The hectare is an SI accepted metric system unit of area equal to 100 ares and primarily used in the measurement of land as a metric replacement for the imperial acre. An acre is about 0.405 hectare and one hectare contains about 2.47 acres, in 1795, when the metric system was introduced, the are was defined as 100 square metres and the hectare was thus 100 ares or 1⁄100 km2. When the metric system was further rationalised in 1960, resulting in the International System of Units, the are was not included as a recognised unit. The hectare, remains as a non-SI unit accepted for use with the SI units, the metric system of measurement was first given a legal basis in 1795 by the French Revolutionary government. At the first meeting of the CGPM in 1889 when a new standard metre, manufactured by Johnson Matthey & Co of London was adopted, in 1960, when the metric system was updated as the International System of Units, the are did not receive international recognition. The units that were catalogued replicated the recommendations of the CGPM, many farmers, especially older ones, still use the acre for everyday calculations, and convert to hectares only for official paperwork.
Farm fields can have long histories which are resistant to change, with names such as the six acre field stretching back hundreds of years. The names centiare, deciare and hectare are derived by adding the standard metric prefixes to the base unit of area. The centiare is a synonym for one square metre, the deciare is ten square metres. The are is a unit of area, equal to 100 square metres and it was defined by older forms of the metric system, but is now outside of the modern International System of Units. It is commonly used to measure real estate, in particular in Indonesia, and in French-, Portuguese-, Slovakian-, Serbian-, Czech-, Polish-, Dutch-, in Russia and other former Soviet Union states, the are is called sotka. It is used to describe the size of suburban dacha or allotment garden plots or small city parks where the hectare would be too large, the decare is derived from deka, the prefix for 10 and are, and is equal to 10 ares or 1000 square metres. It is used in Norway and in the former Ottoman areas of the Middle East, the hectare, although not strictly a unit of SI, is the only named unit of area that is accepted for use within the SI.
The United Kingdom, United States, and to some extent Canada instead use the acre, such as South Africa, published conversion factors which were to be used particularly when preparing consolidation diagrams by compilation. In many countries, metrication redefined or clarified existing measures in terms of metric units, non-SI units accepted for use with the International System of Units
Bernstorff Palace in Gentofte, Denmark, was built in the middle of the 18th century for Foreign Minister Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff. It remained in the possession of the Bernstorff family until 1812, in 1842, it was bought by Christian VIII. For many years, it was used as a residence by Christian IX until his death in 1906. Since and until recently, it was used by the Danish Emergency Management Agency as an academy for non-commissioned officers, but it has now opened as a hotel and conference centre. The palace was designed by the French architect Nicolas-Henri Jardin, who had brought to Denmark to complete Fredericks Church in Copenhagen after the death of Nicolai Eigtved in 1754. It is one of the earliest examples of Neoclassical architecture in Denmark, the elaborately decorated two-storeyed building was completed in May 1765 at considerable cost. At the time, it had four small decorative garrets, attics with decorative vases, on the garden side, there is a dome-covered projection rising the full height of the building.
The palaces many rooms were modest in size and intended primarily for use rather than for display. Most are panelled with parquet floors, large mirrors and decorated ceilings, the four rooms on the south side have overdoors decorated by Johan Edvard Mandelberg. Bernstorff left Denmark in 1770, after being dismissed by the regent, the estate remained in his family’s hands until 1812 but was sold on several occasions. It was about to be demolished in 1842 when Christian VIII bought it, a mezzanine was added and the layout of the first-floor rooms was changed. Fitting Jardins decorative style, Norwegian marble fireplaces are to be found in three of the larger rooms, a sign above the entrance reads, Honesto inter Labores otio sacrum or Reserved for honest rest during periods of work. In 1854, Bernstorff Palace was placed at the disposal of Crown Prince Christian who adopted it as his summer residence. Indeed, it was to become a popular retreat for the royal couple, visitors included Tsar Alexander III of Russia and Edward VII of the United Kingdom.
