Hastings is a seaside town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England, 24 mi east to the county town of Lewes and 53 mi south east of London. The town gives its name to the Battle of Hastings, which took place 8 mi to the north-west at Senlac Hill in 1066, it became one of the medieval Cinque Ports. In the 19th century, it was a popular seaside resort, as the railway allowed tourists and visitors to reach the town. Today, Hastings is a fishing port with a beach-based fishing fleet, it had an estimated population of 92,855 in 2018. The first mention of Hastings is found in the late 8th century in the form Hastingas; this is derived from the Old English tribal name Hæstingas, meaning `the constituency of Hæsta'. Symeon of Durham records the victory of Offa in 771 over the Hestingorum gens, that is, "the people of the Hastings tribe." Hastingleigh in Kent was named after that tribe. The place name Hæstingaceaster is found in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle entry for 1050, may be an alternative name for Hastings.

However, the absence of any archaeological remains of or documentary evidence for a Roman fort at Hastings suggest that Hæstingaceaster may refer to a different settlement, most that based on the Roman remains at Pevensey. Evidence of prehistoric settlements have been found at the town site: flint arrowheads and Bronze Age artefacts have been found. Iron Age forts have been excavated on both the West Hills; this suggests. The settlement was based on the port when the Romans arrived in Britain for the first time in 55 BC. At this time, they began to exploit the iron, shipped it out by boat. Iron was worked locally to the north of the town, it employed up to one thousand men and is considered to have been the third-largest mine in the Roman Empire. There was a possible iron-working site near Blacklands Church in the town - the old name of'Ponbay Bridge' for a bridge that used to exist in the area is a corruption of'Pond Bay' as suggested by Thomas Ross With the departure of the Romans, the town suffered setbacks.

The Beauport site was abandoned, the town suffered from problems from nature and man-made attacks. The Sussex coast has always suffered from occasional violent storms; the original Roman port is now under the sea. Bulverhythe was a harbour used by Danish invaders, which suggests that -hythe or hithe means a port or small haven. From the 6th century AD until 771, the people of the area around modern-day Hastings, identified the territory as that of the Haestingas tribe and a kingdom separate from the surrounding kingdoms of Suth Saxe and Kent, it worked to retain its separate cultural identity until the 11th century. The kingdom was a sub-kingdom, the object of a disputed overlordship by the two powerful neighbouring kingdoms: when King Wihtred of Kent settled a dispute with King Ine of Sussex & Wessex in 694, it is probable that he seceded the overlordship of Haestingas to Ine as part of the treaty. In 771 King Offa of Mercia invaded Southern England, over the next decade seized control of Sussex and Kent.

Symeon of Durham records a battle fought at an unidentified location near Hastings in 771, at which Offa defeated the Haestingas tribe ending its existence as a separate kingdom. By 790, Offa controlled Hastings enough to confirm grants of land in Hastings to the Abbey of St Denis, in Paris. But, the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for 1011 relates that Vikings overran "all Kent, Sussex and Haestingas", indicating the town was still considered a separate'county' or province to its neighbours 240 years after Offa's conquest. During the reign of Athelstan, he established a royal mint in Hastings in AD 928; the start of the Norman Conquest was the Battle of Hastings, fought on 14 October 1066, although the battle itself took place 8 mi to the north at Senlac Hill, William had landed on the coast between Hastings and Eastbourne at Pevensey. It is thought; that "New Burgh" is mentioned in the Domesday Book as such. William defeated and killed Harold Godwinson, the last Saxon King of England, destroyed his army, thus opening England to the Norman conquest.

William caused a castle to be built at Hastings using the earthworks of the existing Saxon castle. Hastings was shown as a borough by the time of the Domesday Book; as a borough, Hastings had a corporation consisting of a "bailiff and commonalty". By a Charter of Elizabeth I in 1589, the bailiff was replaced by a mayor. Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Idrisi, writing c.1153, described Hastings as "a town of large extent and many inhabitants and handsome, having markets and rich merchants". By the end of the Saxon period, the port of Hastings had moved eastward near the present town centre in the Priory Stream valley, whose entrance was protected by the White Rock headland, it was to be a short stay: Danish attacks and huge floods in 1011 and 1014 motivated the townspeople to relocate to the New Burgh. In the Middle Ages Hastings became one of the Cinque Ports.

