SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Harvard Medical School

Harvard Medical School is the faculty of medicine and graduate medical school of Harvard University. It is located in the Longwood neighborhood of Massachusetts. Founded in 1782, HMS is one of the oldest medical schools in the United States and is ranked first for research among medical schools by U. S. News & World Report. Unlike most other leading medical schools, HMS does not operate in conjunction with a single hospital but is directly affiliated with several teaching hospitals in the Boston area. HMS-affiliated teaching hospitals and institutes include Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Massachusetts General Hospital and Women's Hospital, Boston Children's Hospital; the HMS faculty has 2,900 full- and part-time voting faculty members consisting of assistant and full professors, over 5,000 full- and part-time, post-doctoral researchers and non-voting instructors. The majority of the faculty receive their appointments through an affiliated teaching hospital. Harvard Medical School was founded on September 19, 1782 after President Joseph Willard presented a report with plans for a medical school to the fellows and the president of Harvard College.

It is the third-oldest medical school in the United States, founded after the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. The founding faculty members of Harvard Medical School were John Warren, Benjamin Waterhouse, Aaron Dexter. Lectures were first held in the basement of Harvard Hall and later in Holden Chapel. Students purchased tickets to five or six daily lectures; the first two students graduated in 1788. In the following century, the medical school moved locations several times due to changing clinical relationships. In 1810 the school moved to Boston at. In 1816 the school was moved to Mason Street and was called the Massachusetts Medical College of Harvard University in recognition of a gift from the Great and General Court of Massachusetts. In 1847, the school was moved to Mason Street to be closer to Massachusetts General Hospital. In 1883 the school was relocated to Copley Square. Prior to this move, Charles William Eliot became Harvard's president in 1869 and found the medical school in the worst condition of any part of the university.

He instituted drastic reforms that included raised admissions standards, formal degree program, defined it as a professional school within Harvard University that laid the groundwork for its transformation into one of the leading medical schools in the world. In 1906, the medical school moved to its current location in the Longwood Medical Area; the Longwood campus's five original marble-faced buildings of the quadrangle are used for laboratories and research space. Harvard Medical School faculty have been associated with a number of important medical and public-health innovations: In mid-1847, Professor Walter Channing's proposal that women be admitted to lectures and examinations was rejected by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. Nonetheless, Harriot Kezia Hunt was soon after given permission to attend medical lectures, but in 1850 this permission was withdrawn. In 1866 two women with extensive medical education were denied admission. In 1867 a single faculty member's vote blocked the admission of Susan Dimock.

In 1872 Harvard declined a gift of $10,000 conditioned on medical school admitting women medical students on the same term as men. A similar offer of $50,000, by group of ten women including Marie Elizabeth Zakrzewska, was declined in 1882, a committee of five was appointed to study the matter. After the medical school moved from North Grove Street to Boylston Street in 1883, professor Henry Ingersoll Bowditch's proposal that the North Grove Street premises be used for medical education for women was rejected. In 1943 a dean's committee recommended the admission of women, the proportion of men and women being dependent on the qualifications of the applicants. In 1945, the first class of women was admitted. By 1972 about one fifth of Harvard medical students were women. In 1850 three black men, Martin Delany, Daniel Laing, Jr. and Isaac H. Snowden, were admitted to the school, but they were expelled under pressure from faculty, other students, who objected. In 1968, in response to a petition signed by hundreds of medical students, the faculty established a commission on relations with the black community in Boston.

By 1973 the number of black students admitted had tripled, by the next year it had quadrupled. Harvard Medical School has gone through many curricular revisions for its MD program. In recent decades, HMS has maintained a three-phase curriculum with a classroom based pre-clerkship phase, a principal clinical experience, a post-PCE phase; the pre-clerkship phase has two curricular tracks. The majority of students enter in the more traditional Pathways track that focuses on active learning and earlier entry into the clinic with courses that include students from the Harvard School of Dental Medicine. Pathways students gain early exposure to the clinic through a longitudinal clinical skills course that lasts the duration of the pre-clerkship phase. A small portion of each class enter in the HST track, jointly administered with MIT; the HST track is designed to tra

Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich of Russia

Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich of Russia (Russian: Андрей Владимирович. In 1900, he began an affair with the famous ballerina Mathilde Kschessinska, becoming the third grand duke to fall for her. Grand Duke Andrei followed a military career and graduated from the Alexandrovskaya Military Law academy in 1905, he occupied different military positions during the reign of Tsar Nicholas II, but with no particular distinction. He became senator in 1911 and was appointed Major General in the Russian Army in 1915, he took part in World War I, but was away from real combat spending most of the conflict at Russia's headquarters or in idle time in Saint Petersburg. In February 1917, shortly before the fall of the Russian monarchy, Grand Duke Andrei left Saint Petersburg to join his mother in Kislovodsk, he remained in the Caucasus for the next three years. After the October Revolution he was arrested along with his brother, Grand Duke Boris, but they escaped, he departed revolutionary Russia in March 1920.

