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Heinz Guderian

Heinz Wilhelm Guderian was a German general during World War II who, after the war, became a successful memoirist. An early pioneer and advocate of the "blitzkrieg" approach, he played a central role in the development of the panzer division concept. In 1936, he became the Inspector of Motorized Troops. At the beginning of the Second World War, Guderian led an armoured corps in the Invasion of Poland. During the Invasion of France, he commanded the armoured units that attacked through the Ardennes forest and overwhelmed the Allied defenses at the Battle of Sedan, he led the 2nd Panzer Army during the invasion of the Soviet Union. The campaign ended in failure after the German offensive Operation Typhoon failed to capture Moscow, after which Guderian was dismissed. In early 1943, Adolf Hitler appointed Guderian to the newly created position of Inspector General of Armoured Troops. In this role, he had broad responsibility to rebuild and train new panzer forces but saw limited success due to Germany's worsening war economy.

Guderian was appointed Acting Chief of the General Staff of the Army High Command following the 20 July Plot to assassinate Hitler. Guderian was placed in charge of the "Court of Honour" by Hitler, which in the aftermath of the plot was used to dismiss people from the military so they could be tried in the "People's Court" and executed, he was Hitler's personal advisor on the Eastern Front and became associated with the Nazi regime. Guderian's troops carried out the criminal Commissar Order during Barbarossa, he was implicated in the commission of reprisals after the Warsaw Uprising of 1944. Guderian surrendered to the United States forces on 10 May 1945 and was interned until 1948, he was retired to write his memoirs. Entitled Panzer Leader, the autobiography became a bestseller read to this day. Guderian's writings promoted several post-war myths, including that of the "clean Wehrmacht". In his autobiography, Guderian portrayed himself as the sole originator of the German panzer force. Guderian was buried in Goslar.

Guderian was born in the son of Friedrich Guderian and Clara. His father and grandfathers were Prussian officers and he grew up in garrison towns surrounded by the military. In 1903, he enrolled at a military cadet school, he was a capable student. He entered the army as an officer cadet in February 1907 with the 10th Hanoverian Light Infantry Battalion, under his father's command, he became a second lieutenant in January 1908. On 1 October 1913, he married Margarete Goerne with whom he had Heinz Günther and Kurt. At the outbreak of World War I Guderian served as a communications officer and the commander of a radio station. In November 1914, he was promoted to first lieutenant. Between May 1915 and January 1916, Guderian was in charge of signals intelligence for the 4th Army, he fought at the Battle of Verdun during this period and was promoted to captain on 15 November 1915. He was sent to the 4th Infantry Division before becoming commander of the Second Battalion of Infantry Regiment 14. On 28 February 1918, Guderian was appointed to the General Staff Corps.

Guderian finished the war as an operations officer in occupied Italy. He disagreed with Germany signing the armistice in 1918, believing that the German Empire should have continued the fight. Early in 1919, Guderian was selected as one of the four thousand officers allowed by the Versailles Treaty in the reduced-size German army, the Reichswehr, he was assigned to serve on the staff of the central command of the Eastern Frontier Guard Service, intended to control and coordinate the independent freikorps units in the defense of Germany's eastern frontiers against Polish and Soviet forces engaged in the Russian Civil War. In June 1919, Guderian joined the Iron Brigade as its second General Staff officer. In the 1920s Guderian was introduced to armored warfare tactics by Ernst Volckheim, a World War I tank commander and a prolific writer on the subject, he studied the leading European literature on armored warfare and between 1922 and 1928 wrote five papers for Military Weekly, an armed forces journal.

While the topics covered were mundane, Guderian related them to why Germany had lost World War I, a controversial subject at the time, thus raised his profile in the military. There were some trial maneuvers conducted in the Soviet Union and Guderian academically evaluated the results. Britain was experimenting with armoured units under General Percy Hobart, Guderian kept abreast of Hobart's writings. In 1924, he was appointed as military historian at Stettin; as a lecturer he was polarizing, some of his pupils enjoyed his wit, but he alienated others with his biting sarcasm. In 1927, Guderian was promoted to major and in October he was posted to the transport section of the Truppenamt, a clandestine form of the army's General Staff, forbidden by the Treaty of Versailles. By the autumn of 1928, he was a leading speaker on tanks. In October 1928, he was transferred to the Motor Transport Instruction Staff to teach. In 1931, he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel and became chief of staff to the Inspectorate of Motorized Troops under Oswald Lutz.

