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2005 Bolivian general election

General elections were held in Bolivia on 18 December 2005. Evo Morales of the Movement for Socialism party was elected President of Bolivia with 54% of the vote, the first time a candidate had received an absolute majority since the flawed 1978 elections. Morales was sworn in on 22 January 2006 for a five-year term; the MAS won a majority of seats in the Chamber of Deputies and emerged as the largest party in the Senate. Voters elected prefects, the highest executive office in each of Bolivia's nine departments; this was the first time. Subsequently, departmental elections were held separately from national elections, with the next one held in April 2010. In the early 2000s there were high levels of political instability across the country, including five Presidents in four years. Much of the instability dates back to the economic reforms otherwise known as "shock therapy" implemented by President Gonzalo Sánchez de Lozada whereby many public utilities were privatized; these reforms lead to the First Bolivian Gas War in October 2003 where protesters, many of them of indigenous descent forced the resignation of Sánchez de Lozada.

Carlos Mesa temporarily served as interim President. In his year in office, Mesa held a national referendum on the prospect of the nationalization of the hydrocarbons industry which he claimed to have won. Critics however said that the questions were vague and ambiguous with regard to outright nationalization of the hydrocarbons industry. In May 2005 the Second Bolivian Gas War began after Congress agreed to raise taxes on foreign companies from 18% to 32%; the unions, led by Evo Morales, felt the law did not go far enough and shut down the country, blockading major roads and cutting off the food supplies of several large cities. In June 2005 the protests led to Mesa's resignation. Supreme Court Chief Justice Eduardo Rodríguez assumed the position of President of the Republic after the presidents of both the Senate and Chamber of Deputies declined the position and Rodríguez was fourth in line of succession. Viewed as an apolitical figure, Rodríguez was welcomed by protesters and called for the presidential elections slated to take place in 2007 to be brought forward to December 2005.

Voters had two ballots. Senators and Deputies were returned on a departmental basis. However, there was no national distribution of seats. Voting was compulsory for all Bolivians over the age of 18, but Bolivians living abroad were not able to take part. Morales claimed his victory marked Bolivia's first election of an indigenous head of state, but this claim generated controversy, due to the number of mestizo presidents who came before him, was challenged publicly by such figures as Mario Vargas Llosa, who accused Morales of fomenting racial divisions in an mestizo Latin America. National Electoral Court of Bolivia BBC "Crucial Choice for Bolivian Voters" BBC "Q&A: Bolivian Elections" CBC "Left-wing candidate favoured to win Bolivian election" NPR's Weekend Edition: "Bolivians Vote for President" NPR's All Things Considered "Bolivia Prepares for Presidential Election" MAS Official Campaign Site

Tim Lamb

Timothy Michael Lamb is an English sports administrator. He is the younger brother of third Baron Rochester, he was an English County Cricketer and Cricket Administrator, the first Chief Executive of the England and Wales Cricket Board before going on to become Chief Executive of the Sport and Recreation Alliance from 2005 until 2014. He set up TML Sports Connections, a sports consultancy, he is a member of the Cabinet Office Sport Honours Committee. He was educated at Shrewsbury School and The Queen's College, Oxford University and played professional cricket for Middlesex and Northamptonshire. A right-arm fast-medium bowler, he played 160 First Class matches between 1973 and 1983, taking 361 wickets and scoring 1274 runs, with a top score of 77 against Nottinghamshire at Lord's, but he was better known for his record in the limited overs form of the game, where in all competitions he took a total of 190 wickets at an average of 25.70 at a respectable economy rate of 3.86. He played in four Lord's Cup Finals.

He entered sports administration as Secretary and General Manager of Middlesex County Cricket Club in 1984, became Cricket Secretary of the Test and County Cricket Board in 1988 and Chief Executive in 1996. Under his leadership the sport of cricket witnessed a period of unprecedented reform and modernisation, which saw the introduction of Twenty20 Cricket, a two-division County Championship with promotion and relegation, central contracts for England players, the establishment of a National Academy and a resurgence of interest and participation in cricket among children, as well as a significant growth in the women's game; the ECB's annual commercial income more than doubled during his period of office. He was subsequently elected an Honorary Life Member of the MCC, Middlesex County Cricket Club and Durham County Cricket Club in recognition of his services to cricket. Lamb left the ECB in 2004 and the following year became Chief Executive of the CCPR, the independent umbrella body and trade association for the national governing and representative bodies of sport and recreation in the UK.