In 1888, after the Nordic Exhibition, Queen Louise bought the timbered Swedish pavilion and had it fitted out as guest quarters. On Christian IXs death in 1906, Prince Valdemar of Denmark inherited the palace and until very recently, it was used by the Danish Emergency Management Agency as an academy for non-commissioned officers. On 1 May 2009, after an agreement with Gitte Jensen and Kirsten Nielsen, Bernstorff Palace opened as a hotel, the palaces extensive gardens were laid out are in the Romantic landscape style which had just been introduced to Denmark in the 1760s. In addition to the lawns and woods, they include a garden, an orchard
Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark
Mary, Crown Princess of Denmark, Countess of Monpezat, R. E. is the wife of Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark. Frederik is the apparent to the throne of Denmark, which means that should Frederik inherit the throne. The couple met at the Slip Inn, a pub in Sydney when the prince was visiting Australia during the 2000 Summer Olympics and her paternal grandfather was Captain Peter Donaldson. Mary was named after her grandmothers, Mary Dalgleish and Elizabeth Gibson Melrose and her mother died on 20 November 1997. In 2001, her married the British author and novelist Susan Horwood. Donaldson was born and raised in Hobart, during her childhood, she was involved in sports and other extracurricular activities both at school and elsewhere. She studied music – playing piano and clarinet – and played basketball, in 1974, Donaldson started schooling in Clear Lake City Elementary School in Houston and moved to Sandy Bay, Tasmania from 1975 to 1977. Her primary education, from 1978 to 1983, was at Waimea Heights with her secondary schooling being at Taroona High School, Donaldson studied at the University of Tasmania from 1990 to 1994, graduating with a combined Bachelor of Commerce and Bachelor of Laws degree on 27 May 1995.
The crown princess native language is English and she studied French during her secondary education. In 2002, she worked as an English tutor in Paris. After meeting Frederik at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney and she worked for Australian and global advertising agencies after graduating in 1995. Upon graduation Mary moved to Melbourne to work in advertising and she became a trainee in marketing and communications with the Melbourne office of DDB Needham, taking a position of account executive. In 1996, Mary was employed by Mojo Partners as an account manager, in 1998, six months after her mothers death, she resigned and travelled to America and Europe. In June 2000, she moved to a smaller Australian agency, however, in the spring of 2000 until December 2001, she became sales director and a member of the management team of Belle Property, a real estate firm specialising in luxury property. Mary Donaldson met Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark at the Slip Inn during the 2000 Summer Olympics on 16 September in Sydney and he was not identified by her friends as the Crown Prince of Denmark until after they met.
They conducted a long-distance relationship by phone and letter, on 15 November 2001 the Danish weekly magazine Billed Bladet named Mary as Frederiks girlfriend. She moved from Australia to Denmark in December 2001, while she was working as an English tutor in Paris. On 24 September 2003 the Danish court announced that Queen Margrethe II intended to give her consent to the marriage at the State Council meeting scheduled for 8 October 2003
A brewery or brewing company is a business that makes and sells beer. The place at which beer is made is either called a brewery or a beerhouse. The commercial brewing of beer has taken place since at least 2500 BC, in ancient Mesopotamia, brewers derived social sanction, the diversity of size in breweries is matched by the diversity of processes, degrees of automation, and kinds of beer produced in breweries. A brewery is typically divided into sections, with each section reserved for one part of the brewing process. Beer may have known in Neolithic Europe and was mainly brewed on a domestic scale. In some form, it can be traced back almost 5000 years to Mesopotamian writings describing daily rations of beer and bread to workers. Before the rise of production breweries, the production of beer took place at home and was the domain of women and this industrialization of brewing shifted the responsibility of making beer to men. The oldest, still functional, brewery in the world is believed to be the German state-owned Weihenstephan brewery in the city of Freising and it can trace its history back to 1040 AD.
The nearby Weltenburg Abbey brewery, can trace back its beer-brewing tradition to at least 1050 AD, the Žatec brewery in the Czech Republic claims it can prove that it paid a beer tax in 1004 AD. This layout often is preserved in breweries today, but mechanical pumps allow more flexibility in brewery design, early breweries typically used large copper vats in the brewhouse, and fermentation and packaging took place in lined wooden containers. Such breweries were common until the Industrial Revolution, when better materials became available, almost all brewery equipment is made of stainless steel. During the Industrial Revolution, the production of beer moved from artisanal manufacture to industrial manufacture, a handful of major breakthroughs have led to the modern brewery and its ability to produce the same beer consistently. The steam engine, vastly improved in 1775 by James Watt, brought automatic stirring mechanisms and it gave brewers the ability to mix liquids more reliably while heating, particularly the mash, to prevent scorching, and a quick way to transfer liquid from one container to another.
