Mister Fantastic is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character is a founding member of the Fantastic Four. Richards possesses a mastery of mechanical and electrical engineering, all levels of physics, human and alien biology. BusinessWeek listed Mr. Fantastic as one of the top ten most intelligent fictional characters in American comics, he is the inventor of the spacecraft, bombarded by cosmic radiation on its maiden voyage, granting the Fantastic Four their powers. Richards gained the ability to stretch his body into any shape. Mister Fantastic acts as the leader and father figure of the Fantastic Four, although in recent years he has been portrayed as being cold and distant towards his teammates due to his scientific, methodical nature; this is true with his best friend, Ben Grimm, who blames Richards for his transformation into a large, rocky creature called the Thing. Whenever Richards is confronted with a challenge, his attention can be so focused that he can neglect his own family.
Regardless, he is the loving husband of Susan Storm, father of son Franklin Richards and daughter Valeria Richards, mentor of his brother-in-law, Johnny Storm. He was first speculated, confirmed that he had diagnosed himself to be on the autism spectrum; the character of Reed Richards was portrayed by actors Alex Hyde-White in the 1994 The Fantastic Four film, Ioan Gruffudd in the 2005 film Fantastic Four and its 2007 sequel Fantastic Four: Rise of the Silver Surfer, Miles Teller in the 2015 film Fantastic Four. Created by writer Stan Lee and artist/co-plotter Jack Kirby, the character first appeared in The Fantastic Four #1, he was one of the four main characters in the title. Lee has stated the stretch powers were inspired by DC's Plastic Man, which had no equivalent in Marvel. Reed Richards has continued to appear in the Fantastic Four comic for the majority of its publication run. Born in Central City, Reed Richards is the son of Evelyn and Nathaniel Richards. Nathaniel was a scientific genius, Reed inherited a similar level of intellect and interests.
A child prodigy with special aptitude in mathematics and mechanics, Reed Richards was taking college-level courses when he was 14 He attended such prestigious universities as the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, California Institute of Technology, Harvard University, Columbia University, the fictional Empire State University. By the age of 20, he had several degrees in the sciences under his belt, it was at Empire State University. Reed had begun designing a starship capable of traveling in hyperspace. Sharing his plans with his new roommate, Grimm jokingly volunteered to pilot the craft. While at State U he met a brilliant fellow student, Victor Von Doom. In Richards, Doom met the first person. Determined to prove he was better, Doom conducted reckless experiments which scarred his face and would lead him to become Doctor Doom. During the summer months, Reed rented a room in a boarding house owned by the aunt of a young woman named Susan Storm, an undergraduate student at the time. Reed fell in love with Sue and began courting her.
Reed was too distracted from his work on his dissertation due to his romance with Sue and decided that the best thing for the both of them was to move out of Marygay's home. Moving on to Harvard, Reed earned Ph. D.s in Physics and Electrical Engineering while working as a military scientist, all this by the age of 22. He worked in communications for the Army. Three years in his mid-20s, Reed used his inheritance, along with government funding, to finance his research. Determined to go to Mars and beyond, Richards based the fateful project in Central City. Susan Storm moved into the area, within a short time, found herself engaged to Reed. Reed's old college roommate, Ben Grimm, now a successful test pilot and astronaut, was indeed slated to pilot the craft. All seemed well, they knew they had not completed all the testing, planned, but Reed was confident they would be safe. Ben was skeptical about the unknown effects of radiation, while Reed theorized that their ship's shielding would be adequate to protect them.
It was on Reed's initiative that the fateful mission which had Susan Storm, Johnny Storm and Ben Grimm accompanying him into space took place. When their ship passed through the Van Allen belt they found their cockpit bombarded with nearly lethal doses of cosmic radiation. Reed had neglected to account for the abnormal radiation levels in the belt's atmosphere; the cosmic rays wreaked havoc on the starship's insufficient shielding and they were forced to return to Earth immediately. When they crash-landed they found. Reed's body was elastic and he could reshape any portion of his body at will. At his suggestion, they decided to use their new abilities to serve mankind as the Fantastic Four. Reed was chosen to lead the group, under the name "Mr. Fantastic", he told his daughter, by way of a bedtime story, that the reason he suggested they become adventurers and gave them such outlandish costumes and names as "Mister Fantastic" and "The Thing" was that he knew they would be hated and feared for their powers without such an over-the-top public image.