Counting some 320 organisations within its membership from right across the sector, the Alliance exists to promote and provide for sport and recreation by demonstrating the benefits that they can bring to society, working to reduce adverse impacts from legislation or other causes, providing a range of high quality services to enable its member organisations to operate more effectively. Tim retired from this position in February 2014, he has been married to Denise since 1978 and they have two children and Nick. Another Tim Lamb works for an insurance company Cricinfo Cricket Archive Sport and Recreation Alliance

The High Strung

The High Strung is an American band from Detroit, United States. The band is composed of lead singers and guitarists Josh Malerman and Mark Owen, guitarist Stephen Palmer, bassist Chad Stocker, drummer Derek Berk. Malerman and Owen attended Michigan State University in the late 1990s before moving to New York City; the band formed in Williamsburg, when the members of the former East Lansing, band The Masons changed their name and added Stocker to the roster. Owen left the band in 2005 and returned in 2016. Palmer joined the group shortly after the recording of Dragon Dicks in early 2010; these are Good Times, Moxie Bravo, Get the Guests and ¿Posible o' Imposible? were produced in Detroit by producer/engineer Jim Diamond. 2000 - As/Is 2001 - Soap 2002 - Sure as Hell 2002 - Hannah 2003 - These are Good Times 2003 - Follow Through on Your Backhand 2006 - Moxie Bravo 2007 - Get the Guests 2008 - CreEPy 2009 - Ode to the Inverse of the Dude 2010 - Live at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba 2010 - Dragon Dicks 2011 - Clown Car 2012 - ¿Posible o' Imposible?

2014 - I, Anybody 2019 - Quiet Riots While touring in 2004, they left their broken down tour bus on the steps of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in Cleveland, OH. The bus was adorned with a makeshift plaque reading, in part: "This is a 1988 Chevy G30 used by The High Strung. Although the odometer reads 8,621 miles, it is 318,621 miles." In 2005, they began touring libraries throughout the state of Michigan, spurring an August 4, 2005, episode of This American Life on Chicago Public Radio titled "Dewey Decibel System". The High Strung were featured in an interview the indie music magazine, Daytrotter in September 2006 in an article titled "The High Strung: A Tattered Atlas for a Co-Pilot and a Friend in Uncle Bob" about their ever-working ways, relationship with Robert Pollard; the High Strung were featured in an article in Time Out New York in June 2007. Their song "The Luck You Got" from the album Moxie Bravo is featured as the theme song to the US version of the show Shameless; the High Strung at AllMusic Rock & Roll Library Tour website Official Website

Casey Parsons

Casey Robert Parsons is a former Major League Baseball outfielder. He played parts of four seasons in the majors, between 1981 and 1987, for the Seattle Mariners, Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians. In four seasons, he played in just 63 games, in less than half of those did he appear in the field. Parsons was used as a pinch pinch runner 48 times in those 63 games. Parsons was born in Wenatchee, he attended Gonzaga University, where he played college baseball for the Bulldogs from 1973 to 1976. Following his Major League career, Parsons spent seven years as a manager in the Oakland Athletics organization. From 1989 until 1995, Parsons managed five different teams in the minors, his teams made the playoffs twice. Career statistics and player information from Baseball-Reference, or Baseball-Reference


Ontogeny is the origination and development of an organism from the time of fertilization of the egg to the organism's mature form—although the term can be used to refer to the study of the entirety of an organism's lifespan. Ontogeny is the developmental history of an organism within its own lifetime, as distinct from phylogeny, which refers to the evolutionary history of a species. In practice, writers on evolution speak of species as "developing" traits or characteristics; this can be misleading. While developmental processes can influence subsequent evolutionary processes, individual organisms develop, while species evolve. Ontogeny and developmental biology are related studies and those terms are sometimes used interchangeably; the term ontogeny has been used in cell biology to describe the development of various cell types within an organism. Ontogeny is a useful field of study in many disciplines, including developmental biology, developmental psychology, developmental cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychobiology.

Ontogeny is a concept used in anthropology as "the process through which each of us embodies the history of our own making". The word ontogeny comes from the Greek ὄν, on. A seminal paper named ontogeny as one of the four primary questions of biology, along with Huxley's three others: causation, survival value and evolution. Tinbergen emphasized that the change of behavioral machinery during development was distinct from the change in behavior during development. "We can conclude that the thrush itself, i.e. its behavioral machinery, has changed only if the behavior change occurred while the environment was held constant... When we turn from description to causal analysis, ask in what way the observed change in behavior machinery has been brought about, the natural first step is to try and distinguish between environmental influences and those within the animal... In ontogeny the conclusion that a certain change is internally controlled is reached by elimination. " Tinbergen was concerned that the elimination of environmental factors is difficult to establish, the use of the word "innate" is misleading.

Most organisms undergo allometric changes in shape as they grow and mature, while others engage in metamorphosis. "reptiles", in which the offspring are viewed as miniature adults, show a variety of ontogenetic changes in morphology and physiology. Comparing ourselves to others is something humans do all the time. "In doing so we are acknowledging not so much our sameness to others or our difference, but rather the commonality that resides in our difference. In other words, because each one of us is at once remarkably similar to, remarkably different from, all other humans, it makes little sense to think of comparison in terms of a list of absolute similarities and a list of absolute differences. Rather, in respect of all other humans, we find similarities in the ways we are different from one another and differences in the ways we are the same; that we are able to do this is a function of the genuinely historical process, human ontogeny". Recapitulation theory, the idea that ontogeny recapitulates phylogeny Organogenesis Ontogeny Phylogenetics Phylogeny Noogenesis Apoptosis - Cell death in specific locations due to inherited genetic instructions.

Media related to Morphogenesis at Wikimedia Commons The dictionary definition of ontogeny at Wiktionary