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Nuno Viveiros

Nuno Filipe Vasconcelos Viveiros is a Portuguese former professional footballer who played as a right winger. Born in Machico, Viveiros amassed Primeira Liga totals of 58 games and two goals over five seasons, with C. D. Nacional and C. F. Estrela da Amadora, he made his debut in the competition whilst at the service of the former, playing 57 minutes in a 0–2 home loss against U. D. Leiria on 21 September 2003, scored his first goal with the same club, contributing to a 4–0 away win over FC Porto on 11 March 2005. In summer 2006, Viveiros signed with Superleague Greece side Skoda Xanthi FC, but returned to his country shortly after to join Estrela. In 2008, he started an adventure in Romania and its Liga I that would last for nearly a decade, his first team being FC Politehnica Iași. Viveiros participated with the Portuguese under-20 side in the 2003 edition of the Toulon Tournament, scoring in a 2–0 semi-final win against Turkey as the nation went on to win the competition, his first and only cap for the under-21s arrived on 17 August 2004, as he started in a 0–0 friendly draw with Malta.

Nuno Viveiros at ForaDeJogo Nuno Viveiros at and Nuno Viveiros at Soccerway

The Highest Science

The Highest Science is an original novel written by Gareth Roberts and based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. It features the Seventh Doctor and Bernice and the first appearance of the recurring monsters, the Chelonians. A prelude to the novel penned by Roberts, appeared in Doctor Who Magazine #196; the novel was going to be adapted into the 2009 Doctor Who Easter special, making this story, like Human Nature, an early "version" of a canonical television story. The Chelonians were mentioned onscreen in the episode "The Pandorica Opens" as one of the Doctor's enemy species who have banded together to defeat him, suggesting that the events of the novel have in fact happened. Sakkrat. Many legends speak of this world, home of an ancient empire destroyed by its own greatest achievement: the Highest Science, the pinnacle of technological discovery; when the TARDIS alerts the Doctor and Bernice to the presence of an enormous temporal fluctuation on a large, unremarkable planet, they are not to know of any connection with the legend.

But the connection is there, it will lead them into conflict with the monstrous Chelonians, with their contempt for human parasites. This novel sees the first appearance of the Chelonians, a race of cybernetic humanoid tortoises who appeared subsequently in other spin-off novels and are referenced in The Pandorica Opens; the Chelonians are war-like and lay eggs. They have cybernetic enhancements that include X-ray vision and improved hearing, but this advanced state of technology causes them to consider human-beings as a form of parasite to be removed. Contrary to how they are depicted on the dust jacket art to this book and Zamper, they walk on all fours. In December 2014 Big Finish Productions released an audio adaptation of the novel; the Highest Science Prelude The Cloister Library – The Highest Science


In theoretical physics, T-duality is an equivalence of two physical theories, which may be either quantum field theories or string theories. In the simplest example of this relationship, one of the theories describes strings propagating in an imaginary spacetime shaped like a circle of some radius R, while the other theory describes strings propagating on a spacetime shaped like a circle of radius proportional to 1 / R; the idea of T-duality was first noted by Bala Sathiapalan in an obscure paper in 1987. The two T-dual theories are equivalent in the sense that all observable quantities in one description are identified with quantities in the dual description. For example, momentum in one description takes discrete values and is equal to the number of times the string winds around the circle in the dual description; the idea of T-duality can be extended including superstring theories. The existence of these dualities implies that different superstring theories are physically equivalent; this led to the realization, in the mid-1990s, that all of the five consistent superstring theories are just different limiting cases of a single eleven-dimensional theory called M-theory.

