The Mittelland Canal known as the Midland Canal, is a major canal in central Germany. It forms an important link in the waterway network of that country, providing the principal east-west inland waterway connection, its significance goes beyond Germany as it links France and the Benelux countries with Poland, the Czech Republic and the Baltic Sea. At 325.7 kilometres in length, the Mittelland Canal is the longest artificial waterway in Germany. The Mittelland Canal branches off the Dortmund-Ems Canal at Hörstel, runs north along the Teutoburg Forest, past Hannover and meets with the Elbe River near Magdeburg. Near Magdeburg it connects to the Elbe-Havel Canal, making a continuous shipping route to Berlin and on to Poland. At Minden the canal crosses the river Weser over two aqueducts, near Magdeburg it crosses the Elbe with an aqueduct. Connections by side canals exist at Ibbenbüren, Osnabrück, Hanover-Linden, Hanover-Misburg and Salzgitter. West of Wolfsburg, the Elbe Lateral Canal branches off, providing a connection to Hamburg, to the Baltic Sea.
Construction of the Mittelland Canal was started in 1906, starting from Bergeshövede on the Dortmund-Ems Canal. The section to Minden on the Weser was opened in February 1915 and was named Ems-Weser-Kanal; the section from Minden to Hanover was finished in the autumn of 1916. The section to Sehnde and the branch canal to Hildesheim were completed in 1928, Peine was reached in 1929, Braunschweig in 1933; the final section to Magdeburg was opened in 1938, thus creating a direct link between Western and Eastern Germany. The branch canal to Salzgitter was opened in 1941; the planned canal bridge over the Elbe, necessary to avoid low water conditions in summer, was not built due to the Second World War. After partitioning of Germany following the Second World War, the Mittelland Canal was split between West Germany and East Germany, with the border to the east of Wolfsburg. To provide access from the western section of the canal to Hamburg and Northern Germany, avoiding both East Germany and the Elbe River's sometimes limited navigability, the Elbe Lateral Canal was opened in 1977.
After the reunification of Germany, the importance of the Mittelland Canal as a link from the west to Berlin and the east was reinforced. The project to bridge the Elbe was therefore restarted, the resulting Magdeburg Water Bridge opened in 2003, providing a direct link to the Elbe-Havel Canal. There are further plans to connect the channel to the Twentekanaal in the Netherlands to shorten the connection towards the Port of Rotterdam. Ibbenbüren Osnabrück Bramsche Lübbecke Minden Garbsen Hannover Sehnde Hildesheim Peine Salzgitter Braunschweig Wolfsburg Haldensleben Magdeburg Minden Aqueduct Magdeburg Water Bridge
Bissendorf is a municipality in the district of Osnabrück, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated 9 km southeast of Osnabrück. Population 14,404, it is divided into Bissendorf proper and Wissingen
Löningen is a town in the district of Cloppenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany. The town is situated on approx. 25 km southwest of Cloppenburg. Löningen appeared in 822 as Loingo; the name Löningen was mentioned first in 1147 in a letter to the Bishop von Hildesheim, when the area of Löningen belonged to the Corvey Abbey. Beginning in 1200 Löningen belonged to the Count von Tecklenburg; the diocese Münster absorbed Löningen beginning in 1400. In 1803, church rule ended and Löningen belonged to the Duchy of Oldenburg. From 1810 to 1813 Löningen belonged to the Arrondissement Quakenbrück. After the battle of Leipzig, Löningen returned to Oldenburg. In 1814 the Duchy of Oldenburg was divided into 25 offices; this was dissolved 1879 and Löningen was assigned to the district of Cloppenburg. During the World War II, the first bombs in the Löningen area fell in 1940, in 1945 the Löningen district courthouse was destroyed by bombing. On the 10th and 11 April 1945 British troops arrived and surrounded the German troops on three sides — after which the German troops retreated.
