SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Henry Campbell-Bannerman

Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was a British statesman and Liberal politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1905 to 1908 and Leader of the Liberal Party from 1899 to 1908. He served as Secretary of State for War twice, in the Cabinets of Gladstone and Rosebery, he was the first First Lord of the Treasury to be called "Prime Minister", the term only coming into official usage five days after he took office. He remains the only person to date to hold the positions of Prime Minister and Father of the House at the same time. Known colloquially as "CB", he was a firm believer in free trade, Irish Home Rule and the improvement of social conditions, he has been referred to as "Britain's first, only, radical Prime Minister". Following a general election defeat in 1900, Campbell-Bannerman went on to lead the Liberal Party to a landslide victory over the Conservative Party at the 1906 general election the last election in which the Liberals gained an overall majority in the House of Commons.

The government he subsequently led passed legislation to ensure trade unions could not be liable for damages incurred during strike action, introduced free school meals for all children, empowered local authorities to purchase agricultural land from private landlords. Campbell-Bannerman resigned as Prime Minister in April 1908 due to ill health and was replaced by his Chancellor, H. H. Asquith, he died only days later. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman was born on 7 September 1836 at Kelvinside House in Glasgow as Henry Campbell, the second son and youngest of the six children born to Sir James Campbell of Stracathro and his wife Janet Bannerman. Sir James Campbell had started work at a young age in the clothing trade in Glasgow, before going into partnership with his brother in 1817 to found J.& W. Campbell & Co. a warehousing, general wholesale and retail drapery business. Sir James was elected as a member of Glasgow Town Council in 1831 and stood as a Conservative candidate for the Glasgow constituency in the 1837 and 1841 general elections, before being appointed to serve as the Lord Provost of Glasgow from 1840 to 1843.

Henry's older brother, served as the Conservative Member of Parliament for Glasgow and Aberdeen Universities from 1880 to 1906. He was opposed to the majority of his younger brother's policies, chose to stand down in the same election that would bring Campbell-Bannerman to power. Campbell-Bannerman was educated at the High School of Glasgow, the University of Glasgow, Trinity College, where he achieved a Third-Class Degree in the Classical Tripos. After graduating, he joined the family firm of J.& W. Campbell & Co. based in Glasgow's Ingram Street. Campbell was made a partner in the firm in 1860, he served as a lieutenant in the 53rd Lanarkshire Rifle Volunteer Corps, recruited from employees of the firm. Following his marriage in 1860 to Sarah Charlotte Bruce and his new bride set up residence at 6 Clairmont Gardens in the Park district in the West End of Glasgow. In 1871, Henry Campbell became Henry Campbell-Bannerman, the addition of the surname Bannerman being a requirement of the will of his uncle, Henry Bannerman, from whom he inherited the estate of Hunton Lodge in Hunton, Kent in 1871.

While an aunt occupied the Hunton mansion, the Campbell-Bannermans lived elsewhere including the house at Gennings Park, as their country residence, which they did not leave until 1887. They first occupied Hunton Lodge in 1894. Campbell did not like the "horrid long name" that resulted and invited friends to refer to him as "C. B." instead. The couple never had any children. C. B. and Charlotte were an exceptionally close couple throughout their marriage. They were both enormous eaters and each weighed nearly 20 stone in years. Campbell-Bannerman spoke French and Italian fluently, every summer he and his wife spent a couple of months in Europe in France and at the spa town of Marienbad in Bohemia. C. B. had a deep appreciation for French culture and enjoyed the novels of Anatole France. In April 1868, at the age of thirty-one, Campbell-Bannerman stood as a Liberal candidate in a by-election for the Stirling Burghs constituency, narrowly losing to fellow Liberal John Ramsay. However, at the general election in November of that year, Campbell-Bannerman defeated Ramsay and was elected to the House of Commons as the Liberal Member of Parliament for Stirling Burghs, a constituency that he would go on to represent for forty years.

Campbell-Bannerman rose through the ministerial ranks, being appointed as Financial Secretary to the War Office in Gladstone's first government in November 1871, serving in this position until 1874 under Edward Cardwell, the Secretary of State for War. He was appointed to the same position from 1880 to 1882 in Gladstone's second government, after serving as Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty between 1882 and 1884, Campbell-Bannerman was promoted to the Cabinet as Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1884. In Gladstone's third and fourth governments, in 1886 and 1892 to 1894 as well as the Earl of Rosebery's government from 1894 to 1895, he served as Secretary of State for War. During his time in this office, he introduced an experimental eight-hour day for the workers at the Woolwich Arsenal munitions factory; the results demonstrated that there was no loss in production and therefore Campbell-Bannerm