The Golden Gizmo

The Golden Gizmo is a 1954 novel by the thriller writer Jim Thompson. Toddy Kent, a former con-artist with a rap sheet in a dozen cities is now working as a door to door gold-buyer in Los Angeles for Milt Vonderheim's jewelry shop. Despite his disreputable line of work, he is able to keep a low profile in fear of the police digging into his criminal past, he lives in a hotel with his wife Elaine. Elaine spends most of Toddy's money on booze, is a regular in the drunk tank, their relationship is toxic but Toddy can't bring himself to leave Elaine, despite his friends urging him to. Milt has been a good friend to Toddy and Elaine. Toddy conceptualizes he has carried a "gizmo," a G. I. term for an unidentifiable, most of his life that time and again brings him the big break most men would kill for, only for it to slip through his fingers. At the outset of the story, Toddy is working and despite wanting to quit for the day, he calls on the last house in the neighborhood. A man named Alvarado, whom Toddy will refer to as "Chinless," answers the door with his massive dobermann which seems to be able to speak English.

Toddy has a bad feeling about the man, who invites him in, although he wants to excuse himself he steps inside. In the living room Toddy spots a heavy gold watch on the table, is introduced to Alvarado's beautiful companion Dolores Chavez. Paralyzed by fear of the dobermann, Toddy nervously attempts to explain the meaning of his visit, he opens the box. To demonstrate that he buys gold he picks the watch up off the table, discovering that it weighs ten times what it looks like it should. Inexplicably Alvarado hits the dobermann instead. While the doberman is pouncing on Alvarado, Toddy unconsciously drops the gold watch into his box and escapes. Toddy heads back to Milt's shop, Milt informs him that Elaine is in jail again. Toddy takes her back to their hotel; the two argue and Elaine locks herself in the bathroom. While she is showering Toddy opens his box and discovers Alvarado's golden watch. Upon examination, he realizes its casing is made of a pound of pure gold, he goes to Milt's shop. He asks Milt about selling large quantities of gold but Milt, knowing the risks, is not interested.

Toddy finds his room ransacked and Elaine strangled to death with a stocking. He sees a man on the fire escape with his leg caught; the man is an enforcer for a small-time protection racket run by a man named Shake. Toddy interrogates the two men. Donald claims to know nothing of Elaine's murder or the gold watch, he came upon the scene having gone to the hotel to extort Toddy. Toddy wrestles with feelings of guilt and relief at Elaine's death, ponders leaving town, as he will be the prime suspect in her murder. Out o the street Toddy spots Dolores in a parked convertible with the dobermann in the back seat; the dobermann brings him back to the car. Dolores takes Toddy to Alvarado's house. Alvarado demands Toddy return the gold watch but Toddy tells him it is gone and his wife has been murdered. Alvarado denies involvement, Dolores corroborates this by saying she checked out the hotel room and there was no dead body. Alvarado reveals, he tells Toddy his gold supplier wants out of the operation and murdered Elaine to frame Alvarado thus blowing the ring's cover.

He tells Toddy to wait for him in Tijuana. Milt takes a phone call from Alvarado revealing that he is the gold-supplier to Alvarado's group of South American gold-smugglers and he murdered Elaine to get Toddy out of the picture. Meanwhile, a bale bondsman named Airedale Aahrens is hired to bring Elaine into court for her misdemeanor drunk and disorderly, he goes to Toddy's hotel room but finds nothing except a wisp of hair in the clamp of the incinerator stack. He suspects Elaine is dead and her body was burned. Toddy meets Dolores in Tijuana and she takes him to San Diego to see Alvarado. Alvarado reveals he intends to silence them all to conceal his operation and shows Toddy two coffins containing his dobermann and Dolores, both drugged with chloroform. A struggle ensues, shots are fired, the dobermann wakes up and kills Alvarado. Toddy revives Dolores from the chloroform and they share an intimate moment just as the police arrive. Toddy is arrested and Dolores is released because she has a student visa and no criminal record.