This history has been changed over the years in order to
Marvel Comics is the brand name and primary imprint of Marvel Worldwide Inc. Marvel Publishing, Inc. and Marvel Comics Group, a publisher of American comic books and related media. In 2009, The Walt Disney Company acquired Marvel Worldwide's parent company. Marvel started in 1939 the common name in the Golden Age was Timely Comics, by the early 1950s, had become known as Atlas Comics; the Marvel era began in 1961, the year that the company launched The Fantastic Four and other superhero titles created by Steve Ditko, Stan Lee, Jack Kirby and many others. The Marvel brand had been used over the years, but solidified as the company's only brand with in a couple of years. Marvel counts among its characters such well-known superheroes as Captain America, Iron Man, the Hulk, Spider-Man, Black Panther, Doctor Strange, the Silver Surfer, Ghost Rider, the Punisher and Deadpool, such teams as the Avengers, the X-Men, the Fantastic Four, the Midnight Sons, the Defenders, the Guardians of the Galaxy, supervillains including Galactus, Doctor Doom, Ultron, Green Goblin, Red Skull, Doctor Octopus and Venom.
Most of Marvel's fictional characters operate in a single reality known as the Marvel Universe, with most locations mirroring real-life places. Pulp-magazine publisher Martin Goodman founded the company known as Marvel Comics under the name Timely Publications in 1939. Goodman, who had started with a Western pulp in 1933, was expanding into the emerging—and by already popular—new medium of comic books. Launching his new line from his existing company's offices at 330 West 42nd Street, New York City, he held the titles of editor, managing editor, business manager, with Abraham Goodman listed as publisher. Timely's first publication, Marvel Comics #1, included the first appearance of Carl Burgos' android superhero the Human Torch, the first appearances of Bill Everett's anti-hero Namor the Sub-Mariner, among other features; the issue was a great success. While its contents came from an outside packager, Inc. Timely had its own staff in place by the following year; the company's first true editor, writer-artist Joe Simon, teamed with artist Jack Kirby to create one of the first patriotically themed superheroes, Captain America, in Captain America Comics #1.
It, proved a hit, with sales of nearly one million. Goodman formed Timely Comics, Inc. beginning with comics cover-dated April 1941 or Spring 1941. While no other Timely character would achieve the success of these three characters, some notable heroes—many of which continue to appear in modern-day retcon appearances and flashbacks—include the Whizzer, Miss America, the Destroyer, the original Vision, the Angel. Timely published one of humor cartoonist Basil Wolverton's best-known features, "Powerhouse Pepper", as well as a line of children's funny-animal comics featuring characters like Super Rabbit and the duo Ziggy Pig and Silly Seal. Goodman hired his wife's cousin, Stanley Lieber, as a general office assistant in 1939; when editor Simon left the company in late 1941, Goodman made Lieber—by writing pseudonymously as "Stan Lee"—interim editor of the comics line, a position Lee kept for decades except for three years during his military service in World War II. Lee wrote extensively for Timely.
Goodman's business strategy involved having his various magazines and comic books published by a number of corporations all operating out of the same office and with the same staff. One of these shell companies through which Timely Comics was published was named Marvel Comics by at least Marvel Mystery Comics #55; as well, some comics' covers, such as All Surprise Comics #12, were labeled "A Marvel Magazine" many years before Goodman would formally adopt the name in 1961. The post-war American comic market saw superheroes falling out of fashion. Goodman's comic book line dropped them for the most part and expanded into a wider variety of genres than Timely had published, featuring horror, humor, funny animal, men's adventure-drama, giant monster and war comics, adding jungle books, romance titles and medieval adventure, Bible stories and sports. Goodman began using the globe logo of the Atlas News Company, the newsstand-distribution company he owned, on comics cover-dated November 1951 though another company, Kable News, continued to distribute his comics through the August 1952 issues.