Almost all breweries now use electric-powered stirring mechanisms and pumps, the steam engine allowed the brewer to make greater quantities of beer, as human power was no longer a limiting factor in moving and stirring. Carl von Linde, along with others, is credited with developing the machine in 1871. Refrigeration allowed beer to be produced year-round, and always at the same temperature, yeast is very sensitive to temperature, and, if a beer were produced during summer, the yeast would impart unpleasant flavours onto the beer. Most brewers would produce enough beer during winter to last through the summer, the discovery of microbes by Louis Pasteur was instrumental in the control of fermentation. The idea that yeast was a microorganism that worked on wort to produce led to the isolation of a single yeast cell by Emil Christian Hansen
Headquarters denotes the location where most, if not all, of the important functions of an organization are coordinated. In the United States, the corporate headquarters represents the entity at the center or the top of a corporation taking full responsibility for managing all business activities, in the UK, the term head office is most commonly used for the HQs of large corporations. The term is used regarding military organizations, a headquarters is the entity at the top of a corporation that takes full responsibility for the overall success of the corporation, and ensures corporate governance. Many companies have an office at a different address to their corporate office. A headquarters normally includes the leader of business unit and his or her staff as well as all functions to manage the business unit, the head of the business unit is responsible for overall result of the business unit. Military headquarters take many forms depending on the size and nature of the unit or formation they command, they are split into the forward and rear components, both within NATO nations, and those following the organization and doctrine of the former Soviet Union.
The forward or tactical HQs is a group of staff. The main HQs is less mobile and is involved in both the planning and execution of operations, there are a number of staff assembled here from various staff branches to advise the commander, and to control the various aspects of planning and the conduct of discrete operations. A main HQ for a large formation will have a chief of staff who coordinates the staff effort, the rear or logistic HQs is some distance from the battle or front line in conventional operations. The headquarters of the Catholic Church is Vatican City, the headquarters of the Russian Orthodox Church is in Danilov Monastery, Moscow. The World Council of Churches, including Orthodox Churches, has its headquarters in Geneva, the headquarters of Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople is located in Istanbul, Turkey. The headquarters of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is located in Salt Lake City, the Anglican Communion Office is in London. In Japanese budō martial arts such as karate, aikido, there is usually a headquarters for each organization or region.
The Japanese word honbu is generally used for that, outside Japan, sometimes they refer to this headquarters as honbu dojo in which dojo is a facility provided for practicing discipline, the training ground. Sometimes honbu is written as hombu, the way it is pronounced, but according to the Hepburn transcription and Tactics of the Soviet Army Janes, London,516 pp. Wanner, Herbert Global and regional corporate headquarters in, Kählin, Christian, H. Switzerland Business & Investment Handbook, Orell Füssli and Wiley, Herbert, LeClef, Xavier, & Shimizu, Hiroshi Global Headquarters on the Move, From Administrators to Facilitators Prims Second Semester 2004, Arthur D. Little
Skovshoved is a former fishing village on the Øresund coast north of Copenhagen, Denmark. The area is part of Charlottenlund postal district and Gentofte Municipality, local landmarks include Skovshoved Church, Sjovshoved Hotel and the listed Arne Jacobsen-designed Skovshoved Petrol Station from 1938. The first known reference to Skovshoved is from 1275 and it was originally a small fishing village with just a few houses. An inn, Skovshoved Kro, opened in the village in 1660, in 1620 it ontained status of royal privileged inn, enabling it to brew its own beer. Skovshoved was known for its fish wives, who would carry the days catch in caskets on their back to the market at Gammel Strand in Copenhagen. The first harbor was built in 1869, in the middle of the 19th century, like the other fishing villages along the Øresund coast, began to attract summer visitors from Copenhagen. Some visitors stayed at the inn while others rented rooms with the local fishermen, with the opening of the Klampenborg Railway in 1863 and the Coast Line the area became more accessible.
The more wealthy summer visitors began to build country houses, Skovshoved Inn was converted into a modern beach hotel by the architects Viggo Klein and Andreas Thejll in 1895. Skovshoved Parish was disjoined from that of Ordrup in 1915, with the construction of the new Coastal Road in 1936-38, Skovshoved gradually developed into a suburb of Copenhagen. A new and larger harbor was built in 1938, much of the old fishing village has survived. Rydhave, now the residence of the United States Ambassador to Denmark, is an example of the country houses that was built in the area in the late 19th. It was built in 1885 for E. Schackenborg, the owner of a brickyard, the 22-rom Skovshoved Hotel was been listed as one of the worlds 50 top hotels by Condé Nast in 2003. Skovshoved Church is from 1915 and was designed by Alfred Brandt, the listed Skovshoved Petrol Station was completed to a Modernist design by Arne Jacobsen in 1936. Skovshoved Petrol Station is from 1936 and was designed by Arne Jacobsen, in the 2014–15 DR documentary series I Am the Ambassador, which followed the US ambassador Rufus Gifford, Ruhave featured prominently.
