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Harpastum known as harpustum, was a form of ball game played in the Roman Empire. The Romans referred to it as the small ball game; the ball used was small and hard about the size and solidity of a softball. The word harpastum is the latinisation of the Greek ἁρπαστόν, the neuter of ἁρπαστός, "carried away", from the verb ἁρπάζω, "to seize, to snatch"; this game was a romanized version of a Greek game called phaininda, or of another Greek game called ἐπίσκυρος. It involved considerable speed and physical exertion. Little is known about the exact rules of the game, but sources indicate the game was a violent one with players ending up on the ground. In Greece, a spectator once had his leg broken. Athenaeus writes: Harpastum, which used to be called phaininda, is the game I like most of all. Great are the exertion and fatigue attendant upon contests of ball-playing, violent twisting and turning of the neck. Hence Antiphanes,'Damn it, what a pain in the neck I've got.' He describes the game thus:'He seized the ball and passed it to a team-mate while dodging another and laughing.

He pushed it out of the way of another. Another fellow player he raised to his feet. All the while the crowd resounded with shouts of Out of bounds, Too far, Right beside him, Over his head, On the ground, Up in the air, Too short, Pass it back in the scrum.' Galen, in "On Exercise with the Small Ball", describes harpastum as: better than wrestling or running because it exercises every part of the body, takes up little time, costs nothing.". Galen adds, "When, for example, people face each other, vigorously attempting to prevent each other from taking the space between, this exercise is a heavy, vigorous one, involving much use of the hold by the neck, many wrestling holds. An anonymous poet praises the ball skills of Piso: No less is your nimbleness, if it is your pleasure to return the flying ball, or recover it when falling to the ground, by a surprising movement get it within bounds again in its flight. To watch such play the populace remains stockstill, the whole crowd abandons its own games.

Julius Pollux includes harpastum and phaininda in a list of ball games: Phaininda takes its name from Phaenides, who first invented it, or from phenakizein, because they show the ball to one man and throw to another, contrary to expectation. It is that this is the same as the game with the small ball, which takes its name from harpazein. Sidonius Apollinaris describes a ball game in one of his letters: And now the illustrious Filimatius sturdily flung himself into the squadrons of the players, like Virgil's hero,'daring to set his hand to the task of youth', but over and over again, he was forced from his position among the stationary players by the shock of some runner from the middle, driven into the midfield, where the ball flew past him, or was thrown over his head. More than once he fell prone, had to pick himself up from such collapses as best he could; the general impression from these descriptions is of a game quite similar to rugby. Additional descriptions suggest a line was drawn in the dirt, that the teams would endeavor to keep the ball behind their side of the line and prevent the opponents from reaching it.

This seems rather like an "inverted" form of football. If the opponents had the ball on their side of the line, the objective would seem to be to get in and "pass" it to another player, or somehow get it back over the line; the ancient accounts of the game are not precise enough to enable the reconstruction the rules in any detail. In an epigram, Martial makes reference to the dusty game of harpasta in reference to Atticus' preference for running as exercise: "No hand-ball, no bladder-ball, no feather-stuffed ball makes you ready for the warm bath, nor the blunted sword-stroke upon the unarmed stump. In the Croatian town of Sinj, a Roman tombstone found in the ruins of the military camp Tilurium, near the modern day Trilj, shows a boy holding a harpastum ball in his hands; the ball, shown on this monument has hexagonal and pentagonal patterns, similar to a modern-day football. Calcio Fiorentino Cuju Follis History of football Kirkwall Ba game La Soule Volata H. Harris, "Sport in Greece and Rome", pages 86–99 William Smith, "Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities", - article on Pila

Ontario Curling Tour

The Ontario Curling Tour is a group of curling bonspiels, which takes places in Ontario and attracts some of the top male and female curlers in the province, from across the country and world. The OCT was designed to promote competitive curling from a grass root level; the events for the Ontario Curling Tour begin at the end of August and run until December, with occasional events taking place in January. Several of the events on the Ontario Curling Tour are included in the World Curling Tour. All events on the Ontario Curling Tour, much like those on World Curling Tour, contain a prize purse for the winning teams, award CTRS points to the Canadian teams competing. CTRS points qualify teams for the Canadian Olympic Curling Trials and events such as the Canada Cup of Curling. Events in bold are part of the World Curling Tour Events in bold are part of the World Curling Tour List of teams on the Ontario Curling Tour World Curling Tour Official website

Seminary Ridge

Seminary Ridge is a dendritic ridge, an area of Battle of Gettysburg engagements in July 1863 during the American Civil War, of military installations during World War II. Seminary Ridge is a northern portion of the drainage divide between the Marsh Creek Watershed on the west and the Rock Creek Watershed. At the south end of Oak Ridge, the north-south McPherson and Seminary ridges bifurcate southward at the triple watershed point of Willoughby and Pitzer runs with a Rock Creek eastward tributary. From the triple point, Seminary Ridge extends southward to an area with eastward drainage into the Rock Cr tributary, with the borough of Gettysburg, with the TBD. Farther south into the Gettysburg National Park, Seminary Ridge continues as far as a branch of Pitzer Run, which divides the ridgeline, around which the drainage divide curves to the east; the ridgeline continues south of the branch. Between the Millerstown and Emmitsburg road crossings, the west side of the ridgeline is an elevated area about 1 mile wide along the Emmitsburg Road.