This globe branding united a line put out by the same publisher and freelancers through 59 shell companies, from Animirth Comics to Zenith Publications. Atlas, rather than innovate, took a proven route of following popular trends in television and movies—Westerns and war dramas prevailing for a time, drive-in movie monsters another time—and other comic books the EC horror line. Atlas published a plethora of children's and teen humor titles, including Dan DeCarlo's Homer the Happy Ghost and Homer Hooper. Atlas unsuccessfully attempted to revive superheroes from late 1953 to mid-1954, with the Human Torch, the Sub-Mariner, Captain America. Atlas did not achieve any breakout hits and, according to Stan Lee, Atlas survived chiefly because it produced work cheaply, at a passable quality; the first modern comic books under the Marvel Comics brand w
Namor the Sub-Mariner is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Debuting in early 1939, the character was created by writer-artist Bill Everett for Funnies Inc. one of the first "packagers" in the early days of comic books that supplied comics on demand to publishers looking to enter the new medium. Created for the unreleased comic Motion Picture Funnies Weekly, the Sub-Mariner first appeared publicly in Marvel Comics #1 – the first comic book from Timely Comics, the 1930s–1940s predecessor of the company Marvel Comics. During that period, known to historians and fans as the Golden Age of Comic Books, the Sub-Mariner was one of Timely's top three characters, along with Captain America and the original Human Torch. Everett said the character's name was inspired by Samuel Taylor Coleridge's poem, "The Rime of the Ancient Mariner". Everett came up with "Namor" by writing down noble-sounding names backwards and thought Roman/Namor looked the best; the mutant son of a human sea captain and a princess of the mythical undersea kingdom of Atlantis, Namor possesses the super-strength and aquatic abilities of the Homo mermanus race, as well as the mutant ability of flight, along with other superhuman powers.
Through the years, he has been portrayed as an antihero alternately from a good-natured but short-fused superhero, or a hostile invader seeking vengeance for perceived wrongs that misguided surface-dwellers committed against his kingdom. The first known comic book antihero, the Sub-Mariner has remained a important and popular Marvel character, he has served directly with the Avengers, the Fantastic Four, the Invaders, the Defenders, the X-Men, the Illuminati as well as serving as a foil to them on occasion. Namor the Sub-Mariner first appeared in April 1939 in the prototype for a planned giveaway comic titled Motion Picture Funnies Weekly, produced by the comic book packager Funnies Inc; the only eight known samples among those created to send to theater owners were discovered in the estate of the deceased publisher in 1974. When the giveaway idea fell through, creator Bill Everett used the character for Marvel Comics #1, the first comic book by Funnies, Inc. client Timely Comics, predecessor of Marvel Comics.
The final panel of the earlier, unpublished eight-page Sub-Mariner story had included a "Continued Next Week" box that reappeared, sans lettering, in an expanded 12-page story. The series Marvel Comics was retitled Marvel Mystery Comics with issue #2. In his first appearances Namor was an enemy of the United States. Comics historian Les Daniels noted. Although the Sub-Mariner acted like a villain, his cause had some justice, readers reveled in his assaults on civilization, his enthusiastic fans weren't offended by the carnage he created as he wrecked everything from ships to skyscrapers." Everett's antihero would battle Carl Burgos' android superhero, the Human Torch, when in 1940 Namor threatened to sink the island of Manhattan underneath a tidal wave. When the U. S. entered World War II, Namor would aid the Allies of World War II against Adolf Hitler and the Axis powers. Supporting characters included Betty Dean, a New York City policewoman introduced in Marvel Mystery Comics #3, a steady companion, his cousins Namora and Dorma.
