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Hashish, or hash, is a drug made from the resin of the cannabis plant. It is consumed by smoking a small piece in a pipe, vaporizer or joint, or via oral ingestion; as pure hashish will not burn if rolled alone in a joint, it is mixed with herbal cannabis, tobacco or another type of herb for this method of consumption. Depending on region or country, multiple synonyms and alternative names exist. Hash is a cannabis concentrate product composed of compressed or purified preparations of stalked resin glands, called trichomes, from the plant, it is defined by the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs as "the separated resin, whether crude or purified, obtained from the cannabis plant". The resin contains ingredients such as tetrahydrocannabinol and other cannabinoids—but in higher concentrations than the unsifted or unprocessed cannabis flower. Purities of confiscated hashish in Europe range between 4-15%. Between 2000 and 2005 the percentage of hashish in cannabis end product seizures was at 18%.

Hashish may be resinous depending on both preparation and room temperature. This all depends on the process and amount of leftover plant material Hashish was the primary form of cannabis used in Europe in 2008. Herbal cannabis is more used in Northern America. Hashish has been consumed for many centuries, though there is no clear evidence as to its first appearance. North India and Nepal has a long social tradition in the production of hashish, known locally as charas, believed to be the same plant resin as was burned in the ceremonial booz rooz of Ancient Persia; the first attestation of the term "hashish" is in a pamphlet published in Cairo in 1123 CE, accusing Nizari Muslims of being "hashish-eaters". The 13th century Ibn Taymiyyah prohibited the use of hashish. Smoking did not become common in the Old World until after the introduction of tobacco: until the 1500s hashish in the Muslim world was consumed as an edible. In 1596, Dutchman Jan Huyghen van Linschoten spent three pages on "Bangue" in his historic work documenting his journeys in the East.

He mentioned the Egyptian hashish. He said, "Bangue is much used in Turkie and Egypt, is made in three sorts, having three names; the first by the Egyptians is called Assis, the poulder of Hemp, or of Hemp leaves, water made in paste or dough, they would eat five pieces, as big as a Chestnut. Hashish arrived in Europe from the East during the 18th century, is first mentioned scientifically by Gmelin in 1777; the Napoleonic campaigns introduced French troops to hashish in Egypt and the first description of usefulness stems from 1830 by pharmacist and botanist Theodor Friedrich Ludwig Nees von Esenbeck. In 1811, the founder of homoeopathy, Samuel Hahnemann, published a "proving" of the effects of Cannabis Sativa in his work Reine Arzneimittellehre. In 1839, O’Shaughnessy wrote a comprehensive study of Himalayan hemp, recognised by the European school of medicine and describes hashish as relief for cramps and causing the disappearance of certain symptoms from afflictions such as rabies and tetanus.

This led to high hopes in the medical community. In 1840 Louis Aubert-Roche reported his successful use of hashish against pestilence. Psychiatric experiments with hashish were done at the same time with Jacques-Joseph Moreau being convinced that it is the supreme medicament for use in psychiatry. In the 19th century, hashish was embraced in some European literary circles. Most famously, the Club des Hashischins was a Parisian club dedicated to the consumption of hashish and other drugs. Baudelaire wrote the 1860 book Les paradis artificiels, about the state of being under the influence of opium and hashish. At around the same time, American author Fitz Hugh Ludlow wrote the 1857 book The Hasheesh Eater about his youthful experiences, both positive and negative, with the drug. Hashish was mentioned and used as an anesthetic in Germany in 1869, it was imported in great quantities from India and called charas. However, there were people who did not deem cannabis as harmless. Between 1880 and 1900 was the peak of the medicinal use, where hashish compounds were most commonplace in all European countries and the USA.

Evidence of misuse at that time was non-existent. Hashish played a significant role in the treatment of pain, dysmenorrhea, pertussis asthma and insomnia in Europe and USA towards the end of the 19th century. Rare applications included stomach ache, diarrhea, diminished appetite, hemorrhage, Basedow syndrome and malaria; the use was prohibited worldwide as the use as a medicine was made impossible by the 1961 UN Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. At the beginning of the 20th century, the majority of hashish in Europe came from Kashmir and other parts of India, Afghanistan, as well as Gree

