Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi known as HJK Helsinki, or as HJK, is a professional football club based in Helsinki, Finland. The club competes in the Finnish Veikkausliiga. Founded in 1907, the club has spent most of its history in the top tier of Finnish football; the club's home ground is the 10,770-seat Telia 5G -areena, where they have played since 2000. Considered Finland's biggest club, HJK is the most successful Finnish club in terms of championship titles with 29; the club has won 13 Finnish Cups and 5 Finnish League Cups. Many of Finland's most successful players have played for HJK before moving abroad; the club has similar success with women's Naisten Liiga. HJK is the only Finnish club. In 1998, they beat Metz in the play-off round to clinch their place in the competition for the following season. HJK has participated in the UEFA Europa League, in 2014–15, defeating Rapid Wien in the play-off round; the club's highest score in a European competition came during the 2011–12 season, with a 13–0 aggregate victory over Welsh champions Bangor City, which included a 10–0 home win.
HJK's regular kit colours have long been white shirts with blue shorts and socks. The club's crest has been nearly untouched for a century, it has only undergone one minor font change in order to modernize it; the club was founded as Helsingin Jalkapalloklubi – Helsingfors Fotbollsklubb in 1907 by Fredrik Wathén. The founding meeting was held at a bowling alley in Kaisaniemi Park in May; the first competitive fixture was played against Ekenäs IF in Ekenäs. HJK won 2–4. Early on, HJK became popular amongst Finnish-speaking students, while Swedish-speaking students preferred to play for Unitas or HIFK. In late 1908, after a heated debate, the language was switched to unilingually Finnish and this resulted in many Swedish-speaking members switching over to HIFK and other clubs, although a few chose to stay. In 1909, the colours blue and white were chosen to support the fennoman movement and bandy was introduced as the club's second official sport; the club moved from Kaisaniemi Ground to the new Eläintarha Stadium.
At the end of the year, Fredrik Wathen was forced to leave his post as the club's chairman due to illness. In 1910, Lauri Tanner became the longest-running club chairman to date; the same year, the club's first international match was played, against Eriksdals IF from Stockholm in Kaisaniemi. The first championship title was won in 1911. In 1915, the club moved to newly build Töölön Pallokenttä. In 1916, tennis was introduced as the third official sport in HJK, it was played in the club until the early 1920s. During the Finnish Civil War in 1918, two HJK club members, fighting for the "Whites", were killed. In 1921, the first bandy championship was won and during the following five seasons, HJK reached five finals, winning three more titles. Bowling was added to the club's repertoire in 1925, but the bowlers formed their own club, Helsingin Keilaajat, the following year. In 1928, ice hockey became an official sport and the first championship was won in 1929. League format was introduced to Finnish football in 1930 but HJK failed to qualify for the first season.
In 1931, HJK played their first season in the league, however at the end of the season, they were relegated. During World War II, HJK lost 22 members serving in the military, of which nine fell in the Winter War, twelve in the Continuation War and one in the Lapland War. In 1943, handball was introduced as the club's sixth official sport. HJK won one silver and two bronze medals in handball during the following three seasons but did not gain further success. Handball was first of HJK's sports where women competed; the women's team played a total of 22 seasons at the highest level. In 1963, HJK played their last season in the second level of the football pyramid, winning 20 out of 22 matches and scoring 127 goals. In 1964, the newly promoted club won their tenth championship title and the following season, in 1965–66, they played their first European Cup match, against Manchester United at the Helsinki Olympic Stadium. However, a 2–9 aggregate loss resulted in HJK's elimination from the competition.
In 1966, the club secured their first cup title by winning KTP 6–1 in the final in front of 7,000 spectators. Bandy section was disbanded in the late 1960s; the last official sport, figure skating, was added into the club's repertoire in 1966, was abolished in 1972. The ice hockey section was disbanded in 1972 and the last season in handball was played in 1978. Hereafter, HJK therefore only participated in football following 69 years as a multisport club; the 1998–99 season saw HJK become the first and, to date, only Finnish club to play in the group stage of the UEFA Champions League after defeating Metz in the second qualifying round. The club managed a respectable five points in their group, defeating Benfica at home and earning draws at home to 1. FC away to Benfica, they lost to Kaiserslautern away. The club's current home stadium, the Telia 5G -areena, was opened in 2000; the 20th championship title was won in 2002 and in 2008, the club won its tenth Finnish Cup title. The 2009 season was the start of a championship run that resulted in six titles in a row from 2009 to 2014.