Namor starred in the Golden Age comic book Sub-Mariner Comics, published quarterly thrice-yearly, bimonthly, from issues #1–32. A backup feature. Along with many other Timely characters, Namor disappeared a few years after the end of World War II and the decline in popularity of superhero comics, he fought crime as a member of the post-war superhero team the All-Winners Squad, through a 1970s retcon, was given a history of having fought with the Allies during World War II in the superhero team the Invaders. Both these super-groups were built around the core of Namor, Captain America, the original Human Torch; the Sub-Mariner experienced a brief revival in the mid-1950s at Atlas Comics, the 1950s iteration of Marvel. Along with Captain America and the original Human Torch, he was revived in Young Men #24. Soon afterward, Sub-Mariner Comics was revived with issues #33–42. During this time, Namora had her own spin-off series. A planned live-action television program starring Namor did not appear and the revival of the comic book series was cancelled a second time.
Namor returned in Fantastic Four #4, where a member of the titular superhero team, Johnny Storm, the new Human Torch, discovers him living as an amnesiac homeless man in the Bowery section of Manhattan. Storm helps him recover his memory, Namor returns to his undersea kingdom – identified, for the first time in the Marvel canon, as Atlantis. Finding it destroyed from nuclear testing, Namor assumes his people are scattered and that he will never find them, he again becomes an antihero during this period, as two elements – a thirst for vengeance and a quest for identity – would dominate the Sub-Mariner stories of the 1960s. He was both a villain and a hero – striking against the human race who destroyed his home, but showing a great deal of noblesse oblige to individuals. Namor variously finds himself allied with the supervillains Doctor Doom and Magneto, but his royal nobility and stubborn independent streak make these alliances-of-convenience short-lived. Namor's revival was a hit with readers, but Marvel could not give him his own title due to publication and distribution restrictions that would not be lifted until 1968.
Instead, Namor was given numerous guest-appearances – includ
The All-Winners Squad is a fictional superhero team appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The company's first such team, it first appeared in All Winners Comics #19, published by Marvel predecessor Timely Comics during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of Comic Books. While the comic-book title has no hyphen, Marvel, on its website version of the company's The Official Handbook Of The Marvel Universe: Teams 2005, spells the team name "All-Winners Squad" with a hyphen, as do independent sources; the All-Winners Squad was created for Marvel predecessor Timely Comics in 1946, near the end of the Golden Age of Comic Books. It consisted of sidekick Bucky. Timely had a non-superhero team of detectives, the 3Xs. While the super-team made only two Golden Age appearances—in All Winners Comics #19 and #21 —it reacquired fan interest upon their being reprinted by Marvel during the 1960s Silver Age of Comic Books; the first appearance of the All-Winners Squad, titled "The Crime of the Ages", was written by Bill Finger.
Its seven chapters were pencilled variously by Vince Alascia, Al Avison, Bob Powell, Syd Shores, inked by Avison, Powell, Allen Bellman, Al Gabriele, Don Rico. The second outing, "Menace from the Future World", was written by Otto Binder, its seven chapters penciled by Alascia, Avison and the pseudonymous Charles Nicholas known as Chuck Nicholas, inked by Alascia, Gabriele and Shores. Timely and Marvel editor-in-chief Stan Lee recalled in 1999: I suspect that Martin Goodman was the guy behind the All-Winners Squad. It's not the type of title. I think he must have said to me one day,'I wanna do a book featuring the Torch, Toro, C. A. etc.—and let's call it the All-Winners Squad.' In which case I woulda just gotten the stuff together and sent it out. But although I can remember the title, I can remember nothing else about it. Latter-day fans during the Silver Age of Comic Books were introduced to the team via reprints 20 years with their tale in All-Winners Comics #19 being reprinted in Fantasy Masterpieces #10 and All Winners Comics #21 being reprinted in Marvel Super-Heroes #17–18.