Moncton Golden Flames

The Moncton Golden Flames were a professional ice hockey team based in Moncton, New Brunswick, playing home games at the Moncton Coliseum. The team operated in the American Hockey League between 1984 and 1987; the new franchise was purchased by a group of 6 local business men after the previous franchise known as the Moncton Alpines moved to Halifax to become the Nova Scotia Oilers.. The Moncton Golden Flames were the minor league affiliate of the Calgary Flames and in year 2 and 3 added the Boston Bruins; the team boasted a number of future NHL stars including Brett Hull, Joel Otto, Mike Vernon, Bill Ranford, Bob Sweeney, Gary Roberts, Lyndon Byers, Dave Reid, Brian Bradley and others. In 1987, team marketing executive Larry Haley was awarded the Ken McKenzie Award for outstanding work; the New Brunswick Hawks of the American Hockey League had been established in Moncton in 1978, were jointly owned and operated by the Toronto Maple Leafs and Chicago Black Hawks as their farm team. In the summer of 1982, with Chicago having pulled out of New Brunswick in favour of affiliating with the Springfield Indians on their own, the Maple Leafs announced that they would not operate the team in Moncton the following year after they couldn't come to terms with the city on a new arena lease though the team had the fifth highest attendance in the league.

At the same AHL Board of Governors meeting that the franchise's relocation to become the St. Catharines Saints was approved, the Edmonton Oilers received approval to purchase a new AHL franchise to replace the departed Hawks in Moncton, leading to establishment of the Moncton Alpines as their affiliate that fall; the team played for two seasons until 1984, coached by Doug Messier both seasons. Following 1984 the team was renamed the Moncton Golden Flames; the franchise folded in 1987, replaced by the Winnipeg Jets' affiliate, the Moncton Hawks. 1984–85 – Pierre Page 1985–86 – Terry Crisp 1986–87 – Terry Crisp 1984–87 - Brian Patafie, Mike Baiani, David Lorette, Jamie Druet, Andrew Trites During 1986–87, Brett Hull won the Dudley "Red" Garrett Memorial Award as the AHL's rookie of the year. Sixty-three Moncton Golden Flames players including Hull, went on to play in the NHL. Five players from the Golden Flames went on to win the Stanley Cup with the 1988–89 Calgary Flames, they are, Dave Reierson, Gary Roberts, Ken Sabourin and goaltender Mike Vernon.

List of ice hockey teams in New Brunswick AHL stats

Janna Jihad

Janna Tamimi, more known as Janna Jihad or Janna Jihad Ayyad, is a Palestinian youth activist and amateur journalist. Tamimi is from a village on the West Bank in Palestine, her mother, Nawal Tamimi, is the director of Women's Affairs in the Palestinian Ministry of Development. She is cousin of activist Ahed Tamimi, she began reporting on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict when she was seven years old after two of her family members were killed, inspired to document the conflict in a way that media outlets and news corporations had not. She has been called “The Youngest Journalist in Palestine” and is referred to as one of the youngest journalists in the world. Tamimi, who believes she is living in the Third Intifada, supports Palestinian resistance, she began reporting to present the perspective of Palestinian youth growing up amid violence using her mother's iPhone to capture videos of protests near her home and uploading them to Facebook, Instagram and YouTube. She began covering events and marches in Jerusalem and Jordan.

She reports in English. She has over 270,000 followers on Facebook. In 2017 Tamimi, hosted by the Ahmed Kathrada Foundation, went to South Africa to spread awareness about the violence in Palestinian territories as part of the Pals4Peace tour with the Shamsaan Children of Palestine. In March 2017 Tamimi was awarded an International Benevolence Award in Turkey, she was featured in the documentary Radiance of Resistance. She has been criticized by some as being a propaganda pawn

Lady Mina

Lady Fernanda Mina Lastra is a beauty pageant title holder who won the Miss Ecuador 2010. Lady Mina, from Guayaquil, was a student of Journalism in the University of Guayaquil during the time of the competition, she is the third Afro-Ecuadorian woman to be crowned Miss Ecuador. Miss Ecuador 2010 was broadcast live in Quito. During the event Mina received high scores from the judges in the areas of competition, although Ana Galarza, of Tungurahua and Andrea Suárez of Loja, were the favorites to win the crown. Mina received the highest scores during the Swimsuit and Evening Gown Competition. Mina won because of the final question; as the winner of the Miss Ecuador 2010 title, Lady Mina represented Ecuador in the Miss Universe 2010 pageant on August 23, 2010, where she did not place in the top 15. As the winner of the Miss Ecuador 2010 title, Lady Mina represented Ecuador in the Miss Continente Americano 2010 pageant on September 18, 2010 in Guayaquil, but unplaced; as the winner of the Miss Ecuador 2010 title, Lady Mina represented Ecuador in Reina Hispanoamericana 2010 pageant held on November 24, 2010 in Santa Cruz, Bolivia.