In 2014, HJK became the first Finnish club to play in the UEFA Europa League group stage after defeating Rapid Wien in the play-off round. HJK, with wins over Torino and Copenhagen at home, finished third in their group with six points. HJK made several acquisitions during the winter of 2015, including Córdoba forward Mike Havenaar, J-league playmaker Atomu Tanaka and Birmingham City holding midfielder Guy Moussi. W
Lambda Ursae Minoris is a star in the constellation Ursa Minor. It is an M-type red giant with an apparent magnitude of +6.38 and is 880 light years from Earth. Lambda Ursae Minoris is an asymptotic giant branch star, a star that has exhausted its core hydrogen and helium and is now fusing material in shells outside its core. AGB stars are unstable and tend to pulsate, Lambda Ursae Minoris is classified as a semiregular variable star and its brightness varies by about 0.1 magnitudes. Its variability was discovered from Hipparcos astrometry and it was entered into the General Catalogue of Variable Stars in 1999. Lambda Ursae Minoris on WikiSky: DSS2, SDSS, GALEX, IRAS, Hydrogen α, X-Ray, Sky Map and images LAMBDA UMI – Jim Kaler
Faith Middleton is a public radio talk show host. She is best known as the former host of The Faith Middleton Show on Connecticut Public Radio. In addition to her radio work, Faith hosted and produced several popular television series for Connecticut Public Television, she was a regular contributor to NPR’s All Things Considered, Morning Edition, Weekend Edition, guest hosted NPR’s Fresh Air with Terry Gross. Middleton was born in 1948 in Hartford, her family moved numerous times over the years due to her mother's work as a secretary and nanny to the nation's richest people. She graduated from Eastern Connecticut State University in 1971. An open lesbian, Middleton married Ms. Fern Berman in 2002 and was divorced from her in 2012. After working as an editor and reporter at the Willimantic Chronicle, Manchester Journal-Inquirer, Providence Journal, Middleton became editor-in-chief of Connecticut Magazine, she moved to Connecticut Public Radio as cohost of On The Town. In 1982, she started her own daily talk show, The Faith Middleton Show, was its host and executive producer.
In October 2015, Middleton's daily show ended, she downscaled to producing only a weekly food show, The Faith Middleton Food Schmooze. The Food Schmooze ended its run in November 2019. Middleton was named “Best Radio Talk Show Host” in the state by Connecticut Magazine for eleven consecutive years. In 2008, Faith Middleton was named a Hall of Fame recipient by Connecticut Magazine. In 2012, Middleton was inducted into the Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame. Faith Middleton twice received the George Foster Peabody Award, she received the Ohio State Award, the Mark Twain Award from the Connecticut Press Association, a Humanitarian Award from The Children’s Community Programs of Connecticut, the Distinguished Public Service Award of The Connecticut Bar Association. Middleton is the author of The Goodness of Ordinary People, a book of true stories from her WNPR callers, demonstrating what she describes as “the uncelebrated breadth of humanity present in secular life.” Middleton described her work as “a never-ending exploration of the richness of life,” conducting interviews she hoped would enlighten as well as entertain.
The subjects included culture, sustainability, politics, poverty, community issues, work, design, sports, religion, medicine and art. For many years, she chaired the Celebration of Connecticut Farms along with co-chairs Meryl Streep, Paul Newman, Jacques Pepin, Sam Waterston, she twice co-chaired The Connecticut Audubon Society Eagle Festival with Phil Donahue. She wrote as a columnist and freelance writer, her articles have appeared in The New York Times, Hartford Courant, San Jose Mercury News, St. Louis Post Dispatch, Ms. Magazine, Connecticut Magazine. Middleton was awarded an honorary doctorate by Charter Oak University and was an Associate Fellow at Yale University, where she taught a class called The Art of the Interview