Oregon State Beavers football
The Oregon State Beavers football team represents Oregon State University in NCAA Division I FBS college football. The team first fielded a football team in 1893 and is a member of the Pac-12 Conference. Gary Andersen is the coach since the 2015 season. Their home games are played at Reser Stadium in Corvallis, Football at Oregon State University started in 1893 shortly after athletics were initially authorized at the college. Athletics were banned prior May 1892, but when the school president, Benjamin Arnold, died. Blosss son William started the first team, on which he served as coach and quarterback. The teams first game was an easy 63–0 defeat over the home team, the university has been in several athletic conferences. These include the Northwest Intercollegiate Association, the Pacific Coast Conference, prior to 1902, and in-between the Pacific Coast Conference and Pac-12 Conference, OSU played as an independent school. The Beavers play their games at Reser Stadium in Corvallis. It was originally called Parker Stadium when it was constructed in 1953, Parker Stadium was renamed Reser Stadium in June 1999.
Major renovations from 2005–2007 increased the capacity to 45,674. Oregon State Universitys primary rival is the University of Oregon, the two schools enjoy a fierce and long-standing rivalry due to the proximity of the two campuses. The University of Oregon is in Eugene, about 40 miles south of Corvallis, the teams first matched up on the gridiron in 1894 and have been playing each other almost every year since. The rivalry game between the two schools is called the Civil War and is traditionally the last game of each season and they have played each other 120 times which makes it the seventh-oldest college football rivalry game. Oregon State has won the Pac-12 Championship 5 times,1941,1956,1957,1964, the Beavers have played in the Mirage Bowl, but this was a regular season game and a bowl in name only, not a post-season invitational bowl game. The 17 bowl game total does not include an invitation to play in the Gotham Bowl in 1960, the Beavers are 11–6 in bowl game appearances. Gary Andersen – Head Coach Kevin McGiven – Offensive Coordinator/Quarterbacks Coach Kevin Clune – Defensive Coordinator/Inside Linebackers T. J.
Won the French football championship in 2011. Wayne Valley and principal owner of the Oakland Raiders & former President of the American Football League William Vanderbundt, NFL Linebacker, SF 49ers N. O
Eugene is a city of the Pacific Northwest located in the U. S. state of Oregon. It is located at the end of the Willamette Valley, near the confluence of the McKenzie and Willamette Rivers. As of the 2010 census, Eugene had a population of 156,185, it is the second most populous city in the state, the citys population for 2014 was estimated to be 160,561 by the US Census. Eugene is home to the University of Oregon and Lane Community College, the city is noted for its natural beauty, recreational opportunities, and focus on the arts. Eugenes official slogan is A Great City for the Arts and Outdoors and it is referred to as the Emerald City and as Track Town, USA. The Nike corporation had its beginnings in Eugene, in 2021, the city will host the 18th Track and Field World Championships. The first people to settle in the Eugene area were known as the Kalapuyans and they made seasonal rounds, moving around the countryside as appropriate to collect and preserve local foods, including acorns, the bulbs of the wapato and camas plants, and berries.
They stored these foods in their permanent winter village, when crop activities waned, they returned to their winter villages and took up hunting and trading. They were known as the Chifin Kalapuyans and called the Eugene area where they lived Chifin, other Kalapuyan tribes occupied villages that are now within Eugene city limits. Pee-you or Mohawk Calapooians, Winefelly or Pleasant Hill Calapooians, and they were close-neighbors to the Chifin and were political allies. Some authorities suggest that the Brownsville Kalapuyans were related to the Pee-you and it is likely that since the Santiam had an alliance with the Brownsville Kalapuyans that the Santiam influence went as far at Eugene. According to archeological evidence, the ancestors of the Kalapuyans may have been in Eugene for as long as 10,000 years, French fur traders had settled seasonally in the Willamette Valley by the beginning of the 19th century. Having already developed relationships with Native communities through intermarriage and trade, by 1828 to 1830 they and their Native wives began year round occupation of the land, raising crops and tending animals.
