Harvard Yard

Harvard Yard, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, is the oldest part of the Harvard University campus, its historic center and modern crossroads. It contains most of the freshman dormitories, Harvard's most important libraries, Memorial Church, several classroom and departmental buildings, the offices of senior University officials including the President of Harvard University; the Yard is a grassy area of 22.4 acres bounded principally by Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge Street and Quincy Street. Its perimeter fencing – principally iron, with some stretches of brick – has twenty-seven gates; the center of the Yard, known as Tercentenary Theatre, is a wide grassy area bounded by Widener Library, Memorial Church, University Hall, Sever Hall. Tercentenary Theatre is the site of other convocations; the western third of Harvard Yard, which opens onto Peabody Street at Johnston Gate and abuts the center of Harvard Square to the south, is known as the Old Yard. Most of the freshman dormitories cluster around the Old Yard, including Massachusetts Hall, Harvard's oldest building and the second-oldest academic building in the United States.

Massachusetts Hall houses the offices of the President of Harvard University. The original Harvard Hall in the Old Yard housed the College library, including the books donated by John Harvard—​all but one of which were destroyed when the building burned in 1764. Rebuilt in 1766, the current Harvard Hall now houses classrooms. Across the Old Yard from Johnston Gate is University Hall, whose white-granite facade was the first to challenge the red-brick Georgian style until ascendant. University Hall contains major administrative offices, including those of the Dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and the Dean of Harvard College. Libraries in the Yard are Widener Library, its connected Pusey Library annex, Houghton Library for rare books and manuscripts, Lamont Library, the main undergraduate library. Classroom and departmental buildings include Emerson Hall, Sever Hall, Robinson Hall, Boylston Hall; the Harvard Bixi, a Chinese stele with inscribed text, is located near Widener. The freshman dormitories of Harvard Yard include the upper levels of Massachusetts Hall, Wigglesworth Hall, Weld Hall, Grays Hall, Matthews Hall, Straus Hall, Mower Hall, Hollis Hall, Stoughton Hall, Lionel Hall, Holworthy Hall, Canaday Hall, Thayer Hall.

Nestled among Mower, Hollis and Stoughton Halls is Holden Chapel, home of the Holden Choirs. Nearby is Phillips Brooks House, dedicated to student service to the community. Administrative buildings in the Yard include the aforementioned University Hall and Massachusetts Hall. Loeb House is the home of Harvard's governing bodies: the Harvard Corporation and the Board of Overseers. Wadsworth House houses the Harvard University Librarian and the Office of the University Marshal, among others. Lehman Hall, at the southwestern corner of the Yard, provides administrative services for students who live off-campus. National Register of Historic Places listings in Cambridge, Massachusetts "Park the car in Harvard Yard" Campus map showing Harvard Yard

Latia neritoides

Latia neritoides is a species of small freshwater snail or limpet, an aquatic gastropod mollusc in the family Latiidae. The type specimen is in the British Museum; the specific epithet "neritoides" means "like a nerite". The shell of this species has an internal shelf or lamella, but it more resembles a shell of a Crepidula than it does a Nerita; this species is endemic to the North Island of New Zealand. This limpet lives in rivers; the length of the shell is up to 11 mm. The width of the shell is up to 8 mm; the height of the shell is up to 4.5 mm. If the length of the shell is 8.5 mm, the width of the shell is 6 mm. The height of the shell is 3 mm; the shell is semiovate and fragile smooth, semitransparent. Sculpture consisting of microscopic rather distant radiate striae, fine dense concentric growth-lines. Colour pale to dark brown. Apex posterior, extending a little beyond the margin, with a spiral nucleus of 1 whorl, visible on the right side; the apex is on the left side, but sometimes near the middle of the posterior margin.

The aperture is large, the thin sharp margin rounded, but the posterior part of it is straightened and forming more or less distinct angles with the lateral sides, which themselves may become straight. The inside is polished; the lamella has the left attached end near the middle of the left margin, but the right free end does not extend beyond the posterior third of the length of the shell. The animal has ringed filiform tentacles; the eyes are situated at the outer bases of the tentacles. The formula of the radula is 30 x 27 + 1 + 27; the central tooth is bicuspid. The lateral teeth increasing in size up to the 16th, diminish again, they have first 1 2, near the margin 3 cusps. Further details on its morphology and internal anatomy are given in Meyer-Rochow & Moore These animals are bioluminescent and phosphorescent; this can be seen in the dark by disturbing the animals, or by adding a few drops of alcohol to the water. This is the only known freshwater gastropod; the light stems from a luminescent slime, emitted by the snail when it gets disturbed or is attacked by a predator like,for instance, a crayfish, an eel or a dragonfly nymph.