Kasper Eistrup, was born in Skovshoved Skovshoved Hotel
Charlottenlund Palace is a former royal summer residence in Charlottenlund, some 10 km north of central Copenhagen, Denmark. The palace was named after Charlotte Amalie, who was responsible for the construction of the original palace and it was extended and adapted for Crown Prince Frederick VIII to a design by Ferdinand Meldahl in the early 1880s. From 1935 to 2015, the building has housed the Danish Biological Station, renamed Danish Fishery Survey and it is now a cultural event venue. The Great Hall is occasionally used for classical concerts, in 1622, King Christian IV established a new deer park at the site, which was to replace Rosenborg Deer Park at Rosenborg Castle just outside Copenhagen. It was referred to variously as Kongens nye dyrehave ved Skovshoved, Gentofte dyrehave ved stranden, Den lille dyrehave ved Ibstrub, in 1663, King Frederick III ceded the deer park to one of his courtiers, Jacob Petersen. With Henrik Ruse, he opened an inn at the site, due to a dispute at the court, Jacob Petersen had to leave the country.
After his property was taken over by Ulrik Frederik Gyldenløve. He renovated the buildings as well as the ponds and constructed a new summer residence in the grounds. The exact location of the new house is not known but it is assumed that it was located at the site of the current palace, Gyldenløve had owned Gyldenlund for some ten years when Frederick III claimed it back in exchange for Skjoldenæsholm at Ringsted. The king used the house as a retreat and for hunting. Christian V constructed Jægersborg Allé in 1706, originally as a private road, in 1730, Crown Prince Christian gave Gyldenlund to his sister, Princess Charlotte Amalie. She replaced the house with a new building in the Baroque style, the construction took place under supervision of Engineer Officer H. H. Scheel, probably to a design by Johan Cornelius Krieger. Many of the materials came from Copenhagen Castle which was under demolition. In the middle of the 19th century, Charlottenlund Palace was for years the home of Louise Charlotte.
Quite atypically for a residence, the park remained open to the public. Throughout the century, on and off, it was an excursion spot for Copenhageners on Sundays. In 1869, Crown Prince Frederick and his wife Lovisa of Sweden took over the palace, both Christian X of Denmark and Haakon VII of Norway were born in the building. In 1880–81, Ferdinand Meldahl undertook a major rebuilding of the palace, the queen dowager Louise lived there until her death in 1926
Saxo Bank is a Danish investment bank specializing in online trading and investment. It was founded as a firm in 1992, under the name Midas Fondsmæglerselskab, by Lars Seier Christensen, Kim Fournais. The name was changed to Saxo when the company obtained a license in 2001. Saxo offers trading through its online platforms in Forex, stocks, CFDs, funds, the company functions as an online broker with a bank license, without offering traditional banking products. According to Saxo, roughly half of its activities are derived from partnerships with institutional trading partners, domestically the bank is known for its two founders who are often outspoken on Danish politics. Revenue reached DKK3,006 million in 2014 delivering a net income of DKK381.2 million, Saxo Bank has launched several White Label partnerships with banks such as Standard Bank, Old Mutual Wealth, Banco Carregosa and Banco Best. Saxo Bank is privately held with co-founders Kim Fournais and Lars Seier Christensen holding majority stakes, global growth equity firm General Atlantic bought a minority stake in June 2005, for which the CEOs received more than $30 million each.
This minority stake was bought by TPG Capital in 2011. According to the Banks website, the co-founders Kim Fournais and Lars Seier Christensen each own 25. 71% of the Bank’s shares, while TPG Capital owns 29. 26% of the shares. The remaining shares are held by minority shareholders including Sinar Mas Group with 9. 9% ownership, Saxo Bank describes itself as a facilator in financial markets. For trading in listed equities, liquidity is provided through connectivity to the major stock exchanges. For online margin trading in non-listed products, the bank obtains liquidity from more than 15 large banks, Christensen was working as a broker for Gerald Metals at the time while Fournais worked at the now defunct Lannung Bank. The two said that they felt like they had found their business soul mate. When the company acquired its license, the periodical Økonomisk Ugebrev, Economic Weekly began publishing a series on sidegadevekslererne, the bucket shops of Denmark. The company subsequently underwent an investigation by the Director of Public Prosecutions but was cleared of all charges.