She won Best National Costume Award

Robert Boochever

Robert Boochever was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and a Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court. Born in New York City, New York, Boochever received a Bachelor of Arts degree from Cornell University in 1939, where he was a member of the Quill and Dagger society, a Bachelor of Laws from Cornell Law School in 1941, he was a Captain in the United States Army Infantry during World War II, from 1941 to 1945. He was an Assistant United States Attorney in Juneau, Alaska from 1946 to 1947, thereafter working in private practice in Juneau until 1972, he was a Justice of the Alaska Supreme Court from 1972 to 1980, serving as Chief Justice from 1975 to 1978. On May 22, 1980, Boochever was nominated by President Jimmy Carter to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit vacated by Judge Shirley Hufstedler, he was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 18, 1980, received his commission the same day. He assumed senior status on June 1986, due to a certified disability.

He served in that capacity until his death, though he did not hear any new cases in the last few years of his life. Boochever met chief surgery nurse Connie Boochever while working on a base, they were married on April 22, 1943. Skier Hilary Lindh is one of their grandchildren. Boochever died on October 9, 2011, of natural causes at the age of 94 at his home in Pasadena, California. Robert Boochever at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center

Bill Burns (artist)

Bill Burns is a Canadian artist. Burns is known for his artists' books, sculpture and multiples, he completed his post-graduate work in London at Goldsmiths College under Gerard Hemsworth and John Latham. His most recognized work is Safety Gear for Small Animals, first shown at 303 Gallery, New York and at the Museum of Modern Art, New York in 2005/2006 and at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London in 2008, his 2002 project "Everything I Could Buy on eBay About Malaria", shown at the Wellcome Trust in London, England is considered a seminal work in the area of electronic collecting. Other major solo projects include his Bird Radio work at the KW in Berlin and Affection at Mendes Wood Gallery in Sao Paulo and The Great Chorus at the Royal Ontario Museum. Burns has published numerous books including Hans Ulrich Obrist Hear Us, London UK: Black Dog Publishing; when Pain Strikes, a critical anthology about pain and pain relief, Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Other book titles include Analgesia Montreal: Rochefort.

Toronto: Mercer Union. London: ICA.. Copenhagen: Space Poetry. Burns has published dozens of guides and editions that are included in major museum collections throughout the world. Burns' most notable biennial and museum exhibitions include the ICA in London, the KW in Berlin, the MoMA in New York City as well as Forum Arte y Vida at the Havana Biennial in Havana, Cuba, 2003, the Bienal del Fin del Mundo in Ushuaia, Argentina, 2007 and the Quebec City Biennial - Manif d'art 5, 2010, Biennial of the Moving Image, Buenos Aires, 2013, Bienale de Asuncion, Paraguay 2015 and Bienale de Curitiba, Brazil 2017. Caroline Picard, Flickering Memoirs and Surveys: An Interview with Bill Burns, Art 21 Magazine, New York, Feb 21, 2017] Yaniya Lee, Directions to the Land of Milk and Honey. Toronto: C Magazine, Winter Smith, Matthew Ryan, Bill Burns: Dogs and Boats and Airplanes told in the form of Ivan the Terrible. London: Senses and Society. January ] Milroy, Sarah. Bill Burns Prays to the Gods of the Art World.

Toronto: Globe and Mail. 1 September Gabrys, Jennifer. Bill Burns Flora and Fauna Information Station at the ICA. London: Afterall Antonelli, Paola. Safe: Design Takes on Risk. New York: Museum of Modern Art Hurtig, Annette. Toronto: MOCCA ICA London. Bill Burns: 0.800.0FAUNA0FLORA, London: Institute of Contemporary Arts, Bill. Bird Radio – Vogelradio. Berlin: KW - ICA. Bill Burns: Everything I Could Buy on eBay about Malaria, London: Wellcome Trust Bill Burns website Wx9uRGQzYy4 Burns is represented by MKG127 in Toronto