Haute-Savoie is a department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of Southeastern France, bordering both Switzerland and Italy. Its prefecture is Annecy. To the north is Lake Geneva and Switzerland, it holds its name from the Savoy historical region, as does the department of Savoie, located south of Haute-Savoie. In 2016, it had a population of 801,416, its subprefectures are Saint-Julien-en-Genevois and Thonon-les-Bains. The French entrance to the Mont Blanc Tunnel into Italy is in Haute-Savoie, it is noted for winter sports. Before 1860, the territory occupied by modern Haute-Savoie and the adjoining department of Savoie had been part of the Kingdom of Sardinia since the Treaty of Utrecht in 1713. Annexation of the region by France was formalized in the Treaty of Turin on March 24, 1860. From November 1942 to September 1943, Haute-Savoie was subjected to military occupation by Fascist Italy; the Maquis des Glières operated from Haute-Savoie. Haute-Savoie comprises four arrondissements, divided into 17 cantons.
To the north, it borders the Swiss Canton of Lake Geneva. Haute-Savoie has the largest range of elevations of all the departments in France; some of the world's best-known ski resorts are in Haute-Savoie. The terrain of the department includes the Alpine Mont Blanc Range, its mountainous terrain makes mountain passes important to economic life. Some of the most important are the Col de la Forclaz and the Mont Blanc Tunnel, linking Chamonix to Courmayeur in the Aosta Valley; as of 1996, 178,624 hectares of Haute-Savoie is forested, compared to 34.4 percent for the Rhone-Alpes region and 27.1 percent for France as a whole. Of the forested area 141,063 hectares is managed for timber and other forest products, with the remaining 37,561 hectares having no commercial value or used for outdoor recreation. National nature reserves are designated by the French government as areas where an outstanding natural heritage is present in both rare and typical areas in terms of species and geology. Management is charged to local organizations, with direction and evaluation focusing on long-term protection for future generations and environmental education.
Of the 37,561 hectares of land not managed for timber, Haute-Savoie has nine national nature reserves totaling 24,542 hectares. Aiguilles Rouges National Nature Reserve – 3,276 hectares Bout du Lac d'Annecy National Nature Reserve – 84 hectares Carlaveyron National Nature Reserve – 599 hectares Contamines-Montjoie National Nature Reserve – 5,500 hectares Delta de la Dranse National Nature Reserve – 539.7 hectares Passy National Nature Reserve – 2,000 hectares Roc de Chère National Nature Reserve – 68.24 hectares Sixt-Passy National Nature Reserve – 9,200 hectares Vallon de Bérard National Nature Reserve – 3,276 hectares Haute-Savoie has significant freshwater resources. Lake Annecy is a major attraction, along with the town of Évian-les-Bains the best-known town on the French shore of Lake Geneva, known worldwide for its Evian mineral water. Haute-Savoie is within the watershed of the Rhone. Population development since 1861: In 2006 142,000 hectares of land was suitable for agriculture, of which 33,600 hectares was arable land suitable for market gardening, cultivation or pasture.