Thirty years after this, the entirety of All Winners Comics #19 was reprinted as Timely Presents: All-Winners known as Timely Comics Presents All Winners Comics. The All-Winners Squad has been retconned as the post-war continuation of the Invaders and Liberty Legion and as the inspiration for the V-Battalion; the team's first modern appearance is in What If? #4, an alternate universe umbrella series. A canonical portion of the story reveals that when Captain America/Steve Rogers and Bucky were presumed dead in 1945, U. S. President Truman asked William Naslund, the patriotically costumed Golden Age hero the Spirit of'76, to assume the Captain America role, with a young man named Fred Davis as Bucky, they continue to serve in the same roles after the war with the All-Winners Squad, until the android Adam II fatally injured Naslund in 1946. After Naslund's death, Jeff Mace, the Golden Age Patriot, took over as Captain America, with Davis continuing as Bucky. Mace teamed with Betsy Ross, the superheroine Golden Girl, sometime before 1953 gave up his Captain America identity to marry her.
Mace died decades later. The Liberty Legion, created in 1976 but whose adventures are set in World War II, included two future members of the All-Winners Squad: the Whizzer and Miss America; the All-Winners Squad made flashback appearances in The Sensational She-Hulk #22, working alongside the Blonde Phantom, in All Winners Comics 70th Anniversary Special and Captain America: Patriot. All Winners 1941–1946 at The Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators All-Winners Squad at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on November 24, 2009
American comic book
An American comic book is a thin periodical originating in the United States 32 pages, containing comics content. While the form originated in 1933, American comic books first gained popularity after the 1938 publication of Action Comics, which included the debut of the superhero Superman; this was followed by a superhero boom that lasted until the end of World War II. After the war, while superheroes were marginalized, the comic book industry expanded and genres such as horror, science fiction and romance became popular; the 1950s saw a gradual decline, due to a shift away from print media in the wake of television and the impact of the Comics Code Authority. The late 1950s and the 1960s saw a superhero revival and superheroes remain the dominant character archetype in the 21st century; some fans collect comic books. Some have sold for more than US $1 million. Comic shops cater to fans, selling comic books, plastic sleeves and cardboard backing to protect the comic books. An American comic book is known as a floppy comic.
It is thin and stapled, unlike traditional books. American comic books are one of the three major comic book schools globally, along with Japanese manga and the Franco-Belgian comic books; the typical size and page count of comics have varied over the decades trending toward smaller formats and fewer pages. In recent decades, standard comics have been about 6.625 inches × 10.25 inches, 32 pages long. While comics can be the work of a single creator, the labor of making them is divided between a number of specialists. There may be a separate writer and artist, or there may be separate artists for the characters and backgrounds. In superhero comic books, the art may be divided between: a writer, who creates the stories. A penciller, who lays out the artwork in pencil. An inker, who finishes the artwork in ink. A colorist, who adds color to the comics a letterer, who adds the captions and speech balloons; the process begins with the creator coming up with an idea or concept working it into a plot and story, finalizing the preliminary writing with a script.
After the art production, letters are placed on the page and an editor may have the final say before the comic is sent to the printer. The creative team, the writers and artists, may work with a comic book publisher for help with marketing and other logistics. A distributor like Diamond Comic Distributors, the largest in the U. S. helps to distribute the finished product to retailers. Another part of the process involved in successful comics is the interaction between the readers/fans and the creator. Fan art and letters to the editor were printed in the back of the book until the early 21st century when various Internet forms started to replace them. Comic specialty stores did help encourage several waves of independently-produced comics, beginning in the mid-1970s; some of the early example of these - referred to as "independent" or "alternative" comics - such as Big Apple Comix, continued somewhat in the tradition of underground comics, while others, such as Star Reach, resembled the output of mainstream publishers in format and genre but were published by smaller artist-owned ventures or by a single artist.