This placed Guderian at the center of Germany's development of armored forces. In the 1930s Guderian played a significant r

David Rivett

Sir Albert Cherbury David Rivett, KCMG was an Australian chemist and science administrator. Rivett was born at Port Esperance, Australia, a son of the Rev. Albert Rivett, a noted pacifist, he studied at Wesley College and the University of Melbourne, where he was a member of Queen's College, obtaining a Bachelor of Science degree in 1906 and a Doctor of Science degree in 1913. He was a Rhodes Scholar at Lincoln College, where he did research under the supervision of Nevil Sidgwick in the laboratories of Magdalen College, Oxford, he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree with First Class Honours in 1909, a Bachelor of Science degree with First Class Honours in 1910. In 1910 Rivett spent six months at the Nobel Institute of Physical Chemistry at Stockholm working with the Director, Svante Arrhenius. In 1911 he returned to Australia as Lecturer in Chemistry at the University of Melbourne. On 11 November 1911 he married Stella Deakin, daughter of Alfred Deakin, a former Prime Minister of Australia.

Stella, a research chemist, had first met David when both were students at the University of Melbourne. In 1914 he was organising secretary of the 84th meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, with the committee chaired by David Orme Masson; this was the first time. Rivett left extensive archives of this meeting. Rivett was away from Australia during World War I from 1915 to 1919. In August 1915 he accepted a commission in the Australian Army Medical Corps Reserve, but from 1917 he was involved in the production of pure ammonium nitrate, used for explosives, at the British munitions works at Swindon; the understanding gained there led to the publication in 1924 of The Phase Rule and the Study of Heterogeneous Equilibria, to an appreciation of the value of fundamental research for industrial applications. He became Associate Professor at the University of Melbourne in 1921 and succeeded Professor David Orme Masson, with whom he had worked, as Professor of Chemistry in 1924.

From 1923 to 1927, he lived in. He was Deputy chairman and chief executive officer,'Council for Scientific and Industrial Research' from 1927 to 1946 and Chairman of the Council of the renamed Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation from 1946 to 1949. In 1935 he was made a Knight Commander of the Order of St George, he became a Fellow of the Royal Society of London in 1941 and was a Foundation fellow of the Australian Academy of Science in 1954. He served as President of the Australian and New Zealand Association for the Advancement of Science from 1937 to 1939, he died at Sydney in 1961. The Australian Capital Territory suburb of Rivett is named after him. In 1911 he married Stella Deakin, second daughter of former Prime Minister of Australia Alfred Deakin. Sir David and Lady Rivett had two children: journalist Rohan Deakin Rivett and academic economist Dr Kenneth Deakin Rivett. David Rivett: Fighter for Australian Science, Rohan Rivett, Melbourne, 1972. Biographical entry, Encyclopaedia of Australian Science Australian Dictionary of Biography Biographical memoirs, Australian Academy of Science CSIROpedia

WCAV

WCAV, virtual channel 19, is a dual CBS/Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Charlottesville, United States. Owned by Lockwood Broadcast Group, it is a sister station to low-powered ABC affiliate WVAW-LD; the two stations share studios on 2nd Street Southeast in downtown Charlottesville and transmitter facilities on Carters Mountain south of the city. On cable, WCAV is available on Comcast Xfinity channel 6 and in high definition on digital channel 806. WCAV began broadcasting on August 15, 2004 becoming the market's first CBS affiliate and first station to mount a challenge against established NBC affiliate WVIR-TV; the analog UHF channel 19 allocation was considered to bring Richmond a primary WB station. That area had lacked such an affiliation since the switch of WUPV to UPN in 1997. Before WCAV's sign-on, Charlottesville had been one of the few markets in the Eastern Time Zone without a CBS affiliate; the area had received CBS programming on cable from Richmond's WTVR-TV and Washington, D.