The municipal laws of Löningen were codified on 1 March 1982. 1951–1952: Bernard Berges 1952–1960: Wilhelm Bischoff, 1960–1972: Adolf Richard, 1972–1986: Kurt Schmücker, 1986–1991: Heinrich Wesselmann, 1991–1997: Clemens Winkler, 1997–2001: Hermann Vorholt, 2001-2014: Thomas Städtler, Independent since 2014: Marcus Willen, Kurt Schmücker, politician Torge Hollmann, football player Marco di Carli, swimmer
Quakenbrück is a town in the district of Osnabrück, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated on the river Hase, it is part of the Samtgemeinde of Artland. Quakenbrück has the Artland Dragons. Temperate coastal climate is affected by damp NW winds from the North Sea; the long term average air temperature in Quakenbrück is 8.5–9.0 °C with an average rainfall of 700 mm. Between May and August, there are about 20–25 days during which temperatures may reach over 25 °C. Quakenbrück was founded in 1234 by the Bishop of Osnabrück, according to the earliest documents, although the area had been settled previously, it served as a border to the north of Osnabrück. On 29 May 1916, a nail man made from French poplar was given to the city by Clemens Freiherr von Schorlemer-Lieser and placed in the meeting room of the town hall. Revenue from the statue, which depicted a 13th-14th-century knight clad in armor and holding a shield and a sword and has come to be known as the Quakenbrück iron Knight, were used to fuel the war effort.
The statue was built by two soldiers from Schorlemer's Battalion. Till 1968: Aloys Geers 1968–1972: Karl Möller 1972–1979: Horst Magnus 1979–1988: Werner Korfhage 1988–1991: Jürgen Gadeberg 1991–2000: Klaus Alves 2000–2011: Wolfgang Becker 2011–2014: Claus Peter Poppe 2014–2016: Paul Gärtner seit 2016 Matthias Brüggemann Dietrich Hermann Hegewisch, historian Heinrich Beythien and politician, Reichstag deputy. 1936 excluded from the NSDAP. Wilhelm Martin, art historian, 1909-1945 director of the Mauritshuis, The Hague, professor of art history at Leiden University Enno Patalas, film historian and critic Christian Brand, former Werder Bremen player and current FC Luzern manager Cinta Laura, Indonesian actressQuakenbrück has one sister city, “Conway, United States”; the agreement was set in 1985. Wilhelm Bendow, was 1905/06 pupil of the Realgymnasium. Holger Czukay, became internationally known as a band member of Can, was a music teacher at the Artland High School in Quakenbrück. Friedrich Ebert, worked in the spring of 1891 in Quakenbrück in a saddlery.
Klaus von Klitzing, Nobel laureate for physics on the subject of Quantum Hall Effect in 1985, left his Abitur in Quakenbrück in 1962. After him is named a street of the city. Claus Peter Poppe and member of the Lower Saxony Landtag, headmaster of the Artland-Gymnasium in Quakenbrück from 1995 to 2003. Hans-Gert Pöttering, CDU politician and president of the European Parliament, is a graduate of the Artland Gymnasium
Gesmold is a town and former municipality, now part of Melle, in the district of Osnabrück, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is placed between the Teutoburg Forest, it features a Renaissance building. Another interesting place is the Church of St. Peter. Hermann von Amelunxen, Baron Ludwig von Hammerstein, Baron Johann Matthias Seling and Priest in Osnabrück Mathias Schürmann, from 1828 to 1866 Priest in Gesmold Ludwig von Hammerstein and writer Wilhelm Joachim von Hammerstein, German politician Conrad Seeling and builder Bernhard Olthaus, Dekan Hans von Hammerstein, German General of the Infanterie Fritjof von Hammerstein, German Generalleutnant August Niehaus and writer Heinrich Rahe and poet Heinrich Stühlmeyer, a "silent hero of the resistance" against National Socialism, deported to the concentration camp Emslandlager in 1940 for his support of the Catholic church and those persecuted by the Third Reich, had been employed at St. Peter's Gesmold for 47 years. Ludger Stühlmeyer: Die Orgel der St. Petrus-Kirche Gesmold.
In: Uwe Pape: Orgelatlas, Berlin 1980, ISBN 3-921140-22-6. Franz Nieweg, Klaus Rahe, Maria Winkelmann: Gesmold Gestern und Heute. In Bildern-Berichten-Gedichten, Heimatverein Gesmold 1986. Andreas Loheide: Die St. Petrus Kirche Gesmold und Leitfaden Gemeindepastoral St. Petrus Gesmold, Gesmold 1993. Bernard Meyer: Gesmold - In alten Bildern, Heimatverein Gesmold 1995. Bernard Meyer: Gesmold - In alten und neuen Bildern, Heimatverein Gesmold 1997. Irmgard und Bernard Meyer: St. Petrus ad vincula, Gesmold 1998. Bernard Meyer: Gesmold - Im neuen Jahrtausend, Heimatverein Gesmold 2001. Ludger Stühlmeyer: Die Macht der leisen Töne oder: Ein stiller Held aus Gesmold. In: Dat Gessemske Blättken. Mit Berichten, Geschichten und Gedichten über Gesmolder Ereignisse aus Vergangenheit und Gegenwart. Heimatverein Gesmold 2010. Bernard Meyer: Gesmold - Im Wandel der Zeit, Heimatverein Gesmold 2010. Heimatverein Gesmold Bernard Meyer und Marlies Kellenbrink: Dat Gessemske Blättken, Heimatverein Gesmold 1975 - heute.