The "small press" scene continued to grow and diversify, with a number of small publishers in the 1990s changing the format and distribution of their books to more resemble non-comics publishing. The "minicomics" form, an informal version of self-publishing, arose in the 1980s and became popular among artists in the 1990s, despite reaching an more limited audience than the small presses; the development of the modern American comic book happened in stages. Publishers had collected comic strips in hardcover book form as early as 1842, with The Adventures of Obadiah Oldbuck, a collection of English-language newspaper inserts published in Europe as the 1837 book Histoire de M. Vieux Bois by Rodolphe Töpffer; the G. W. Dillingham Company published the first known proto-comic-book magazine in the U. S; the Yellow Kid in McFadden's Flats, in 1897. A hardcover book, it reprinted material—primarily the October 18, 1896 to January 10, 1897 sequence titled "McFadden's Row of Flats"—from cartoonist Richard F. Outcault's newspaper comic strip Hogan's Alley, starring the Yellow Kid.
The 196-page, square-bound, black-and-white publication, which includes introductory text by E. W. Townsend, measured 5×7 inches and sold for 50 cents; the neologism "comic book" appears on the back cover. Despite the publication of a series of related Hearst comics soon afterward, the first monthly proto-comic book, Embee Distributing Company's Comic Monthly, did not appear until 1922. Produced in an 8½-by-9-inch format, it reprinted black-and-white newspaper comic strips and lasted a year. In 1929, Dell Publishing published The Funnies, described by the Library of Congress as "a short-lived newspaper tabloid insert" and not to be confused with Dell's 1936 comic-book series of the same name. Historian Ron Goulart describes the 16-page, four-color periodical as "more a Sunday comic section without the rest of the newspaper than a true comic book, but it did offer all original material and was sold on newsstands". The Funnies ran for 36 issues, published Saturdays through October 16, 1930. In 1933, salesperson Maxwell Gaines, sales manager Harry I.
Wildenberg, owner George Janosik of the Waterbury, Connecticut company Eastern Color Printing—which printed, among other things, Sunday-paper comic-strip sections – produced Funnies on Parade as a way to keep their presses running. Like The Funnies, but only eight pages, this appeared as a newsprint magazine
Rick Jones (comics)
Richard Milhouse "Rick" Jones is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Rick has been a sidekick to Bruce Banner / Hulk, Steve Rogers / Captain America, Mar-Vell / Captain Marvel, Artour / R. O. M; the Spaceknight, Genis-Vell / Captain Marvel. He has been an active participant in many significant Marvel Universe story lines including the Kree-Skrull War and the Destiny War, he acquired powers, causing his learning capabilities to be increased. He decided to direct his new ability towards communications technology, ended up becoming a hacktivist known as the Whisperer. Rick Jones was created in 1962 by Stan Lee and Jack Kirby in Hulk #1. Rick Jones was born in Arizona, he as a result grew up at an orphanage. He accepts a dare to drive out to a bomb testing ground in New Mexico; as luck would have it, the gamma bomb designed by Dr. Robert Bruce Banner is being tested. Banner pushes Rick into a protective trench saving his life, but absorbing the gamma rays that transform Banner into the Hulk.
Rick thus becomes the sole confidant of the Hulk's true identity. Jones' guilt over causing the incident leads him to stay close to the Hulk alter ego. In one story, he gains mental control over Hulk; the dangerous unpredictability of Hulk forces Rick to keep his distance. Rick forms the Teen Brigade, a loose network of teenagers with ham radios throughout the United States; the first Teen Brigade played a role in the origin of the Avengers when the Norse god Loki tampered with the Teen Brigade's radio transmission. The Teen Brigade intended to bring the Fantastic Four together to battle the Hulk, but instead brought Iron Man, Ant-Man and Thor together to form the Avengers. After the Hulk's departure from the team, Rick becomes an honorary Avenger, he alerted the team to the Hulk's presence. He becomes close to the revived Captain America although his guilt leads him to leave the Avengers and seek out Banner and Hulk on his own. Captain America rescues Rick from one of Hulk's rampages, after that Rick becomes Captain America's sidekick taking the title and uniform of Bucky, Captain America's long-dead junior partner.