Along this east side of this elevated area, the ridgeline is Warfield Ridge, the southernmost portion of Seminary Ridge near the south end of the Gettysburg Battlefield. South of the tip of Seminary/Warfield Ridge tip, the Marsh/Rock creeks' drainage divide continues about 4 miles to near the Mason–Dixon line at their confluence to form the Monocacy River; the portion of Seminary Ridge on the western side of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania includes the railroad cut behind houses north of Buford Avenue and the historic Gettysburg Armory. Extending south are Schultz Woods, Spangler Woods, Berdan Woods, the McMillan Woods Youth Campground, Pitzer Woods, Biesecker's Woods, the 1895 Longstreet Tower, which provides an observation platform for the "southern end" of Seminary Ridge; the Eisenhower National Historic Site on the west of the ridge is visible from the tower. Seminary Ridge Avenue and the sections of West Confederate Avenue extend along the landform's ridgeline and provide access to numerous battle monuments on the ridge, including the prominent Virginia Monument.

Seminary Ridge is crossed by Springs avenues, as well as West Middle Street. South Seminary Ridge is a Gettysburg Battlefield landform south of an east-west branch of Pitzer Run, which separates South Seminary Ridge from a separate landform to the north on the west of Gettysburg with the Lutheran Theological Seminary at Gettysburg. South of the Pitzer Run branch, the ridgeline of South Seminary Ridge extends from Pitzer Woods, across the Millerstown Road, past the Longstreet Tower to the Emmitsburg Road and on to the southernmost state memorial on the battlefield, just west of the right flank marker for the Confederate Line. Warfield Ridge is a portion of South Seminary Ridge southward to the Alabama Memorial, the ridge landform continues southward out of the Gettysburg National Park to where Ridge Road is on the crest; the 1761 Samuel Gettys tavern was built near the ridge at the crossroads east of Stevens Creek, it preceded both the c. 1812 construction of the Chambersburg Pike across the ridge and the nearby "Gettysburg Theological Seminary" being established on the ridge on August 1, 1826.

In 1832, Old Dorm was built, Pennsylvania College was started on the east side of the ridge. On the ridge along the Chambersburg Pike, the Thaddeus Stevens building near the seminary was built in 1834. At the time of the battle, the section of the ridge at the extension of West Middle St was known as "Haupt's Hill". Seminary Ridge was the site of Battle of Gettysburg fighting on July 1, 1863, as well as a Pitzer Woods engagement on July 2. Robert E. Lee established his headquarters on the ridge just north of the Chambersburg pike, the ridge served as the Confederate line of battle for July 2 & 3 attacks against Union Army positions on Cemetery Ridge. On July 3, 500 men in George Pickett's division were killed/wounded on Seminary Ridge from the Federal artillery counterfire prior to Pickett's Charge; the last hospital patient of the seminary's Old Dorm left on September 16, 1863. Longstreet Tower was built on the ridge by the War Department in 1895. West Confederate Avenue was built at the turn of the 20th century for Seminary Ridge tourism, while Sharpshooters Avenue was extended from W Confederate Avenue in 1917 for access to a Pitzer Woods monument.

In 1918, various military camp sites were located in the "Field of Pickett's Charge" between the Seminary and Cemetery ridges. The North Carolina Monument was placed on the ridge in 1929; the Civilian Conservation Corps built the 1938 Civil War veteran's camp for the 75th Anniversary of the Battle of Gettysburg and performed Gettysburg Battlefield landscaping through 1941. Construction had begun c. November 1933 for Gettysburg CCC camp "NP-2", which opened May 26, 1934 on Seminary Ridge and closed in 1941. Renamed from "MP-2", camp NP-2 was in McMillan Woods, while a different CCC camp was in Pitzer Woods from 1935 until closing in April 1937; the Pitzer's Woods camp was for reforestation and a 1933 "cyclone" blew all 45 tents down. The "Gettysburg Company 1355, C. C. C." Celebrated their 8th anniversary in 1941. During 1943-4, Camp Sharpe at the former P