In this process the mixed race families began to impact Native access to land, food supply, in July,1830, intermittent fever struck the lower Columbia region and a year later, the Willamette Valley. Natives traced the arrival of the disease, new to the Northwest, to the U. S. ship, intermittent fever is thought by researchers now to be malaria. In his book The Coming of the Spirit Pestilence Boyd reports that there was a 92% population loss for the Kalapuyans between 1830 and 1841 and this catastrophic event shattered the social fabric of Kalapuyan society and altered the demographic balance in the Valley. As the demographic pressure from the colonists grew, the remaining Kalapuyans were forcibly removed to reservations, though some Natives escaped being swept into the reservation, most were moved to the Grand Ronde reservation in 1856. Strict racial segregation was enforced and mixed people, known as Métis in French, had to make a choice between the reservation and Anglo society
Mean sea level is an average level of the surface of one or more of Earths oceans from which heights such as elevations may be measured. A common and relatively straightforward mean sea-level standard is the midpoint between a low and mean high tide at a particular location. Sea levels can be affected by factors and are known to have varied greatly over geological time scales. The careful measurement of variations in MSL can offer insights into ongoing climate change, the term above sea level generally refers to above mean sea level. Precise determination of a sea level is a difficult problem because of the many factors that affect sea level. Sea level varies quite a lot on several scales of time and this is because the sea is in constant motion, affected by the tides, atmospheric pressure, local gravitational differences, salinity and so forth. The easiest way this may be calculated is by selecting a location and calculating the mean sea level at that point, for example, a period of 19 years of hourly level observations may be averaged and used to determine the mean sea level at some measurement point.
One measures the values of MSL in respect to the land, hence a change in MSL can result from a real change in sea level, or from a change in the height of the land on which the tide gauge operates. In the UK, the Ordnance Datum is the sea level measured at Newlyn in Cornwall between 1915 and 1921. Prior to 1921, the datum was MSL at the Victoria Dock, in Hong Kong, mPD is a surveying term meaning metres above Principal Datum and refers to height of 1. 230m below the average sea level. In France, the Marégraphe in Marseilles measures continuously the sea level since 1883 and it is used for a part of continental Europe and main part of Africa as official sea level. Elsewhere in Europe vertical elevation references are made to the Amsterdam Peil elevation, satellite altimeters have been making precise measurements of sea level since the launch of TOPEX/Poseidon in 1992. A joint mission of NASA and CNES, TOPEX/Poseidon was followed by Jason-1 in 2001, height above mean sea level is the elevation or altitude of an object, relative to the average sea level datum.
It is used in aviation, where some heights are recorded and reported with respect to sea level, and in the atmospheric sciences. An alternative is to base height measurements on an ellipsoid of the entire Earth, in aviation, the ellipsoid known as World Geodetic System 84 is increasingly used to define heights, differences up to 100 metres exist between this ellipsoid height and mean tidal height. The alternative is to use a vertical datum such as NAVD88. When referring to geographic features such as mountains on a topographic map, the elevation of a mountain denotes the highest point or summit and is typically illustrated as a small circle on a topographic map with the AMSL height shown in metres, feet or both. In the rare case that a location is below sea level, for one such case, see Amsterdam Airport Schiphol
A cinder track is a type of race track, generally purposed for athletics or horse racing, whose surface is composed of cinders. For running tracks, most cinder surfaces have been replaced by synthetic surfaces, which provide greater durability, more consistent results. The impact on performance as a result of differing track surfaces is a topic often raised when comparing athletes from different eras, synthetic tracks emerged in the late 1960s, the 1964 Olympics were the last to use a cinder track. The Little 500 bicycle race at Indiana University is still run annually on a cinder track
Alaska Airlines Field at Husky Stadium is an outdoor football stadium on the campus of the University of Washington in Seattle, United States. It has been the home of the Washington Huskies of the Pac-12 Conference since 1920, the university holds its annual commencement at the stadium in June. It is located at the corner of campus, between Montlake Boulevard N. E. and Union Bay, just north of the Montlake Cut. The stadium is served by the University of Washington Link light rail station, the stadium most recently underwent a $280 million renovation that was completed in 2013. Its U-shaped design was oriented to minimize glare from the early afternoon sun in the athletes eyes. The open end overlooks scenic Lake Washington and the Cascade Mountains, prior to the 2013 renovation, its total capacity of 72,500 made it the largest stadium in the Pacific Northwest and the 23rd largest in college football. The original stadium was built in 1920 by Puget Sound Bridge, Husky Stadium replaced Denny Field, which was located on the north end of campus, south of the intersection of NE 45th St.