This was on Jones' own insistence, but Captain America continues to have guilty objections, noting that others have lost partners and it was time to move on. Rick's brief time as Bucky gave him the training to survive around superheroes to this day; when Rick believed Hulk to be dead, he revealed the truth of Banner's condition to Col. Glenn Talbot, thus inadvertently making Banner a wanted fugitive by the US Military. After being neglected by Captain America, Rick became fed up with the Captain's ego. After talking with Edwin Jarvis, Rick decided to leave the Avengers for good. Rick joined with the Kree Captain Marvel. Donning the Bands, he is linked to Captain Marvel. Once joined, one of the two remains in a protective bubble in the Negative Zone. After either the person not in the Negative Zone strikes the Nega-Bands together or a certain amount of time passes, the two switch places. Rick and Mar-Vell go on various adventures encountering many different heroes, such as the Hulk and Captain America.
Rick and Mar-Vell play a critical part in the Kree-Skrull War. Rick is freed from the Negative Zone through a portal in the Fantastic Four headquarters. Mar-Vell is released from the Negative Zone while Rick is still in the regular world without the use of the Nega-Bands; the bond between the two is broken. At the height of the conflict, the Kree Supreme Intelligence unleashes the Destiny Force from within Rick. Rick uses his new-found ability to summon images of various Golden Age heroes. While at full power, Rick single-handedly stops both the Kree and Skrull fleets long enough to put an end to the conflict. Injuries that Rick sustains lead Mar-Vell to willingly bond with Rick. Shortly after this the Captain Marvel series was re-launched and we found that Rick wasn't able to contain the energy of Mar-Vell, he was bombarded with photonic energy, which saved him and enabled him to contain Mar-Vell safely. A consequence of this was that Mar-Vell gained the ability to absorb energy in addition to the nega-band energies to boost his strength and could fly with the photonic energy now.
Rick and Mar-Vell serve as a duo for several years while Rick pursues his musical career and love life. The two are again freed from their bond while aiding the Avengers against the Super-Adaptoid. Rick parts company with Mar-Vell. Rick begins to spend his time with the Hulk again and forms a new Teen Brigade, after which Rick finds himself again teamed with Mar-Vell, though not merged with him as they deal with a legacy left by the Mad Titan Thanos. Sometime after, Mar-Vell dies of cancer that he received when he was exposed to a deadly nerve gas stolen by the villain Nitro. Note: Mar-Vell collapsed from the gas and was comatose until he was given an antidote to the gas. However, despite the antidote, Mar-Vell still developed cancer and there was some momentary concern that the link Rick shared with him could have caused himself to contract the condition. Rick was at Mar-Vell's bedside. After Mar-Vell's death, Rick began to team with the Hulk again. Guilt over causing Banner to be hit with the gamma rays made Rick decide to expose himself to gamma rays in an attempt to become another Hulk-like being that could stop the Hulk.
However this plan backfired and Rick was dying of gamma poisoning until Banner cured him. However, this too led to the
Sharon Carter is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. She is depicted as a secret agent and an ex-field agent of S. H. I. E. L. D. Under Nick Fury and the love of Captain America, Steve Rogers's life, as the superhero has stated in the comics. In the original comic book continuity, Sharon was the younger sister of Peggy Carter, the wartime love interest of Captain America, she was retconned as Peggy's grand-niece because of the unaging nature of comic book characters. Sharon Carter appears in the Marvel Cinematic Universe in Captain America: The Winter Soldier and Captain America: Civil War, portrayed by Emily VanCamp. Created by writer Stan Lee and penciler and co-plotter Jack Kirby, Carter first appeared in Tales of Suspense #75. Carter was killed in Captain America #233, she was revived in issue #444 by writer Mark Waid, who commented, "The reason she works so well with Cap is because she's a complete cynic and he's a complete idealist."Sharon Carter appeared as a supporting character in the 2010-2013 Secret Avengers series, from issue #1 through issue #21.