Furter details on its ecology and general biology can be found in. Latia luciferin is chemically -2-methyl-4--1-buten-1-ol formate; the chemical reaction is like this: XH2 is a reducing agent. The reaction is catalyzed by a purple protein. Quantula striata, the only known terrestrial gastropod that emits light; this article incorporates public domain text from the reference Hubendick B. "Figures of Latia neritoides". Journal of Molluscan Studies 45: 353-354. Abstract Ohmiya, Y.. "Bioluminescence in the Limpet-Like Snail, Latia neritoides". Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Japan. 78: 1197. Doi:10.1246/bcsj.78.1197. Shimomura, O.. H.. "The structure of Latia luciferin". Biochemistry. 7: 1734–1738. Doi:10.1021/bi00845a017. PMID 5650377. New Zealand Mollusca External and internal view of a shell Views of eggs and shells

1966 Liberty Bowl

The 1966 Liberty Bowl was a post-season American college football bowl game between the VPI Gobblers and the Miami Hurricanes, both independent programs. The eighth edition of the Liberty Bowl, it was played on December 10, 1966, at Memphis Memorial Stadium in Memphis, Tennessee; the game was the final contest of the 1966 college football season for both teams, ended in a 14–7 victory for Miami. A then-record 39,101 tickets were sold for the game, but due to 36 °F temperatures at game time, only 25,012 spectators attended; this was the second time. The previous meeting, held in 1953, ended in a 26–0 shutout victory for Miami. VPI was led on defense by All-America safety Frank Loria, who caught three interceptions and returned three punts for touchdowns as a junior during the 1966 season. In addition, defensive end George Foussekis was named to the Associated Press second-team All-America team, helped keep the Hurricanes' offense in check for most of the game. On offense, fullback Tommy Groom served as the third of the team's three team captains during the game.

VPI was coached by Jerry Claiborne, in his sixth year as head coach. Under Claiborne, the team had amassed a strong 8–1–1 record with wins over Kentucky, Florida State, Virginia and a 70–12 blowout win over traditional rival VMI in the final game of the season. VPI's sole loss came in the first game of the season against Tulane, the team had a 13–13 tie against West Virginia; the game marked just the second time that VPI had played in a bowl game since they first fielded a football team in 1892, following the 1947 Sun Bowl. Future Virginia Tech head football coach Frank Beamer participated in the game as a backup cornerback for VPI; the ninth-ranked Hurricanes boasted a 7–2–1 regular-season record, including wins over Southern California and Florida. The Hurricanes were led on the field by three-time All-American lineback Ted Hendricks, who would go on to a Hall of Fame career in the National Football League. Off the field, the Hurricanes were coached by Charlie Tate, who would head the Hurricanes football team until 1970.

The game kicked off in frigid 36 °F weather, from the beginning, defense dominated. In the first half, VPI held Miami to just 16 yards of total offense. On the opposite side of the ball, Miami set bowl game records for fewest rushing yards allowed and fewest first downs allowed. VPI got the first big break of the game after blocking Miami's first punt of the game. Taking over at the Miami 21-yard line, it took VPI just five plays to march into the end zone for an early 7–0 lead; the teams battled to a stalemate for the rest of the first half, VPI went into halftime still clinging to a 7–0 lead. In the second half, VPI's fortune turned. Late in the third quarter, their defense stopped Miami's offense again, but instead of receiving the punt cleanly, VPI committed a roughing the kicker penalty that allowed Miami to retain possession of the ball with a first down. A few plays Miami scored its first touchdown of the game. In the fourth quarter Miami took the lead on a 10-play, 70-yard drive. VPI was unable to answer the Hurricanes' score, Miami won the game, 14–7.

Miami's Jimmy Cox was named the game's most valuable player after catching five passes for 77 yards—accounting for nearly half of Miami's total offensive output. Miami earned just three rushing first downs during the game, setting a Liberty Bowl record that has yet to be broken; each team had two players pass the ball. VPI's Tommy Stafford finished the game having completed four 13 passes for 59 yards and one interception. Several times during the game, VPI had played with Barker passing the ball, he finished having completed two of his three passes for 13 yards. On the Miami side of the ball, Miller completed nine of 26 passes for 99 yards and Olivo completed one pass for nine yards. On the ground, VPI's Tommy Francisco led. Backing up Francisco was Sal Garcia, who finished with three carries for 15 yards. Miami's leading rusher was McGee. Backing up McGee was Acuff, who finished with six carries for 25 yards