Eine 16 seitige Schrift mit über 140 Ausgaben mit alt und neu. Maria Breeck: Irrwege meiner Flucht, Heimatverein Gesmold 2013. Homepage of Gesmold History of Gesmold
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany. Formed at Hannoversch Münden by the confluence of the rivers Fulda and Werra, it flows through Lower Saxony reaching the Hanseatic city of Bremen, before emptying 50 km further north at Bremerhaven into the North Sea. On the opposite bank is the town of Nordenham at the foot of the Butjadingen Peninsula; the Weser has an overall length of 452 km. Together with its Werra tributary, which originates in Thuringia, its length is 744 km. Linguistically, the names of both rivers and Werra, go back to the same source, the differentiation being caused by the old linguistic border between Upper and Lower German, which touched the region of Hannoversch Münden; the name Weser parallels the names of other rivers, such as the Wear in England and the Vistula in Poland, all of which are derived from the root *weis- "to flow", which gave Old English/Old Frisian wāse "mud, ooze", Old Norse veisa "slime, stagnant pool", Dutch waas "haze. The Weser River lies within German national territory, making it the longest such river.
The upper part of its course leads through a hilly region called the Weserbergland. It extends from the confluence of the Fulda and the Werra to the Porta Westfalica, where it runs through a gorge between two mountain chains, the Wiehengebirge in the west and the Weserbergland in the east. Between Minden and the North Sea, humans have canalised the river, permitting ships up to 1,200 tons to navigate it. Eight hydroelectric dams stand along its length, it is linked to the Dortmund-Ems Canal via the Coastal Canal, another canal links it at Bremerhaven to the Elbe River. A large reservoir on the Eder River, the main tributary of the Fulda, is used to regulate water levels on the Weser so as to ensure adequate depth for shipping throughout the year; the dam, built in 1914, was bombed and damaged by British aircraft in May 1943, causing massive destruction and about 70 deaths downstream, but was rebuilt within four months. As of 2013, the Edersee Reservoir, a major summer resort area, provides substantial hydroelectricity.
The Weser enters the North Sea in the southernmost part of the German Bight. In the North Sea, it splits into two arms representing the ancient riverbed at the end of the last ice age; these sea arms are called Neue Weser. They represent the major waterways for ships heading for the harbors of Bremerhaven and Bremen; the Alte Weser lighthouse marks the northernmost point of the Weser. This lighthouse replaced the historic and famous Roter Sand lighthouse in 1964; the largest tributary of the Weser is the Aller. The tributaries of the Weser and the Werra are: Modes of the list: Listed upstream, but sides seen with the flow Distances from the hydrographical limit towards the sea "II", "III"and "IV" mark distances of secondary/tertiary tributaries from the confluence with the Weser etc. After the names and basin sizes are given. Lengths with longer affluents are given behind the slash, lengths including an upper course with another name with "or" List: km 19, right: Geeste, 42.5 km, 338 km² km 33, right: Lune, 43 km, 383 km² km 35.9, right: Drepte, 37.6 km, 101 km² km 52.8, left: Hunte, 189 km, 2.785 km² II: km 125.7: Lake Dümmer km 67.6, right: Lesum, 9.9 or 131.5, 2,188 km² II: km 9.9, right Hamme, 48.5 km, 549 km² ↑ main stream: Wümme, 118 / 120, 1,585 km² km 72.5, left: Ochtum, 25.6 or 45 km, 917 km² II: km 25.6: left Hache, 33 km, 118 km² km 125.6, right: Aller, 260 km, 15,744 km² II: km 63.6, left: Leine, 278 km, 5,617 km², stronger than river Aller above III: km 112.7, right: Innerste, 99.7 km, 1,264 km² III: km 192.8, right: Rhume, 44 km, 1,193 km², stronger than river Leine above IV: km 15.6, right: Oder, 56 km, 385 km², headwater of the strongest waterway of Aller system II: km 97.3, right: Örtze, 62 / 70 km, 760 km² II: km 140.7, left: Oker, 218 km, 1822 km², stronger than river Aller above km 184.6, right: Steinhuder Meerbach ↑ km II: 29 