Sharon was born in Richmond, the daughter of two wealthy Virginians and Amanda Carter. She grew up with the stories of her aunt, a freedom fighter with the French Resistance during World War II. Inspired by her aunt's adventures, Sharon joins the international security agency S. H. I. E. L. D. and is assigned the code name Agent 13. By this time, Steve Rogers, the patriotic hero known as Captain America, had been revived from suspended animation, during one of Sharon's earliest missions, he comes to her aid when she is under attack by a mercenary known as Batroc the Leaper; the two of them cross paths teaming up on missions against A. I. M. HYDRA, Red Skull, many others. Sharon and Rogers fall in love; the dangerous nature of Sharon's work strains their relationship, Rogers wants Sharon to give up her life as a S. H. I. E. L. D. Agent. While working as a S. H. I. E. L. D. Liaison with the New York Police Department, Sharon investigates and infiltrates a white supremacist terrorist organization known as the National Force.
During one of the National Force's battles with street criminals in Harlem, the National Guard is sent in. Under the effects of a mind-altering gas, Sharon activates a self-destruct device in her National Force uniform and commits suicide. Rogers is shown the event on videotape, it is revealed that Sharon's death was faked so she could go on a top secret mission for S. H. I. E. L. D; the mission did not go well, Nick Fury, S. H. I. E. L. D.'s Executive Director, believed her to have been killed in action, Captain America was not informed of the true circumstances of her "death". Sharon has been left behind in enemy territory, a captive of the dictator Tap-Kwai. Escaping, she spends several years working as a mercenary, until she encounters a group of Neo-Nazi extremists known as the Kubecult. Learning that they plan to use the Cosmic Cube to return Adolf Hitler to life, Sharon joins forces with the villainous Red Skull to stop them, but they need Captain America. At this point, Rogers is suffering health problems: the Super-Soldier serum that gave him his abilities is breaking down and he has fallen into a coma.
As the Red Skull is occupying a cloned body of Rogers himself, a transfusion of the Skull's blood—with an uncontaminated Super-Soldier formula— restores and revives Rogers. Rogers is shocked to find Sharon alive. Over the course of the mission to topple the cult he learns that her years out in the cold have made her grimmer and more ruthless, the two of them do not renew their relationship when Sharon rejoins S. H. I. E. L. D. Still, a romantic tension exists: Sharon teases him about his naivete, such as when he lets a family of squatters stay in his apartment; the two battle the Red Skull. Sharon and Captain America argue about killing the Skull, with Sharon urging Rogers to use an energy-based shield which she had given him. Sharon tries and fails to kill the Red Skull; the energy shield is lost in the time-stream. Soon afterwards, Sharon assists Captain America in several cases of patriotic Americans going on violent rampages when a supernatural entity named Nightmare finds a way to influence this dimension through the'American dream'.
Sharon and Cap battle many patriotic people, including a temporarily insane U. S. Agent, Sharon has to face down an affected Captain America. During the absence of Nick Fury, Sharon serves a brief term as Executive Director of S. H. I. E. L. D, she returns to field work, reporting directly to the new Executive Director Maria Hill as a liaison officer assigned to support and report on Captain America's activities. While investigating the whereabouts of Jack Monroe, she is abducted by the Winter Soldier and used as bait to lure Captain America into a trap set by General Aleksander Lukin, she and Captain America resume their relationship while on a field mission investigating the activities of the Winter Soldier. Sharon is a supporter of the Superhuman Registration Act, but she is averse to aiding in the capture of her lover, Captain America, the leader of the "Secret Avengers" opposed to the Act. At the same time, she is an unknowing pawn of his associate Doctor Faustus, she falls into contact with Nick Fury's underground organization as she is reassigned to the S.
H. I. E. L. D. Task force charged with locating Fury, she switches her allegiance to Captain America.