and 20th Ave. NE. The first game at the stadium was the game of the 1920 season. Just three years after its construction, the stadium was the site of President Warren Hardings final public address before his unexpected death. The capacity of the bowl was expanded with the addition of 10,000 seats around the rim in 1936. The first of the stadiums iconic covered grandstands was constructed in 1950, in 1987,13,000 seats were added with the construction of the north grandstand. Similar to the stand, this structure included a cantilevered steel roof covering a portion of the lower seats. Although there were no casualties, property damage ranged from $500,000 to $1,000,000, the stadium hosted the opening and closing ceremonies, as well as the track & field competition. Husky Stadium was the home of the Seattle Seahawks for five games in 1994 while the Kingdome was temporarily closed for repairs to its damaged roof. After the demolition of the Kingdome in March 2000, the Seahawks played at Husky Stadium for the 2000 and 2001 seasons before moving into Seahawks Stadium in 2002, the playing field at Husky Stadium was originally dirt, which was replaced with natural grass in 1938.
The AstroTurf field was replaced in 1972,1977,1987, FieldTurf, a new variation of synthetic turf, was installed in 2000 at a cost of $1,074,958. The new turf features enhanced drainage and reduced abrasion through the use of fibers that are tufted into an infill of sand. The project was funded by Seattle Seahawks owner Paul Allen, who used Husky Stadium as a home venue during the construction of CenturyLink Field
John McDonnell Field
John McDonnell Field is the outdoor track facility at the University of Arkansas in Fayetteville, and is home to the Arkansas Razorbacks. Renovated in 2006, it is one of only five International Association of Athletics Federations Class 1 certified tracks in the United States, originally called University Track, Arkansas outdoor track facility has gone through four major renovations. First in the late 1980s, prior to hosting the Southwest Conference Championships a new surface was laid. When Arkansas hosted the 1994 Southeastern Conference Championships the runways and jumping areas were updated, during the same renovation project, a fully automated computer timing system and scoreboard located in the southeast corner of the track were added. The nine-lane, 400-meter track had permanent seating for more than 2,000 spectators and was open to the public for recreational use, on September 26,1998, the track was re-dedicated in honor of mens track coach John McDonnell. The most recent and dramatic renovations occurred in 2005, in preparation for the 2006 Southeastern Conference Outdoor Championships, Arkansas razed the old facility and rebuilt from the ground up.
The original 2, 000-seat venue was transformed into one that would hold potentially 10,000 spectators, the facility is one of only four IAAF Class 1 certified track and field complexes in the United States. The track itself is nine lanes, all competition areas are surfaced with a Mondo Super X Performance track surface. There are multiple jumping and throwing areas, with the vaulting and jumping areas being reversible to take advantage of wind conditions, there two sets of pole vault and jumping areas so that multiple events can be contested simultaneously. A 16-foot by 9-foot LED video board is installed in the end of the stadium. The start-finish line was moved from the southwest to northeast corner of the track, originally designed to be a bowl shaped structure, seating in the north and south was omitted from construction due to budget and deadline issues. During track meets large tents are set up and teams set up camp on a large grass area in the open south end. The track is flanked by two large grandstands to the east and west that run the length of the 100-meter front, during that time and womens locker rooms which share a common athletic training room were added under the east stands.
