Heian-kyō was one of several former names for the city now known as Kyoto. It was the official capital of Japan for over one thousand years, from 794 to 1868 with an interruption in 1180. Emperor Kanmu established it as the capital in 794, moving the Imperial Court there from nearby Nagaoka-kyō at the recommendation of his advisor Wake no Kiyomaro and marking the beginning of the Heian period of Japanese history; the city was modelled after the Tang dynasty Chinese capital of Chang'an. It remained the chief political center until 1185, when the samurai Minamoto clan defeated the Taira clan in the Genpei War, moving administration of national affairs to Kamakura and establishing the Kamakura shogunate. Though political power would be wielded by the samurai class over the course of three different shogunates, Heian remained the site of the Imperial Court and seat of Imperial power, thus remained the official capital. In fact after the seat of Imperial power was moved to Tokyo in 1868, since there is no law which makes Tokyo the capital, there is a view that Kyoto or remains the capital today.
In 1994, Kyoto City held various events commemorating its 1200th anniversary. Heian-kyō was built in what is now the central part of Kyoto city covering an area spanning the Kadono and Otagi Districts of Yamashiro Province; the city boundaries formed a rectangle measuring 4.5 km from east to west and 5.2 km from north to south. The city layout followed Heijō-kyō with the Imperial palace, placed in the centre of the northern city limits and the Suzaku Avenue, the main thoroughfare extending from the palace down through the centre of the city, dividing it into the Right and Left Capitals The design followed Sui and Tang dynasty Changan with the exception that Heian-kyō had no city walls, it is thought that the site for the city was selected according to the principles of Shijinsōō based on Chinese Feng shui and relating to the Four Symbols of Chinese astrology. The boundaries of Heian-kyō were smaller than those of modern Kyoto, with Ichijō-ōji at the northern limit corresponding to present-day Ichijō-dōri, between Imadegawa-dōri and Marutamachi-dōri, Kyūjō-ōji in the south corresponding to Kujō-dōri to the south of the present-day JR Kyōto Station and Higashi-kyōgoku-ōji in the east corresponding to present-day Teramachi Street.
The location of Nishi-kyōgoku-ōji at the western limit is estimated as a line running north to south from Hanazono Station on the JR San'in Main Line to Nishi-Kyōgoku Station on the Hankyu Kyoto Line. The layout of Heian-kyō was plotted in accordance with the principles of geomancy as a square city. Jō was the basic unit of measurement. 40 sq. jō made a chō. The city was further divided by major streets called ōji and minor streets called koji. Four lines of chō running east to west were together called a jō and four lines of chō running from north to south were called a bō The Cho which shared the same Jo and Bo were each given a number from 1 to 16. In this way addresses could be identified as follows: "Right Capital, Jō Five, Bō Two, Chō Fourteen"; the width of the minor streets was 4 Jō and for the major streets over 8 Jō. All of the streets in present-day Kyoto have become narrower. Suzaku-ōji for example was 28 Jō wide. In addition a river ran alongside Nishi Horikawa-koji. In 784 AD emperor Kammu constructed Nagaoka-kyō, moving the capital from Heijō-kyō.
It is thought that he wished to build a new, Emperor Tenji faction capital far from Yamato Province, the power base for the temples and aristocrats who supported the Emperor Tenmu faction. However, only 9 years in January 793 AD, Emperor Kammu assembled his retainers and announced another relocation of the capital The location for the new capital was to be Kadono located between two rivers in the north of Yamashiro, ten kilometres to the northeast of Nagaoka-kyō, it is said that the Emperor Kammu had looked out on Kadono from the Shōgun Tsuka in Higashiyama Ward of Kyoto City, deciding that it was a suitable location for the capital. Emperor Kammu's words are recorded in the Nihon Kiryaku as follows: "Kadono has beautiful mountains and rivers as well as good transport links by sea and land making it convenient for people to assemble there from all four corners of the country." It is thought that the construction of Heian-kyō began from the palace, with the construction of the remainder of the city following afterwards.
As a display of the emperor's authority the Daigokuden was constructed at the far north of the central thoroughfare, Suzaku-oji, making the building visible from anywhere in the city. Ports such as Yodonotsu and Ōitsu were set up along the river next to the city; these ports acted as a transit base for collecting in goods from all over the country and for forwarding them on to the city. The goods which arrived in Heian-kyō reached the people by way of one of the two large markets This arrangement provided a stable supply of food and goods which encouraged population growth. Measures were taken to guard against the flooding which had plagued the residents of Nagaoka-kyō. Although there was no natural river in the cent
Rogoźnica is a village in the administrative district of Gmina Strzegom, within Świdnica County, Lower Silesian Voivodeship, in south-western Poland. Rogoźnica lies 7 kilometres north-west of Strzegom, 21 kilometres north-west of Świdnica, 54 kilometres west of the regional capital Wrocław; the village has a population of 856. The oldest known mention of Rogoźnica comes from a document from 1291, it was mentioned in the medieval Polish chronicle Liber fundationis episcopatus Vratislaviensis, created a few years later. It was part of medieval Poland ruled by the Piast dynasty. In periods the village was part of Bohemia, Austria and Germany, before being reintegrated with Poland in 1945 after the defeat of Nazi Germany in World War II. There are two historic churches in the village: the church of Simon and Jude Thaddeus and the church of Our Lady of the Rosary. During World War II Rogoźnica was the site of the Nazi German Gross-Rosen concentration camp where 40,000 prisoners perished. By 1944, the number of Gross-Rosen subcamps reached 100.