In general, T-duality relates two theories with different spacetime geometries. In this way, T-duality suggests a possible scenario in which the classical notions of geometry break down in a theory of Planck scale physics; the geometric relationships suggested by T-duality are important in pure mathematics. Indeed, according to the SYZ conjecture of Andrew Strominger, Shing-Tung Yau, Eric Zaslow, T-duality is related to another duality called mirror symmetry, which has important applications in a branch of mathematics called enumerative algebraic geometry. T-duality is a particular example of a general notion of duality in physics; the term duality refers to a situation where two different physical systems turn out to be equivalent in a nontrivial way. If two theories are related by a duality, it means that one theory can be transformed in some way so that it ends up looking just like the other theory; the two theories are said to be dual to one another under the transformation. Put differently, the two theories are mathematically different descriptions of the same phenomena.

Like many of the dualities studied in theoretical physics, T-duality was discovered in the context of string theory. In string theory, particles are modeled not as zero-dimensional points but as one-dimensional extended objects called strings; the physics of strings can be studied in various numbers of dimensions. In addition to three familiar dimensions from everyday experience, string theories may include one or more compact dimensions which are curled up into circles. A standard analogy for this is to consider multidimensional object such as a garden hose. If the hose is viewed from a sufficient distance, it appears to have its length. However, as one approaches the hose, one discovers that it contains a second dimension, its circumference. Thus, an ant crawling inside it would move in two dimensions; such extra dimensions are important in T-duality, which relates a theory in which strings propagate on a circle of some radius R to a theory in which strings propagate on a circle of radius 1 / R.

In mathematics, the winding number of a curve in the plane around a given point is an integer representing the total number of times that curve travels counterclockwise around the point. The notion of winding number is important in the mathematical description of T-duality where it is used to measure the winding of strings around compact extra dimensions. For example, the image below shows several examples of curves in the plane, illustrated in red; each curve is assumed to be closed, meaning it has no endpoints, is allowed to intersect itself. Each curve has an orientation given by the arrows in the picture. In each situation, there is a distinguished point in the plane, illustrated in black; the winding number of the curve around this distinguished point is equal to the total number of counterclockwise turns that the curve makes around this point. When counting the total number of turns, counterclockwise turns count as positive, while clockwise turns counts as negative. For example, if the curve first circles the origin four times counterclockwise, circles the origin once clockwise the total winding number of the curve is three.

According to this scheme, a curve that does not travel around the distinguished point at all has winding number zero, while a curve that travels clockwise around the point has negative winding number. Therefore, the winding number of a curve may be any integer; the pictures above show curves with winding numbers between −2 and 3: The simplest theories in which T-duality arises are two-dimensional sigma models with circular target spaces. These are simple quantum field theories that describe propagation of strings in an imaginary spacetime shaped like a circle; the strings can thus be modeled as curves in the plane that are confined to lie in a circle, say of radius R, about the origin. In what follows, the strings are assumed to be closed. Denote this circle by S R 1. One can think of this circle as a copy of the real line with two points identified if they differ by a multiple of the circle's circumference 2 π R, it follows that the state of a string at any given time can be represe

Antisemitism in Venezuela

Antisemitism in Venezuela has happened in Venezuela throughout the history of the Jews in Venezuela. However, under the presidencies of both Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro, allegations of antisemitism grew following actions and statements by the Venezuelan government, while occurring in public incidents; the Bolivarian government would use the words of "Jewish" and "Zionist" interchangeably in order to avoid accusations of antisemitism. The Jewish population declined under the Bolivarian government according to the Algemeiner Journal, with an estimated population of 22,000 in 1999, falling to under 7,000 in 2015. At the turn of the 19th century, Venezuela were fighting against their Spanish colonizers in wars of independence. Simon Bolivar, the liberator, found refuge and material support for his army in the homes of Jews from Dutch colony of Curaçao. In Willemstad Jews such as Mordejai Ricardo and brothers Ricardo and Abraham Meza offered hospitality to Bolivar as he fought against the Spanish, thus establishing brotherly relations between Jews and the newly independent Venezuelan republic.