There were 4,450 farmers in 1999, 4,800 farmers and over 1,700 full-time farm employees at the end of 2006. In 1999, crop production was valued at €71.5 million and animal production at €165.4 million. Dairy production is a large part of the Haute-Savoie economy, earning €117.2 million in 2006 and representing 74 percent of the net animal-product worth. Cattle earned €29.7 million. Cheese production in 1999 was: Reblochon – 16,950 tons Tomme de Savoie – 5,500 tons Emmental – 3,000 tons; the 11,951 companies represented on the Répertoire des Métiers were divided into: Food: 955 companies Construction: 4,924 Production: 2,834 Services: 3,238 In late December 2000, building construction and public works included 13,867 employees in 4,838 companies as follows: Construction: 20 percent Decoration, plastering, painting: 70 percent Public works: 10 percent In late December 2000, the trade sector accounted for 33,994 employees in 9,351 companies as follows: Tourism and recreation: 23.7 percent Food an
Landi Kotal railway station is a railway station in Landi Kotal, a town in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. It lies near the border with the Nangarhar Province of Afghanistan; the railway station was built in 1925 during British rule. It was the terminus railway station of Khyber Pass Railway; the Landi-Kotal railway station was opened in November 1925 alongside the Khyber Pass Railway's newly laid tracks between Jamrud and Landi Kotal. In 1982, regular service to the Landi Kotal railway station was terminated. However, beginning in the 1990s, the station served as the terminus of the Khyber train safari, a tourist train running from Peshawar to Landi Kotal via the Khyber Pass; the route was closed in 2006 due to extensive flooding. List of railway stations in Pakistan Pakistan Railways Official Web Site of Pakistan Railways
Elissa Blair Slotkin is an American government official and politician who serves as the U. S. Representative from Michigan's 8th congressional district. A member of the Democratic Party, she served as a CIA analyst and as a Department of Defense official. Slotkin was born in 1976 in the daughter of Judith Slotkin, she is Jewish. Slotkin spent her early life on a farm in Holly, Michigan halfway between Flint and Detroit, she attended Cranbrook Kingswood School in Bloomfield Hills. She received a B. A. from Cornell University and an M. I. A. from Columbia University School of International and Public Affairs. In 2001, she completed a course in the Arabic language at The American University in Cairo, her early employment included: community organizer for Roca and Swahili language translator for Harbor Area Early Childhood, both in Massachusetts. S. Department of State. Slotkin's professional experience included working for the Central Intelligence Agency as a political analyst and intelligence briefer.
From 2005 to 2006, she was a senior assistant on the staff of the Director of National Intelligence. She was the leader of a CIA assessment team in Iraq from 2006 to 2007 and the National Security Council staff's director for Iraq policy from 2007 to 2009. From 2009 to 2011, Slotkin was a senior advisor on Iraq policy at the U. S. State Department, in 2011 she joined the staff of the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy as an adviser on Middle East policy. In 2012, Slotkin became chief of staff for the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy, that year she was appointed Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for Policy. Slotkin was appointed Principal Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in 2013, in 2014 she was appointed as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs. From 2015 to 2017, Slotkin was acting Assistant Secretary of Defense for International Security Affairs. After leaving the Defense Department in January 2017, Slotkin moved back to her family's farm in Holly, where she owned and operated Pinpoint Consulting.
In July 2017, Slotkin announced her candidacy for the 8th District. The district is based in the state capital of Lansing, stretches into the outer northern suburbs of Detroit, she has stated that she was motivated to challenge two-term Republican incumbent Mike Bishop when she saw him smile at a White House celebration after he and the Republicans in the House of Representatives voted to repeal the Affordable Care Act. She faced Michigan State University criminal justice professor Christopher Smith in the Democratic primary. On August 7, she defeated Smith. In November 2018, Slotkin defeated Bishop with 50.6% of the vote. She is the first Democrat to represent this district since 2001, her victory, that of Haley Stevens in the neighboring 11th District, means that there are no Republicans representing Oakland County in the House for the first time since the 1930s. Slotkin was the main sponsor of the 2020 Iran War Powers Resolution, which passed 224-194. Committee on Armed Services Subcommittee on Intelligence, Emerging Threats and Capabilities Subcommittee on Readiness Committee on Homeland SecuritySubcommittee on Counterterrorism and Intelligence Subcommittee on Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Protection New Democrat Coalition Her husband, Dave Moore, retired as an Army colonel and Apache helicopter pilot.
They reside in Holly. Slotkin has two stepdaughters, one an Army officer, the other a physician. List of Jewish members of the United States Congress List of Jewish American politicians Women in the United States House of Representatives This article incorporates public domain material from the United States Government document "US Department of Defense". Appearances on C-SPAN Congresswoman Elissa Slotkin official House website Campaign websiteBiography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress Profile at Vote Smart Financial information at the Federal Election Commission Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress