlepool and Hull, that preferred to leave. To the north and east of Hampstead, separating it from Highgate, is London's largest ancient parkland, Hampstead Heath, which includes the well-known and legally-protected view of the London skyline from Parliament Hill; the Heath, a major place for Londoners to walk and "take the air", has three open-air public swimming ponds.
Geoff Smith is a musical performer and composer from Brighton, England. He was a member of the group Attacco Decente, he was a pupil at Varndean College from 1974. Smith is considered to be one of the world's leading players of the hammered dulcimer. In performance, he plays three custom-built prototype dulcimers sequentially - diatonic, chromatic and a microtonal model featuring'fluid tuning', i.e. such that individual notes may be tuned at precise microtonal intervals. Smith has designed a revolutionary new addition to the piano - the microtonal tuning mechanism; this innovation enables the use of fluid tuning on the piano. Therefore, a diversity of bespoke tuning layouts can be explored and created separately for each composition, in contrast to the instrument being creatively limited to'fixed tuning' and therefore the culturally predominant western chromatic octave. Smith's compositions include music for dance, his first major solo work was a new soundtrack to Robert Wiene's classic German silent expressionist film The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari.
He has performed this soundtrack as a live accompaniment to the film on many occasions. His next project was a new soundtrack to FW Murnau's film Faust, followed by a new soundtrack to Benjamin Christensen's 1922 silent film Häxan. Smith's soundtrack was included on a DVD of Häxan released in 2007 by Tartan Films. Smith's next film music project was a new score for the oldest surviving animated feature film, Lotte Reiniger's The Adventures of Prince Achmed. Smith premiered the score in 2008. Smith has composed music for the Japanese dancer Shakti. Ferocious Tenderness Salome The Cabinet of Doctor Caligari Geoff Smith
The Alki Point Light is an active aid to navigation located on Puget Sound's Alki Point, the southern entrance to Seattle's Elliott Bay, King County, Washington. It is listed as Alki Point Light number 16915 in the USCG light lists; the first, light established at Alki Point was a kerosene lantern said to have been hung on the side of a barn in the 1870s by farmer and property owner Hans Martin Hanson. In 1887, the United States Lighthouse Board recognized the need for an official light and placed a lens-lantern atop a wooden post at the point; as Hanson remained the property's owner, he was assigned to be lightkeeper at a salary of $15 per month. Hanson's son Edmund sold the point to the government in 1910. By 1913, the present structure comprising a 37-foot octagonal brick tower with lantern and gallery, attached to a 1-story brick fog signal building, was complete, it is the twin of Point Robinson Lighthouse on Maury Island, built two years later. The tower held a fourth order Fresnel lens, visible at no less than 12 miles.
Other site improvements included two residences for the lighthouse keepers. In 1962, the original Fresnel lens was replaced by a modern optic device; the station was automated in 1984. Following modernization, the principal keeper's quarters became the home of the Commander of the Thirteenth Coast Guard District; the active light station remains in the hands of the U. S. Coast Guard. Tours are periodically offered by the U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary. Alki Point Lighthouse Tours U. S. Coast Guard Auxiliary