Several Jews fought in the ranks of Bolivar army during the war. The ties between Jews in the Dutch island colonies and Venezuela increased more between 1819-1821 after its new constitution called for religious freedom. In 1820, the first Jewish family settled in the town of Coro, which has a Jewish cemetery with tombstones dating back to 1832. In 1827, a group of Jews settled in Coro, Venezuela. Other Jewish communities began springing up in Puerto Cabello in the 1840s. In 1844, groups of Jews from Morocco came to the town of Barcelona and, in 1875, they were granted permission to establish a Jewish cemetery. In 1855, rioting in Coro forced the entire Jewish population, 168 individuals, to seek refuge in their native Curaçao; as they claimed Dutch citizenship, the consul-general for the Netherlands, Van Lansberge, informed the home government, three war ships were sent to La Guaira, the principal seaport of Venezuela, the redress demanded was at once granted. The Venezuelan government agreed to salute the Dutch flag.

Assimilation of Jews in Venezuela was difficult, though small communities could be found in Puerto Cabello, Villa de Cura, Carupano, Rio Chico, Barquisimeto. In response to rising political tension between the Netherlands and Venezuela, in March of 1902, compelled the Jews of Coro again to seek an asylum in Curaçao, tendered to them by the governor of the island, Jhr. J. O. de Jong van Beek en Doorn, upon learning the facts, dispatched the Dutch warship "HNLMS Koningin Regentes" to protect them. It returned to Curaçao with eighty Jewish children on board. In July following, the same vessel and the "HNLMS Utrecht" were sent to La Vela de Coro for the remainder, only a few Jewish residents remained behind to protect the property of the exiles. Immigration restrictions were placed on Jews in the early 20th century and were abolished in the late 1950s. By 1950 there were around 6,000 Jewish people in Venezuela and the biggest waves of immigration occurred after World War II and the 1967 Six-Day War, The Jewish population in Venezuela was centered in Caracas, with smaller concentrations in Maracaibo.

Most of Venezuela's Jews are either first or second generation. Venezuela was hospitable to Jewish life, Jews "developed deep ties to the country and a strong sense of patriotism". According to the Latin American Jewish Congress, Venezuela's Jewish community had an estimated 22,000 people when Chávez took office in 1999. In the first few years of the 21st century, the number of Venezuelan Jews emigrating to Israel was shown to have grown; the Algemeiner Journal stated that the Jewish emigration from Venezuela occurred due to "the country’s economic crisis... as well as the anti-Semitic rhetoric that has marked the left-wing regime’s support for Iran and Palestinian Islamist organizations like Hamas" and that "first Chavez and now Maduro have found political uses for anti-Jewish rhetoric". In 2007, it was reported that emigration had resulted in a drop of 20% of Venezuela's 20,000 strong Jewish population amid concerns of rising allegations of antisemitism; the Latin American Jewish Congress estimated that in 2007, only between 12,000 and 13,000 Jews still resided in Venezuela.

By November 2010, more than 50% of Jewish Venezuelans had left the country since Chavez came to power, with some of those remaining behind complaining of "official antisemitism". By early 2013, only 9,000 Jews lived in Venezuela and in early 2015, it was reported that under 7,000 lived in the country; the United States was the prime destination Miami, Florida. Others went to Israel, as well as to Panama, Costa Rica, Guatemala. In its 2002 report, the Stephen Roth Institute said a Venezuelan journalist in the U. S. Ted Cordova-Claure, "published an article in the owned, pro-democracy Tal Cual equating Sharon and Hitler"; the Roth Institute said that Frontera journalist Alfredo Hernandez Torres justified suicide bomb attacks against Israel, saying that "Sharon displays more hate than the Nazis had for the Jews." Torres called Sharon a "beast" and said that Israel engaged in "genocide in Jenin... which would have embarrassed insensitive Hitler". The Roth Institute reported that Venezuelan newspapers El Universal and El Nacional have accused Israel of genocide, with an editorial written by Maria de los Angeles Serrano in El Nacional stating Israeli Jews "are today str