Capacity is currently set at 7,000 but can hold up to 10,000 with additional construction or temporary seating. The new John McDonnell Field was rededicated on May 12,2006 during the 2006 SEC Championships, in 2008 the facility hosted the NCAA Mideast Regional Championships and will host of the 2009 NCAA Outdoor Championships. The track hosts the annual John McDonnell Invitational as well as Arkansas high school state championships, the facility hopes to eventually host national junior events, USA Outdoor Championships, and Olympic Trials. In 2008 John McDonnell Field was named the track and field facility of the year by the American Sports Builders Association for exhibiting excellence in design. Even though the track was rebuilt, all of the old records carried over and are accepted to be the facility records
GIS or geographic information system is a computer system that allows for visualizing, manipulating and storage of data with associated attributes. GIS offers better understanding of patterns and relationships of the landscape at different scales, tools inside the GIS allow for manipulation of data for spatial analysis or cartography. A topographical map is the type of map used to depict elevation. In a Geographic Information System, digital models are commonly used to represent the surface of a place. Digital terrain models are another way to represent terrain in GIS, USGS is developing a 3D Elevation Program to keep up with growing needs for high quality topographic data. 3DEP is a collection of enhanced elevation data in the form of high quality LiDAR data over the conterminous United States, there are three bare earth DEM layers in 3DEP which are nationally seamless at the resolution of 1/3,1, and 2 arcseconds. This map is derived from GTOPO30 data that describes the elevation of Earths terrain at intervals of 30 arcseconds and it uses color and shading instead of contour lines to indicate elevation.
Hypsography is the study of the distribution of elevations on the surface of the Earth, the term originates from the Greek word ὕψος hypsos meaning height. Most often it is used only in reference to elevation of land, related to the term hypsometry, the measurement of these elevations of a planets solid surface are taken relative to mean datum, except for Earth which is taken relative to the sea level. In the troposphere, temperatures decrease with altitude and this lapse rate is approximately 6.5 °C/km. S
The metric system is an internationally agreed decimal system of measurement. Many sources cite Liberia and Myanmar as the other countries not to have done so. Although the originators intended to devise a system that was accessible to all. Control of the units of measure was maintained by the French government until 1875, when it was passed to an intergovernmental organisation. From its beginning, the features of the metric system were the standard set of interrelated base units. These base units are used to larger and smaller units that could replace a huge number of other units of measure in existence. Although the system was first developed for use, the development of coherent units of measure made it particularly suitable for science. Although the metric system has changed and developed since its inception, designed for transnational use, it consisted of a basic set of units of measurement, now known as base units. At the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, most countries, the metric system was designed to be universal—in the words of the French philosopher Marquis de Condorcet it was to be for all people for all time.
However, these overtures failed and the custody of the metric system remained in the hands of the French government until 1875. In languages where the distinction is made, unit names are common nouns, the concept of using consistent classical names for the prefixes was first proposed in a report by the Commission on Weights and Measures in May 1793. The prefix kilo, for example, is used to multiply the unit by 1000, thus the kilogram and kilometre are a thousand grams and metres respectively, and a milligram and millimetre are one thousandth of a gram and metre respectively. These relations can be written symbolically as,1 mg =0, however,1935 extensions to the prefix system did not follow this convention, the prefixes nano- and micro-, for example have Greek roots. During the 19th century the prefix myria-, derived from the Greek word μύριοι, was used as a multiplier for 10000, prefixes are not usually used to indicate multiples of a second greater than 1, the non-SI units of minute and day are used instead.