In 1921, he recognized her son as his. The couple lived in the South of France until 1929 when they moved permanently to Paris, where Kschessinska opened a ballet school. After World War II, Grand Duke Andrei lived under reduced circumstances; until his death at age 77, he was the last surviving Russian grand duke born in Imperial Russia. Grand Duke Andrei Vladimirovich of Russia was born on 14 May 1879 in Tsarskoye Selo, at his parents country residence, the Vladimir Villa, he was the youngest of the four Vladimirovich sons. His father, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovich, a brother of Tsar Alexander III of Russia, was a renowned patron of the arts. Andrei’s mother, Grand Duchess, Maria Pavlovna, née a Princess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, was one of the greatest hostesses of Russian society. Both parents doted on their four surviving children: Andrei, his two eldest brothers and Boris, their younger sister, Grand Duchess Elena; the children were educated at home. Raised by British nannies, English was Andrei's first language.

He learned Russian and German. His father, who loved art, assigned Léon Bakst as a drawing master for the children. Grand Duke Andrei grew up in opulence; the family's main residence was the Vladimir Palace in Saint Petersburg, but as his father preferred country life, they spent the greater part of the year at the Vladimir Villa, a mansion in Tsarskoye Selo, returning to Saint Petersburg during the winter. The children accompanied their parents in many of their travels abroad to France and Italy, staying in Coburg, Paris and Schwerin. Following Romanov tradition, Andrei was destined to follow a military career. While his eldest brother, chose the Imperial navy and his brother Boris joined the infantry. Andrei began his military service in August 1898 as lieutenant in the Guards Horse-Artillery Brigade. In 1899 he was appointed graduating in 1902 from the Mikhailovsky Artillery School, he studied law at the Alexandrovskaya Military Law Academy at Potseluev bridge, graduating with honors in 1905.

He was subsequently listed by the military-judicial department. The military law Academy tasked him with translating foreign military criminal statutes, he was appointed lieutenant in 1902, captain in 1906 and colonel on 18 April 1910. In March 1911, he was appointed senator. From 1911 to 26 February 1914, he commanded the Life Guards 2nd Don Cossack artillery. In spite of his appointments, Grand Duke Andrei did not have much interest in his military career. Instead, he pursued a life of leisure enjoying the privileges provided by his royal status and wealth. Grand Duke Andrei was tall and good looking. Efforts to make him settle down with a bride of royal blood were unsuccessful, he was close to his mother after the death of his father in 1909, manipulated her to his advantage, which his siblings resented. His pliable personality made him more popular within the Romanov family than his siblings, he was a good friend of his cousin Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich, a year older. In February 1900, Grand Duke Andrei was invited by his brothers, Grand Dukes Kirill and Boris, to a dinner party at the house of Mathilde Kschessinska.

Kschessinska, the Prima Ballerina Assoluta of the Mariinsky Theatre, was the eldest among the three most prominent dancers of her generation at the Imperial Russian Ballet, along with Anna Pavlova and Tamara Karsavina. Grand Duke Andrei sat next to his hostess during the dinner, but accidentally spilt a glass of red wine on her. Mathilde, attracted to the young grand duke, seven years her junior, took the incident as good omen. Age 28, Mathilde had been the mistress of Tsar Nicholas II, their two-year relationship ended with Nicholas' engagement to Alexandra. Mathilde was eager to maintain her close relationship with the Romanovs, she subsequently began a long time affair with Grand Duke Sergei Mikhailovich of Russia and Andrei's first cousin once removed. As she was not in love with Sergei, but enjoyed his company and protection, Mathilde pursued a relationship with Grand Duke Andrei, the third Romanov to become involved with her. By July 1900, they became lovers, traveling together that summer to Paris.

In the autumn 1901, they visited several Italian cities, including Venice, Padua and Rome. Grand Duke Sergei tolerated their affair, remaining a close and loyal fri

Vernon (village), New York

Vernon is a village in Oneida County, New York, United States. The population was 1,172 at the 2010 census; the Village of Vernon is located east of the center of the Town of Vernon at the junction of Routes 5 and 31. Vernon was incorporated on April 6, 1827; the Vernon Center Green Historic District was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1985. The Vernon Methodist Church was listed in 1998. Vernon is located at 43°4′46″N 75°32′24″W, on Skanandoa Creek. Skanandoa Creek was named after the famous Skenandoa. According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.9 square miles. None of the area is covered with water; as of the census of 2000, there were 1,155 people, 499 households, 314 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,264.5 people per square mile. There were 544 housing units at an average density of 595.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the village was 97.92% White, 1.13% Black or African American, 0.17% Native American, 0.09% Asian, 0.35% from other races, 0.35% from two or more races.

Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.04% of the population. There were 499 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 36.9% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.85. In the village, the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 30.9% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, 13.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males. The median income for a household in the village was $34,600, the median income for a family was $41,375. Males had a median income of $33,984 versus $23,804 for females; the per capita income for the village was $17,930. About 7.4% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.2% of those under age 18 and 5.5% of those age 65 or over