In police custody Toddy has concluded that Milt is Alvarado's gold supplier and convinces treasury agent McKinley to release him to track Milt down. Toddy accuses him of the whole plot. Dolores arrives. Elaine, who faked her own death, emerges with a gun from behind a curtain. Milt wanted to steal Elaine from Toddy, brought her into the plot with the promise of living rich. Milt and Elaine take Toddy and Dolores in a car to the beach to kill them and dispose of their bodies in the ocean. Elaine double-crosses shoots him. Just as she is about to shoot Toddy, federal agents, tailing them arrive and gun her down. Toddy reflects that his golden gizmo is gone for good. Goodreads

2010 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Championship Game

The 2010 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Championship Game was the finals of the 2010 NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament and determined the National Champion for the 2009-10 NCAA Division I men's basketball season. The 2010 National Title Game was played on April 5, 2010 at Lucas Oil Stadium in Indianapolis and featured the 2010 South Regional Champions, #1 seeded Duke, the 2010 West Regional Champions, #5 seeded Butler; this was the fifth National Championship Game to be played between two private universities, the first since the 1985 National Title Game between Georgetown and Villanova, won by Villanova, 66-64. The other three besides 1985 and 2010 were the 1942 National Championship Game, the 1954 National Championship Game, the 1955 National Championship Game. Butler entered the 2010 NCAA Tournament as the #5 seed in the West Regional. In the 1st round of the 2010 NCAA Tournament, Shelvin Mack made seven three-pointers to lead Butler to a 77-59 victory over UTEP. In the 2nd round of the 2010 NCAA Tournament, Butler used late free throws from Ronald Nored and Matt Howard to beat Murray State 54-52 and advance to the Sweet 16.

In the Sweet 16 of the 2010 NCAA Tournament, Butler upset top-seeded Syracuse with a 63-59 win to advance to the 2010 West Regional Finals for their 1st regional finals appearance in team history. In the Elite Eight, Butler would upset Kansas State beating them 63-56 to advance to the 2010 Final Four marking their 1st Final Four appearance in team history. In the 2010 Final Four, Butler beat Michigan State with a 52-50 win to advance to the 2010 National Title Game for their 1st trip to the National Title Game. Duke entered the 2010 NCAA Tournament as the #1 seed in the South Regional. In the 1st round of the 2010 NCAA Tournament, Duke beat Arkansas-Pine Bluff 73-44. In the 2nd round of the 2010 NCAA Tournament, Duke beat California 68-53. In the Sweet 16 of the 2010 NCAA Tournament, Kyle Singler had 24 points and Jon Scheyer had 18 points to beat Purdue 70-57. In the Elite Eight of the 2010 NCAA Tournament, Nolan Smith scored 29 points to lead Duke to a 78-71 victory over Baylor to advance to the 2010 Final Four.

In the 2010 Final Four, Duke beat West Virginia 78-57 to advance to the 2010 National Title game, their 1st trip to the National Title Game since the 2001 National Title Game. Selected in an NBA Draft Nolan Smith got Duke off to a hot start scoring four points in the 1st two and a half minutes to give Duke an early 6-1 lead. Shelvin Mack got Butler back into the game making two three-pointers in the next 3 minutes to give Butler a 12-11 lead. Shelvin Mack kept Butler going. Jon Scheyer would score four points in the next three minutes leading Duke to an 8-0 run giving them a 26-20 lead and Butler would call a 30-second timeout. During the next 70 seconds, Avery Jukes would score five points leading Butler to a 7-0 run which would result in a 27-26 Butler lead. While Jukes scored five points in the final two and a half minutes of the 1st half, Jon Scheyer scored four in that same time frame and Duke would lead 33-32 at halftime. During the 1st seven minutes of the 2nd half, neither team took a lead larger than 2 while Duke would have a 45-43 lead when they called a 30-second timeout.

Brian Zoubek would make a basket to give Duke a 47-43 lead. In the next 35 seconds, Gordon Hayward made two free throws to cut the Duke lead to 49-47. In the next minute, Jon Scheyer scored five points to give Duke a 56-51 lead. During the next 35 seconds after Butler called a 30-second timeout, Matt Howard and Gordon Hayward each made a pair of free throws to cut the Duke lead to 56-55 and Duke would call a 30-second timeout. Kyle Singler made a basket to give Duke a 58-55 lead and Butler would call a 30-second timeout. With 3:16 remaining, Nolan Smith made. Within the next minute after 1:50 was remaining in the game, Matt Howard scored four points to cut the Duke lead to 60-59. With 3 seconds left, Brian Zoubek made. Gordon Hayward narrowly missed a buzzer-beating half-court shot which would have won the game for Butler and it resulted in a 61-59 win for Duke and the National Championship