The University of Oregon is a public flagship research university in Eugene, Oregon. Founded in 1876, the institution's 295-acre campus is along the Willamette River. Since July 2014, UO has been governed by the Board of Trustees of the University of Oregon; the university has a Carnegie Classification of "highest research activity" and has 19 research centers and institutes. UO was admitted to the Association of American Universities in 1969; the University of Oregon is organized into five colleges and seven professional schools and a graduate school. Furthermore, UO offers 316 graduate degree programs. Most academic programs follow the 10 week Quarter System. UO student-athletes compete as the Ducks and are part of the Pac-12 Conference in the National Collegiate Athletic Association. With eighteen varsity teams, the Oregon Ducks are best known for their football team and track and field program; the University of Oregon is located on Kalapuya ilihi, the traditional indigenous homeland of the Kalapuya people.
Following treaties between 1851 and 1855, Kalapuya people were dispossessed of their indigenous homeland by the United States government and forcibly removed to the Coast Reservation in Western Oregon. Today, Kalapuya descendants are citizens of the Confederated Tribes of Grand Ronde and the Confederated Tribes of Siletz Indians; the university's motto, Mens agitat molem, is shared by the Military Academy of the German Armed Forces founded in 1957, the University of Warwick founded in 1965, Eindhoven University of Technology founded in 1956. Book VI, line 727 of the Aeneid by Virgil has been identified as the first written record of this thought; the Oregon State Legislature established the university on October 12, 1872, despite the new state's funding woes. The residents of Eugene struggled to help finance the institution, holding numerous fundraising events such as strawberry festivals, church socials, produce sales, they raised $27,500, enough to buy eighteen acres of land at a cost of $2,500.
The doors opened in 1876 with the name of Oregon State University and Deady Hall as its sole building. The first year of enrollment contained 155 students taught by five faculty members; the first graduating class was in 1878. In 1881, the university was nearly closed. In 1913 and 1932, there were proposals to merge the university with what is now Oregon State University. Both proposals were defeated. During Prince Lucien Campbell's tenure as president from 1902 to 1925, the university experienced tremendous growth; the budget, enrollment and faculty members all grew several times its amount prior to his presidency. Numerous schools were established during his tenure, including the School of Music in 1902, the School of Education in 1910, the School of Architecture, the College of Business in 1914, the School of Law in 1915, the School of Journalism in 1916, the School of Health and Physical Education in 1920. However, the University of Oregon lost its School of Engineering to Oregon Agricultural College, now known as Oregon State University.
In 1917, a "three term" calendar was adopted by the university faculty as a war-time measure. This academic calendar has remained since then. However, it is now referred to as the Quarter System; the Zorn-MacPherson Bill in 1932 proposed the University of Oregon State College merge. The bill lost in a landslide vote of over 6 to 1; the University of Oregon Medical School was founded in 1887 in Portland and merged with Willamette University's program in 1913. However, in 1974 it became an independent institution known as Oregon Health Sciences University. In 1969, the UO was admitted into the Association of American Universities. With financial support from the state dwindling from 40% to 13% of the university budget, in January 2001, University President Dave Frohnmayer began Campaign Oregon with the goal of raising $600 million by December 2008, the most ambitious philanthropic fundraising campaign in the state's history at the time. With contributions exceeding $100 million from benefactors such as Phil Knight and Lorry I.
Lokey, the campaign goal was exceeded by over $253 million. The university occupies over 80 buildings. There are several ongoing campus construction projects such as a $16.75 million successor to the Science Library complex. These projects, among others, were commissioned in part to support current student enrollment as well as possible future increases. In reaction to a growing movement to establish an independent university board, the Oregon Legislature in 2013 passed SB 270, requiring local governing boards for the state's three largest institutions. Effective July 1, 2014, the University of Oregon became an independent public body governed by the Board of Trustees of the University of Oregon. Proponents of local governing boards believe an independent board will give the university more autonomy, free it from relying on inadequate state funding. On August 6, 2014, Michael R. Gottfredson resigned as president. In the summer of 2014, former UO president Robert Berdahl told the president of the university's board of trustees he believes UO risks losing its membership in the Association of American Universities.