In 1997 Midas launched its first internet product, a platform for currencies called MITS. The company renamed to Saxo Bank, named after the Danish Saxo Grammaticus, Saxo obtained its new banking license in 2001, began expanding its online presence and moved to new headquarters in the Copenhagen suburb of Gentofte. Saxo Bank launched its products and services in Europe during the early 2000s, in 2001, its first White Label solution was launched with a Portuguese securities dealer
Bellevue Beach, often simply referred to as Bellevue, is a beach at Klampenborg on the northern outskirts of Copenhagen, Denmark. Bellevue is a 700-metre-long sandy beach with adjoining lawns, the characteristic blue-striped, almost cartoonish, lifeguard towers and the geometric kiosks were designed by Danish architect and furniture designer Arne Jacobsen in 1932. In the 1930s, when the right to vacation became legally mandated, gentofte Municipality made plans to develop a piece of coastline north of Copenhagen into a seaside resort complex combining an existing park designed by the landscape architect C. Th. Sørensen with beach facilities catering to some 15,000 paying visitors a day, three architects were invited to submit plans for a Bellevue beach complex. The winner was the young architect Arne Jacobsen, who had just opened his office, the complex included the Bellavista apartment buildings, a restaurant and the Bellevue Theatre, all of which still stand today in the immediate vicinity of the beach.
The quest for recreation by the growing masses called for physical as well as social solutions, a political initiative provided the pre-requisites for creating a beach at Bellevue. In June 1932 the Bellevue beach was inaugurated by Danish Prime Minister Thorvald Stauning and it immediately became the most popular summer resort in Copenhagen. A direct return tram ticket from the city to Bellevue, including the entrance fee, was at the affordable price of 30 øre. In the song Hot, the track on their debut album Nik & Jay, Danish Hip-Hop/pop duo Nik & Jay describe a drive up the coast from Copenhagen. However, situated on an east-facing coast, there is no sunset to be seen at that particular location
Tuborg is a Danish brewing company founded in 1873 by Carl Frederik Tietgen. Since 1970 it has been part of the Carlsberg Group, the brewery was founded in Hellerup, a part of northern Copenhagen, Denmark. The name Tuborg comes from Thuesborg, a Copenhagen inn from the 1690s situated in the area of the brewery and this evolved and was adopted into local placenames, such as Lille Tuborg and Store Tuborg. Tuborgvej street in Copenhagen is named after the site of the original Tuborg brewery, Tuborg initially produced pale lager for the Danish market. It merged with United Breweries in 1894, which entered into a profit-sharing agreement with Carlsberg in 1903. In 1970, United Breweries was acquired by Carlsberg, today, it makes lager for global export, as well as a variety of continental styles for both domestic and foreign markets. In 1996 the last Tuborg beer was brewed in Hellerup and the area is now providing fashionable apartments and business offices. Tuborg Gold is quite popular throughout Denmark and southern Sweden, in the latter being as easily found on store shelves as other Swedish brews, Tuborg Red was the first beer the company brewed in 1875.
Tuborg Red is not brewed on a basis but is brewed once a year in May to salute the companys birthday. In its native country of Denmark, Tuborg is known for brands including Tuborg Red. In 1990 Tuborg launched their annual Christmas brew on the second Wednesday in November, with the marketing term J-day, snestorm, J stands for Jul or julebryg. Similarly, there is a P-day for påskebryg, in 1999, J-day moved to the first Friday in November. Traffic police laid out an alcohol control plan for that evening, in 2009 J-day was moved again to the last Friday in October, but in 2010 it returned to the first Friday in November. In 2008, Tuborg announced a deal with Reading and Leeds music festivals to become their exclusive Official Beer Partner. In 2009, it arranged a deal with The Download festival to be the official beer and have a dedicated stage named after the beer. Tuborg sponsors the Tuborg Image Awards, a music award presentation that takes place in Nepal. Part of the success in Russia has come from its strong links to music in Eastern Europe