lake Steinhuder Meer km 188.7, left: Große Aue, 84.5 km, 1,522 km² km 261.3, left: Werre, 71.9 km, 1485 km² II: km 12.7, left: Else, 34.6 km, 416 km², branch of the Hase, an affluent of Ems km 287.7, left: Exter, 26.1 km, 109 km² km 323.3, left: Emmer, 61.8 km, 535 km² km 387.5, left: Nethe, 50.4 km, 460 km² km 406.5, left: Diemel, 110.5 km, 1,762 km² km 451.5, left: Fulda, 220.4 km, 6.947 km²II: km 45.3, left: Eder, 176.1 km, 3,361 km², headwater of the strongest waterway of Weser system III: km 17.1, left: Schwalm, 97.1 km, 1.299 km² ↑ III: km 49.4–70.5: Edersee reservoir II: 120.1, right: Haune, 66.5 km, 500 km²↑ main stream above km 451.5: Werra, 299.6 km, 5.497 km² km 566.5, righht: Hörsel, 55.2 or 64.3, 784 km² km 9.8, right: Nesse, 54.5 km, 426 km² km 513.1, left: Ulster, 57.2 km, 421 km² km 604.4, right: Schleuse, 34.2 km, 283 km² Towns along the Weser, from the confluence of Werra and Fulda to the mouth, include: Hann.
Münden, Beverungen, Höxter, Bodenwerder, Hessisch Oldendorf, Vlotho, Bad Oeynhausen, Porta Westfalica, Petershagen, Achim, Brake, Bremerhaven. Dieter Berger: Geographische Namen in Deutschland. Duden-Verlag, Mannheim 1999. Hans Krahe: Sprache und Vorzeit. Quelle & Meyer, Heidelberg 1954. Julius Pokorny: Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch. Francke, Bern 1959. Karsten Meinke: Die Entwicklung der Weser im Nordwestdeutschen Flachland während des jüngeren Pleistozäns. Diss. Göttingen 1992. Mit Bodenprofi
The Else is a left tributary of the river Werre in the northeast of North Rhine-Westphalia and in southern Lower Saxony. The Else begins at a river bifurcation near Melle; the River Else does not have a source but originates at a hydrological phenomenon known as a river bifurcation. The bifurcation is near Gesmold in Lower Saxony; the bifurcation may have been established artificially. This is however unclear. In history there were disputes over the distribution of water, able to be controlled by man-made means. For example, the entire water flow could be diverted either into the River Hase or River Werre during conflicts. Today the Hase loses a third of the its water mass at the bifurcation; the Hase flows northwest to the Ems. The River Else flows through the Ravensberg Hills and through the wetlands known as the Else meadows; the Else and Werre valleys, which were formed during the ice age, are bordered in the south by the Teutoburg Forest and in the north by the ridge of the Wiehen Hills. After the bifurcation in Melle the river flows east into North Rhine-Westphalia, passing the state border at river kilometre 19.2 and crossing Rödinghausen and Bünde, before discharging, after a distance of 35 km, into the Werre near the eastern edge of Kirchlengern.
The Werre swings east at its mouth by 90°, thus aligning itself with the west-to-eastern course of the Else. The River Else passes under the A 30 federal motorway three times The watershed of river Else has a size of 414,6 km². In the watershed live 100,000 people; the following municipalities lie at river Else: Melle Rödinghausen Bünde Kirchlengern LöhneIn addition to the watershed lie or partly: Spenge Enger Hiddenhausen Werther Borgholzhausen On the North-Rhine/Westphalian side there are two adjacent nature reserves with the same name of Elseaue with a total area of 117 hectares. The reserves were established in 1994 and 1995; the area lies north of the Else and south of the railway line from Löhne to Osnabrück along a 3.5 km long section of the river. The area is protected, because it is a near-natural floodplain in the middle of the intensively farmed Ravensberg Land. On the floodplain, the remnants of former river courses of the Else may be recognized; the floodplain is turned over to grassland with flood banks.
The steep river banks, up to 3m high, are a haven for the kingfisher. In Bünde there is an association for canoe sports. Due to its good water quality, fishing in always possible in the river. In addition the Else-Werre cycle way on the river continues to lead along and of the delta into the Werre up to the Weser. List of rivers of North Rhine-Westphalia List of rivers of Lower Saxony