To address this growing concern, UO began preparing several initiatives which include a cluster-hire and a capital campaign. In the fall of 2014 the institution an
Hsio-yen Shih was a Chinese-born Canadian art historian who specialized in early Chinese and Japanese paintings, as well as ancient Chinese pottery and bronzeware. She was director of the National Gallery of Canada from 1977 to 1981. Hsio-yen Shih was born in Republic of China; when she was 6, her father Chao-yin Shih served as a diplomat for the Nationalist government in Canada, Hsio-yen lived in Ottawa for a time before returning to China. She attended high school in Shanghai before the Chinese Communist Revolution. After the Chinese Civil War she attended Wellesley College in Massachusetts, graduating in Art History in 1955. After gaining a M. A. in 1958 from the University of Chicago in Chicago, she went on to study under Alexander Soper at Bryn Mawr College in Pennsylvania. Her 1961 Ph. D. thesis is titled Early Chinese Pictorial Style: From the Later Han to the Six Dynasties. From 1961 to 1976, Hsio-yen Shih worked in Toronto, holding joint appointments at the Far Eastern Department of the Royal Ontario Museum and the Department of East Asian Studies of the University of Toronto.
She became Curator of the Far Eastern Department of ROM in 1968. In 1971 she became a full professor. From 1973 to 1974 she was Visiting Professor to the Institute of Chinese Studies at the Chinese University of Hong Kong in Hong Kong. In 1977 she moved to Ottawa to become Director of the National Gallery of Canada, she resigned in 1981 in response to budget cuts, thereafter moved to Hong Kong, where she served as the Head of Department of Fine Arts at the University of Hong Kong until 1988. She retired in 1993, spent her last years in Toronto
Paul Brayson is an English footballer who plays for Newcastle Benfield as a striker. Born in Newcastle upon Tyne, Brayson started his career with Newcastle United before moving to Swansea City on loan, he signed for Reading in March 1998 for a fee of £100,000. He joined Cardiff City on loan in 2000, he moved Cardiff City on a free transfer in 2000. He moved to Cheltenham Town in July 2002, he was released at the end of 2003–04 season. He had a trial at York City in July 2004, but manager Chris Brass decided not to give him a contract, he dropped out of The Football League when he moved to Northwich Victoria in August 2004. This allowed him to play part-time for Cheshire club while running a taxi business in his native Newcastle, he joined Gateshead on loan in March 2005. He was back at Northwich for the 2005–06 season, where he scored 32 goals in 51 appearances in Conference North, he participated in a fine FA Cup run with Northwich, before being knocked out by Premier League club Sunderland. During that FA Cup run, Brayson won the FA Player of the Round twice, becoming the first player to do so.
He was regarded as a fans favourite with the Northwich supporters. Brayson was signed by York City on 25 June 2007, he was believed to have turned down a loan move to Gateshead in January 2008. He made 22 appearances in the Conference Premier for York, scoring four goals, prior to being released on 30 January 2008, he signed for Gateshead on 31 January. The end of the 2007–08 season saw Brayson offered a new contract by Gateshead. At the same time Newcastle Blue Star made him a lucrative offer to drop down two leagues and play for them. On 2 June 2008 Brayson was released by Gateshead having failed to agree to the new contract by a set deadline. Upon his release by Gateshead, Brayson accepted the contract on offer from Newcastle Blue Star, he left to join Durham City in June 2009 before signing for Blyth Spartans in August 2009. In his first season in the Conference North he finished the league's top goal scorer with 28 goals. In May 2010 he signed a new deal with Blyth Spartans for season 2010/2011 and went on to win the golden boot.
In August 2010 he was named team captain for season 2010/2011 and ended the campaign as the club's top goalscorer for a second successive season. In May 2011 he joined Harrogate TownIn June 2012. Brayson was a late call-up for the England national C team to play in the Four Nations Tournament in May 2007, as a replacement for the injured Matt Tubbs, he was capped once, playing in a 3–0 win over Scotland on 25 May 2007. England won the tournament and not conceded a goal in three matches. Paul Brayson at Soccerbase