The most numerous ethnic groups imprisoned in the Gross-Rosen network were Jews and citizens of the former Soviet Union. Nowadays the Gross-Rosen Museum in Rogoźnica is located at the site, it is a branch of the Historical Museum of Wrocław; the stone memorial to victims of the camp, containing ashes collected at the site was unveiled in 1953 and rebuilt in 1985
Anne B. Wilde is an American advocate on behalf of fundamentalist Mormon polygamists, she is a co-founder of Principle Voices, a group whose purpose is to counter anti-polygamy messages, build bridges between fundamentalist Mormon groups and outside communities, for the decriminalization of polygamy. Wilde is the second wife of Ogden Kraut, a prolific writer on fundamentalist Mormon history topics and doctrines, they married in 1969 while members of LDS Church. Kraut was excommunicated in 1972, but Wilde was able to keep her marriage to Kraut a secret for many decades, she speaks on behalf of polygamists. She is a co-author of Voices in Harmony: Contemporary Women Celebrate Plural Marriage. Wilde was born Michigan, her mother was a member of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints with pioneer ancestry, her father was a non-Mormon who worked in the film industry. Wilde, Mary Batchelor, Marianne Watson, Linda Kelsch founded Principle Voices in 2000 after the publication of Voices in Harmony.
The group sought to bring together all of the area's polygamous communities into a coalition. Wilde edited other publications with Ogden Kraut, she ran a publishing house from her home. Wilde authored the chapter on fundamentalist Mormonism in a book about schism within Mormonism Carlisle, Nate. "Utah's polygamous wives see a Martha Hughes Cannon statue in Washington, D. C. as a symbol of what women — including them — can accomplish". The Salt Lake Tribune. Retrieved 16 August 2019. Gospel Tangents Interview. Bennett, Rick. Anne Wilde: Expert on Modern Day Polygamy. ISBN 9781973360803. Anne Wilde on Facebook "Anne B. Wilde — Understanding Mormon Fundamentalist Polygamy". Mormon Stories episodes interview by John Dehlin. 16 January 2007. Retrieved 12 August 2019. Wilde, Anne. "Response to Under The Banner of Heaven". Principle Voices. Archived from the original on 17 February 2012. Retrieved 15 August 2019. A response to Under the Banner of Heaven by Jon Krakauer. Audio available here, Wilde's remarks around 28 minutes.
"Mormonism Beyond The Mainstream— Practicing Celestial Marriage On Earth". Sunstone Magazine. 1 January 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2019. Panel presentation of people from the mainstream LDS Church. Wilde's remarks begin around 11:30. "Taylor's Un-canonized 1886 Polygamy Revelation". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 26 October 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "Did Woodruff Marry After the 1890 Manifesto?". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 29 October 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "Third Manifesto Causes Schism: Apostolic United Brethren". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "How Do Polygamists Feel About Gay Marriage?". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 3 November 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "FLDS-Centennial Park Rivalry". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 14 November 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "Ervil LeBaron: Polygamist, Assassin". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde.
YouTube. 15 November 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "Anne's Marriage – Was Jesus a Polygamist?". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 20 November 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "How Does Anne Justify Concubines & Law of Sarah?". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 21 November 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "Polygamy & the 2002 Olympics". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 24 November 2017. Retrieved 16 August 2019. "Making the Case that Jesus was Married". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2019. "Was Jesus the Groom at Wedding in Cana?". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 23 November 2019. "Evangelical Arguments about Marriage in Heaven". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 26 November 2019. ""There is No Marriage in Heaven"". Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 29 November 2019. "Uniquely Mormon Marriage Theology".