Peter Carlstein

Peter Rudolph Carlstein is a former South African cricketer who played as a middle-order batsman in eight Tests from 1958 to 1964. Carlstein made his first-class debut at the age of 16 for Orange Free State against Natal at Bloemfontein in 1954-55. Three years still in his teens, he made his Test debut in the Fifth Test against Australia in 1957-58, scoring 32 in the first innings batting at number eight, he toured England in 1960, scoring 980 runs in 23 first-class matches at an average of 29.69, with a top score of 151 against Hampshire. He played all five Tests, but scored only 119 runs, making his top Test score of 42 in the Fifth Test at The Oval, he played in the First and Fourth Tests in Australia in 1963-64, making 37 in the Fourth Test in Adelaide, which South Africa won. While the team was in New Zealand in late February 1964, he received the news that his wife and three children had died in a motor accident, returned to South Africa immediately. Carlstein continued to play first-class cricket until 1979-80, when he was 41, 25 seasons after his first match.

His highest score was 229 for Transvaal against the International Cavaliers in 1962-63, his most successful season, with 852 runs at 71.00 including two other centuries. He was Rhodesian Player of the Year 1967-68. After his first-class career ended in the early 1980s he moved to Perth in Western Australia, where he played and coached at the Midland-Guildford club. According to Wally Grout, Carlstein was "a descendant of a European royal family". B This relationship with the Swedish Royal Family was the result of a joke played on him by his team mates, of whom my late husband was one, they had a conversation in the dressing room as to. Peter made the suggestion that his surname came from King CARL Gustav of Sweden who had married a Princess of STEIN giving him the name of Carlstein; the next day when they all gathered to receive telegrams wishing them well, Eddie passed one to Peter who looked at it and said'who the Hell is Carl Gustav"? "Your relation" they gleefully replied. The following day when he came out to bat, Wally Grout, who had heard of this, leapt out from behind the wicket and greeted Peter with "Good morning your Royal Highness".

Peter Carlstein at Cricket Archive Peter Carlstein at ESPN Cricinfo

Islamabad Traffic Police

Islamabad Traffic Police is a "model traffic police force" formed under the Capital Territory Police in 2006 to "bring a new and healthy change in the traffic system" in Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. The Police Department was established on the pattern of an earlier success story in Pakistan, National Highways and Motorways Police, established in 1997; the Islamabad Traffic Police came of age between 2007 - 2010 and came to be known as a corruption free and equal application of law police organization. Mr. Sultan Azim Temuri, Senior Superintendent of Police, Mr. Ashfaq Ahmad Khan, Superintendent of Police, are considered the two pioneering officers of the Police Service of Pakistan who provided police leadership in the planning, organization and sustainability of this acclaimed police organization; the organization was awarded ISO 9001: 2008 certification on 23 June 2009 for introducing state of the art Driver's License, First Police Radio Station, ITP FM 92.4 headed by Mrs Aisha Jamil, the new laws of prohibition on using mobile phone while driving and the wearing of seat-belt while driving, client-oriented policing service in Pakistan.

Hallmark of this traffic police department is that Rule of Law prevails on the roads of Islamabad, Driver's Licenses are issued to only the qualified drivers after through testing of driving ability and medical fitness. The organization has a Traffic Theme Park and Drving School for the education of school kids and driving training to the aspirants. Since the ITP took over the control in Islamabad, the incidents of road accidents have decreased, drivers are seen wearing seat belts and avoiding to use mobile phone while driving, indicators of rule of law hardly seen in many other cities of Pakistan and other developing countries of South Asia and world as a whole; the police force is responsible for the enforcement of laws, education of traffic laws to the community, issuance of driver' licenses to qualified drivers, advice to the Capital Development Authority on road Engineering issues, regulation of vehicular and pedestrian traffic on highways and roads of Islamabad and is rated as second corruption free police organization in Pakistan, after National Highways and Motorways Police.

The department is, unable to enforce a system of points for traffic violations, only levies monetary fines to the violators, thus deterrent effects on violators have not been produced. Education/ Awareness in educational institution and other non-professional and non-professional organizations. Mass awareness about road safety through a well decorated float established on 20 wheels trailer. Radio program. Distribution of hand bills and pamphlets at roads along with briefing. Road safety awareness walks. Speech competition. Road safety seminar. Road safety gala. In July, 2009 the Islamabad Traffic Police issued a ticket to the son of prime minister Yusuf Raza Gilani, for violating traffic rules thus maintaining their commitment to ensure equal implementation of law in the capital city. Over the last many years, the ITP has fined hundred of VIPs, Civil Servants and Police officers, Parliamentarians and Journalists and proved its slogan of equal application of law. Capital Territory Police Law enforcement in Pakistan National Highways and Motorway Police Official website