On the other hand, prefixes are used for multiples of the unit of volume. The base units used in the system must be realisable. Each of the units in SI is accompanied by a mise en pratique published by the BIPM that describes in detail at least one way in which the base unit can be measured. In practice, such realisation is done under the auspices of a mutual acceptance arrangement, in the original version of the metric system the base units could be derived from a specified length and the weight of a specified volume of pure water
The Pacific Northwest, sometimes referred to as Cascadia, is a geographic region in western North America bounded by the Pacific Ocean to the west and loosely, by the Rocky Mountains on the east. Though no agreed boundary exists, a common conception includes the U. S. states of Oregon and Washington and the Canadian province of British Columbia. Broader conceptions reach north into Alaska and Yukon, south into far northern California and east to the Continental Divide, thus including Idaho, Western Montana, narrower conceptions may be limited to the northwestern US or to the coastal areas west of the Cascade and Coast mountains. The variety of definitions can be attributed to partially overlapping commonalities of the history, society. The Northwest Coast is the region of the Pacific Northwest. The term Pacific Northwest should not be confused with the Northwest Territory or the Northwest Territories of Canada. The border — in two sections, along the 49th parallel south of British Columbia and the Alaska Panhandle west of northern British Columbia — has had an effect on the region.
According to Canadian historian Ken Coates, the border has not merely influenced the Pacific Northwest—rather, definitions of the Pacific Northwest region vary, and there is no commonly agreed-upon boundary, even among Pacific Northwesterners. A common conception of the Pacific Northwest includes the U. S. states of Oregon and Washington as well as the Canadian province of British Columbia. Broader definitions of the region may include the U. S. state of Alaska, the Canadian territory of Yukon, the portion of the state of California. Definitions based on the historic Oregon Country reach east to the Continental Divide, thus including all of Idaho and parts of western Montana. Sometimes the Pacific Northwest is defined as being the Northwestern United States, often these definitions are made by government agencies whose scope is limited to the United States. Some definitions include, in addition to Washington, Oregon and British Columbia, Southeast Alaska, western Montana, the coast of northern California, the Pacific Northwest has been occupied by a diverse array of indigenous peoples for millennia.
The Pacific Coast is seen by scholars as a major coastal migration route in the settlement of the Americas by late Pleistocene peoples moving from northeast Asia into the Americas. Other evidence for human occupation dating back as much as 14,500 years ago is emerging from Paisley Caves in south-central Oregon, despite such research, the coastal migration hypothesis is still subject to considerable debate. Due in part to the richness of Pacific Northwest Coast and river fisheries, in the interior of the Pacific Northwest, the indigenous peoples, at the time of European contact, had a diversity of cultures and societies. Some areas were home to mobile and egalitarian societies, especially along major rivers such as the Columbia and Fraser, had very complex, sedentary societies rivaling those of the coast. In British Columbia and Southeast Alaska, the Tlingit and Haida erected large, throughout the Pacific Northwest, thousands of indigenous people live, and some continue to practice their rich cultural traditions, organizing their societies around cedar and salmon
Providence Park is an outdoor sports venue located in the Goose Hollow neighborhood of Portland, United States. The MLS Portland Timbers and NWSL Portland Thorns FC soccer teams use the facility as their home pitch, the NCAA Division I FCS Portland State Vikings football team uses the park during the Big Sky season. Originally, the park was owned by the Multnomah Athletic Club, in the 1950s, the PCL Portland Beavers baseball team moved out of Vaughn Street Park into what was known as Multnomah Stadium. In 1966, the city purchased the stadium and renamed it Civic Stadium and it was renovated in 2001 to accommodate the Beavers, who had not played at the park since the early 1990s. The naming rights of the stadium were purchased by Portland General Electric, in 2010, the park underwent renovations again, this time so it could accommodate the Portland Timbers MLS franchise and a year the rights to the stadiums name were sold, this time to Jeld-Wen. In 2014, the name was changed again to Providence Park after Providence Health & Services bought the naming rights.