Gospel Tangents video interview with Wilde. YouTube. 8 December 2019. Retrieved 2 December 2019
Rita Chiarelli is a Canadian blues singer. She was called "the goddess of Canadian blues" by Shelagh Rogers at CBC Radio One. Born and raised in Hamilton, Chiarelli began performing in Ronnie Hawkins' band in the early 1980s, she subsequently spent several years in Italy. When she returned to Canada, she attracted the attention of film director Bruce McDonald, who included her "Have You Seen My Shoes?" on the soundtrack to his 1989 film Roadkill. Chiarelli and Colin Linden subsequently recorded a cover of Bob Dylan's "Highway 61 Revisited" for McDonald's 1991 film Highway 61, Chiarelli released her debut album the following year on Stony Plain Records, her albums Just Getting Started and Breakfast at Midnight were both nominated for the Juno Award for Best Blues Album. Road Rockets Just Getting Started What a Night Breakfast at Midnight No One to Blame Cuore: The Italian Sessions Uptown Goes Downtown... Rita Chiarelli with the Thunder Bay Symphony Orchestra Sweet Paradise Music From The Big House Soundtrack Saturday Night Blues: 20 Years
Iron Maiden is the eponymous debut studio album by English heavy metal band Iron Maiden. It was released on 14 April 1980 in the United Kingdom by EMI Records and in the United States by Harvest and Capitol Records; the North American version included the song "Sanctuary" released in the UK as a non-album single. In 1998, along with the rest of the band's pre-1995 releases, Iron Maiden was remastered with "Sanctuary" added in all territories, it is the band's only album to feature guitarist Dennis Stratton. Although Iron Maiden have since criticised the quality of the album's production, the release was met with critical and commercial success, peaking at number four on the UK Albums Chart and helping the band achieve prominence in mainland Europe; this is the band's only album produced by Wil Malone, who Iron Maiden have since claimed lacked interest in the project and left them to produce most of the album themselves, according to bassist Steve Harris, was completed in just 13 days. Recording took place at Kingsway Studios, west London in January 1980, with the band taking time out from the 1980 Metal for Muthas Tour to complete the final mixes at Morgan Studios, northwest London in February.
Before the sessions with Malone, the band made two attempts in December 1979 with two different producers while still a four-piece. Guy Edwards, the first, was dismissed as the band were unhappy with the "muddy" quality in his production, while Andy Scott was dismissed after insisting Harris play his bass with a pick rather than his fingers. After these efforts, the band decided not to dismiss Malone as Harris described that they could "bypass him and to the engineer"; the group criticised the quality of the production, although many fans still preferred the raw quality of the sound recording. Although AllMusic stated that this style was "clearly drawing from elements of punk rock", Harris stated that the band despised everything about punk; this was the only studio album with guitarist Dennis Stratton, having been brought in as a last-minute placement, was dismissed due to "musical differences" after the band's European tour in support of Kiss. Suspicions were first raised during Iron Maiden's recording, when Stratton added Wishbone Ash-esque harmony guitars and backing vocals reminiscent of Queen to "Phantom of the Opera", of which the rest of the band disapproved and had removed.
Although Stratton stated that he was not "trying to push the band in a new direction", Harris commented that it "really pointed up the difference between Den and us", after which he began to notice that "Dennis was so much more into playing stuff like "Strange World" than he was "Iron Maiden" or "Prowler", because it was more slow, melodic... when he was soloing on one of the heavier songs, it wasn't with quite the same passion". The 1998 remastered album differs from the original with the addition of the song "Sanctuary", released only as a single in the UK in May 1980, although it did appear in the US version of Iron Maiden, issued in August 1980; the track appeared on the Metal for Muthas compilation, but was re-recorded during the Iron Maiden sessions. The re-release features a different cover; the band undertook the Iron Maiden Tour in support of the album, during which they played their first concerts in mainland Europe, where they were surprised to discover how successful Iron Maiden had been outside the UK.
Steve Harris commented, "The prestige of doing so well in the UK had turned into a sort of word-of-mouth thing, we'd turn up in places like Leiden, in Holland, places we'd never heard of, they'd have these massive banners waiting for us with'Iron Maiden Go Over The Top' written on them and all this. It was unreal." "Running Free" was released as a single on 8 February 1980. The band performed the song on the UK TV show Top of the Pops, refusing the usual tradition for artists to mime and thus becoming the first group to perform live on the show since The Who in 1972. Vocalist Paul Di'Anno, who wrote the song's lyrics, describes it as "a autobiographical song, though of course I've never spent the night in an LA jail. It's about being 16 and, like it says, running free, it comes from my days as a skinhead." According to Classic Rock and Metal Hammer contributor Dave Ling, writing in the Metal for Muthas CD re-issue liner notes, "Sanctuary" was penned by guitarist Rob Angelo, a member of Iron Maiden in 1977, paid £300 for the song's rights.