C.'s WUSA. When it launched, WCAV replaced WUSA on local cable systems. During 2007, the station first swapped analog cable channel allocations with WTVR. After that, the Richmond station moved to the digital tier. Shortly after WCAV's sign-on, owner Gray Television signed on ABC affiliate WVAW-LP on UHF channel 16; that station was a low-powered repeater of Harrisonburg's WHSV and it replaced that station on Charlottesville-area cable systems. In early 2005, the two stations were joined by new Class A Fox affiliate WAHU-CA on UHF channel 27. Since 2006, the three have been the official flagships of University of Virginia sports. On June 17, 2013, the WAHU Fox 27 simulcast on WCAV 19.3 was upgraded to high definition. On October 1, 2018, Ion Television was added on 19.4. Gray announced the sale of WCAV and WVAW-LD to Lockwood Broadcast Group on March 4, 2019; the sale is concurrent with Gray's purchase of rival WVIR-TV from Waterman Broadcasting. Although WAHU-CD's Fox and MeTV affiliations were included in the sale, the physical station was not and would be retained by Gray as a sister station to WVIR-TV.

Fox moved full-time to WCAV on April 1, when Gray took WAHU-CD silent to move its facilities out of the shared Newsplex building. The transaction was completed on October 1; the station's digital signal is multiplexed: WCAV shut down its analog signal, over UHF channel 19, on February 16, 2009, the day to the prior to the original date in which full-power television stations in the United States were set to transition from analog to digital broadcasts under federal mandate. The station "flash-cut" its digital signal into operation UHF channel 19. Of all of the Richmond and Washington, D. C. stations replaced on the main tier for the new Charlottesville ABC, CBS, Fox affiliates, only WTTG survived. On Comcast digital cable, Richmond channels include WRIC-TV, WTVR and WWBT. Other Comcast systems north and west of Charlottesville do pick up Washington and Richmond locals either on the main tier or digital lineup. Syndicated programming on WCAV includes Entertainment Tonight, Judge Judy, Family Feud.

WCAV and its sister stations employ the largest television news team dedicated to the Charlottesville market. While WVIR dedicates some staff to adjacent areas, WCAV focuses its coverage on the counties that comprise the Charlottesville viewing area. In June 2006, WCAV received the runner-up award for "Outstanding News Operation" by the Virginia Association of Broadcasters. WWBT in Richmond was the winner in that category. In 2007, the station received the "Outstanding Sports Coverage" award for a commercial television station from the Virginia Association of Broadcasters; that same year, its website was the runner up to WVEC in Norfolk for an outstanding website award. Beth Duffy of WVIR, returned to the airwaves on WCAV on April 16, 2007, she left the station on November 25, 2009. On September 21, 2007 WCAV launched The Local AccuWeather Channel on a new second digital subchannel and live streaming video on its website and mobile phone app. Known on-air as "CBS19 Weather Now", it was added to Comcast digital channel 209 in December.

In the fall of 2015, the channel was given a new look and the "CBS19 Weather Now" branding was changed to "NEWSPLEX NOW." The updated channel featured a daily simulcast of all Newsplex newscasts recorded broadcasts and weather information provided by AccuWeather. As the primary station in the "Charlottesville Newsplex" operation, WCAV airs the most newscasts, with the first hour of Good Morning Charlottesville and a noon newscast exclusive to the station. WVAW simulcasts the second hour of Good Morning Charlottesville on weekday mornings, CBS19 News weeknights at 5:00, 5:30 and 6:00 and 19News Nightcast weeknights at 11:00 p.m. WAHU airs an hour-long extension of Good Morning Charlottesville weekday mornings at 7:00 a.m. and nightly prime time newscasts at 10:00 p.m. that competes with CW affiliate WVIR-DT3. Official website Query the FCC's TV station database for WCAV Query TV Fool's coverage map for WCAV BIAfn's Media Web Database -- Information on WCAV-TV