The stadium sits on a block bounded by Southwest Morrison Street, Southwest 18th Avenue, the Multnomah Athletic Club building and Southwest Salmon Street. Providence Park is a stadium which houses the MLS Portland Timbers, NWSL Portland Thorns. The stadium underwent a $31 million renovation in late 2010 and early 2011, the stadium is owned by the City of Portland, and is managed by Peregrine Sports, LLC, the entity that owns the Timbers and Thorns. Prior to the 2011 MLS season, the stadium was renamed Jeld-Wen Field from PGE Park, in a partnership with Klamath Falls, Jeld-Wen is a manufacturer of windows and doors, leading to the stadiums nickname, The House of Pane. In 2014, the stadium was renamed Providence Park after a partnership with Providence Health & Services was announced, the Multnomah Athletic Club, an athletic club in downtown Portland, stands next door, the windows of the north side of the clubs building overlook the field. The Interstate 405 freeway in Portland is known locally as the Stadium Freeway, in addition, the Providence Park MAX Light Rail station is across the street.
The property slopes significantly downhill from the end to the north end. The stadium is home to the Portland Timbers of MLS, Portland Thorns FC of NWSL. The Portland Beavers minor league team of the Pacific Coast League moved into the stadium in 1956 after playing several seasons at Vaughn Street Park. From 1973 to 1977 the independent Portland Mavericks of the Northwest League played their games at the stadium. Actor Kurt Russell was an infielder for the Mavericks, the Beavers returned to Portland in 1978 until 1993 when they were moved out of the city again. The Class A Portland Rockies were established in 1995 and played at the park until 2000 when they were moved and renamed the Tri-City Dust Devils
Oregon Coast Range
This article is about the range in Oregon. For the larger grouping known as the Coast Ranges, see Pacific Coast Ranges. This north-south running range extends over 200 miles from the Columbia River in the north on the border of Oregon and Washington and it is 30 to 60 miles wide and averages around 1,500 feet in elevation above sea level. The coast range has three sections, a Northern and Southern. The oldest portions of the range are over 60 million years old, with volcanics and it is part of the larger grouping known as the Pacific Coast Ranges that extends over much of the western edge of North America from California to Alaska. Marys Peak in the Central Coast Range is the highest peak at 4,097 feet, logging is a major industry in the range in both private and government owned forests. Both the state and federal government manage forests in the Oregon Coast Range, the mountains are home to a variety of wildlife including black bear, deer, many species of birds, and bats among others. Fish, including salmon and trout, and other aquatic life inhabit the streams, volcanic activity approximately 66 million years ago in the Cretaceous Period created offshore islands beginning in the southern portion of the current range.
Much of the formations are the result of basalt formations created when a hot basalt flow rapidly cooled upon meeting the salt water of the ocean. These deposits offshore were pushed into the plate as a forearc basin rotating slowly over millions of years. This tectonic collision forced the basalt formations upward and created the coastal range, additional basalt flows originated from Eastern Oregon and added to the layers that were uplifted, as the newer Cascade Mountains had not yet been formed. By the Early Oligocene period c.30 million years ago the current coastline was in place, primarily through rivers cutting deep valleys through the igneous and sedimentary rocks. The geologic boundaries of the coast range formation extend from southwest Washington state in the north to around the Coquille River in the south where the older and taller Klamath Mountains begin. Physiographically, they are a section of the larger Pacific Border province, a mild maritime climate prevails throughout the range with temperature and precipitation varying due to elevation and distance from the coastline.
Characteristic of the climate include cool dry summers followed by mild, the majority of precipitation accumulates in the form of rain, with snow during the winter months at the higher elevations, but no permanent snow pack. Annual precipitation differs from 60 inches in parts to up to 120 inches. The average high temperature in January is 36.3 °F, the further inland and the more southerly portions have a more Mediterranean climate that is more similar to the climate of the Willamette Valley. The Coast Range creates a shadow effect by forcing moisture laden clouds to rise by expelling moisture