The "Sanctuary" single was charted at No. 29, with the censored cover of Eddie, the band's mascot, standing over Margaret Thatcher's body earning the band publicity in the British press. Managers Rod Smallwood and Andy Taylor's management company would be named after the song. Although "Strange World" is credited to Harris, Paul Day, the band's original vocalist from 1975 to 1976, asserted that he contributed to the song. "Charlotte the Harlot", their only song to have been written by Dave Murray alone, is the first of four Iron Maiden tracks about the fictional prostitute "Charlotte", although Murray states it was "based on a true story". The 7-minute "Phantom of the Opera" is one of Harris's favourites and is still performed live frequently. With lots of mood and time-changes, Harris marks it as "the first song I'd written, a bit more proggy". "Transylvania" is an instrumental piece composed by Harris, covered by Iced Earth on the
The Guinness Book of Records lists 410 feature-length film and TV versions of William Shakespeare's plays, making Shakespeare the most filmed author in any language. As of July 2018, the Internet Movie Database lists Shakespeare as having writing credit on 1,371 films, including those under production but not yet released; the earliest known production is King John from 1899. NOTE: "ShakespeaRe-Told", "The Animated Shakespeare" and "BBC Television Shakespeare" series have been covered above, under the respective play performed in each episode. Playing Shakespeare began as two consecutive episodes of the UK arts series The South Bank Show, developed into a nine-part series of its own, it features director John Barton a leading light of the Royal Shakespeare Company, putting a host of actors through their paces. Many of those actors are now household names, including Judi Dench, Michael Pennington, Patrick Stewart, Ben Kingsley, David Suchet and Ian McKellen; the episodes were: The South Bank Show: "Speaking Shakespearean Verse" The South Bank Show: "Preparing to Perform Shakespeare" 1.
"The Two Traditions" 2. "Using the Verse" 3. "Language and Character" 4. "Set Speeches and Soliloquies" 5. "Irony and Ambiguity" 6. "Passion and Coolness" 7. "Rehearsing the Text" 8. "Exploring a Character" 9. "Poetry and Hidden Poetry "Three further episodes screened. They were to be called "Using the Prose", "Using the Sonnets" and "Contemporary Shakespeare", their text can be read in the book "Playing Shakespeare" by John Barton. The Shakespeare Sessions was an American spin-off from Playing Shakespeare in which John Barton directs notable American actors in Shakespeare scenes. Conjuring Shakespeare was a series of half-hour documentaries hosted by Fiona Shaw, each episode dealing with scenes from a particular play. In Search of Shakespeare was a BBC documentary series of four 1-hour episodes, chronicling the life of William Shakespeare and presented by Michael Wood. Slings & Arrows was a Canadian comedy-drama set in the New Burbage Shakespeare Festival, a fictional Shakespearean festival in a small town in Canada comparable to the real-life Stratford Shakespeare Festival.
With its entire run written by Susan Coyne, Bob Martin and Mark McKinney, directed by Peter Wellington, starring Paul Gross, Martha Burns and Stephen Ouimette, it aired in three seasons of six 1-hour episodes each. Som & Fúria is a Brazilian adaptation of Arrows; the "Themes of Shakespeare" series contains straight-to-video short documentaries, each considering the theme of a particular play. The contributors are Professor Stanley Wells, Dr. Robert Smallwood of the Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Two lecture series given by professor Peter Saccio were filmed and are commercially available on DVD. Theatre of Blood. Vincent Price plays a Shakespearean actor who takes poetic revenge on the critics who denied him recognition, he kills his critics using methods inspired by several of Shakespeare's plays: Julius Caesar and Cressida, The Merchant of Venice, Richard III, Cymbeline and Juliet, Henry VI Part One, Titus Andronicus, King Lear. Douglas Hickox director Vincent Price as Edward Lionheart Diana Rigg as Edwina LionheartThe Complete Works of William Shakespeare by the Reduced Shakespeare Company is a successful West End stage comedy, containing some element of all 37 canonical plays.
A film of one of the live performances is commercially available. The Royal Shakespeare Company have released a number of videos in the "Great Performances" series, which contain excerpts from stage performances; the Lion In Winter. Set during Christmas 1183 at Henry II of England's castle in Chinon, Angevin Empire, the play opens with the arrival of Henry's wife Eleanor of Aquitaine, whom he has had imprisoned since 1173; the story concerns the gamesmanship between Henry, their three surviving sons Richard and John, their Christmas Court guest, the King of France, Philip II Augustus, the son of Eleanor's ex-husband, Louis VII of France. Involved is Philip's half-sister Alais, at court since she was betrothed to Richard at age eight, but has since become Henry's mistress. A film version was made in 1968. Productions have been put on by Shakespearean Theater companies. Anthony Harvey director Peter O'Toole as King Henry II Katharine Hepburn as Queen Eleanor Anthony Hopkins as Richard the Lionheart Nigel Terry as John Timothy Dalton as King Philip II List of titles of works taken from Shakespeare William Shakespeare on IMDb BardMovies: Shakespeare on Film for Groundlings ShakespeareFlix: Shakespeare Observations, Reviews and Resources An International Database of Shakespeare on Film and Radio Shakespeare on Screen, An International Filmography and Videography