It Happened at the Inn

It Happened at the Inn is a 1943 French mystery film directed by Jacques Becker, starring Fernand Ledoux, Robert Le Vigan, Georges Rollin and Blanchette Brunoy. It follows an investigation; the film is based on the 1937 novel with the same title by Pierre Véry. It was released in France on 14 April 1943, it was shot at the Epinay Studios in Paris with location filming taking place around Charente. Fernand Ledoux as Goupi-Mains rouges Robert Le Vigan as Goupi-Tonkin Georges Rollin as Goupi-Monsieur Blanchette Brunoy as Goupi-Muguet Arthur Devère as Goupi-Mes sous Germaine Kerjean as Goupi-Tisane Maurice Schutz as Goupi-L'Empereur Guy Favières as Goupi-La Loi Marcelle Hainia as Goupi-Cancan René Génin as Goupi-Dicton Albert Rémy as Jean des Goupis Line Noro as Marie des Goupis Marcel Pérès as Eusèbe, le gendarme Louis Seigner as L'instituteur Pierre Labry as Minain Maurice Marceau as Un porteur à la gare Slide, Anthony. Selected Film Criticism: Foreign Films, 1930-1950. Scarecrow Press, 1984. Https://

Sleaszy Rider Records

Sleaszy Rider Records is an independent record label, founded in 1999 by Tolis G. Palantzas; the head office of the label is located in Greece. The label is distributed in Europe by Sony Music/EMI; the label distributes releases in Greece from numerous labels, including Roadrunner Records, SPV, Pagan Records. Aetherius Obscuritas Ancient Bomb and Scary Cold Colours Cain Darkwalker Dedication Depression Desert Dreamlike Horror Duster 69 Edge Of Anger Fahrenheit Foundry Funeral Revolt Fragile Vastness Greifenstein Grenouer Hesperia The Illusion Fades In Memory Irony Jerkstore Lipstixx N Bulletz Liquid Graveyard Lloth The Lust Nocta Odious Of the Archaengel On Thorns I Lay Overtures Posithrone Prejudice Psychotron Redrum Ricky Warwick Sandness Satarial Shadowcast Snowblind Solar Fragment Soulskinner Sound of Silence Space Mirrors Spider Kickers Thokkian Vortex Through Art Thurisaz Vinder Voodoo Highway W. A. N. T. E. D. W. E. B. Weeping Silence Ashes You Leave D-Noiz Deva Noctua Entropia Deviser En Garde Enemynside Fragile Vastness Hannibal Hellire B.

C. Hortus Animae Imagika Insidius Infernus Kinetic Korrodead Midnight Scream Nordor Obsecration Overload Phantom Lord Pleurisy Powertrip Re-Vision Rotting Flesh Sangre Eterna Sister Sin Sorrowful Angels Transcending Bizarre Uranus Wastefall Windfall Womb of Maggots Official Sleaszy Rider Records Homepage Official Sleaszy Rider Records Myspace page

List of teams and cyclists in the 2006 Tour de France

The list of teams and cyclists in the 2006 Tour de France contains the professional road bicycle racers who competed at the 2006 Tour de France from July 1 to July 23, 2006. In prior years, 21 teams of nine riders each have participated in the annual Tour de France, but following the Operación Puerto doping investigation, the Astana–Würth team as well as four individual riders were not allowed to start the race. 26 countries were represented. France has the most riders, with 36 from the total of 176. Bouygues Télécom is only team with all nine riders from the same country. Team CSC is only team without rider from the country the team is from 31 riders who have completed Giro: Ekimov, Rubiera, Julich, Sastre, Kessler, Calzati, Peña, Bruseghin, Valjavec, Vila Errandonea, Botcharov, Lopez, Simoni, Casar, da Cruz, Larsson, Di Luca, Lefevre, Sacchi 11 riders who took part in Giro but abandoned: Honchar, Scholz, Brandt, McEwen, Rujano, Verbrugghe, Gilbert Following a non-start from Jan Ullrich, it is the first time since 1999 that the race has not included a former Tour de France winner.

Five riders have won Grand Tour: Garzelli, Savoldelli and Menchov Three riders have won points competition in Tour de France: Zabel, McEwen and Hushovd Two riders have won mountains classification in Tour de France: Rinero and Rasmussen Four riders have won under-25 classification in Tour de France: Salmon, Menchov and Popovych Eleven riders had led the general classification: Vasseur, Zabel, O'Grady, Moreau, Voigt, Peña, Hushovd, McEwen and Zabriskie. Riders who lead the general classification for the first time during the 2006 Tour: Hincapie, Honchar, Dessel and Pereiro. At the start, riders who had won a stage in Tour de France: Ekimov, Boogerd, Brochard, Rous, O'Grady, Bäckstedt, Commesso, McEwen, Dekker, Verbrugghe, Freire, Hushovd, Flecha, Simoni, Pozzato, Moncoutié, Zabriskie, Rasmussen, Totschnig, Hincapie and Savoldelli. New stage winners during the Tour: Casper, Honchar, Menchov, Fedrigo and Landis. 2006 Tour de France List of teams and cyclists in the 2005 Tour de France