Home Invasion (American Horror Story)

"Home Invasion" is the second episode of the first season of the television series American Horror Story, which premiered on the network FX on October 12, 2011. The episode was co-written by series co-creators Ryan Murphy and Brad Falchuk and directed by Alfonso Gomez-Rejon. In the episode, Ben Harmon goes to Boston to talk with the student he had an affair with in the first episode. While he is away, his wife and daughter, Violet deal with three home invaders intent on reenacting a murder that happened in the house in 1968. Kate Mara guest stars as Hayden McClaine, the student Ben was having an affair with; the episode makes use of the musical score to Psycho composed by Bernard Herrmann. This episode is rated TV-MA. A flashback to 1968 shows the house being used as a dormitory for nursing students. While alone in the house late at night, nursing students Maria and Gladys are studying when a man rings the doorbell and asks for help. Noticing the man is bleeding from the head, Maria begins to heal his wounds.

When she realizes there is no actual cut on his head and that the man is faking his injury, the man attacks them both and overpowers them, forcing them to wear nurse outfits before drowning Gladys in an upstairs bathtub and stabbing a hog-tied Maria to death. Back in the present, Ben meets with Tate. Ben sees a new patient, named Bianca, fascinated by the history of the murders in the house, he receives a call from his ex-mistress and former student of his, who tells him that she's pregnant and she needs his support while having an abortion. Constance senses that Vivien is pregnant, Vivien confesses that she fears there is something wrong with the baby. Constance assures her that her baby is fine, confesses that three of her four children were born with some sort of birth defect. In order to see Hayden, Ben lies to Vivien. Violet reveals to Vivien; that night, a trio of serial killer enthusiasts, Bianca and Dallas break into the house and capture Vivien and Violet. The trio plan to re-enact the murders of Gladys.

Violet attempts to escape and runs into Tate, who tells her that she needs to lure the three into the basement. Violet manages to lure Fiona to the basement. Bianca eats cupcakes laced with ipecac syrup, which Constance had made earlier for Violet, vomits violently, she is killed by Tate. In the basement, Fiona encounters Tate with Gladys. Meanwhile, Vivien flees the house with Violet. Dallas and Fiona are killed by Maria. Constance and Moira agree to get rid of the bodies, revealing that they want Ben to continue treating Tate. Ben rushes home. Ben is upset to learn that Tate was in the house during the attack and feels Tate has crossed the line by becoming involved with Violet. Violet points out that Tate was there to help them, Ben wasn't. Vivien resolves to sell the house; the episode was co-written by series co-creators Brad Falchuk and Ryan Murphy, while Alfonso Gomez-Rejon directed. Murphy spoke of Ben's leaving Hayden at the clinic at the end of the episode, her character's future. "The interesting thing for, I always like to leave a little room for surprise," he said.

"Hayden comes in and certain things happen to her, Kate Mara was so outstanding in the part that we just keep writing her in the writing room. The same with Lily Rabe as Nora, they just kill their scenes so much and the writers love writing for those women so we just keep bringing them back." Rotten Tomatoes reports a 57% approval rating, based on 7 reviews. Matt Fowler, in his review for IGN, gave the episode an overall score of 8, saying "Home Invasion" was a "pleasant, twisted surprise" and praised the opening scene, stating, "What a horrifying opening scene! What a great style and terrifying tone it had to it." Emily VanDerWerff from The A. V. Club gave the episode a C grade, said that she was "curious" about American Horror Story, stated, "I spend plenty of time thinking about it, some of the mysteries at the show's core have got me intrigued. In its original American broadcast, the second episode of American Horror Story was seen by an estimated 2.46 million household viewers and gained a 1.4 ratings share among adults aged 18–49, according to Nielsen Media Research.

The episode dropped two tenths from the pilot episode. "Home Invasion" on IMDb "Home Invasion" at "Home Invasion" at TV